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392 Palestinian Bodies Have Been Found Recovered From Mass Graves On Hospital Grounds In Khan Younis

Modi's BJP Party Won 240 Seats But Will Need A Coalition To Form A New Government In India Part One 

Modi Says BJP Will Not Give Up On Its Ideals Despite Losing Majority In The Indian Parliament Part One

Narendra Modi Faced Major Upset In India's Most Popular State Of Uttar Pradesh Part2

India’s election shows the world’s largest democracy is still a democracy

What went wrong for Modi? - Asia News Network - Asia News Network

'Electoral autocracy': The downgrading of India's democracy

Pressured to withdraw’: BJP accused of intimidation tactics in India polls

An MP, her ex and their dog: Mahua Moitra’s battle with India’s parliament

February 2024

Outspoken opposition MP hits back after being kicked out, blaming a witch-hunt and vowing ‘I’m not going anywhere’

Mahua Moitra in the garden at the Parliament House complex, New Delhi – she is standing in front of bright flowers while people photograph and film her on their phones, and is wearing large sunglasses and a yellow top

Mahua Moitra claims the parliamentary ethics committee’s decision to expel her was based on no evidence. 

 
Narendra Modi pays tribute to former PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee at the Sadaiv Atal in New Delhi.
 

‘Indian democracy fought back’: Modi humbled as opposition gains ground

 

Getty Images Protesting journalists in Kashmir

Journalists have come under attack in India

Getty Images Activists belonging to various human and civil rights organisations hold placards during a demonstration condemning the decision of various Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) led state governments in the country for the proposed passing of laws against "Love Jihad" in Bangalore on December 1, 2020.

Several minority groups have complained of discrimination in recent years

EPA More than 600 million Indians voted in the 2019 elections

More than 600 million Indians voted in the 2019 elections

AFP Many viewed the 2019 election as a referendum on Mr Modi (L) who won a landslide

Mr Modi won a landslide election in 2019

15-1.jpg

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi

Indian begins voting in last phase of seven-phase mega general elections

Voters queue up to cast their ballots at a polling station during the seventh and final phase of voting in India’s general election in Dharamsala, India on June 1, 2024.

Getty Images Demonstrators wave Indian national flags during a protest against the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) and National Register of Citizens (NRC) and National Population Register (NRP) in Mumbai, India on 15 February 2020

Mr Modi's government has been accused of targeting minorities

Hindustan Times A resident passes by a burnt house after communal violence in northeast Delhi last week over the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), at Shiv Viihar, on March 5, 2020

The freedom report criticised the government's response to protests against a controversial citizenship bill

 India election results 2024: 3 lessons from Modi’s shocking setback - Vox

Modi’s win in India looks a lot like a loss - Vox

Modi’s domination of Indian politics continues

https://www.asiamediacentre.org.nz/opinion-and-analysis/modis-domination-of-indian-politics-continues/ 

EXPERT Chris Ogden

#10483

Associate Professor in Global Studies, Global Studies Programme, University of Auckland

Chris Ogden's expertise concerns the domestic, foreign and economic politics of India, China, South Asia, East Asia and the Indo-Pacific, as well as the impact of AI on democracy.

12 JUNE 2024

After 44 days of voting involving an electorate of 970 million, India’s general election has finally reached its conclusion. Gaining 240 seats out of a possible 543, Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has again beaten his political opponents. For Modi, this is a third consecutive victory for his Hindu nationalist supporters, who will continue to govern India through their wider National Democratic Alliance coalition. Such a record has only been achieved by one other Indian Prime Minister - the country’s founding father Jawaharlal Nehru.

Generation Modi

Central to the BJP’s electoral success has been Modi’s highly charismatic persona. Talismanic, if divisive in some quarters concerning the BJP’s attitude towards India’s Muslim minority, as India’s Prime Minister Modi has maintained exceptionally high approval ratings across his two previous periods in office. For 10 years, these did not drop below 64% and peaked at 93.5%.

Modi’s personal popularity highlights how the BJP has again defied the incumbency effect, whereby most leaders in democratic elections lose voters after gaining power. Instead, even though the BJP did not gain a majority as in previous elections in 2019 (303 seats and 37% of votes) and 2014 (282 seats and 31% of votes), they maintained their vote-base at 37%. Such consistent success was thought to be virtually impossible for a Hindu-dominated party to achieve, especially in a highly ethnically diverse and political complex country such as India.

A pro-capitalist, pro-market, and populist embrace, backed up by the agile use of social media technology and donations from big business are also vital pillars of Modi’s political succour. Each have been vital to the image of a new, richer, returning great power, helping the BJP and Modi to further extend their grip on power. The party’s well-established Hindutva (Hindu-orientated) values have also become the main influence upon India’s domestic and foreign policies. As such, the BJP are now indisputably the centrifugal force of Indian politics and for a generation of Indians, they will only have known their country under Modi’s leadership.

Towards a Hindutva India

Internal political developments reflect the assertion of these Hindutva values. These include the removal in 2019 of Article 370 from the Constitution that revoked the special status of Kashmir or Modi’s personal dedication of the Bhavya Ram Mandir at Ayodhya in 2024, which replaced a mosque of the site. Both actions were long standing manifesto promises, with the BJP claiming that the latter “has rejuvenated our society, … (leading to) a new interest in our history and heritage”. They also inform nationalist discourses of a rapidly resurgent India.

Since 2014, India’s 200 million Muslims have also been targeted. Both the “National Register of Citizens” and the “Citizenship Amendment Act” of 2019 excluded Muslims from the same rights enjoyed by the Hindu majority. Other policies include assembling immense camps for undocumented Muslim migrants in Assam, which are considered by some observers as ‘”the stage just before genocide”’. Legislation has also been introduced to prevent marriages among Muslim men and Hindu women (to inhibit what Hindu nationalists call “love jihad”).

In the new government, we can expect such discrimination to continue to be prominent domestically. This will include efforts to introduce a Uniform Civil Code that would pointedly curtail long-standing religious freedoms across India. The BJP’s reduced number of seats may also embolden party hardliners to accelerate such efforts before they lose power in the future, especially if Modi’s promises of economic success continue to fail to fully materialise by 2029.

A Global Dilemma

Internationally, India is now a well-defined variable within the strategic reckonings of all other major powers. Having the world’s third largest economy and third largest military budget boosts this importance, which attracts highly influential powers including the United States, Russia, China, Japan and Iran. So powerful are these dynamics, which also legitimise the BJP and Hindutva, that they appear to be “anointing” India as a present or future great power.

When combined with (mainly) Western (and Japanese) efforts to actively balance against China in the Indo-Pacific region, India has thus become a necessary and fundamental part of the strategic calculus supporting contemporary great power politics. In these dynamics, the West often willingly discounts the new political – and authoritarian – realities gripping India.

Such inertia can be argued to be emboldening Indian foreign policy, whose intelligence services have been accused of targeting Sikh separatists in Canada, the UK, and the US. The West’s China-myopia therefore makes criticising New Delhi more difficult, whilst allowing other transgressions – be they domestically (the BJP’s attitude towards India’s minorities), or regionally (surgical strikes against her neighbours) – to now potentially escalate and worsen.

This global dilemma applies as much to New Zealand as it does to other larger powers in the region. In much the same way that Wellington walks a tightrope with Beijing that balances positive trade and diplomatic benefits with more negative political and human rights considerations, such a paradox will be more apparent with New Delhi in the next five years.

As India’s influence expands, and with Modi and the BJP’s confidence ever-increasing, how to negotiate walking such a sharp diplomatic razor’s edge will become of greater significance.

- Asia Media Centre

IllegalAnd LegalMiningInIndiaHarmingTheEnvironment

Illegal And  Legal Mining In India Harming The Environment

Illegal And  Legal Mining In India Harming The Environment Part 1

Illegal And  Legal Mining In India Harming The Environment Part 2

Illegal And  Legal Mining In India Harming The Environment Part 3

Illegal And  Legal Mining In India Harming The Environment Part 4

 

Out of Control

Mining, Regulatory Failure, and Human Rights in India

https://www.hrw.org/report/2012/06/14/out-control/mining-regulatory-failure-and-human-rights-india

 

Summary
Key Recommendations
To the Government of India
To India’s State Governments
To the United Nations Special Rapporteurs on the Right to Health and on the Right to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation
Methodology
I. Background: “Illegal Mining” in India
Mining, Megaprojects and Controversy
Patterns of Illegal Activity in India’s Mining Sector
What is “illegal mining?”
II. Goa Case Study: Regulatory Collapse  and its Consequences
Background
“A Total Lack of Governance”
Failure to Track Basic Indicators of Compliance
Consent to Operate
Production Figures
Central Government Failures
Conflicts of Interest and Allegations of Corruption
Human Rights Impacts
Health, Environmental and Livelihood Concerns
Health Concerns
Water and Agriculture
Protest and Response
Threats and Violence
An Inevitable Scandal
A Test for Goa’s New Government
III. Regulatory Collapse in India’s Mining Sector
The Answer is Always Yes: Government Approval of New Mining Operations
Inadequate Consideration of Community Impacts
India’s Environmental Impact Assessment Regime: Rotten Core of a  Broken System
Mandatory Public Consultations: A Lost Opportunity
Weak Oversight of Operational Mines
Longstanding Critiques
The Role of Corruption
IV. Karnataka Case Study: Criminality and Mining
Seizing Control
A Broader Collapse of Governance
Human Rights Impacts
From Impunity to Accountability
V. Mining and Human Rights: Government’s  Duty to Regulate
The Need for Regulation
The Duty to Regulate to Protect Human Rights
Social and Economic Rights Obligations
VI. A Nationwide Problem
VII. Reining in the Abuse: Practical Steps Forward for India’s Government
Beyond the New Mining Law
Key Recommendations
Dramatically Improve the Environmental Impact Assessment Regime
A Review of all Existing Environmental Clearances for Mining Projects
Stricter Oversight of Existing Mines
New Steps to Ensure Accountability for Illegal and Abusive Actions
Acknowledgments

Summary

India’s mining industry is an increasingly important part of the economy, employing hundreds of thousands of people and contributing to broader economic growth. But mining can be extraordinarily harmful and destructive if not properly regulated—as underscored by a long list of abuses and disasters around the world. And because of a dangerous mix of bad policies, weak institutions, and corruption, government oversight and regulation of India’s mining industry is largely ineffectual. The result is chaos.

The scale of lawlessness that prevails in India’s mining sector is hard to overstate. Even government officials acknowledge that the mining sector faces a myriad of problems, including widespread “illegal mining.” Generally speaking, that refers to cases where operators harvest resources they have no legal right to exploit. Official statistics indicate that there were more than 82,000 instances of illegal mining in 2010 alone—an annual rate of 30 criminal acts for every legitimate mining operation in the country. But this report argues that an even bigger problem is the failure of key regulatory mechanisms to ensure that even legal mine operators comply with the law and respect human rights.

Global standards of industry good practice have evolved to recognize that unless mine operators exercise caution and vigilance, direct harmful impacts on surrounding communities are likely. In India and around the world, experience has shown that without effective government regulation, not all companies will behave responsibly. Even companies that make serious efforts to do so often fall short without proper government oversight.

This report is not a targeted investigation of particular companies or headline-grabbing “megaprojects.” Rather, it describes how and why key Indian public institutions have broadly failed to oversee and regulate mining firms and links some of these regulatory failures to human rights problems affecting mining communities. The report uses in-depth case studies of iron mining in Goa and Karnataka states to illustrate broader patterns of failed regulation, alleged corruption and community harm. It shows how even mines operating with the approval of government regulators are able to violate the law with complete impunity. Finally, it offers practical, straightforward recommendations on how the Indian government could begin to address these problems.

International law obliges India’s government to protect the human rights of its citizens from abuses by mining firms and other companies. India has laws on the books that are designed to do just that, but some are so poorly designed that they seem set up to fail. Others have been largely neutralized by shoddy implementation and enforcement or by corruption involving elected officials or civil servants. The result is that key government watchdogs stand by as spectators while out-of-control mining operations threaten the health, livelihoods and environments of entire communities. In some cases public institutions have also been cheated out of vast revenues that could have been put towards bolstering governments’ inadequate provision of health, education, and other basic services.

In iron mining areas of Goa and Karnataka states visited by Human Rights Watch, residents alleged that reckless mine operators had destroyed or contaminated water sources they depend on for drinking water and irrigation. In some cases, miners have illegally heaped waste rock and other mine waste near the banks of streams and rivers, leaving it to be washed into local water supplies or agricultural fields during the monsoon rains. This can render water sources unsafe and decrease agricultural fertility. Rather than seek to mitigate any damage, some mine operators puncture the local water table and then simply discard the vast torrents of water that escape—permanently destroying a resource that whole communities rely on.

In some communities visited by Human Rights Watch, farmers complained that endless streams of overloaded ore trucks passing along narrow village roads had left their crops coated in thick layers of metallic dust, destroying them and threatening economic ruin. In some areas, Human Rights Watch witnessed lines of heavily-laden mining trucks several kilometers long grinding along narrow, broken roads and leaving vast clouds of dust in their wake. Some residents pointed to the same metallic dust coating their homes and even local schoolhouses, and worried about the potential for serious respiratory ailments and other health impacts that scientific studies have associated with exposure to mine-related pollution. In some of these communities, people have suffered intimidation or violence for speaking out about these problems. All of these allegations echo common complaints about mining operations across many parts of India.

Some of India’s mining woes have their roots in patterns of corruption or other criminality. For instance, this report describes how mining magnate Janardhana Reddy allegedly used his ministerial position in the state government of Karnataka to extort huge quantities of iron ore from other mine operators—using government regulators as part of his scheme. The evidence shows that state government agencies in Karnataka alone may have been cheated out of billions of rupees (hundreds of millions of dollars) in revenue—depriving the state of funds that could have been put towards the improvement of the state’s dismal health care and education systems.

As lurid as some of India’s mining-related corruption scandals have been, Human Rights Watch believes that the more widespread problem is government indifference. Even in Karnataka, ineffectual regulation played a key role in allowing criminality to pervade the state’s mining sector. And many of the alleged human rights abuses described in this report result not from patterns of corruption or criminality but from the government’s more mundane failure to effectively monitor, let alone police, the human rights impacts of mining operations. Many public officials openly admit that they have no idea how prevalent or how serious the problems are. In effect, India’s government often leaves companies to regulate themselves—a formula that has consistently proven disastrous in India and around the world.

In some cases the harm communities have suffered because of nearby mining operations is well-documented by scientific studies or research by Indian activists. But in many others, the data simply does not exist to confirm or refute alleged harms or their links to mining operations. Some community activists may wrongly attribute health or environmental problems to nearby mining operations. Others may fail to perceive a link that does in fact exist. All of this uncertainty is part of the problem—in far too many cases, government regulators fail to determine whether companies are behaving legally or responsibly, or whether they are causing harm to their neighbors.

India’s tiny Goa state encapsulates all of these problems. State government regulators there admit they have no real idea whether individual mining firms are complying with the law, and the evidence shows that many are not. Activists and even the current chief minister allege widespread illegalities and, surprisingly, local mining industry officials do not deny such allegations. One company executive interviewed by Human Rights Watch spoke of “chaos and corruption” and a “total lack of governance” in the state’s mining sector. A spokesperson for the Goan mining industry estimated that nearly half of all mining in the state violates various laws and regulations.

The problems in Goa reflect nationwide failures of governance in the mining sector. From initial approval to ongoing oversight, the mechanisms in place to regulate and oversee India’s mining industry simply do not work.

The only mechanism directly tasked with weighing a proposed new mine’s potential impacts on the human rights and livelihoods of affected communities is the environmental clearance process, usually undertaken by the central government’s Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF). Despite its name, the environmental clearance regime is explicitly empowered to consider impacts on local communities and their rights, not just environmental issues. But the process is hopelessly dysfunctional.

Often, clearances are granted or denied almost entirely on the strength of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) reports commissioned and paid for by the very companies seeking permission to mine. By design, the reports give short shrift to the issue of human rights and other community impacts, focusing on purely environmental concerns. Many do not even explicitly mention the responsibilities of mining firms to respect the human rights of affected communities. Some companies treat mandatory public consultations around the reports as an irritating bureaucratic hurdle rather than an important safeguard for affected communities.

Worse still, there is considerable evidence that that these crucial EIA reports are often extremely inaccurate, are deliberately falsified, or both. In some cases, reports incorrectly state that issues of potential regulatory concern—the presence of rivers or springs, for instance—simply do not exist. Sometimes important conclusions are simply cut and pasted from one report to the next by authors who appear to assume that regulators will not bother to read what they have written. In the most notorious example of this phenomenon, a mine in Maharashtra state received clearance to proceed even though its EIA report contained large amounts of data taken verbatim from a similar report prepared for a bauxite mine in Russia. Officials’ failure to detect such blatant falsification is emblematic of the broader absence of meaningful government oversight.

Unsurprisingly, under this framework, mining projects are almost never denied environmental clearance. And once a mine is operational it experiences comparably lax government oversight of its actual compliance with the terms of those clearances. A few dozen officials across India are responsible for monitoring thousands of mines and other projects nationwide and are rarely able to make site visits to any of them. Instead, they rely almost entirely on compliance reports provided by mining companies themselves.

India’s Ministry of Environment and Forests is singled out for detailed criticism in this report. This is not because its failures are greater than those of other government institutions with responsibilities towards the mining sector, but because the success of its efforts is essential to any hope of minimizing mining sector human rights problems. Human Rights Watch believes that fixing the environmental clearance regime and other processes linked to the ministry are among the most promising immediate and concrete steps the central government could take to safeguard the human rights of mining-affected communities.

Increasingly, the chaos in India’s mining sector has deep political and economic implications. In 2011, scandals rooted in public revelations about corruption and abuse in the mining sector overtook the state governments in both Karnataka and Goa. Karnataka’s chief minister was forced to resign and much of the state’s mining industry was effectively shut down by a belated government crackdown, at vast economic cost. In March 2012, Goa’s state government was voted out of office partly due to rising public anger about scandals plaguing that state’s mining industry.

India’s central government should not succumb to the temptation to treat the problems in Goa and Karnataka as isolated issues. Both states’ mining debacles reflect nationwide problems that need to be treated as such. Underscoring that point, in early 2012 potentially explosive investigations into the mining industry were underway in Jharkhand and Orissa states.

Admittedly, the chaos in India’s mining industry has some of its roots in much broader patterns of corruption and poor governance that are not easily solved. Nonetheless, there are pragmatic steps the Indian government could take to repair some of the most glaring regulatory failures. Problems would still remain absent broader improvements in governance, but the reforms recommended by this report would give determined regulators more appropriate tools to do their jobs and make it harder for abusive companies to escape scrutiny. The measures proposed in this report would also have impacts far beyond the mining industry, since some of the same broken institutions also regulate and oversee other potentially harmful industries. At this writing, India’s parliament was considering a proposed new mining law that is in some respects remarkably progressive—but it does not seek to address the core problems described in this report.

The government should dramatically improve the process for considering proposed new mining projects, to ensure that it comprehensively and credibly considers possible human rights and other community impacts. This means mandating a greater and more explicit focus on human rights in the environmental clearance process. It also means having adequate numbers of regulators who can take far more time and care in evaluating new proposals, including through site visits wherever appropriate. The government should also end the practice of requiring companies to select and pay the consultants who produce their Environmental Impact Assessment reports—this creates a glaring conflict of interest that recent government efforts at improved quality control do not adequately address.

It is also important for the government to assess how much damage has already been done under the current, woefully inadequate regime. Human Rights Watch recommends a comprehensive study of the Environmental Impact Assessment reports underpinning the clearances for all existing mines in the country, to determine how many incorporate blatantly erroneous or fraudulent data. In late 2011 Goa’s state government helped sponsor an independent effort to do just this; if successful it could serve as a model for other states and for the central government. Wherever deliberate falsification of EIA data is discovered, those responsible should be appropriately prosecuted. In all cases where materially important errors are discovered, mining operations should be halted pending the completion of a new assessment.

Human Rights Watch also calls on the central government to improve the system for monitoring the human rights and environmental impacts of existing mines. In particular, the capacity and mandate of the Ministry of Environment and Forests to actively monitor compliance with the terms of the environmental clearances underpinning mines and other projects needs to be dramatically improved.

At the state level, governments in mining areas should work to bolster the mandates and capacity of key institutions, including the pollution control boards and mines departments, that have often failed to contribute to effective oversight of the mining sector. They should also work to establish strong and effective Lokayukta (anti-corruption ombudsman) institutions, or bolster the institutions they already possess. Where any or all of these institutions require additional financial resources, governments should consider earmarking a portion of revenues earned from the mining industry for that purpose.

Key Recommendations

The key recommendations to the Indian government are explained in more detail at the end of this report, in the section titled “Reining in the Abuse: Practical Steps Forward for India’s Government.”

To the Government of India

  • Ensure that regulatory officials focus attention on potential human rights and other community impacts of proposed new mines, either through the existing Environmental Impact Assessment process or through a new assessment process focused exclusively on human rights impacts.
  • End the practice of requiring mining firms to select and pay the consultants who carry out their Environmental Impact Assessment reports. Assessments could be funded through a general fund paid for by mining firms but under government control.
  • Empower the Expert Appraisal Committees to carry out a more thorough review of the potential negative impacts of proposed new mining projects, including through frequent site visits. This will require substantial additional staffing and other resources as well as a slower rate of project consideration and approval.
  • Draft rules requiring a more thorough and detailed consideration of the results of any mandatory public consultations required by the approvals process for a new project.
  • Impose robust sanctions, including criminal prosecution where appropriate, on mining companies and consultants whose Environmental Impact Assessment reports contain materially important data that is falsified or negligently incorrect.
  • Initiate an independent review of the Environmental Impact Assessment reports underpinning all existing mines, with a view to determining how many of them are based on materially false or misleading data. Temporarily halt mining operations whose Environmental Impact Assessment reports contain materially important false data, require their operators to reapply for clearance, and appropriately sanction those responsible.
  • Empower and instruct the Ministry of Environment and Forests to carry out more thorough and proactive monitoring and oversight of existing mining projects, including by providing the staff and other resources necessary to fulfill this role effectively.
  • Explore ways to ensure that institutions accredited to carry out Environmental Impact Assessments are also well trained in human rights principles and in global best practices for human rights impact assessments in the mining sector.

To India’s State Governments

  • Consider the creation of new Lokayukta institutions, or bolster those offices already in existence, ensuring that they benefit from adequate levels of independence, resources and human capacity along the lines of Karnataka State’s institutional model.
  • Strengthen key state-level regulatory institutions including mines ministries and pollution control boards to ensure that they are able to contribute effectively to robust oversight of mining operations. To the extent resources or capacity-building is required, consider earmarking some state government revenues derived from mining activities for this purpose.

To the United Nations Special Rapporteurs on the Right to Health and on the Right to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation

  • Request to visit India to further evaluate the impact of inadequate government regulation of the mining sector on the rights of Indians to health and to water.

 India election results 2024: 3 lessons from Modi’s shocking setback - Vox

India just showed the world how to fight an authoritarian on the rise

Three big lessons from Narendra Modi's shocking underperformance in the 2024 election.

by Zack Beauchampm Jun 7, 2024

 
 
TMC Party Win In Lok Sabha Election 2024 In West Bengal, India

Trinamool Congress party members are celebrating the victory in the Lok Sabha election in Kolkata, India, on June 4, 2024.


Sudipta Das/NurPhoto via Getty Images

Zack Beauchamp
Zack Beauchamp is a senior correspondent at Vox, where he covers ideology and challenges to democracy, both at home and abroad. His book on democracy, The Reactionary Spirit, will publish in July and is currently available for pre-order.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi is, by some measures, the most popular leader in the world. Prior to the 2024 election, his Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) held an outright majority in the Lok Sabha (India’s Parliament) — one that was widely projected to grow after the vote count. The party regularly boasted that it would win 400 Lok Sabha seats, easily enough to amend India’s constitution along the party's preferred Hindu nationalist lines.

But when the results were announced on Tuesday, the BJP held just 240 seats. They not only underperformed expectations, they actually lost their parliamentary majority. While Modi will remain prime minister, he will do so at the helm of a coalition government — meaning that he will depend on other parties to stay in office, making it harder to continue his ongoing assault on Indian democracy.

So what happened? Why did Indian voters deal a devastating blow to a prime minister who, by all measures, they mostly seem to like?

India is a massive country — the most populous in the world — and one of the most diverse, making its internal politics exceedingly complicated. A definitive assessment of the election would require granular data on voter breakdown across caste, class, linguistic, religious, age, and gender divides. At present, those numbers don’t exist in sufficient detail. 

But after looking at the information that is available and speaking with several leading experts on Indian politics, there are at least three conclusions that I’m comfortable drawing.

First, voters punished Modi for putting his Hindu nationalist agenda ahead of fixing India’s unequal economy. Second, Indian voters had some real concerns about the decline of liberal democracy under BJP rule. Third, the opposition parties waged a smart campaign that took advantage of Modi’s vulnerabilities on the economy and democracy.

Understanding these factors isn’t just important for Indians. The country’s election has some universal lessons for how to beat a would-be authoritarian — ones that Americans especially might want to heed heading into its election in November.

A new (and unequal) economy

Modi’s biggest and most surprising losses came in India’s two most populous states: Uttar Pradesh in the north and Maharashtra in the west. Both states had previously been BJP strongholds — places where the party’s core tactic of pitting the Hindu majority against the Muslim minority had seemingly cemented Hindu support for Modi and his allies.

One prominent Indian analyst, Yogendra Yadav, saw the cracks in advance. Swimming against the tide of Indian media, he correctly predicted that the BJP would fall short of a governing majority.

Traveling through the country, but especially rural Uttar Pradesh, he prophesied “the return of normal politics”: that Indian voters were no longer held spellbound by Modi’s charismatic nationalist appeals and were instead starting to worry about the way politics was affecting their lives.

Yadav’s conclusions derived in no small part from hearing voters’ concerns about the economy. The issue wasn’t GDP growth — India’s is the fastest-growing economy in the world — but rather the distribution of growth’s fruits. While some of Modi’s top allies struck it rich, many ordinary Indians suffered. Nearly half of all Indians between 20 and 24 are unemployed; Indian farmers have repeatedly protested Modi policies that they felt hurt their livelihoods.

“Everyone was talking about price rise, unemployment, the state of public services, the plight of farmers, [and] the struggles of labor,” Yadav wrote.

An Indian man carrying a basket on his head and a sheaf of grass in one hand stands in a crowd and speaks into a news microphone.
DPCC activists protest near Parliament House against the Farmer Bill brought by BJP's Modi government on September 21, 2020, in New Delhi, India.

According to Pavithra Suryanarayan, a political scientist at the London School of Economics, this sort of discontent was quite visible on the ground. In the months prior to the election, she conducted research in three regions of India on public perceptions of Modi’s economic policy. She found that voters blamed Modi for three major economic policy mistakes: a failed attempt to replace cash payments with electronic transfers, a disastrous Covid-19 response, and a tax on goods and services that favored the wealthy over small businesses.

“These three economic calamities compounded into general dissatisfaction with economic mismanagement,” she tells me.

In general, she believes there’s a sense among Indian voters that the BJP saw them as “recipients of schemes” rather than “rights-bearing citizens,” meaning that Modi’s government put various policy experiments ahead of basic capabilities to provide good jobs, access to health care, and high-quality education.

Interestingly, many of these policies are not new. We’re several years out of the pandemic, and the demonetization experiment took place all the way back in 2016. Indian voters know that Modi has been in power for 10 years and seem to have turned against the incumbent based on a general sense that he’s botched certain elements of his governing agenda.

“We know for sure that Modi’s strongman image and brassy self-confidence were not as popular with voters as the BJP assumed,” says Sadanand Dhume, a senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute who studies India. 

The lesson here isn’t that the pocketbook concerns trump identity-based appeals everywhere; recent evidence in wealthier democracies suggests the opposite is true. Rather, it’s that even entrenched reputations of populist leaders are not unshakeable. When they make errors, even some time ago, it’s possible to get voters to remember these mistakes and prioritize them over whatever culture war the populist is peddling at the moment.

Liberalism strikes back

The Indian constitution is a liberal document: It guarantees equality of all citizens and enshrines measures designed to enshrine said equality into law. The signature goal of Modi’s time in power has been to rip this liberal edifice down and replace it with a Hindu nationalist model that pushes non-Hindus to the social margins. In pursuit of this agenda, the BJP has concentrated power in Modi’s hands and undermined key pillars of Indian democracy (like a free press and independent judiciary).

Prior to the election, there was a sense that Indian voters either didn’t much care about the assault on liberal democracy or mostly agreed with it. But the BJP’s surprising underperformance suggests otherwise.

The Hindu, a leading Indian newspaper, published an essential post-election data analysis breaking down what we know about the results. One of the more striking findings is that the opposition parties surged in parliamentary seats reserved for members of “scheduled castes” — the legal term for Dalits, the lowest caste grouping in the Hindu hierarchy.

Caste has long been an essential cleavage in Indian politics, with Dalits typically favoring the left-wing Congress party over the BJP (long seen as an upper-caste party). Under Modi, the BJP had seemingly tamped down on the salience of class by elevating all Hindus — including Dalits — over Muslims. Yet now it’s looking like Dalits were flocking back to Congress and its allies. Why?

According to experts, Dalit voters feared the consequences of a BJP landslide. If Modi’s party achieved its 400-seat target, they’d have more than enough votes to amend India’s constitution. Since the constitution contains several protections designed to promote Dalit equality — including a first-in-the-world affirmative action system — that seemed like a serious threat to the community. It seems, at least based on preliminary data, that they voted accordingly.

Dalit women in Ayela village on the outskirts of Agra on May 6, 2024.
Dalit women in Ayela village on the outskirts of Agra on May 6, 2024. Money Sharma/AFP via Getty Images

The Dalit vote is but one example of the ways in which Modi’s brazen willingness to assail Indian institutions likely alienated voters.

Uttar Pradesh (UP), India’s largest and most electorally important state, was the site of a major BJP anti-Muslim campaign. It unofficially kicked off its campaign in the UP city of Ayodhya earlier this year, during a ceremony celebrating one of Modi’s crowning achievements: the construction of a Hindu temple on the site of a former mosque that had been torn down by Hindu nationalists in 1992. 

Yet not only did the BJP lose UP, it specifically lost the constituency — the city of Faizabad — in which the Ayodhya temple is located. It’s as direct an electoral rebuke to BJP ideology as one can imagine.

In Maharashtra, the second largest state, the BJP made a tactical alliance with a local politician, Ajit Pawar, facing serious corruption charges. Voters seemingly punished Modi’s party for turning a blind eye to Pawar’s offenses against the public trust. Across the country, Muslim voters turned out for the opposition to defend their rights against Modi’s attacks.

The global lesson here is clear: Even popular authoritarians can overreach.

By turning “400 seats” into a campaign slogan, an all-but-open signal that he intended to remake the Indian state in his illiberal image, Modi practically rang an alarm bell for constituencies worried about the consequences. So they turned out to stop him en masse.

The BJP’s electoral underperformance is, in no small part, the direct result of their leader’s zealotry going too far.

Return of the Gandhis? 

Of course, Modi’s mistakes might not have mattered had his rivals failed to capitalize. The Indian opposition, however, was far more effective than most observers anticipated.

Perhaps most importantly, the many opposition parties coordinated with each other. Forming a united bloc called INDIA (Indian National Developmental Inclusive Alliance), they worked to make sure they weren’t stealing votes from each other in critical constituencies, positioning INDIA coalition candidates to win straight fights against BJP rivals.

The leading party in the opposition bloc — Congress — was also more put together than people thought. Its most prominent leader, Rahul Gandhi, was widely dismissed as a dilettante nepo baby: a pale imitation of his father Rajiv and grandmother Indira, both former Congress prime ministers. Now his critics are rethinking things.

“I owe Rahul Gandhi an apology because I seriously underestimated him,” says Manjari Miller, a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations.

Miller singled out Gandhi’s yatras (marches) across India as a particularly canny tactic. These physically grueling voyages across the length and breadth of India showed that he wasn’t just a privileged son of Indian political royalty, but a politician willing to take risks and meet ordinary Indians where they were. During the yatras, he would meet directly with voters from marginalized groups and rail against Modi’s politics of hate.

Rahul Gandhi, India's opposition leader, speaks during a news conference at the Indian National Congress headquarters during election results night in New Delhi, India, on Tuesday, June 4, 2024.
Rahul Gandhi, India's opposition leader, speaks during a news conference at the Indian National Congress headquarters during election results night in New Delhi, India, on Tuesday, June 4, 2024. 

“The persona he’s developed — as somebody kind, caring, inclusive, [and] resolute in the face of bullying — has really worked and captured the imagination of younger India,” says Suryanarayan. “If you’ve spent any time on Instagram Reels, [you’ll see] an entire generation now waking up to Rahul Gandhi’s very appealing videos.”

This, too, has a lesson for the rest of the world: Tactical innovation from the opposition matters even in an unfair electoral context.

There is no doubt that, in the past 10 years, the BJP stacked the political deck against its opponents. They consolidated control over large chunks of the national media, changed campaign finance law to favor themselves, suborned the famously independent Indian Electoral Commission, and even intimidated the Supreme Court into letting them get away with it. 

The opposition, though, managed to find ways to compete even under unfair circumstances. Strategic coordination between them helped consolidate resources and ameliorate the BJP cash advantage. Direct voter outreach like the yatra helped circumvent BJP dominance in the national media.

To be clear, the opposition still did not win a majority. Modi will have a third term in office, likely thanks in large part to the ways he rigged the system in his favor.

Yet there is no doubt that the opposition deserves to celebrate. Modi’s power has been constrained and the myth of his invincibility wounded, perhaps mortally. Indian voters, like those in Brazil and Poland before them, have dealt a major blow to their homegrown authoritarian faction.

And that is something worth celebrating.

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Here at Vox, we believe in helping everyone understand our complicated world, so that we can all help to shape it. Our mission is to create clear, accessible journalism to empower understanding and action.

If you share our vision, please consider supporting our work by becoming a Vox Member. Your support ensures Vox a stable, independent source of funding to underpin our journalism. If you are not ready to become a Member, even small contributions are meaningful in supporting a sustainable model for journalism.

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Modi’s win in India looks a lot like a loss - Vox

https://www.vox.com/world-politics/354352/modi-india-election-gandhi-bjp-uttar-pradesh-inauguration-hindutva 

 

Modi won the Indian election. So why does it seem like he lost?

The BJP’s poor performance shows the limits of his autocratic, Hindu supremacist policies.

by Ellen Ioanes Jun 7, 2024

India Election Results in New Delhi

Narendra Modi, India’s prime minister, greets supporters at the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) headquarters during election results night in New Delhi, India, on June 4, 2024.


Prakash Singh/Bloomberg via Getty Images
Ellen Ioanes covers breaking and general assignment news as the weekend reporter at Vox. She previously worked at Business Insider covering the military and global conflicts.

Narendra Modi will be sworn in for his third term as India’s prime minister on Sunday after winning the post again in India’s momentous 2024 elections. But this week’s elections delivered a shocking blow to Modi’s dominance and will likely curb his autocratic tendencies. 

There was never any serious doubt that Modi would remain in the top spot; he faced no credible opposition during the last two elections. And heading into this year’s six-week-long staggered election, he was widely expected to further consolidate his hold over Indian politics

But surprisingly, he did not: Not only did Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) lose a huge number of parliamentary seats to a revitalized opposition coalition, but it also lost big in states where it has enjoyed massive popularity, including Uttar Pradesh, India’s most populous state. Modi campaigned on a promise to win more than 400 seats, which would have given his coalition more than enough power to amend the constitution, which requires a two-thirds majority, or 362 seats. Even though he won this year’s contest, he has for now failed in his ambition to further consolidate power.

And that has real consequences: He’ll likely face new constraints on his increasingly authoritarian leadership thanks to a renewed opposition coalition — and possibly from within his own coalition, too.

Modi is still a popular politician, but the BJP has failed to deliver on an economic front for many Indians, from farmers to young university graduates. “It seems clear that one thing that the opposition did very well was put the attention on things like unemployment and inflation,” Rohini Pande, director of the Economic Growth Center at Yale University, told Vox. 

Modi has “been in power for 10 years,” Milan Vaishnav, director of the South Asia program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, told Vox. “He made some pretty lofty promises. And running on the cult of personality after 10 years is harder to do than it was the first time around or the second time around ... There’s no dominant kind of emotive issue in the ether. People are kind of asking, ‘Well, what have you done for me lately?’”

That kind of messaging — about people’s material concerns, rather than the Hindu nationalism and cult of personality that characterized the Modi and BJP campaigns — helped propel the once-dominant Congress Party, led by political scion Rahul Gandhi, and its coalition partners to surprising victories in parliament and throughout the country. 

It’s too early to tell whether these elections will move the country away from the Hindutva, or the Hindu supremacist ideology that the BJP has championed; the opposition coalition is untested and could prove to be fractious and fragile. And, again, Modi still won, as evidenced by his upcoming inauguration on Sunday. But the bigger picture is that, at least for now, the Indian electorate is pushing back against his authoritarian and populist policies and re-entrenching the democratic principles, including secularism, on which its constitution is based.

To understand how big of a deal this is, look to Uttar Pradesh

The BJP’s stronghold has traditionally been in poorer northern states, like Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh (UP for short), which is India’s most populous state and has the most seats in the Lok Sabha, the equivalent of the US House of Representatives. That made the BJP’s massive loss in UP perhaps the biggest surprise of the election. Going into the contest, many experts believed there was no way Modi and his party could lose the state where it fulfilled an existential Hindu nationalist goal, constructing a temple for the god Ram on the remains of the Babri Masjid, a storied mosque destroyed by rioters in 1992That riottacitly sanctioned by local authorities, boosted the profile of the BJP and led to a decades-long court fight about whether the Ram Mandir could be constructed. In the face of protests, Modi consecrated the temple earlier this year.

The BJP also lost seats in Maharashtra, the coastal state home to Mumbai — one of India’s most politically and economically important cities — as well as the agricultural states of Haryana, Rajasthan, and Punjab. Those three states have been rocked by extensive farmers’ protests which have severely damaged Modi’s credibility there. 

But the party’s loss in UP is the most symbolically and politically significant of all; in terms of American politics, it would be similar to former President Donald Trump losing Texas or Florida in this year’s coming election. 

“Losing UP meant that he dropped below the majority mark, majority number” of parliamentary seats in the Lok Sabha, Ashutosh Varshney, director of the Saxena Center for Contemporary South Asia at Brown University, told Vox. “The UP was critical for that.” 

Inflation and lack of job creation primarily drove BJP’s losses, Paul Kenny, professor of political science at Australian Catholic University, told Vox.

“So like Trump, in a way, he really took a hit with Covid,” he said. “Inflation has really kind of gone through the roof, and employment — especially urban unemployment and youth unemployment — has also [been a] reason. So when you look at inflation of about 6 percent, and food inflation of even higher, maybe 8 percent, that really affects the poor. And inflation in particular, is a really strong indicator of incumbent reelection success, especially in developing countries.”

But there were other problems, including concerns that Muslims and people from marginalized castes had about their constitutional protections under Modi. The BJP’s tactic of silencing critics via arrests and threats may have begun to wear on people, though it’s not clear how much that influenced their choices in the polling booth. 

“This qualifies as a climate of fear,” Varshney said. “But the climate of fear is not such that it would stop them from going to the polling booth. No, they’ll go and vote. What it’s doing is impeding the conversation before that.” That climate of fear may have contributed to the surprise results — politicians and pollsters couldn’t predict that people would vote against the BJP because they weren’t saying so aloud. 

Gandhi’s campaign filtered voters’ concerns — about the economy, their rights, and massive inequality — through the lens of the constitution. The opposition made the argument that if the BJP won a majority in the parliament, it would make unfavorable constitutional amendments, Varshney said. “In every rally — every single rally — Rahul Gandhi had a copy of the constitution in his hands.”

That concern may have driven many voters from marginalized castes away from the BJP because they have certain rights and protections under the constitution. Groups like the Dalits, OBCs (Other Backwards Castes), and Scheduled Tribes — typically, though not always, still part of India’s Hindu majority — had been socially oppressed and suffered from a lack of educational and job opportunities, as well as political representation. India’s democratic constitution guarantees a measure of rights and opportunities, including representation quotas in politics, for these groups. Though the BJP had previously managed to unite Hindus as a political bloc across castes with its Hindutva policies, the opposition exploitation of caste politics may have had a significant impact in UP. 

After 10 years, Modi will face some constraints on his rule

Overall, the BJP lost 63 of the seats it previously held in the Lok Sabha. That means that, although the BJP still has the most seats of any party in the lower house of parliament, it doesn’t have a majority. Together with its coalition partners, the BJP still has a 293-seat majority, but that’s not enough to make constitutional amendments unchallenged. Modi and the BJP will now encounter more friction — both from the opposition and potentially from within the coalition it formed as an insurance policy during the campaign.

The BJP campaigned in coalition with two regional secular parties, the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) and Janata Dal (United), or JDU, forming the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) party​​. How they will govern together under Modi, however, remains to be seen.

The leadership of the TDP and JDU parties don’t see eye to eye with Modi on some fairly important issues. Nitish Kumar of the JDU party wants to conduct a caste census across the country (something the opposition INDIA coalition has also advocated for) which would give the government a better idea of how to distribute resources, programs, and political representation for marginalized castes especially. But that turn to caste politics threatens Modi’s message of cross-caste Hindu solidarity against other groups. The TDP leadership has also promised to reserve protections and rights for Muslims in the states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh — something that Modi previously promised to abolish. 

That could make the NDA coalition fragile, and Modi’s desire to remain in power gives a fair amount of leverage to JDU and TDP to extract demands for their states from the central government.

“Modi now will go back to having to depend on a lot of regional partners and state parties,” Kenny said. “And the BJP, even at its height of Modi’s ability to bring in votes with charisma, was still dependent on buying the support of smaller coalitions — so being able to dispense goods, to dispense patronage, to effectively buy votes by distributing. Whether it’s things [like] rations and fuel support, and all of these kinds of things that go on in daily politics in India. That’s just come back to the fore.”

Furthermore, because there is now a fulsome opposition party, “the parliament will once again become a site for vigorous debate and contestation,” Varshney said. The BJP will not be able to push through laws as they did with recent criminal code reforms without debate.

But the opposition coalition is untested, and could become fractious over time, too, Vaishnav said. “These are parties which have been at each other’s throats, and who are highly competitive with one another in states where they have a real presence. And they’ve managed to let bygones be bygones, for the purposes of fighting this election. But when the electoral spotlight is off, will they be able to continue this method of collaboration and cooperation [having] achieved the short-term objective?”

This election, while pivotal, is far from the end of the BJP or Modi, Vaishnav said. “[Modi] is an incredibly crafty savvy marketer and politician who has an incredible amount of charisma and a reservoir of goodwill amongst the people.”

Populist and personality-driven politics are trending upward all around the world, partly because of a decline in traditional political parties and the institutions that support them, Kenny said. Modi’s just part of that wave. But this year’s election demonstrated that the trend toward populism and authoritarianism — in democratic societies, anyway — has its limits. 

Here at Vox, we believe in helping everyone understand our complicated world, so that we can all help to shape it. Our mission is to create clear, accessible journalism to empower understanding and action.

If you share our vision, please consider supporting our work by becoming a Vox Member. Your support ensures Vox a stable, independent source of funding to underpin our journalism. If you are not ready to become a Member, even small contributions are meaningful in supporting a sustainable model for journalism.

Thank you for being part of our community.

Swati Sharma

Swati Sharmam Vox Editor-in-Chie

 What went wrong for Modi? - Asia News Network - Asia News Network

https://asianews.network/what-went-wrong-for-modi/ 

Asia News Network

Asia News NetWork Bring Asia Closer

June 12, 2024

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What went wrong for Modi?

Modi faces significant challenges in his third term as he leads a coalition government for the first time since 2014. With his BJP falling short of a majority, Modi must rely on key allies like the Janata Dal (United) and Telugu Desam Party.

 

Ivanpal Singh Grewal

Ivanpal Singh Grewal

The Star

15-1.jpg

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi

 June 12, 2024

KUALA LUMPUR – AS A close and interested observer of Indian politics, I watched the marathon election campaign unfold with much interest.

I shared the popular sentiment and opinion that the Indian Prime Minister will lead his party and coalition back to power with a thumping majority. But the vagaries of Indian politics exhibited its full muscle and threw up a surprising verdict.

Modi’s BJP failed to secure an outright majority in the recent election due to several factors. A significant drop in seats, particularly in Uttar Pradesh, was a major setback. The state’s loss was pivotal as it holds substantial sway in national politics.

Rising joblessness, increasing prices, and growing inequality contributed to voter dissatisfaction. Additionally, a controversial army recruitment reform and Modi’s divisive campaign targeting Muslims alienated some voters.

The opposition Congress Party-led INDIA alliance made a surprising comeback, defying earlier predictions of its decline. Rahul Gandhi led a spirited campaign that resonated with many voters. The revival of coalition politics marked a return to “normal politics,” with multiple parties sharing and competing for power. The BJP, once seen as all-powerful, now relies on coalition partners, making it vulnerable to potential collapse if allies feel neglected.

Modi’s personal brand has also taken a hit. Despite his stable governance record, efficient welfare programs, and enhancing India’s global image, anti-incumbency sentiments affected his popularity. His ambitious campaign slogan aiming for more than 400 seats may have backfired, raising fears of constitutional changes among poorer voters and backward caste voters who felt Modi may amend the constitution to remove reservation they enjoy. This election result shows that even charismatic leaders like Modi are not invincible.

The BJP’s loss of seats has provided renewed hope to the opposition. The Congress-led alliance’s resurgence signifies a potential shift in Indian politics, challenging the one-party dominant system that characterised Modi’s decade-long reign. Upcoming state elections in Maharashtra, Jharkhand, Haryana, and Delhi could further challenge the BJP, offering more opportunities for regional parties to gain influence.

There is saying that good economics is good politics.

During Modi’s tenure, India’s economic indicators and infrastructure development have seen notable improvements. India’s GDP growth averaged around 7% from 2014 to 2019, positioning it as one of the fastest-growing major economies globally. Correspondingly, GDP per capita increased from approximately $1,600 in 2014 to around $2,000 in 2023, reflecting a rise in overall economic prosperity. Efforts to reduce poverty also showed progress, with the poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) decreasing from 21.2% in 2011 to an estimated 10% in 2019, although the Covid-19 pandemic impacted further advancements.

Infrastructure development has been a cornerstone of Modi’s economic agenda. The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) constructed approximately 37,000km of national highways from 2014 to 2023, significantly improving connectivity and boosting economic activity. Under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Mission), over 100 million toilets were built between 2014 and 2019, contributing to India being declared open defecation free (ODF) in October 2019. The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Prime Minister’s Housing Scheme) targeted the construction of 20 million urban homes and 30 million rural homes by 2022, with around 10 million urban homes and 22 million rural homes completed by 2023, addressing the housing needs of the urban and rural poor.

Additionally, the Saubhagya scheme aimed at universal household electrification achieved significant success, with almost 100% of households electrified by 2019. The Jan Dhan Yojana initiative led to the opening of over 400 million bank accounts for previously unbanked individuals, promoting financial inclusion and economic participation. These metrics highlight the substantial economic and infrastructural progress made under Prime Minister Modi’s administration, contributing to improved living standards and sustained economic development in India.

However, all of this was not enough to win Modi’s a 3rd term on his own. Modi faces significant challenges in his third term as he leads a coalition government for the first time since 2014. With his BJP falling short of a majority, Modi must rely on key allies like the Janata Dal (United) and Telugu Desam Party (TDP), led by veteran politicians Nitish Kumar and N Chandrababu Naidu. These leaders have previously served in BJP-led coalitions but have also parted ways over disagreements, indicating potential instability. Modi’s historically domineering style may need to adapt to a more consultative approach to maintain coalition harmony and prevent collapse.

But all is also not last because some commentators argue that coalition governance could bring about a healthier democratic process in India, potentially reducing Modi’s dominance and decentralizing power. It may also increase checks and balances, embolden the opposition, and make institutions like the judiciary, bureaucracy, and media more independent. However, Modi’s coalition differs from past ones, as the BJP remains a dominant force with 240 seats. Successful coalition politics will demand Modi’s ability to collaborate and accommodate the demands of his allies, which include state-specific issues and influential ministry positions.

Also, Modi must address the concerns of the voters who feel left out and divorced from India’s economic boom. Modi’s government will need to address significant structural reforms in agriculture, land, and labor to boost job creation and incomes for the poor and middle class.

The coalition will also have to navigate contentious issues like simultaneous federal and state elections, the Uniform Civil Code, and the redrawing of parliamentary boundaries. Whether Modi can transform into a more consensual leader remains uncertain. Successful politicians often reinvent themselves, and Modi’s ability to adapt will be crucial in determining the success of his third term amid coalition dynamics.

But those who have previously written off Modi had to eat humble pie as he is a greater learner, and he has bounced back from previous setbacks very well.

At the same time the INDIA bloc will also have to show its wherewithal and deal with its own polarities. For sure, Indian politics will remain interesting and engaging.

 

Modi won the Indian election. So why does it seem like he lost?

The BJP’s poor performance shows the limits of his autocratic, Hindu supremacist policies.

Narendra Modi, India’s prime minister, greets supporters at the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) headquarters during election results night in New Delhi, India, on June 4, 2024.


Prakash Singh/Bloomberg via Getty Images
Ellen Ioanes covers breaking and general assignment news as the weekend reporter at Vox. She previously worked at Business Insider covering the military and global conflicts.

Narendra Modi will be sworn in for his third term as India’s prime minister on Sunday after winning the post again in India’s momentous 2024 elections. But this week’s elections delivered a shocking blow to Modi’s dominance and will likely curb his autocratic tendencies. 

There was never any serious doubt that Modi would remain in the top spot; he faced no credible opposition during the last two elections. And heading into this year’s six-week-long staggered election, he was widely expected to further consolidate his hold over Indian politics

But surprisingly, he did not: Not only did Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) lose a huge number of parliamentary seats to a revitalized opposition coalition, but it also lost big in states where it has enjoyed massive popularity, including Uttar Pradesh, India’s most populous state. Modi campaigned on a promise to win more than 400 seats, which would have given his coalition more than enough power to amend the constitution, which requires a two-thirds majority, or 362 seats. Even though he won this year’s contest, he has for now failed in his ambition to further consolidate power.

And that has real consequences: He’ll likely face new constraints on his increasingly authoritarian leadership thanks to a renewed opposition coalition — and possibly from within his own coalition, too.

Modi is still a popular politician, but the BJP has failed to deliver on an economic front for many Indians, from farmers to young university graduates. “It seems clear that one thing that the opposition did very well was put the attention on things like unemployment and inflation,” Rohini Pande, director of the Economic Growth Center at Yale University, told Vox. 

Modi has “been in power for 10 years,” Milan Vaishnav, director of the South Asia program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, told Vox. “He made some pretty lofty promises. And running on the cult of personality after 10 years is harder to do than it was the first time around or the second time around ... There’s no dominant kind of emotive issue in the ether. People are kind of asking, ‘Well, what have you done for me lately?’”

That kind of messaging — about people’s material concerns, rather than the Hindu nationalism and cult of personality that characterized the Modi and BJP campaigns — helped propel the once-dominant Congress Party, led by political scion Rahul Gandhi, and its coalition partners to surprising victories in parliament and throughout the country.

It’s too early to tell whether these elections will move the country away from the Hindutva, or the Hindu supremacist ideology that the BJP has championed; the opposition coalition is untested and could prove to be fractious and fragile. And, again, Modi still won, as evidenced by his upcoming inauguration on Sunday. But the bigger picture is that, at least for now, the Indian electorate is pushing back against his authoritarian and populist policies and re-entrenching the democratic principles, including secularism, on which its constitution is based.

To understand how big of a deal this is, look to Uttar Pradesh

The BJP’s stronghold has traditionally been in poorer northern states, like Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh (UP for short), which is India’s most populous state and has the most seats in the Lok Sabha, the equivalent of the US House of Representatives. That made the BJP’s massive loss in UP perhaps the biggest surprise of the election. Going into the contest, many experts believed there was no way Modi and his party could lose the state where it fulfilled an existential Hindu nationalist goal, constructing a temple for the god Ram on the remains of the Babri Masjid, a storied mosque destroyed by rioters in 1992That riottacitly sanctioned by local authorities, boosted the profile of the BJP and led to a decades-long court fight about whether the Ram Mandir could be constructed. In the face of protests, Modi consecrated the temple earlier this year.

The BJP also lost seats in Maharashtra, the coastal state home to Mumbai — one of India’s most politically and economically important cities — as well as the agricultural states of Haryana, Rajasthan, and Punjab. Those three states have been rocked by extensive farmers’ protests which have severely damaged Modi’s credibility there. 

But the party’s loss in UP is the most symbolically and politically significant of all; in terms of American politics, it would be similar to former President Donald Trump losing Texas or Florida in this year’s coming election. 

“Losing UP meant that he dropped below the majority mark, majority number” of parliamentary seats in the Lok Sabha, Ashutosh Varshney, director of the Saxena Center for Contemporary South Asia at Brown University, told Vox. “The UP was critical for that.” 

Inflation and lack of job creation primarily drove BJP’s losses, Paul Kenny, professor of political science at Australian Catholic University, told Vox.

“So like Trump, in a way, he really took a hit with Covid,” he said. “Inflation has really kind of gone through the roof, and employment — especially urban unemployment and youth unemployment — has also [been a] reason. So when you look at inflation of about 6 percent, and food inflation of even higher, maybe 8 percent, that really affects the poor. And inflation in particular, is a really strong indicator of incumbent reelection success, especially in developing countries.”

But there were other problems, including concerns that Muslims and people from marginalized castes had about their constitutional protections under Modi. The BJP’s tactic of silencing critics via arrests and threats may have begun to wear on people, though it’s not clear how much that influenced their choices in the polling booth. 

“This qualifies as a climate of fear,” Varshney said. “But the climate of fear is not such that it would stop them from going to the polling booth. No, they’ll go and vote. What it’s doing is impeding the conversation before that.” That climate of fear may have contributed to the surprise results — politicians and pollsters couldn’t predict that people would vote against the BJP because they weren’t saying so aloud. 

Gandhi’s campaign filtered voters’ concerns — about the economy, their rights, and massive inequality — through the lens of the constitution. The opposition made the argument that if the BJP won a majority in the parliament, it would make unfavorable constitutional amendments, Varshney said. “In every rally — every single rally — Rahul Gandhi had a copy of the constitution in his hands.”

That concern may have driven many voters from marginalized castes away from the BJP because they have certain rights and protections under the constitution. Groups like the Dalits, OBCs (Other Backwards Castes), and Scheduled Tribes — typically, though not always, still part of India’s Hindu majority — had been socially oppressed and suffered from a lack of educational and job opportunities, as well as political representation. India’s democratic constitution guarantees a measure of rights and opportunities, including representation quotas in politics, for these groups. Though the BJP had previously managed to unite Hindus as a political bloc across castes with its Hindutva policies, the opposition exploitation of caste politics may have had a significant impact in UP. 

After 10 years, Modi will face some constraints on his rule

Overall, the BJP lost 63 of the seats it previously held in the Lok Sabha. That means that, although the BJP still has the most seats of any party in the lower house of parliament, it doesn’t have a majority. Together with its coalition partners, the BJP still has a 293-seat majority, but that’s not enough to make constitutional amendments unchallenged. Modi and the BJP will now encounter more friction — both from the opposition and potentially from within the coalition it formed as an insurance policy during the campaign.

The BJP campaigned in coalition with two regional secular parties, the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) and Janata Dal (United), or JDU, forming the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) party​​. How they will govern together under Modi, however, remains to be seen.

The leadership of the TDP and JDU parties don’t see eye to eye with Modi on some fairly important issues. Nitish Kumar of the JDU party wants to conduct a caste census across the country (something the opposition INDIA coalition has also advocated for) which would give the government a better idea of how to distribute resources, programs, and political representation for marginalized castes especially. But that turn to caste politics threatens Modi’s message of cross-caste Hindu solidarity against other groups. The TDP leadership has also promised to reserve protections and rights for Muslims in the states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh — something that Modi previously promised to abolish. 

That could make the NDA coalition fragile, and Modi’s desire to remain in power gives a fair amount of leverage to JDU and TDP to extract demands for their states from the central government.

“Modi now will go back to having to depend on a lot of regional partners and state parties,” Kenny said. “And the BJP, even at its height of Modi’s ability to bring in votes with charisma, was still dependent on buying the support of smaller coalitions — so being able to dispense goods, to dispense patronage, to effectively buy votes by distributing. Whether it’s things [like] rations and fuel support, and all of these kinds of things that go on in daily politics in India. That’s just come back to the fore.”

Furthermore, because there is now a fulsome opposition party, “the parliament will once again become a site for vigorous debate and contestation,” Varshney said. The BJP will not be able to push through laws as they did with recent criminal code reforms without debate.

But the opposition coalition is untested, and could become fractious over time, too, Vaishnav said. “These are parties which have been at each other’s throats, and who are highly competitive with one another in states where they have a real presence. And they’ve managed to let bygones be bygones, for the purposes of fighting this election. But when the electoral spotlight is off, will they be able to continue this method of collaboration and cooperation [having] achieved the short-term objective?”

This election, while pivotal, is far from the end of the BJP or Modi, Vaishnav said. “[Modi] is an incredibly crafty savvy marketer and politician who has an incredible amount of charisma and a reservoir of goodwill amongst the people.”

Populist and personality-driven politics are trending upward all around the world, partly because of a decline in traditional political parties and the institutions that support them, Kenny said. Modi’s just part of that wave. But this year’s election demonstrated that the trend toward populism and authoritarianism — in democratic societies, anyway — has its limits. 

India’s election shows the world’s largest democracy is still a democracy

The biggest takeaways from Narendra Modi's political setback.

Joshua Keating is a senior correspondent at Vox covering foreign policy and world news with a focus on the future of international conflict. He is the author of the 2018 book, Invisible Countries: Journeys to the Edge of Nationhood, an exploration of border conflicts, unrecognized countries, and changes to the world map.

If the basic test of whether a country remains a democracy is that the party in power can still suffer a setback at the ballot box, India passed on Tuesday. Results from the nation’s parliamentary elections — the largest in the world — indicate a shocking electoral setback for Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). 

“Setback,” to be clear, is a relative term here. At the end of the staggered six-week election, Modi will become only the second Indian prime minister to win a third consecutive term. As of this writing, the BJP-led National Democracy Alliance (NDA) has won 289 seats in the 543-seat parliament and is leading in one more. A majority requires 272 seats.

The BJP itself has won 240 seats. That’s more than any Indian party won between 1984 and 2009, when Modi first came to power, and in most elections, it would have been an amazing result. But the expectations game is real, and Modi and his party lost it.

During the campaign, the NDA had a stated goal of winning 400 seats: a supermajority that would have allowed them to push through major legislative and constitutional changes. They didn’t come close. And after winning an absolute majority on its own in the last election, the BJP will likely now have to rely on its smaller coalition partners in the NDA to form a government. 

Exit polls over the weekend were also wildly wrong, with most incorrectly projecting around a 350-seat victory for Modi. (One of the more bizarre media moments on Tuesday was a prominent pollster breaking down in tears on Indian TV over his erroneous forecast and being comforted by his fellow panelists on camera. Not something you’re likely to see from Frank Luntz.)

The opposition Congress Party, which very recently looked headed for political oblivion under the leadership of Rahul Gandhi, the much-mocked fourth-generation scion of India’s most prominent political dynasty, appears likely to double its tally from the last election.

It’s far too soon to say it’s the end or even the beginning of the end for Modi and the BJP, but they’re facing something they haven’t in quite some time: meaningful opposition and uncertainty. And the world’s biggest electorate showed it’s still capable of surprise and independence.  

How Modi messed up

So what went wrong for Modi? In a country of 1.4 billion people, there could easily be that many reasons, and it’s still too early to make sweeping statements. But the growing consensus seems to be that India’s economy and pocketbook issues took precedence for many voters over the BJP’s avowedly religious and ideological project. 

While India has seen rapid GDP growth and infrastructure investment during the Modi years, unemployment has remained stubbornly high and, in many parts of the country, wage growth has been static.   

The ruling party’s most significant losses came in Uttar Pradesh, India’s most populous state and a longtime BJP bastion. The most symbolically significant seat lost may be in Ayodhya, where earlier this year Modi presided over the opening of the Ram Mandir, a massive and controversial new Hindu temple built on the site of a historic mosque torn down by a Hindu nationalist mob in 1992. 

Writing in Vox earlier this year, Zack Beauchamp described the temple as “a monument to an exclusive vision of Hinduism built on the ruins of one of the world’s most remarkable secular democracies.” For the BJP to lose in Ayodhya was all but unthinkable.    

But it seems not everyone was buying Modi’s ideological vision. In a prescient piece published in the Washington Post last week, the Indian journalist Barkha Dutt wrote that her interviews with voters throughout the country suggested that religious rhetoric and projects like Ram Mandir weren’t that salient as election issues. Even BJP supporters tended to focus on economic growth and Modi’s personal qualities rather than sectarian concerns.  

“When I asked what they would like to see him change, invariably I heard two answers — a greater focus on jobs and a toning down of the religious rhetoric,” Dutt wrote. One Uttar Pradesh farmer told her, “Politics based on religion is worthless ... What we want is 24/7 electricity, enough water for irrigation and opportunities for our children.”

Instead, Modi seemed to dial up the Hindu nationalist rhetoric in the closing weeks of the campaign, accusing his rivals of planning to redistribute Hindu wealth to Muslims. It seems not to have worked. 

India’s democratic resilience

Domestic and international critics have been ringing alarm bells about the state of the world’s largest democracy’s political institutions for years, as Modi has presided over discriminatory policies targeting the country’s religious minorities, as well as the harassment of journalists, NGOs, and opposition politicians, not just in India but abroad. India had been downgraded to an “electoral autocracy” on the widely cited V-Dem index and is now classified as only “partly free” by the US NGO Freedom House. 

These autocratic tendencies were on full display in the lead-up to the election, with opponents accusing BJP activists and the police of harassing opposition candidates into withdrawing

It would be a stretch to say that Indian voters have rejected Modi’s approach. He’s still arguably the most popular leader of a large democracy in the world. But the election results at least suggest that he’s not immune from the forces of political gravity — inflation, slow growth, polarization, anti-establishment sentiment — that have dragged down leaders elsewhere

Modi will continue to be the dominant force in Indian politics (and a significant force in global politics) for years to come, but his rise looks less inevitable and invincible than it did just a few days ago, and the world’s largest democracy’s politics look just a bit more democratic.

 

'Electoral autocracy': The downgrading of India's democracy

By Soutik Biswas, India correspondent

 https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-56393944

Getty Images Demonstrators wave Indian national flags during a protest against the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) and National Register of Citizens (NRC) and National Population Register (NRP) in Mumbai, India on 15 February 2020

Mr Modi's government has been accused of targeting minorities

For a country which prides itself as the world's largest democracy, this is troubling news.

So what's going on?

Earlier this month, in its annual report on global political rights and liberties, US-based non-profit Freedom House downgraded India from a free democracy to a "partially free democracy".

Last week, Sweden-based V-Dem Institute was harsher in its latest report on democracy. It said India had become an "electoral autocracy". And last month, India, described as a "flawed democracy", slipped two places to 53rd position in the latest Democracy Index published by The Economist Intelligence Unit.

The rankings blame Mr Modi and his Hindu nationalist BJP government for the backsliding of democracy. Under Mr Modi's watch, they say, there has been increased pressure on human rights groups, intimidation of journalists and activists, and a spate of attacks, especially against Muslims. This, they add, has led to a deterioration of political and civil liberties in the country.

Freedom House said civil liberties have been in decline since Mr Modi came to power in 2014, and that India's "fall from the upper ranks of free nations" could have a more damaging effect on the world's democratic standards.

AFP Many viewed the 2019 election as a referendum on Mr Modi (L) who won a landslide

Mr Modi won a landslide election in 2019

V-Dem said the "diminishing of freedom of expression, the media, and civil society have gone the furthest" during Mr Modi's rule, and that far as censorship goes India was "as autocratic as Pakistan and worse than its neighbours Bangladesh and Nepal".

And The Democracy Index said the "democratic backsliding" by authorities and "crackdowns" on civil liberties had led to a decline in India's rankings. Mr Modi's policies, it said, had "fomented anti-Muslim feeling and religious strife and damaged the political fabric of the country".

How has India's government reacted?

Not surprisingly, the flurry of downgrades have riled Mr Modi's government and cast a shadow on the global image of India's democracy.

On the Freedom House report, the foreign ministry said that India had "robust institutions and well established democratic practices" and did not "need sermons especially from those who cannot get their basics right." The political judgements of the report were "inaccurate and distorted", it said. In parliament, the chairman of the upper house, Venkaiah Naidu, did not allow an opposition MP to pose a question related to the V-Dem report saying: "All countries which are commenting on India should first look inward and then comment on India."

At the weekend, Foreign Minister S Jaishankar came out with the strongest denunciation of these reports.

Hindustan Times A resident passes by a burnt house after communal violence in northeast Delhi last week over the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), at Shiv Viihar, on March 5, 2020

The freedom report criticised the government's response to protests against a controversial citizenship bill

"You use the dichotomy of democracy and autocracy. You want the truthful answer…it is called hypocrisy. Because you have a set of self-appointed custodians of the world, who find it very difficult to stomach that somebody in India is not looking for their approval, is not willing to play the game they want to be played," Mr Jaishankar told a news network.

"So they invent their rules, their parameters, they pass their judgements and then make out as though this is some kind of global exercise".

How reliable are these rankings?

To be fair, these rankings are global exercises.

Freedom House's latest global report on political rights and civil liberties covers developments in 195 countries and 15 territories.

V-Dem claims to produce the largest global dataset on democracy involving 202 countries from 1789 to 2020.

The Economist Intelligence Unit's Democracy Index gives a snapshot on the health of democracy in 165 countries and two territories.

Also, these rankings do have "rules and parameters".

Getty Images Activists belonging to various human and civil rights organisations hold placards during a demonstration condemning the decision of various Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) led state governments in the country for the proposed passing of laws against "Love Jihad" in Bangalore on December 1, 2020.

Several minority groups have complained of discrimination in recent years

 

V-Dem says it measures "hundreds of different attributes of democracy" with almost 30 million data points, involving more than 3,500 scholars and country experts.

The Economist's Democracy Index is based on measuring electoral process and pluralism, the functioning of government, political participation, political culture and civil liberties". And Freedom House says it uses a two-tiered system consisting of scores and status - a country is awarded points for each of its political rights and civil liberties indicators.

Such rankings, according to a study by University of Pennsylvania, are the result of quantitative assessments - like distribution of seats in the national legislature among political parties - and qualitative judgements, like evaluating whether safeguards against corruption are effective.

Aggregating these indicators into an index is a subjective exercise, depending on the judgements of experts to identify metrics to include and how to weight each appropriately.

EPA More than 600 million Indians voted in the 2019 elections

More than 600 million Indians voted in the 2019 elections

Yonatan L Morse, an assistant professor of political science at the University of Connecticut and a country expert for V-Dem, agrees there is a "degree of subjectivity" in assessing democracy.

But Prof Morse says V- Dem does a number of things "really well" to address this: a comprehensive list of questions to measure important elements of electoral democracy (suffrage and clean elections, among others), and rating clean elections by assessing different factors. Each country is rated by a number of experts. Differences of opinion among experts are transformed into a single measure using statistical models that help forecast outcomes more reliably.

Also most rankings do not impose a single definition of democracy - experts agree that an "electoral democracy" is really the bare minimum.

Is India's downgrade unusual?

Going by rankings, democracy, despite its enduring appeal, appears to be in trouble all over the world.

Electoral autocracies, according to V-Dem, are now present in 87 states that are home to 68% of the global population. Liberal democracies, the group says, are diminishing, and are home to only 14% of the people.

Freedom House reckons less than 20% of the world's population now lives in a free country, the smallest proportion since 1995. And in the 2020 Democracy Index, only 75 of the 167 countries and territories covered by the model - or 44.9% - are considered to be democracies.

"But, what concerns a lot of people is the breakdown of democracy in established cases. India is the latest example of this following Hungary and Turkey. The Indian case stands out given the size of its population and past record as a successful model of multi-ethnic democracy," says Prof Morse.

Getty Images Protesting journalists in Kashmir

 Journalists have come under attack in India

He says India follows the pattern observed in other cases of recent democratic breakdown.

"Populist leaders first capture many of the gatekeepers in the state (for example, they politicise appointments to the civil service or remove oversight from appointments to the judiciary). They then often repress freedom of expression by censoring media, limiting academic freedom, or curtailing civil society. Populist leaders often polarise society and delegitimise the political opposition, often presenting them as enemies of the state or people. What follows is often violation of electoral integrity itself and outright fraud," says Prof Morse.

Do these rankings have a bias against right-wing governments?

Paul Staniland, associate professor of political science at University of Chicago, has examined V-Dem's measurement of India since Independence in 1947 in its democracy index.

He found India's ranking was lower during the Emergency in the mid-1970s when Indira Gandhi, the former prime minister belonging to the Congress party, suspended civil liberties.

The 1990s show up as more democratic than the 1950s-1960s, a decade which was politically dominated by the Congress party. There is no major decline in ranking during the BJP-led coalition government between 1998 and 2004.

"So there's not an obvious anti-right-wing bias. Indeed, there's a very slight drop [in rankings] from 2005 to 2013 under the Congress-led UPA government. V-Dem is not a huge fan of Indira Gandhi's rule in 1970s or early 1980s."

"No one is forcing anyone to "agree" with these. There are important alternative approaches to measuring these things and lots of important caveats about how precise they can be. But there are a lot of reasons to think they capture important big-picture dynamics and trends," says Prof Staniland.

How useful are these rankings?

Rohan Mukherjee, an assistant professor of political science, at Yale-NUS College, says these rankings are useful for research and identifying very broad trends that academics are interested in.

"They are unhelpful if one wants to minutely parse differences in scores from one year to the next, or between countries with very similar scores," he told me.

Some of this also gets to the heart of how we define democracy and who gets to define democracy.

Prof Mukherjee says most non-academics would be incredulous that a handful of research assistants and country experts get to decide that a country is an "electoral autocracy" while hundreds of millions of that country's citizens would disagree.

"So really this is an instance of academic discourse and concepts operating at a considerable distance from lived experience. The operational concepts across the two domains are very different."

Democracy in the V-Dem dataset, says Prof Mukherjee, has a precise and multi-faceted definition, many aspects of which the vast majority of Indians do not keep in their heads as they go about their lives and think about the political system in which they live.

"That's not to say that their experience is any less valid, but it explains the disconnect," he says

 

‘Pressured to withdraw’: BJP accused of intimidation tactics in India polls

Opposition say ruling party undermining democracy by using police to harass candidates into not contesting in elections

When the people of Gujarat cast their votes last week in India’s six-week-long election, there was one constituency in the state that stood silent. There were no polling stations or impatient queues of people, and no one with the tell-tale inky finger. In Surat, no voting was necessary – the outcome was already decided.

Mukesh Dalal, from the ruling Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), won the seat by default after every other candidate was either disqualified or dropped out of the race. It was the first time in 73 years that Surat’s candidate was appointed, not elected.

Surat is not the only constituency in Gujarat to witness swathes of candidates going up against the BJP suddenly withdrawing from the race. In Gandhinagar, where Amit Shah, the home minister and prime minister Narendra Modi’s right-hand man, is running, 16 opposition candidates dropped out before last Tuesday’s voting.

Gujarat is likely to be an easy win for the BJP in the election, which is also expected to return Modi to power for a third term. It is Modi’s home state and the stronghold of his party, which has won every state election here since 1995, and in the last general election in 2019 won all 26 seats.

Yet some have alleged that there have been concerted efforts to cement BJP hegemony in the state and declare wins by huge margins by eliminating the opposition altogether. In Gandhinagar, the BJP is publicly aiming for Shah to win the seat by an unprecedented 1 million votes.

In Surat and Gandhinagar, opposition parties and activists have accused the BJP of undermining democratic processes by using party workers and police to intimidate and put pressure on opposing candidates to withdraw, sometimes with explicit threats of violence or direct harassment of their families. The BJP district and state spokespeople refused to comment. Gujarat’s director general of police, Vikas Sahay, and the home minister, Shah, also did not respond.

Among those who withdrew in Surat was Baraiya Ramesh, 58, who has his own textile business and was running as an independent candidate. He alleged that after submitting his nomination, he began to face a campaign of intimidation.

“I was threatened by the police and pressured to withdraw,” said Ramesh. “Everyone in Surat knows how every candidate was harassed and pressure was put on them to not fight the elections.”

Fearing the threats, he turned his phone off, but as soon as he turned it back on, he claims he was traced by police and picked up. “They clearly told me to withdraw the nomination, so I did,” he said, adding that he feared for his safety but said it was important that he spoke out publicly. “Most of the candidates were threatened by the police.”

In Gandhinagar, five opposition candidates alleged threats in the buildup to campaigning, and 16 ultimately withdrew. Hours before voting began in Gandhinagar, Jitendra Chauhan, 39, who was running as a candidate for the Akhil Bhartiya Parivar party, posted a video on social media. Through sobs, he alleged he was forced to withdraw.

Chauhan previously worked for the BJP between 2012 and 2019, but told the Guardian he had become disillusioned with the party and had decided to run against Shah to fight for local issues. It was a decision he said that had “made my life hell”.

“As soon as I decided to submit my nomination, the police started following me everywhere,” he said. “Then, on 16 April, when I submitted my nomination papers, I started receiving threats from BJP workers. A BJP legislator threatened to jail me in some fake case.”

Syed Farzana
Syed Farzana, a polling agent of the Congress party, showing voting documents of her two sons, who she says were not allowed to vote allegedly by BJP workers. Photograph: Aakash Hassan

With every passing day, Chauhan said the threats got worse. “People would call me, come to my house, and give me an ultimatum to withdraw. Then the police started harassing my friends,” he said. “I felt so threatened that I had to withdraw my nomination.”

One candidate, Sumitra Maurya, 43, a schoolteacher, who contested elections for the first time with the Prajatantra Aadhar party, said she had refused to be cowed by the campaign of “unpleasant and frightening” intimidation that began from the moment she submitted her nomination for Gandhinagar in April.

“I was well aware of who I was fighting against – the man who is India’s home minister, a political heavyweight,” she said. “But I am a firm believer in the power of democracy.”

Initially, it started with a visit to Maurya’s home from unknown men, then constant calls to her and her husband, questioning why she was running. WhatsApp messages saying “offer”, “call me,” and “it is urgent” began to flood in, and then relatives began to call, asking her to withdraw.

Fearing the threats, she travelled with her family about 200 miles out of the city. But after they checked into their hotel, there was a knock on the door, and several men in plain clothes stood outside, asking to speak to her husband. As Maurya confronted the men, they eventually revealed they were from the crime branch of police who said they were under a lot of pressure from their seniors.

Through the hotel window, Maurya could see the men roaming around the property throughout the night and she claims two cars followed them when they drove back the next morning. She still refused to remove her name from the ballot.

“They want to create an example so that people like me think a hundred times before even thinking about contesting.”

Voting in Gandhinagar was also mired in allegations of widespread irregularities. In one video that emerged, Muslims – who are unlikely to support the BJP – appear to be being passed cash to pretend they had cast their votes.

Multiple polling agents told the Guardian they had witnessed Muslim voters being coerced or threatened into not voting and there are several videos that appear to show outsiders being brought in to illegally cast votes in the place of absentees. At least one booth in the constituency has been ordered to redo the polling.

“Throughout the campaigning and on the polling day, the police and local administration worked together with BJP workers to scare our workers and people who they thought would vote against the BJP,” said Sonal Patel, 64, the candidate for the opposition Congress party in Gandhinagar, who remained in the race.

Patel also accused BJP workers of trying to pay off and blackmail Congress candidates and workers into switching sides and said she was repeatedly prevented from campaigning. “This has all been done because they want to win by the highest margin,” she said.

Several candidates and human rights activists submitted complaints to the election commission – the body overseeing the polls which stands accused of being co-opted by the BJP government – and also requested extra police presence on polling day, but got no formal response. The local election commission did not respond to the Guardian’s request for comment.

Shabnam Hashmi, an activist who was on the ground, also submitted complaints to the election commission. “I have seen harassment and intimidation and manipulation in elections before, but never on this scale and never with the full state machinery behind it,” said Hashmi. “It was unprecedented and very unfortunate for our democracy.”

Explore more on these topics
 

 https://www.theguardian.com/world/article/2024/may/14/bjp-accused-intimidation-india-elections-gujarat

Narendra Modi 9 June 2024

 https://www.theguardian.com/world/narendra-modi

 

 
 

‘Indian democracy fought back’: Modi humbled as opposition gains ground

Campaigners say election shows rejection of ‘hate politics’ after marginalised groups vote to deny BJP a majority
Sun 9 Jun 2024
 
 

It was widely described as the week that India’s beleaguered democracy was pulled back from the brink. As the election results rolled in on Tuesday, all predictions and polls were defied as Narendra Modi lost his outright majority for the first time in a decade while the opposition re-emerged as a legitimate political force. On Sunday evening, Modi will be sworn in as prime minister yet many believe his power and mandate stands diminished.

For one opposition politician in particular, the humbling of the strongman prime minister was a moment to savour. Late last year, Mahua Moitra, one of the most outspoken critics of Modi and his Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), found herself unceremoniously expelled from parliament and kicked out of her bungalow, after what she described as a “political witch-hunt” for daring to stand up to Modi.

The murky and allegedly undemocratic circumstances of Moitra’s expulsion from parliament was seen by many to symbolise Modi’s approach to dissenting voices and the steady erosion of India’s democracy. She was among several vocal opposition politicians who were subjected to investigations by government crime agencies.

But having won a landslide re-election in her home state of West Bengal, Moitra will return once again to parliament, part of the newly empowered opposition coalition. “I can’t wait,” said Moitra. “They went to egregious lengths to discredit and destroy me and abused every process to do it. If I had gone down, it would have meant that brute force had triumphed over democracy.”

While he may be returning for a historic third term, many have portrayed the results as something of a defeat for Modi, who has had to rely on coalition partners to form a government. The BJP’s campaign had been solely centred around him – even the manifesto was titled “Modi’s guarantee” – and in many constituencies, local BJP candidates often played second fiddle to the prime minister, who loomed large over almost every seat. He told one interviewer he believed his mandate to rule was given directly by God.

“Modi’s aura was invincibility, that the BJP could not win elections without him,” said Moitra. “But the people of India didn’t give him a simple majority. They were voting against authoritarianism and they were voting against fascism. This was an overwhelming, resounding anti-Modi vote.”

Mahua Moitra at a campaign rally
Mahua Moitra feels the election returned a clear anti-Modi sentiment. Photograph: NurPhoto/Getty Images

During his past decade in power, Modi and the BJP enjoyed a powerful outright majority and oversaw an unprecedented concentration of power under the prime minister’s office, where key decisions were widely known to be made by a select few.

The Modi government was accused of imposing various authoritarian measures, including the harassment and arrest of critics under terrorism laws, while the country tumbled in global democracy and press freedom rankings. Modi never faced a press conference or any committee of accountability for the often divisive actions of his government. Politicians regularly complained that parliament was simply reduced to a rubber-stamping role for the BJP’s Hindu-first agenda.

Yet on Tuesday, it became clear that the more than 25 opposition parties, united as a coalition under the acronym INDIA, had inflicted substantial losses on the BJP to take away its simple majority. Analysts said the opposition’s performance was all the more remarkable given that the BJP stands accused of subverting and manipulating the election commission, as well as putting key opposition leaders behind bars and far outspending all other parties on its campaign. The BJP has denied any attempts to skew the election in its favour.

“This election proved that the voter is still the ultimate king,” said Moitra. “Modi was so shameless, yet despite them using every tool they had to engineer this election to their advantage, our democracy fought back.”

Moitra said she was confident it was “the end of Mr Modi’s autocratic way of ruling”. Several of the parties in the BJP’s alliance who he is relying on for a parliamentary majority and who will sit in Modi’s cabinet do not share his Hindu nationalist ideology.

Speaking to his coalition partners on Friday, Modi’s tone was unusually modest and measured, emphasising that “consensus is necessary” and speaking of the need for “good governance”. Moitra said the prime minister’s situation had been summarised best by a popular comedian: “He might have a sword in his hands but the opposition has nicked the drawstring of his pyjamas.”

Moitra was not alone in describing this week’s election as a reprieve for the troubling trajectory of India’s democracy. Columns heralding that the “mirror has cracked” and the “idea of India is reborn” were plastered across the country’s biggest newspapers, and editorials spoke of the end of “supremo syndrome”. “The bulldozer now has brakes,” wrote the Deccan Chronicle newspaper. “And once a bulldozer has brakes, it becomes just a lawnmower.”

Many noted that the most damaging losses faced by the BJP had been in poorer, rural, working-class areas where farmers, lower-caste communities and Dalits, one of India’s most marginalised groups previously known as “untouchables”, turned away from Modi in droves. In critical states such as Uttar Pradesh they ended up swaying the election outcome far more significantly than urban elites and middle classes.

Yogendra Yadav, an Indian activist and politician who was a lone voice in accurately predicting the outcome of the election, said there was not yet widespread anger at Modi but instead “a sense of tiredness and frustration that the BJP had become arrogant and cut off from the people and their issues”.

Yadav said the significant losses suffered by the BJP in states that were previously its bastion were mostly due to frustrations over chronic unemployment and inflation and perceptions that the Modi government was against farmers. Among Dalits, there was a palpable fear that Modi intended to change the constitution and take away their privileges and quotas enshrined in it.

“This was not a normal election, it was clearly an unfair and unlevel playing field,” said Yadav. “But still, there is now a hope and a possibility that the authoritarian element could be reversed.”

Harsh Mander, one of India’s most prominent human rights and peace activists who is facing numerous criminal investigations for his work, called the election the “most important in India’s post independence history”, adding: “The resilience of Indian democracy has proved to be spectacular.”

He said it was encouraging that an “intoxication of majoritarian hate politics” had not ultimately shaped the outcome, referring to Modi’s apparent attempts to stir up religious animosity on the campaign trail as he referred to Muslims as “infiltrators” and “those who have more children”.

“The past decade has seen the freedom of religion and the freedom of conscience and dissent taken away,” said Mander. “If this election had gone fully the BJP way, then India would not remain a constitutional secular democracy.”

Mander said be believed that if the election had been fairly fought, it would have been an outright defeat for Modi. Yet he also cautioned against seeing the outcome as a clear turning point for India, as questions remain about whether the prolonged assault on dissent, the use of federal agencies to go after opponents and the lengthy detention of critics without trial will continue unabated.

“I have charges against me from every federal agency. I could spend this life and the next in prison. What happens to all of those cases?” said Mander. “The climate of fear still remains.”

An MP, her ex and their dog: Mahua Moitra’s battle with India’s parliament

February 2024

Outspoken opposition MP hits back after being kicked out, blaming a witch-hunt and vowing ‘I’m not going anywhere’

Mahua Moitra, wearing loose purple and silver robe-like dress, stands at an entrance to Parliament House, New Delhi, rubbing sanitiser onto her hands
 

It’s a saga that has had the hallways of India’s parliament abuzz for months: one that began with a bitter custody battle over a rottweiler dog named Henry, and culminated with the expulsion of one of the fiercest critics of the prime minister.

Mahua Moitra, the MP who was expelled from parliament earlier this month after a vote, described the situation as “so ridiculous I feel like pinching myself”. 

“Make no mistake, this is a misogynistic witch-hunt intended to shame me into silence,” she added. “But they have miscalculated badly – I’m not going anywhere.”

From the moment she was elected, Moitra, an investment banker turned first-time MP from the opposition party Trinamool Congress, made herself a thorn in the side of Narendra Modi and his Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata party (BJP) government.

She quickly rose to prominence after she stood up in parliament and listed the “seven signs of fascism” evident under Modi’s government. In successive speeches, many of which went viral, she directly accused the prime minister of crushing the media, manipulating the judiciary, “spreading falsehoods” and persecuting Muslims through discriminatory laws. Her refusal to be apologetic for her forthright personality, love of expensive things and life as a single, divorced woman also stood her apart.

“Mahua breaks the mould of an Indian parliamentarian,” said Mukulika Banerjee, a professor of social anthropology at LSE. “She is glamorous, she’s smart, she’s relentless and she’s unafraid to ask difficult questions of the government, even when they try to humiliate her. This misogynistic government doesn’t know how to handle that, and that’s why we’ve seen this systematic effort to silence her.”

Her profile was raised even further this year when she began raising questions about Modi’s relationship with the powerful billionaire industrialist Gautam Adani, after the Adani conglomerate was accused of the “biggest con in corporate history” including fraud and stock price manipulation.

Behind the scenes, Moitra alleges she was approached by a close emissary to the prime minister, who sits in the parliamentary upper house, telling her explicitly to stay away from discussions of Modi’s relationship to Adani.

Rahul Gandhi, the senior leader of the opposition National Congress party, had also raised similar allegations about Modi and Adani. Not long after, he found himself convicted in a “politically motivated” defamation case and was expelled from parliament, though this was overturned by the courts in August.

“They were just waiting for their moment to shut me up,” said Moitra. “And I guess Henry was the genesis of all of this.”

Henry is not a politician but a rottweiler, owned by Moitra and her ex-partner, Jai Anant Dehadrai. They both acknowledge that a custody battle over Henry, whom they refer to as “like their child”, turned ugly earlier this year. By September, Moitra had filed a police case against Dehadrai and sent senior officers to his door to get him to sign a custody agreement for Henry, which he refused.

In the weeks that followed, Dehadrai took action of his own. In a complaint filed to India’s Central Bureau of Investigation, he alleged that he had “irrefutable evidence” that Moitra was accepting large cash bribes and gifts from a Dubai-based businessman, Darshan Hiranandani, to ask questions in parliament that suited his business interests, in particular to target rival Adani. Dehadrai later alleged that Moitra’s lawyer had tried to “coerce” him into withdrawing the complaint by offering him custody of Henry.

Dehadrai also forwarded the complaint to a BJP MP – who also happened to be in a feud with Moitra after she had publicly accused him of forging his masters degree certificate and humiliated him in parliament. He took the allegations straight to the parliamentary speaker, calling it a “cash for questions scandal”.

Mahua Moitra in the garden at the Parliament House complex, New Delhi – she is standing in front of bright flowers while people photograph and film her on their phones, and is wearing large sunglasses and a yellow top
Mahua Moitra claims the parliamentary ethics committee’s decision to expel her was based on no evidence. 

In early November, Moitra was hauled in front of the parliamentary ethics committee, even as several opposition politicians on the panel raised concerns that the hearing was a farce. “The dispute over a dog has come to the ethics committee. We are ashamed to discuss this,” said one MP, while another described the hearing as “dealing with a dog matter”.

But they were silenced by the BJP committee chairman, who proceeded to interrogate Moitra with a series of questions about her relationship with Hiranandani that she described as “disgusting, sexist and completely unethical”.

“He asked me how often did I speak to Darshan [Hiranandani] and on what apps, how often do I go see him in Dubai, do we meet in a hotel, does his wife know that you call him a dear friend?” said Moitra. “I was so furious that in the end I just walked out.” Despite objections by some non-BJP committee members at the “prejudicial” questioning, the chairman put it on the record that Moitra had refused to cooperate.

In an affidavit signed by Hiranandani, the businessman admitted Moitra had shared her parliamentary login with him and had asked him, as an old and trusted friend, to post questions “directly on her behalf” from his Dubai office. He also said he had agreed to “favours” she had asked of him, including “expensive luxury items” and “travel expenses”. But both Moitra and Hiranandani stood firm that no bribes had been given.

Moitra insists that all the questions submitted were her own and that no rules were broken. Hiranandani declined to comment for this article.

Though the committee admitted it had no proof yet of cash exchanges for questions, it ultimately recommended Moitra’s expulsion for sharing the login, calling her conduct “highly objectionable, unethical, heinous and criminal”.

According to one member, the committee’s decision to find her guilty by majority vote was made in less than three minutes with no discussion. Moitra declared the committee to be a “kangaroo court” and said that their decision had been based on “no evidence at all”.

On 8 December, Moitra’s expulsion was put to a vote in parliament, where the BJP commands a huge majority. Even before the ethics committee report had been uploaded on the parliament portal, and without giving her a chance to address the chamber, they voted to expel her from parliament.

Mamata Banerjee, the leader of Moitra’s party, called the expulsion “unacceptable” and a betrayal of democratic values. Several other opposition leaders also rallied around Moitra, alleging she had been targeted for speaking out against Adani, and stood beside her on the steps of parliament as she addressed the Modi government and vowed to fight it “for the next 30 years inside parliament, outside parliament, in the gutter, on the streets”.

Moitra is now challenging her expulsion in the supreme court, even though it only lasts for the next few months until India holds its general election, likely to be in May.

Moitra said she was confident of her re-election and return to parliament once again. “These are just small men with small minds and unluckily for them, I’m tough as nails,” she said.

 

Out of Control

Mining, Regulatory Failure, and Human Rights in India

 Iron ore hauling truck in Keonjhar forest, Orissa State, India.  

June 14, 2012

https://www.hrw.org/report/2012/06/14/out-control/mining-regulatory-failure-and-human-rights-india

Out of Control

June 14, 2012  News Release

India: Mining Industry Out of Control

Mining, Regulatory Failure, and Human Rights in India

Summary

Key Recommendations

To the Government of India

To India’s State Governments

To the United Nations Special Rapporteurs on the Right to Health and on the Right to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation

Methodology

  1. Background: “Illegal Mining” in India

Mining, Megaprojects and Controversy

Patterns of Illegal Activity in India’s Mining Sector

What is “illegal mining?”

  1. Goa Case Study: Regulatory Collapse  and its Consequences

Background

“A Total Lack of Governance”

Failure to Track Basic Indicators of Compliance

Consent to Operate

Production Figures

Central Government Failures

Conflicts of Interest and Allegations of Corruption

Human Rights Impacts

Health, Environmental and Livelihood Concerns

Health Concerns

Water and Agriculture

Protest and Response

Threats and Violence

An Inevitable Scandal

A Test for Goa’s New Government

III. Regulatory Collapse in India’s Mining Sector

The Answer is Always Yes: Government Approval of New Mining Operations

Inadequate Consideration of Community Impacts

India’s Environmental Impact Assessment Regime: Rotten Core of a  Broken System

Mandatory Public Consultations: A Lost Opportunity

Weak Oversight of Operational Mines

Longstanding Critiques

The Role of Corruption

  1. Karnataka Case Study: Criminality and Mining

Seizing Control

A Broader Collapse of Governance

Human Rights Impacts

From Impunity to Accountability

  1. Mining and Human Rights: Government’s  Duty to Regulate

The Need for Regulation

The Duty to Regulate to Protect Human Rights

Social and Economic Rights Obligations

  1. A Nationwide Problem

VII. Reining in the Abuse: Practical Steps Forward for India’s Government

Beyond the New Mining Law

Key Recommendations

Dramatically Improve the Environmental Impact Assessment Regime

A Review of all Existing Environmental Clearances for Mining Projects

Stricter Oversight of Existing Mines

New Steps to Ensure Accountability for Illegal and Abusive Actions

Acknowledgments

Related Content

June 14, 2012  News Release

India: Mining Industry Out of Control

Breakdown of Government Oversight Harms Communities, Fuels Corruption

Summary

India’s mining industry is an increasingly important part of the economy, employing hundreds of thousands of people and contributing to broader economic growth. But mining can be extraordinarily harmful and destructive if not properly regulated—as underscored by a long list of abuses and disasters around the world. And because of a dangerous mix of bad policies, weak institutions, and corruption, government oversight and regulation of India’s mining industry is largely ineffectual. The result is chaos.

The scale of lawlessness that prevails in India’s mining sector is hard to overstate. Even government officials acknowledge that the mining sector faces a myriad of problems, including widespread “illegal mining.” Generally speaking, that refers to cases where operators harvest resources they have no legal right to exploit. Official statistics indicate that there were more than 82,000 instances of illegal mining in 2010 alone—an annual rate of 30 criminal acts for every legitimate mining operation in the country. But this report argues that an even bigger problem is the failure of key regulatory mechanisms to ensure that even legal mine operators comply with the law and respect human rights.

Global standards of industry good practice have evolved to recognize that unless mine operators exercise caution and vigilance, direct harmful impacts on surrounding communities are likely. In India and around the world, experience has shown that without effective government regulation, not all companies will behave responsibly. Even companies that make serious efforts to do so often fall short without proper government oversight.

This report is not a targeted investigation of particular companies or headline-grabbing “megaprojects.” Rather, it describes how and why key Indian public institutions have broadly failed to oversee and regulate mining firms and links some of these regulatory failures to human rights problems affecting mining communities. The report uses in-depth case studies of iron mining in Goa and Karnataka states to illustrate broader patterns of failed regulation, alleged corruption and community harm. It shows how even mines operating with the approval of government regulators are able to violate the law with complete impunity. Finally, it offers practical, straightforward recommendations on how the Indian government could begin to address these problems.

International law obliges India’s government to protect the human rights of its citizens from abuses by mining firms and other companies. India has laws on the books that are designed to do just that, but some are so poorly designed that they seem set up to fail. Others have been largely neutralized by shoddy implementation and enforcement or by corruption involving elected officials or civil servants. The result is that key government watchdogs stand by as spectators while out-of-control mining operations threaten the health, livelihoods and environments of entire communities. In some cases public institutions have also been cheated out of vast revenues that could have been put towards bolstering governments’ inadequate provision of health, education, and other basic services.

In iron mining areas of Goa and Karnataka states visited by Human Rights Watch, residents alleged that reckless mine operators had destroyed or contaminated water sources they depend on for drinking water and irrigation. In some cases, miners have illegally heaped waste rock and other mine waste near the banks of streams and rivers, leaving it to be washed into local water supplies or agricultural fields during the monsoon rains. This can render water sources unsafe and decrease agricultural fertility. Rather than seek to mitigate any damage, some mine operators puncture the local water table and then simply discard the vast torrents of water that escape—permanently destroying a resource that whole communities rely on.

In some communities visited by Human Rights Watch, farmers complained that endless streams of overloaded ore trucks passing along narrow village roads had left their crops coated in thick layers of metallic dust, destroying them and threatening economic ruin. In some areas, Human Rights Watch witnessed lines of heavily-laden mining trucks several kilometers long grinding along narrow, broken roads and leaving vast clouds of dust in their wake. Some residents pointed to the same metallic dust coating their homes and even local schoolhouses, and worried about the potential for serious respiratory ailments and other health impacts that scientific studies have associated with exposure to mine-related pollution. In some of these communities, people have suffered intimidation or violence for speaking out about these problems. All of these allegations echo common complaints about mining operations across many parts of India.

Some of India’s mining woes have their roots in patterns of corruption or other criminality. For instance, this report describes how mining magnate Janardhana Reddy allegedly used his ministerial position in the state government of Karnataka to extort huge quantities of iron ore from other mine operators—using government regulators as part of his scheme. The evidence shows that state government agencies in Karnataka alone may have been cheated out of billions of rupees (hundreds of millions of dollars) in revenue—depriving the state of funds that could have been put towards the improvement of the state’s dismal health care and education systems.

As lurid as some of India’s mining-related corruption scandals have been, Human Rights Watch believes that the more widespread problem is government indifference. Even in Karnataka, ineffectual regulation played a key role in allowing criminality to pervade the state’s mining sector. And many of the alleged human rights abuses described in this report result not from patterns of corruption or criminality but from the government’s more mundane failure to effectively monitor, let alone police, the human rights impacts of mining operations. Many public officials openly admit that they have no idea how prevalent or how serious the problems are. In effect, India’s government often leaves companies to regulate themselves—a formula that has consistently proven disastrous in India and around the world.

In some cases the harm communities have suffered because of nearby mining operations is well-documented by scientific studies or research by Indian activists. But in many others, the data simply does not exist to confirm or refute alleged harms or their links to mining operations. Some community activists may wrongly attribute health or environmental problems to nearby mining operations. Others may fail to perceive a link that does in fact exist. All of this uncertainty is part of the problem—in far too many cases, government regulators fail to determine whether companies are behaving legally or responsibly, or whether they are causing harm to their neighbors.

India’s tiny Goa state encapsulates all of these problems. State government regulators there admit they have no real idea whether individual mining firms are complying with the law, and the evidence shows that many are not. Activists and even the current chief minister allege widespread illegalities and, surprisingly, local mining industry officials do not deny such allegations. One company executive interviewed by Human Rights Watch spoke of “chaos and corruption” and a “total lack of governance” in the state’s mining sector. A spokesperson for the Goan mining industry estimated that nearly half of all mining in the state violates various laws and regulations.

The problems in Goa reflect nationwide failures of governance in the mining sector. From initial approval to ongoing oversight, the mechanisms in place to regulate and oversee India’s mining industry simply do not work.

The only mechanism directly tasked with weighing a proposed new mine’s potential impacts on the human rights and livelihoods of affected communities is the environmental clearance process, usually undertaken by the central government’s Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF). Despite its name, the environmental clearance regime is explicitly empowered to consider impacts on local communities and their rights, not just environmental issues. But the process is hopelessly dysfunctional.

Often, clearances are granted or denied almost entirely on the strength of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) reports commissioned and paid for by the very companies seeking permission to mine. By design, the reports give short shrift to the issue of human rights and other community impacts, focusing on purely environmental concerns. Many do not even explicitly mention the responsibilities of mining firms to respect the human rights of affected communities. Some companies treat mandatory public consultations around the reports as an irritating bureaucratic hurdle rather than an important safeguard for affected communities.

Worse still, there is considerable evidence that that these crucial EIA reports are often extremely inaccurate, are deliberately falsified, or both. In some cases, reports incorrectly state that issues of potential regulatory concern—the presence of rivers or springs, for instance—simply do not exist. Sometimes important conclusions are simply cut and pasted from one report to the next by authors who appear to assume that regulators will not bother to read what they have written. In the most notorious example of this phenomenon, a mine in Maharashtra state received clearance to proceed even though its EIA report contained large amounts of data taken verbatim from a similar report prepared for a bauxite mine in Russia. Officials’ failure to detect such blatant falsification is emblematic of the broader absence of meaningful government oversight.

Unsurprisingly, under this framework, mining projects are almost never denied environmental clearance. And once a mine is operational it experiences comparably lax government oversight of its actual compliance with the terms of those clearances. A few dozen officials across India are responsible for monitoring thousands of mines and other projects nationwide and are rarely able to make site visits to any of them. Instead, they rely almost entirely on compliance reports provided by mining companies themselves.

India’s Ministry of Environment and Forests is singled out for detailed criticism in this report. This is not because its failures are greater than those of other government institutions with responsibilities towards the mining sector, but because the success of its efforts is essential to any hope of minimizing mining sector human rights problems. Human Rights Watch believes that fixing the environmental clearance regime and other processes linked to the ministry are among the most promising immediate and concrete steps the central government could take to safeguard the human rights of mining-affected communities.

Increasingly, the chaos in India’s mining sector has deep political and economic implications. In 2011, scandals rooted in public revelations about corruption and abuse in the mining sector overtook the state governments in both Karnataka and Goa. Karnataka’s chief minister was forced to resign and much of the state’s mining industry was effectively shut down by a belated government crackdown, at vast economic cost. In March 2012, Goa’s state government was voted out of office partly due to rising public anger about scandals plaguing that state’s mining industry.

India’s central government should not succumb to the temptation to treat the problems in Goa and Karnataka as isolated issues. Both states’ mining debacles reflect nationwide problems that need to be treated as such. Underscoring that point, in early 2012 potentially explosive investigations into the mining industry were underway in Jharkhand and Orissa states.

Admittedly, the chaos in India’s mining industry has some of its roots in much broader patterns of corruption and poor governance that are not easily solved. Nonetheless, there are pragmatic steps the Indian government could take to repair some of the most glaring regulatory failures. Problems would still remain absent broader improvements in governance, but the reforms recommended by this report would give determined regulators more appropriate tools to do their jobs and make it harder for abusive companies to escape scrutiny. The measures proposed in this report would also have impacts far beyond the mining industry, since some of the same broken institutions also regulate and oversee other potentially harmful industries. At this writing, India’s parliament was considering a proposed new mining law that is in some respects remarkably progressive—but it does not seek to address the core problems described in this report.

The government should dramatically improve the process for considering proposed new mining projects, to ensure that it comprehensively and credibly considers possible human rights and other community impacts. This means mandating a greater and more explicit focus on human rights in the environmental clearance process. It also means having adequate numbers of regulators who can take far more time and care in evaluating new proposals, including through site visits wherever appropriate. The government should also end the practice of requiring companies to select and pay the consultants who produce their Environmental Impact Assessment reports—this creates a glaring conflict of interest that recent government efforts at improved quality control do not adequately address.

It is also important for the government to assess how much damage has already been done under the current, woefully inadequate regime. Human Rights Watch recommends a comprehensive study of the Environmental Impact Assessment reports underpinning the clearances for all existing mines in the country, to determine how many incorporate blatantly erroneous or fraudulent data. In late 2011 Goa’s state government helped sponsor an independent effort to do just this; if successful it could serve as a model for other states and for the central government. Wherever deliberate falsification of EIA data is discovered, those responsible should be appropriately prosecuted. In all cases where materially important errors are discovered, mining operations should be halted pending the completion of a new assessment.

Human Rights Watch also calls on the central government to improve the system for monitoring the human rights and environmental impacts of existing mines. In particular, the capacity and mandate of the Ministry of Environment and Forests to actively monitor compliance with the terms of the environmental clearances underpinning mines and other projects needs to be dramatically improved.

At the state level, governments in mining areas should work to bolster the mandates and capacity of key institutions, including the pollution control boards and mines departments, that have often failed to contribute to effective oversight of the mining sector. They should also work to establish strong and effective Lokayukta (anti-corruption ombudsman) institutions, or bolster the institutions they already possess. Where any or all of these institutions require additional financial resources, governments should consider earmarking a portion of revenues earned from the mining industry for that purpose.

Key Recommendations

The key recommendations to the Indian government are explained in more detail at the end of this report, in the section titled “Reining in the Abuse: Practical Steps Forward for India’s Government.”

To the Government of India

  • Ensure that regulatory officials focus attention on potential human rights and other community impacts of proposed new mines, either through the existing Environmental Impact Assessment process or through a new assessment process focused exclusively on human rights impacts.
  • End the practice of requiring mining firms to select and pay the consultants who carry out their Environmental Impact Assessment reports. Assessments could be funded through a general fund paid for by mining firms but under government control.
  • Empower the Expert Appraisal Committees to carry out a more thorough review of the potential negative impacts of proposed new mining projects, including through frequent site visits. This will require substantial additional staffing and other resources as well as a slower rate of project consideration and approval.
  • Draft rules requiring a more thorough and detailed consideration of the results of any mandatory public consultations required by the approvals process for a new project.
  • Impose robust sanctions, including criminal prosecution where appropriate, on mining companies and consultants whose Environmental Impact Assessment reports contain materially important data that is falsified or negligently incorrect.
  • Initiate an independent review of the Environmental Impact Assessment reports underpinning all existing mines, with a view to determining how many of them are based on materially false or misleading data. Temporarily halt mining operations whose Environmental Impact Assessment reports contain materially important false data, require their operators to reapply for clearance, and appropriately sanction those responsible.
  • Empower and instruct the Ministry of Environment and Forests to carry out more thorough and proactive monitoring and oversight of existing mining projects, including by providing the staff and other resources necessary to fulfill this role effectively.
  • Explore ways to ensure that institutions accredited to carry out Environmental Impact Assessments are also well trained in human rights principles and in global best practices for human rights impact assessments in the mining sector.

To India’s State Governments

  • Consider the creation of new Lokayukta institutions, or bolster those offices already in existence, ensuring that they benefit from adequate levels of independence, resources and human capacity along the lines of Karnataka State’s institutional model.
  • Strengthen key state-level regulatory institutions including mines ministries and pollution control boards to ensure that they are able to contribute effectively to robust oversight of mining operations. To the extent resources or capacity-building is required, consider earmarking some state government revenues derived from mining activities for this purpose.

To the United Nations Special Rapporteurs on the Right to Health and on the Right to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation

  • Request to visit India to further evaluate the impact of inadequate government regulation of the mining sector on the rights of Indians to health and to water.

Methodology

This report is based primarily on six weeks of field research in India that was carried out during two separate trips, one in May-June 2011 and the other in September 2011. Human Rights Watch interviewed more than 80 people in New Delhi, Karnataka and Goa. In Karnataka state, we carried out interviews in Bangalore, Hospet, Bellary, and Sandur. In Goa state, we conducted interviews in several towns and villages, including Panjim, Margao, Mapusa, Raia, Quepem, Rivona, Caurem, and other mining-affected communities. We spoke with state and central government officials including regulatory officials, anti-corruption investigators, police, state legislators, and political leaders. We also interviewed independent analysts, mining company officials, human rights and anti-mining activists, and members of mining-affected communities—including people who alleged suffering human rights abuse.

In addition to our field research, Human Rights Watch conducted extensive review of relevant documentation, including Environmental Impact Assessment reports, the minutes of Expert Appraisal Committee meetings, NGO reports, court rulings, scientific studies of mining’s community impacts in India, and the detailed reporting on mining-related corruption produced by anti-corruption authorities in Karnataka state.

The names and other identifying details of some interviewees have been withheld to prevent possible retaliation against them.

Human Rights Watch has carried out research into the human rights impacts of mining operations around the world. We elected to focus on India’s mining industry because it is one of the world’s largest mineral producers and a country where, at least on paper, public officials have given considerable thought to using regulation to mitigate the harmful impacts of mining. Goa and Karnataka provided useful case studies of the broader problems affecting India’s mining sector because they both juxtapose astonishingly serious regulatory failures with a relatively high level of capacity on the part of state-level governments. Human Rights Watch also believes that the problems in India’s mining sector—as well as the recommendations this report offers to address them—are of relevance for other countries struggling to ensure that mining activity takes place responsibly and without harm to affected communities.

I. Background: “Illegal Mining” in India

Mining, Megaprojects and Controversy

Fueled by rising international demand, India’s mining sector is booming. The country produced some Rs 200,000 crore (US$44 billion) worth of minerals during 2010-2011, and total production has more than doubled between 1993 and 2011.[1] The Indian government has fixed its sights on a 9 percent rate of economic growth and many planners view continued expansion of the mining sector as essential to any hopes of hitting that target.[2] On a more human scale, India’s mines provide direct employment to several hundred thousand people and indirectly help sustain the livelihoods of many thousands more.[3]

Mining can be a uniquely destructive and dangerous industry if not managed and regulated responsibly.[4] Critics have long alleged that the push for industrialization and growth “creates pressure [on regulators] to look the other way” instead of demanding that mines and other industrial projects adhere to the law.[5]

Large-scale industrial and infrastructure “megaprojects” have a long history of controversy in India. Many have been criticized for trampling on the rights of local communities whose land they require, and some have caused extraordinary devastation.In India’s most notorious industrial disaster, several thousand people were killed by a cloud of toxic fumes that escaped from a Union Carbide pesticide plant in the city of Bhopal in 1984.[6]

As sensational as India’s “megaprojects” often are in terms of potential impacts and sheer scale, the larger story with India’s mining industry lies in far more numerous smaller projects. India has some 2,600 active mines and for every mining megaproject that attracts widespread civil society criticism and press attention, there are hundreds of smaller mines that do not attract much scrutiny outside of the local populations they impact directly. Their cumulative impact is enormous but, as this report shows, the government has completely failed to ensure that those mines are run responsibly and to prevent them from harming the communities around them.

Patterns of Illegal Activity in India’s Mining Sector

India’s mining sector is rife with illegality, some of it viscerally shocking and some of it relatively arcane. The most brazen criminality involves the extraction of minerals from land that a mine operator has no legal right to work on, commonly referred to as “illegal mining.” In some cases this takes place hidden deep in isolated forests, or centers around rapid fly-by-night operations with only a handful of machines and laborers working in a very small area.[7] Because even the smallest mines and quarries are difficult things to hide, operators of such mines often develop corrupt relationships with public officials who are happy to look the other way.

Measured by quantity extracted, most of this “illegal mining” targets what Indian law refers to as “minor minerals” like sand and gravel used for construction and other purposes.[8] With rising global prices, however, other minerals including iron, manganese and coal are increasingly being looted in the same way.

What is “illegal mining?”

The term “illegal mining” is a regular feature of public discourse in India, but there is considerable disagreement about what the term actually means. Many industry critics—and some government officials— say that it means any illegal action by a mining company in the course of its operations.[9] This leads some activists to assert that almost all mining in India is “illegal,” on the theory that few mines manage to comply with every legal requirement all of the time.

Mining companies complain that this wrongly creates the impression of a rogue industry busily plundering India’s natural resources in total defiance of the law, when in fact some of the industry’s problems are more subtle and complex.[10] Mining firms, along with India’s Ministry of Mines, favor a much narrower definition that generally encompasses only two things: mining on land a mine operator has no legal right to exploit, and failure to pay required tax and royalty on extracted minerals.[11] They refer to all other illegal acts by mining firms with less alarming terms like “violations” of other laws or “irregularities.”

This semantic battle generates great confusion as well as ample room for obfuscation. For example, when Human Rights Watch asked an assistant geologist in Goa’s Mines Department to assess the scale of the state’s illegal mining problem, he replied, “Everything may not be 100 percent legal, but illegal mining is not there.”[12]

This report describes a broad range of illegalities that have an impact on human rights. Most do not fall within the government’ definition of outright “illegal mining.” Whatever term is used, the damage done to vulnerable communities and public institutions is just as real.

The sheer scale of the illegality that pervades India’s mining sector is hard to overstate, and few people on any side of the issue would deny this. Vijay Kumar, then-secretary of India’s Ministry of Mines, acknowledged to Human Rights Watch that illegal mining is “endemic,” adding that, “the seriousness varies from State to State, mineral to mineral and from time to time depending on market forces.”[13] In 2010, India’s parliament convened a commission of inquiry into illegal mining headed by retired Supreme Court Justice M.B. Shah. Shah’s interim report, submitted in early 2012, found that:

There is enormous and large scale multi-state illegal mining of iron ore and manganese ore running into thousands of crore every year, having several pernicious and evil effects on the national economy, good governance, public functionaries, bureaucracy, public order, law and order. It has encouraged huge corruption at all different levels in public life, mafia in society and money power.…This has to be stopped immediately and effectively. [14]

According to Mines Minister Dinsha Patel, there were at least 82,000 cases of “illegal mining” in 2010 and another 47,000 between January and September 2011—some presumably involving multiple incidents linked to the same operations.[15] That figure is hard to rely on or interpret; central government figures are based entirely on state government reporting, and some states are more zealous about detecting and reporting illegalities than others.[16] Regardless, the implications are staggering—the government’s own figures imply an annual rate of 30 illegal acts for every officially sanctioned mine in the country. Officials freely acknowledge that they have no estimate of how many cases go undetected, andthe central government does not track the number of prosecutions or convictions in mining-related cases across India.[17]

The outright looting of mineral resources from land that mine operators have no right to work on is a dramatic act of criminality that grabs headlines in India. The country’s mineral wealth is effectively ripped out of its own soil and then sold illegally without any of the proceeds accruing to public institutions. But Human Rights Watch’s research reveals that the most important problem in India’s mining sector is a less sensational but far more widespread kind of abuse: the ease with which “legal” mine operators working on legitimate mining leases are able to circumvent or ignore laws meant to protect the public from harm. As this report shows, India is faced with a state of regulatory collapse in the mining sector—with disastrous results.

The two case studies in this report focus on two different facets of India’s mining chaos. The mining mess in the iron-rich state of Goa offers a clear window into the human toll of a broader institutional breakdown of regulatory machinery that plagues India’s entire mining sector. The lurid mining scandals in Karnataka State reveal the mutually reinforcing impacts of an out-of-control mining industry and pervasive rot and corruption in public institutions. These problems are two sides of one coin, each reinforcing the other.

II. Goa Case Study: Regulatory Collapse and its Consequences

Background

Goa is far better known for the two million vacationers who throng its beaches every year than for its iron mines.[18] But starting just a few kilometers inland from its coastal resorts, the state has about 90 working mines that yielded some 45 million tons of iron ore in 2010—20 percent of India’s total.[19] Goan iron was worth well over Rs 21.5 crore (US$5 billion) in 2011 and production has skyrocketed in recent years in response to rising global prices.[20] State government officials estimate that the mining industry directly employs some 20,000 people and indirectly supports the livelihoods of tens of thousands more.[21]

Goa is a tiny state and many of its mines are clustered closely together and directly adjacent to nearby communities. The local industry is dominated by three large firms that all have their roots in the state: Fomento, Salgaocar and Sesa Goa; the last of which was acquired by mining giant Vedanta in 2007.

“A Total Lack of Governance”

The mining industry in Goa stands as a stark example of the broader patterns of regulatory collapse described later in this report. Goan anti-mining activists[22] complain that mine operators flout the law while government institutions plagued by incompetence, incapacity or corruption stand by and do nothing.[23]

Surprisingly, when Human Rights Watch put these allegations to key state government and industry officials, many acknowledged that they were true. A senior official with one of Goa’s top three mining companies, speaking on condition of anonymity, put it this way: “There is a total lack of governance in the mining sector. The government has no idea what is going on.… Absent a real change in governance, there will just be more corruption and more chaos from year to year.”[24] An official in Goa’s own mines department complained to Human Rights Watch that the state and central governments’ approach to oversight of the mining sector was “lethargic to an extreme.”[25]

Even mining industry spokesman S. Sridhar estimated to Human Rights Watch that 40 percent of all mining operations in Goa fail to comply with at least some laws and regulations and that perhaps another 5 percent is entirely illegal, taking place on land miners have no right to work on. “The remaining mining is done legally,” he said.[26] Then-Goa Environment Minister Alexio Sequeria told Human Rights Watch he thought the true figures were less alarming but added, “He [Sridhar] should know better than me.”[27]

P.S. Banerjee, general manager for Fomento, one of Goa’s “big three” mining companies, told Human Rights Watch that his company’s own operations were meticulous in adhering to the letter of the law. But speaking of the industry more broadly, he said that “Mining in Goa works in shades of gray. The problem is not just legal versus illegal mining, but there is a huge gray area in between and that is the most important issue.” Banerjee described this approach to the law euphemistically as “creative compliance.” [28] But in practical terms, “creative compliance” simply means non-compliance that government regulators fail to detect or respond to.

Failure to Track Basic Indicators of Compliance

Consent to Operate

On paper, Goa’s Pollution Control Board has the responsibility to verify whether mining companies (and other industries) are complying with India’s air and water acts. [29] Those laws are important tools to help ensure that mines do not cause serious harm to human health and the environment. But in practice, the board is ineffectual and carries out little meaningful oversight activity of mining or any other industry. As of late 2011, the board had only 16 technical staff to oversee the environmental and pollution-related practices of the entire mining industry as well as of every other business in the state—including even visiting cruise ships.

Then-Goa Environment Minister Alexi Saqueria was dismissive of the board’s oversight role, calling it a “mere post office” that did little more than ferry paperwork between the central government and operations based in Goa.[30] But in principle, the board is one of Goa’s key oversight institutions. It has the power to conduct surprise inspections, including of mine sites, and to shut down operations that do not maintain consents to operate issued by its staff— but it does not have the manpower to do either of these things. Board Chairman Simon DeSousa told Human Rights Watch that with his office’s small staff, “We are handicapped. It is impossible to oversee all these industries.”[31]

Perhaps worse, Dr. DeSousa admitted to Human Rights Watch that he had no idea whether mining firms and other companies were bothering to maintain the “consent to operate” from his own office they are legally required to possess. These consents are normally given and renewed almost automatically if miners can prove that they have obtained all other required government clearances—in practical terms they serve as a way for the state government to verify that miners are in compliance with other baseline legal obligations. “It is quite possible that 40 percent of mines are operating without clearances,” DeSousa told Human Rights Watch. “Some mines may not have obtained consent to operate from the board—we cannot police that. We cannot see who is operating illegally unless someone complains.” He blamed the problem on his office’s lack of a coherent filing system. [32]

Under mounting public pressure due to a scandal around allegations of mining-related illegalities and corruption in the state, the board stated in 2011 that 41 of Goa’s 90 mines were not in compliance with the law. Outside parties apparently informed board officials that it had not issued those mines with up-to-date consents to operate, and questioned whether they possessed the other government clearances needed to obtain them. Thirty-four of the forty-one leaseholders reportedly failed to comply with an initial deadline and were told to cease operations until necessary permissions could be obtained. [33] While the board’s action was an important step to bring the state’s mines into compliance with the law, the board still lacks any independent means to track compliance.

Production Figures

Goa’s Mines Department tracks production figures based entirely on figures submitted by mine operators themselves. The department had only 12 technical staff as of September 2011 and Dr. Hector Fernandez, the department’s senior geologist, conceded to Human Rights Watch that the government had no way of verifying whether company figures were accurate. “With this staff we cannot,” he said, “It’s impossible.”

This means that the state does not actually know if mines are producing ore in excess of what they claim, thereby cheating the government out of tax revenue and royalties. Critics allege that this is precisely what has taken place.

A September 2011 report by the Goa legislature’s Public Accounts Committee detailed what it called unexplained discrepancies between production and export figures. Those could translate into steep revenue losses for the state government, since no royalties or other taxes would be paid on unreported production.[34] Industry officials questioned the figures, arguing that there could be benign explanations for many of the apparent discrepancies.[35] Alarmingly, the state government could neither confirm nor deny the allegations because it did not have any data of its own.

Central Government Failures

The Indian central government imposed a moratorium on new mining leases in Goa in February 2010, apparently at the request of the state government.[36] However, this did not result in remedying deficiencies with the clearances underpinning the state’s existing mines. Many of Goa’s mines appear to have been established on the basis of Environmental Impact Assessments that contained erroneous or fabricated data—a nationwide problem that is discussed in detail below.[37] As detailed below, a government-commissioned study of the EIA reports underpinning all of Goa’s currently operational mines seems likely to confirm widespread fabrication of data in those reports.[38]

In theory, the environment ministry’s regional office in Bangalore monitors whether mines in Goa and neighboring states are operating in compliance with the law and with the terms of their environmental clearances—and can shut them down if they are not. But in practice, regional office staff rarely visits the state and have never halted the operations of any mine in Goa.[39] This problem—also a nationwide affliction—is addressed in detail below.[40]

Conflicts of Interest and Allegations of Corruption

If it is illegal, why does the Government not act? Because the government is involved, politicians are involved. At every level, everywhere. Bureaucrats, everyone. If I point it out, they will stop my legal mining, so I have to keep my mouth shut.–S. Sridhar, spokesperson, Goa Mineral Ore Exporters Association, May 2011[41]

Many Goan mine operators are increasingly reliant on contractors to operate their mines or transport their products to the port. Encouraged by the vast profits being made in the mining sector, Goan politicians have gotten in on the mining business by becoming contractors themselves. A 2011 investigation by the Goa Herald newspaper documented the alleged involvement of six senior state government officials in the mining business. Some denied any involvement while others openly admitted it to the paper.[42]

The trend towards using contractors is driven largely by economic considerations—labor costs are lower and companies do not wish to invest heavily in new equipment that may lose its value if commodity prices and iron production decline.[43] But in some cases there is also a political calculation. Some contractors are hired because their ties to politicians make them better able to either navigate or evade the regulatory framework, not because of their competence or reputation for responsible operation.

Officials with two different Goan mining firms, speaking on condition of anonymity, told Human Rights Watch that companies often selected contractors with political ties for the wrong reasons, and that contractors linked to politicians often displayed little interest in working responsibly or even obeying the law. “Sometimes you proactively go to a politician and say, ‘Look, let’s do this together,’ so you get it done faster,” one company official said, adding that he disapproved of the practice. “Politicians have entered into this mining business and are spoiling the names of established mining companies. Their actions tar the reputation of the whole industry.” [44] An official with another mining firm complained about companies’ use of contractors with “no competence or value added except that they work well with politicians.” [45]

Jaoquim Alemao, until March 2012 Goa’s politically influential Minister of Urban Development, started a company called Rhissa Mining Services. The company is run by his son. The former minister does not deny his involvement in the mining business and says that Rhissa’s only role is to purchase heavy machinery and rent it out to established mining firms, which is not illegal.[46]

Some observers have raised concerns about the true nature Rhissa’s activities. Rama Velip, a farmer and anti-mining activist in the south Goa village of Rivona, says he was approached by a representative of Rhissa who attempted to persuade him to abandon his opposition to nearby mining developments—mines that Rhissa had little or no clear economic stake in.[47] He told Human Rights Watch that he felt he was being approached by the powerful minister behind the company, rather than the company itself.

Goa’s Mineral Ore Exporters Association was not clear about Rhissa’s role in the local industry. When asked, association spokesman S. Sridhar shook his head slowly and replied: “I don’t know what he [Jaoquim Alemao] is doing. I really don’t know.” But he later added that, “Naturally if a politician is there I will give him the contract if it is economical to me.…It happens everywhere.”[48]

These practices are worrying because they create conflicts of interest that can lead public officials to push back against, rather than support, action by already weak regulatory officials. Then-Goa Environment Minister Alexi Sequeria said that he had no financial stake in the mining industry but defended the right of other government officials to enter the business. While acknowledging that conflicts of interest were possible, he asked Human Rights Watch, “You talk in terms of wanting a clean government, but how am I supposed to look after my family if you say I should not do business?”[49]

Some in Goa’s mining industry also allege that corruption often plagues their attempts to comply with the law by obtaining necessary clearances and permissions. Activists allege that this problem also pushes weak regulatory institutions even deeper into complacency and inaction.

Some company officials complain that it can be almost impossible to obtain necessary government clearances in a reasonable amount of time without bribing officials to move necessary paperwork through the system. Industry spokesman S. Sridhar told Human Rights Watch:

Unless you go and talk to them personally nothing is happening. There is corruption everywhere in getting these approvals. If I do not want to pay a bribe I have to wait four or five years. So I’ll pay the bribe to get the approval or I’ll just start producing [illegally] while I wait.[50]

Local activists also allege that police officers also profit from the mining industry by purchasing trucks they contract out to haul ore from mine sites—creating a conflict of interest when local protests shut down a mine that helps supply their income.[51] India’s Prevention of Corruption Act outlaws such practices but critics allege that some police officials circumvent the law by putting trucks in the names of their wives or relatives.[52] A police official at the station in Quepem whose officers have been deployed to break up mining-related protests in the area told Human Rights Watch that, “No police officer in Quepem owns a [mining] truck. It’s different if a wife or children are doing business.”[53]

Human Rights Impacts

South Goa’s cluster of iron mines is relatively new, with most springing up within the last 10 years (modern, mechanized mining has been taking place in north Goa for several decades). Human Rights Watch visited mining-affected communities in south Goa’s Quepem taluk [district] and found evidence that some communities are suffering precisely the kind of harm that government regulation of the industry is supposed to prevent.

The mostly agricultural communities in south Goa are profoundly divided in their attitudes towards the industry. Residents who allege that mining has destroyed vital groundwater supplies, ruined crops and created serious health risks have protested strenuously against local mine operators. On the other side of the divide, villagers who have derived direct economic benefits from mining activity—often by purchasing trucks they hire out to haul ore away from the mine sites—have emerged as ardent proponents of the industry.[54]

Health, Environmental and Livelihood Concerns

Health Concerns

Some residents of mining-affected communities told Human Rights Watch they worried that dust emissions from passing ore trucks could be linked to respiratory disease in their communities.[55] “People are getting breathing problems,” one farmer complained.[56] Hundreds of heavily laden ore trucks pass through narrow roads leading through those communities every day, spewing clouds iron-rich dust as they pass. According to residents, the dust settles in thick coats on the crops that stand in nearby fields, on homes, and even on a schoolhouse that sits adjacent to the road.[57]

Sufficient data does not exist to measure the extent of any health damage caused by dust emissions in mining areas of Goa—neither the state nor central governments have carried out any studies to obtain that data. A 2001 study of mining areas in Goa found that overloaded ore trucks were responsible for “fugitive dust emissions…sharply exceeding the ambient national air quality standards for residential areas.”[58] Broader studies of the health impacts of dust emissions by iron mines have generally focused on occupational health issues, not impacts on surrounding communities. But such studies indicate that inhalation of iron oxide can cause respiratory ailments. Studies also indicate that exposure to silica, which is often a constituent part of iron ore dust, may be linked to serious ailments including silicosis and other lung diseases such as lung cancer.[59]

Some communities in Goa resort to making use of surface water for at least part of the year because their groundwater supplies have been damaged or destroyed by nearby mining operations. In some cases that surface water is itself contaminated by runoff from the same mines.[60]

In 2010, India’s Ministry of Environment and Forests declared its intention to commission a study on the environmental impacts of all existing mines in Goa, but at the time of writing the study had yet to be carried out.[61] So far, however, the state and central governments have not treated the potential health impacts of irresponsible mining with the seriousness they deserve. In an interview with Human Rights Watch, then-Goa Environment Minister Alexi Sequeria professed the government has not been able to act because people in mining-affected communities are uninterested in their own health:

The local in many areas believes that money is God. You and I may believe he is sacrificing his health but he does not care. Locals own trucks and are provided things by mining companies—money, air conditioners. So even if this activity is taking a toll on their health, they will not allow us to act.[62]

Water and Agriculture

People living in and around two south Goa villages visited by Human Rights Watch—Rivona and Caurem—complained that adjacent mines have polluted nearby rivers and streams through irresponsible waste disposal and that natural springs used to irrigate fields have been destroyed as mines puncture the water table and damage aquifers. “Because of water pollution, there is no water for agriculture,” said farmer and anti-mining activist Rama Velip. “Some wells are dry. Some spring water is destroyed.” [63] Other residents of the two communities echoed his complaint. [64] “I have had no sugar cane for three years,” said one farmer who alleges that dust and groundwater pollution have destroyed his crops. Another local resident said that since mid-2010, “murky water is suddenly coming from the springs,” and attributed this to nearby mining activity. [65] Other farmers alleged that their crop yields had decreased dramatically due to clouds of iron-rich dust from passing trucks that settle on and kill their crops. [66]

Most mines in Goa operate below the water table, and many are forced to continually pump out vast quantities of water in order to keep mine pits dry. Often, mine operators simply discard the water rather than reinject it into the ground to help regenerate the resource.[67] One woman living near Caurem told Human Rights Watch that in 2011, one nearby mine broke through the water table and unleashed a torrent of water that flowed from the mine site down a hill and across a nearby road for more than a week; by the time it stopped flowing, nearby springs had completely dried up.[68]

Many of these claims are impossible to verify because sufficient data does not exist—and that is part of the problem. Public officials have done nothing to study alleged harms caused by the cumulative impact of mining operations in south Goa, and do not know how many mine operators are engaged in irresponsible and illegal practices that could bring about such harm. The data that does exist, however, is troubling.

Goa mining industry spokesperson S. Sridhar told Human Rights Watch that mining did not cause any loss of drinking or irrigation water anywhere in Goa. “Water is available everywhere,” he said. [69] But a study published by his own association in 2010 acknowledged that mining in Goa has “quantitative and qualitative impacts on the water regime in and around the mines,” including through pollution and through damage to aquifers. [70] And one mine near Caurem was shut down in March 2011 for damaging local springs, dumping its waste on the banks of a nearby river and causing other harm. [71] Its closure followed extended protests by local residents. [72] One villager told Human Rights Watch that before the mine shut down, company officials met with villagers to ask, “‘What do you want? Money? Something to implement in the village?’ We said we don’t want anything, just our land and our water.” [73]

A 2009 study by the National Environmental Engineering and Research Institute (NEERI) found that mining around Sirigaon village in north Goa had created “water scarcity” by puncturing the water table and reducing the area available for groundwater recharge by rain. [74] The study also found that silt carried as runoff from mine waste dumps had “degraded the soil fertility in the agricultural fields” around the village. [75] Such mine runoff problems are common in Goa and are exacerbated when mine operators locate waste dumps close to riverbanks—generally in violation of the terms of their environmental clearances. Goa receives more than 3000 mm of rainfall annually and monsoon rains often cause these dumps to collapse, causing pollution and heavy siltation of agricultural fields, irrigation canals, rivers and creeks. Studies have found that this phenomenon can have serious negative impacts on agricultural yields, groundwater quality and fish populations that mining-affected communities depend on. [76]

Human Rights Watch observed that some mine operators distribute water in metal drums to communities whose own water supplies have been destroyed or damaged. This practice implies the creation of localized water scarcity problems that did not exist prior to the onset of mining activity. It also begs the question of how the impacted communities will obtain drinking and irrigation water after mining operations have been completed—the damage to their aquifers will not vanish when local iron deposits are exhausted. Simon DeSousa of Goa’s Pollution Control Board acknowledged to Human Rights Watch that depletion of water resources by mining was a problem in south Goa. Asked why miners were allowed to dig below the water table if that was the case, he said he did not know.[77]

Protest and Response

In 2011, growing local discontent around the impact of iron mining operations in south Goa led to peaceful protests and also to violent confrontations between local residents and mine employees.[78] Residents of Caurem told Human Rights Watch that in a separate incident in April 2011, fights between angry villagers and private security guards at one mine site left individuals on both sides injured.[79]

Residents in Rivona and Caurem have staged prolonged sit-in protests, blocking the roads providing access to local mine sites. Protesters told Human Rights Watch that in May 2011 they were confronted by a group of truck drivers who threatened violence if they did not clear the road; ultimately the police dispersed the protesters and arrested at least 94 people. [80]

Quepem police official S.S. Narvekar told Human Rights Watch that the arrests were a “preventative” measure to avert violence between anti-mining activists and truck drivers, that they were carried out with “minimum force” and that all those detained were released at the end of the same day.[81] Many of the villagers arrested see things differently, and allege that police carried out a lathi (baton) charge against them without being provoked.[82]

Narvekar acknowledged the seriousness of the protesters’ complaints, but said the police were powerless to address those issues. “If the [state government] confirmed that what these mines are doing is illegal, it would be different,” he said. “But without that, on what basis can we ask them to stop?”[83]

Threats and Violence

There have been occasional reports of violence and direct threats against anti-mining activists in Goa. Nilesh Gaukar, a resident of Caurem village who helped organize local anti-mining protests in 2011, told Human Rights Watch that he received an anonymous phone call in early May warning him that “mine owners and contractors” were planning to attack him. On May 12, as he alighted from a public bus at the nearby industrial estate where he worked, a man wielding an iron bar attacked him:

I got off the bus and as I was going to the gate someone hit me with an iron rod. Ten or 15 people were around [but] he got away on a motorcycle—one person was waiting there on the bike. I saw him get on the bike and flee. He tried to get me on the head but only got me on the shoulder and elbow.[84]

Gaukar spent four days in the hospital and when he returned home, police officials in Quepem provided him with a 24-hour police guard. No one was arrested.[85]

Another prominent local voice against mining, Cheryl DeSousa, told Human Rights Watch that she has suffered a long string of phone calls threatening violence against her and her daughter in extremely graphic terms. DeSouza owns more than 200 acres of farmland in the heart of south Goa’s iron mining belt and has participated in anti-mining protests by nearby villagers.

DeSousa says that she has been approached with highly lucrative offers to buy her land but has consistently refused, partly because her late husband is buried there. She told Human Rights Watch that because of her refusal to sell, she has received numerous threatening phone calls from anonymous callers. She said that some have threatened to gang rape her teenage daughter and throw acid on her face. “They also told me that my problem is that I haven’t had a man in so long, and they will fix that.” She did not file a complaint with the police, describing that as a “waste of time.”[86]

An Inevitable Scandal

When Human Rights Watch first visited Goa in May 2011, industry and state government officials appeared complacent about the state’s mining troubles. Many of those who openly acknowledged the worst problems described above expressed no urgency to correct them.

By September 2011, the situation had changed dramatically. This was due largely to the arrival of a Commission of Inquiry convened by the central government and headed by retired Supreme Court Justice M.B. Shah. The Shah Commission was tasked with investigating illegal mining of iron ore and manganese nationwide.[87] Goa—to the apparent surprise of Goan politicians and industry leaders—was the commission’s first stop. Within days, Shah began talking to the press, making statements that seemed highly critical of the mining industry and the state government.[88]

Many in the government considered this especially alarming, coming on the heels of a scandal that had brought down the government in neighboring Karnataka state earlier in the year.[89] Prominent critics of the state’s ruling Congress Party began calling for the resignation of Goa’s chief minister, Digambar Kamat, who in addition to being chief minister since 2007, had held the post of mines minister for more than a decade.

National media attention focused suddenly and intensely on Goa. Some Goans expressed hope that the scandal could lead to real accountability, and that the Shah Commission would name names. Sujoy Gupta, editor of the Goa Herald, told Human Rights Watch that he hoped that due to the Shah Commission’s work, “the ugly face of illegal mining will be exposed because the individuals involved will be exposed. That is what has been missing in the past.”[90] The Shah Commission’s report was submitted to the central government in March 2012, but to date has not been made public.

By late 2011 the mining industry was focused on trying to avoid a shutdown of iron exports similar to the one that decimated the industry in Karnataka. Industry spokespeople emphasized the potentially devastating impact an industry shutdown could have on the state economy as well as mine workers, their families, truck drivers and others who rely on mining for their incomes.[91] “Any good doctor can find 10 things wrong with you even if you are perfectly healthy,” Goa mining industry spokesman S. Sridhar told Human Rights Watch. “But why should he want to put you in the hospital for that?”[92]

Not all industry officials were convinced that a temporary shutdown was such a bad idea. An official with one of Goa’s major mining firms, speaking on condition of anonymity, told Human Rights Watch: “I would be happy if they stopped all mining and said, ‘OK, let’s look at everything fresh, make sure everything is clean and get rid of the bad operators and then restart it.’ My company might not be happy and maybe some people would get hurt but personally, I would be very happy.”[93]

A Test for Goa’s New Government

In February 2012 the Congress Party lost control of Goa in statewide elections. In part, the vote was seen to reflect rising public anger over the state’s increasingly public mining scandals.[94] The opposition Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), eager to turn the tables on its Congress Party rivals after being tarnished itself by the scandal in Karnataka, had sharply criticized the state government’s failure to curb abuses in the mining sector.[95]

In March 2012, Manohar Parrikar was sworn in as chief minister of a new BJP-led government. As an opposition legislator, Parrikar had publicly denounced the state government’s failure to tackle its mining problems in harsh terms. A 2011 report Parrikar wrote as a member of the legislature’s Public Accounts Committee found that, “Mining in the state is beset with substantial illegalities” and concluded that there had been a “complete breakdown” of all key regulatory institutions in the state. The report also alleged that illegalities by miners had “resulted in strain on the infrastructure, ecology, [and] agriculture and threatens to destroy the water security of the state, if not curbed immediately.” [96] Parrikar’s report found that “Environmental Impact Assessment studies have been found to be manipulated or…full of incorrect data” regarding the presence on or near mining leases of protected tribal populations; schools; agricultural fields; and water bodies. [97]

As an opposition politician, Parrikar’s criticisms of the Kamat government carried with them a strong implicit commitment to reform. In an interview with Human Rights Watch in September 2011—before the election that made him chief minister—he said: “I am a supporter of regulated, properly controlled mining” and accused the state and central governments for failing to implement that kind of control. “If you are just going to give permission for every single mine, what is the point of needing permission? If every application is granted it means you are either careless or corrupt.” He also alleged that widespread corruption lay behind many of the state government’s worst oversights, saying some illegalities by miners were so conspicuous that, “this is only possible when a politician is there. It is not just incapacity. They are looking the other way.”[98]

Even before the February 2012 election, public criticism spurred some welcome action on the part of Goa’s hitherto lethargic state government. Goa’s woefully understaffed Pollution Control Board was allocated funds to hire dozens of new staff in late 2011—a prerequisite to any kind of credible monitoring by that office. [99] In addition, then-Environment Minister Alexi Sequeria partnered with a Goan NGO to assess the credibility of the Environmental Impact Assessment reports underlying every mine in the state—an initiative described in more detail below. [100] In 2012, the state government announced that all of Goa’s 460 licensed iron ore traders would have to reapply for licenses to continue their business; only 186 elected to re-apply. [101]

III. Regulatory Collapse in India’s Mining Sector

A complicated patchwork of government agencies is responsible for oversight and regulation of India’s mining sector. At the central government level, the Ministry of Mines and the Indian Bureau of Mines bear direct responsibility for overseeing the sector.[102] But responsibility for many important aspects of government oversight—including key human rights and environmental concerns—are spread out among numerous agencies with broader areas of responsibility. For instance, a proposed or existing mine’s impacts on nearby communities and on the environment must be vetted and monitored by the Ministry of Environment and Forests—this is one of the most important areas of regulatory dysfunction described in the pages that follow.[103]

Complicating the picture further still, a variety of state-level agencies including state-level environment ministries, pollution control boards, and mines departments exercise oversight responsibilities.[104] In some cases effective regulation under India’s legislative framework requires several disconnected and geographically scattered government agencies to work in concert with one another—not always a realistic proposition.

India’s central government acknowledges that its capacity to effectively regulate the mining sector falls short. In a letter to Human Rights Watch, then-Mines Secretary Vijay Kumar wrote that, “There is no doubt that regulatory institutions of the [mining] sector are underfunded, understaffed and overstretched.”[105] But this is only one small part of a much bigger problem.

Government oversight of the mining sector displays a bizarre combination of procedural bloat and substantive inactivity. From the perspective of mining firms, government regulation is often overly bureaucratic and cumbersome. “The rules are so stringent that not a single soul thinks of being able to comply with all of them,” asserted one Bangalore-based lawyer and activist.[106] Yet government regulation has proven largely ineffectual in preventing abuse and ensuring compliance with the law. Some safeguards are so poorly designed that they are set up to fail. Others are hobbled by poor implementation, low capacity, uncertain political will and corruption.

The following pages do not attempt to analyze the legal framework that governs India’s mining sector in its entirety. Rather, they examine the handful of key regulatory failures that are most directly related to human rights problems caused by mining. Human Rights Watch believes that the most straightforward way India’s government can make progress in protecting mining-affected communities against damage to their health, water and other basic human rights is to address the failures described below.

The Answer is Always Yes: Government Approval of New Mining Operations

The Indian government rarely comes across a mining project it does not like. One of the key hurdles most proposed mining projects must clear is the Ministry of Environment and Forests’ environmental clearance process. Government statistics obtained by India’s Environmental Impact Assessment Resource and Response Centre (ERC) show that from 2006-2008 the ministry approved 587 new mining projects while rejecting only 10. From August 2009 to July 2010, the ministry approved 102 new mining projects while rejecting only three. The same overwhelming trend is reflected across other industries as well: out of 2, 515 mining, power, industrial and construction projects that sought environmental clearance during the same years, the ministry rejected only 20.[107]

Many critics allege that these lopsided numbers reflect an approval process that does not seriously examine the potential dangers and negative impacts of new mines and other projects. Jairam Ramesh, who headed the Ministry of Environment and Forests from May 2009-July 2011, even said he would like to see a higher rejection rate, because “That will mean we are doing a good job.”[108]

As described below, the environmental clearance process often does nothing to verify that proposed new mines are likely to comply with the law—or even that they intend to do so.

Inadequate Consideration of Community Impacts

The Indian government weighs the potential environmental impacts of new mining projects through several different clearance procedures.[109] Only one of these also considers a new mine’s potential impacts on the human rights of the people around it—the environmental clearance process carried out by the Ministry of Environment and Forests. All mines of a certain size are required to undergo this process.[110]

The environmental clearance process is meant to integrate consideration of environmental impacts with consideration of possible human rights and other impacts on affected communities—everything from serious health risks to possible destruction of vital water sources to impact on agriculture and other cornerstones of a potential mine site’s local economy. But in practice, the likely human impacts of a proposed mine are given short shrift even there. Prominent lawyer and activist Ritwick Datta told Human Rights Watch that the environmental clearance process “supposedly incorporates social impact assessment but in reality they don’t bother with social impacts at all.” [111] This is not hyperbole.

As described below, the environmental clearance process relies almost entirely on Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) reports commissioned by mining firms (or the proponents of other industrial projects). The lengthy reports are required to assess the socio-economic, health and other community impacts of a proposed new project.[112] Often, however, the reports devote only several paragraphs of boilerplate text to considering community impacts.[113] Many EIA reports do not refer explicitly to the human rights of affected communities or the rights obligations of mining firms at all.

Even on paper, this process does not treat the potentially severe human rights impacts of a new mining project with the seriousness they require. And in practice it is often a farce, grounded in superficial consideration of data that is often inaccurate or deliberately falsified.

India’s Environmental Impact Assessment Regime: Rotten Core of a Broken System

I find it very strange and foolish to mine illegally because all of the things you are doing illegally, you could be doing legally if you just ask them [the government].– Lawyer and Activist Ritwick Dutta, June 2011[114]

India’s Environmental Impact Assessment process is intended to ensure scrutiny and rigor in evaluating the possible negative impacts of proposed new mines and other projects.[115] Unfortunately, this key safeguard has been rendered largely ineffectual by negligent implementation and fraud.[116]

Mining firms and the proponents of other projects that need environmental clearances are required to hire consultants to produce EIA reports that assess the likely environmental and social impacts of their proposed operations.[117]No government or other independent institution carries out a comparable impact assessment of its own. The EIA report is often the only source of relevant empirical data available to the regulators deciding whether to allow a project to go forward.

Even on paper this process is flawed. Requiring companies to select and pay the consultants who produce their EIA reports removes a potential financial burden from government but it also creates an inherent conflict of interest. As Sujeetkumar Dongre of the Goa-based Centre for Environmental Education told Human Rights Watch, “The big problem is that mining companies are the ones paying the labs, so the labs are obliged to say what the companies want.”[118]

Environmental clearances are usually granted or denied according to the recommendations of Expert Appraisal Committees set up by the Ministry of Environment and Forests. The committees often rely entirely on the data presented to them in the EIA reports. In general they do nothing to verify that the data is actually correct. For example, although they have the mandate to carry out field visits, they generally do not do so for lack of time and resources.[119] Dr. Satish Aggarwal, chairman of the committee that reviews all proposals for non-coal mining projects, told Human Rights Watch that, “Our domain is the EIA report itself only….You have to believe the information provided by the [project] proponent is correct....Nothing beyond that can be done—if the data is false we cannot know unless it is very glaring.”[120]

There is ample proof that EIA reports often docontain false data and that this goes undetected by government regulators. Some EIAs simply declare that issues of potential regulatory concern do not exist, in order to smooth a mine or other project’s path to environmental clearance.[121]

In mid-2011 Goa’s state government commissioned a two-year study of the EIA reports underlying the clearances given to every operational mine in the state, to be led by the non-profit Centre for Environmental Education. The preliminary findings are disturbing. Sujeetkumar Dongre, an official with the centre, told Human Rights Watch that:

There is a lot of false information in the reports I have gone through. Most companies have blatantly said, “There is no forest cover”—and this is a blatant lie. It’s so they don’t need to get a forest clearance. Most companies have said, there is no water course in the area—often a lie. Because if they say there is, no mining activities can take place within 50 meters of either bank. Some companies say there are no tribal communities—because then the tribal act would apply and companies will have to settle their rights first.[122]

Sometimes even basic information about a proposed mining project is inaccurate. The centre found one EIA report that gave latitude and longitude coordinates for a mine site that would put it far out at sea. [123] Another, for a mine in north Goa, stated that the only wildlife in the area were “rat, Indian rat, common mouse, jackal, common mongoose, rhesus macaque, India hare.” A rare government site visit subsequently revealed that herds of wild elephants were found in the area. [124] Dongre also said that in many cases the overall quality of the reports was so poor that they were “impossible to read or interpret.” [125]

Human Rights Watch examined the EIA report for a mine in south Goa, located in an area largely dependent on spring-fed agriculture, which declared that there was “no presence of any water resource within core zone,” meaning that no further consideration of the mine’s impact on groundwater supplies was necessary. [126] Farmers interviewed by Human Rights Watch in the same area in 2011 complained that nearby mines had destroyed their livelihoods by puncturing the water table and destroying the springs they relied on for irrigation and drinking water.[127]

In some cases the authors of EIA reports simply cut and paste language from one report to the next. A 48-page EIA report prepared for a mine in south Goa devoted less than two pages to considering likely impacts on nearby communities and arrived at the following conclusion without any substantiation:

Though significant impact on environment is expected, but exploring the reserves in sustainable manner to meet the present day need cannot be stopped. Starting of these mines will also benefited to local community [sic] in creating substantial employment opportunities and increased revenue. Community identity will also improve.[128]

The laboratory which authored that report carried out another EIA for a different mine in the same part of south Goa. The report’s perfunctory conclusions on community impact were identical from one report to the other.[129]

In the most notorious example of this phenomenon, the proponents of a new mine in Maharashtra state submitted an EIA report that contained data on water quality, animal species and potential impacts that were taken verbatim from an EIA report done in 2004 for a bauxite mine in Russia. Not only important data, but entire paragraphs were duplicated.[130] Indian regulators approved the project before the fraud was exposed.[131] This problem appears to be widespread; Sujeetkumar Dongre of the Centre for Environmental Education said that his initial review of the EIAs underlying mining projects in Goa showed cutting and pasting to be “rampant.”[132]

In practical terms, it may matter little how inadequate the data flowing to government regulators is. Project approvals are granted so rapidly and in such numbers that it is not clear whether officials are seriously considering the data presented to them. It is not uncommon for Expert Appraisal Committees to consider the applications of 20 different mining projects in a single day. [133] Ruling on a challenge to one of the committees’ decisions, one Delhi High Court judge decried this “unseemly rush to grant environmental clearances for several mining projects in a single day” and noted that “We do not see how more than five applications for EIA clearance can be taken up for consideration at a single meeting of the [Expert Appraisal Committee].” [134]

It is not clear whether some companies deliberately seek out consultants whose reports will not identify any problems with proposed mines, whether consultants simply work lazily or on the assumption that their clients prefer positive rather than accurate assessments, or some combination of the two. Whatever the case, the current system produces far too many shoddy reports that do nothing to help the government weigh a proposed mine’s likely impacts on nearby communities.

Mandatory Public Consultations: A Lost Opportunity

Most EIA reports must be subject to a public consultation that allows affected communities to voice any concerns about a proposed mine or other project’s likely impacts.[135] The purpose of the hearing is to ensure that the voices of affected communities are considered before approving the project. Minutes of the hearings are passed to the Expert Appraisal Committees that consider applications for environmental clearance.[136] This should be valuable, but too often the committee appears to dispose of any objections made at these consultations without serious consideration.

The Expert Appraisal Committees often “take note” of the issues raised at a project’s public consultation. But minutes of non-coal mining committee meetings examined by Human Rights Watch reveal that this often means very little. In some cases the committee simply lists all of the issues raised at a hearing in a single sentence and notes that the company seeking clearance has promised to address them all. In others the committee responds to all of the objections or concerns raised at public hearings for numerous different projects with virtually identical language.[137]

To cite one representative example, Human Rights Watch reviewed the minutes of a 2009 meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee for mining. Recommending approval of a proposed iron ore mine in Goa, the committee’s entire consideration of the results of the project’s mandatory public consultation was as follows:

The committee also took note of the issues raised in the Public Hearing and the Environmental Management Plan submitted by the proponent. The major issues raised were impact on Chapora River due to mining; impact on habitations and agricultural fields within the lease; impact on health due to mining operations; impact on school children; destruction of ground water aquifer due to proposed mining etc. The proponent clarified the concerns raised and also stated that issues raised and suggestions placed in the public hearing will be addressed as agreed.[138]

On the same day, the committee approved seven other mining projects and in each case disposed of the public consultation with substantially identical three-sentence summaries: one sentence claiming that the committee “took note” of all objections raised at the consultation; one sentence briefly listing those objections; and one sentence noting that the project proponent had promised to address all of those issues without saying anything about how this might be done.[139]

In one case, a Delhi High Court found that the Expert Appraisal Committee for non-coal mining projects granted clearance to restart a dormant mine in Goa after making only a “passing reference” to the objections raised at the required public hearing, even though 67 separate objections were registered and “Not a single application nor a single member of the public was in favor of restarting the mine due to grave environmental and social damage.”[140] The court, hearing a later challenge to that clearance, found this “totally unacceptable” and noted that if the EAC acted similarly in other cases it would “reduce every public hearing to a farce. The unacceptable consequence would be that notwithstanding any number of objections that may be raised, environmental clearance would nevertheless be granted.”[141]

This is precisely the state of affairs that many government critics describe. For instance, Amnesty International alleged that the public consultations held for Vedanta’s proposed Nyamgiri Hills project in Orissa State were inadequately advertised and did not offer any real opportunity for affected people to participate. [142] Indian activists interviewed by Human Rights Watch say that such failures are commonplace, and that the consultations are often treated as an irritating bureaucratic hurdle rather than an important safeguard for affected communities. [143] A 2011 report by the EIA Resource and Response Centre summarized the problem this way:

Almost every other day in some part of India, a Public Hearing is held for obtaining the views of local people on proposed projects.… People generally participate with the genuine hope that their views will be considered by the decision makers. Unfortunately, the people are heard but their voice does not matter so far as the final decision is concerned.[144]

Weak Oversight of Operational Mines

In theory, the Ministry of Environment and Forests’ six regional offices monitor all mines’ compliance with the terms of their environmental clearances. Mines and other projects are required to submit compliance reports to the ministry every six months. But due partly to resource constraints, there is virtually no in-field monitoring to verify the information contained in these reports—a situation that mirrors the problems with the EIA process described above. Rather, the reports are generally assumed to present an accurate and honest picture and are often the only basis for the ministry’s determination that a mine is operating in compliance with the law.[145]

Dr. Satish Aggarwal, member secretary of the Expert Appraisal Committee that deals with non-coal mining projects, told Human Rights Watch that the regional offices “rely largely on implementation reports by owners” in monitoring the performance of existing mines. “Self-monitoring,” he added, “is the best monitoring,” as anything more substantial is unrealistic.[146] But the Indian government often does not know whether a mine is complying with the law or not. The situation in Goa—described above—presents a stark example of these problems.[147]

Longstanding Critiques

Research published by the Indian NGO Kalpavriksh has documented the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF)’s failure to effectively monitor mines and other industries.[148] The study identified a number of key problems with the ministry’s monitoring regime, including: a lack of consolidated information on monitoring at either the central or regional offices; inadequate capacity for monitoring at the MOEF regional offices; infrequent monitoring; inadequate action to punish non-compliance; the poor quality of monitoring and compliance reports; and a lack of interaction with affected communities during the monitoring process.

The Kalpavriksh study found that some 12 to 24 staff across the MOEF’s six regional offices were responsible for monitoring some 6,000 mines and other projects nationwide and that the rapid approval of new projects was continually adding to this unsustainable burden. Regional offices had no common approach to the frequency or extent of monitoring. Perhaps worse, the report found that the conditions laid down in environmental clearances are sometimes so vague or poorly constructed that objective monitoring of compliance was arguably impossible.[149]

The Role of Corruption

Everyone is aware, and they are just standing there blinking.– Syed Riyaz, Deputy Commissioner (Public Relations), Karnataka State Lokayukta, May 2011[150]

Governance in India’s mining sector is undermined by broader patterns of corruption that affect many public institutions. Corruption directly linked to mining appears to have grown worse in recent years as rising commodity prices have increased the potential spoils. One official with a major Goa-based Indian mining firm (who denied any involvement in corruption on the part of his own company) told Human Rights Watch that:

Simply put, the problem is greed. The systems are there but they break down because of greed. The [profit] margin is so high, I can afford to share 50 percent of the profit [through corruption] and still make millions.… As you go up the ladder the stakes go up and if you can afford to, you pay it…you say “I want to do this business. Here is your packet, please look the other way and go on vacation, or find me a loophole in the law.”[151]

Some industry officials allege that it can be impossible to process necessary clearances and other approvals without paying a bribe. The official quoted above also alleged that, “officials look to hold [delay] my file so I will have to go to him repeatedly and he will say, ‘Give me money, give this man a job, give me a bribe.’”[152] Some critics argue that it can be simpler to ignore regulators and accept any eventual consequences than to try in good faith to comply with the law. As Delhi-based activist R. Sreedhar put it:

If regulators approach you [for breaking the law], you pay a fine or a bribe depending whether the man is honest. But if you go seeking clearances it can be a never-ending story—bribe after bribe after bribe. Companies say, “Look, whether we comply or not [officials] will still ask us for the same bribe.” [153]

The case study that follows provides detailed examples of corruption’s role in fueling abuse and illegality in the mining sector.

IV. Karnataka Case Study: Criminality and Mining

The way they do illegal mining up there, you wouldn’t believe there is a government here. It is not mining, it is looting.–J.P. Hegde, former Member of Karnataka’s Legislative Assembly, May 2011 [154]

Karnataka State is famous for having turned its capital, Bangalore, into one of India’s first information technology hubs and leapfrogging a part of its economy into the 21st century. But by early 2011 the state had also become synonymous in the public imagination with illegal mining and corruption – and with good reason. Key state institutions had allegedly been captured by a wealthy Karnartaka politician implicated in illegal mining. Every semblance of law and order in the state’s mining sector was destroyed, the state was being bilked out of vast and badly needed revenues, and some of the very government agencies mandated to police mine operators were transformed into tools of extortion.[155]

In Human Rights Watch’s view, the scandal in Karnataka shows how weak government regulation of the mining industry provides fertile ground for the growth of corruption and criminality in Indian public institutions. For much of the Indian public, Karnataka’s travails also came to illustrate the near complete impunity that well-connected public figures often enjoy in India. Even when the alleged looting of Karnataka’s iron resources made national headlines and the involvement of high-ranking officials in the scandal became public knowledge, it seemed as though nothing would be done to stop the plunder. But the scandal in Karnataka ultimately showed how it was possible to end the very impunity it exemplified. Thanks to tenacious government investigators and rising public pressure, Karnataka’s scandal offered lessons on how some level of accountability in the mining sector can be restored.

Seizing Control

Janardhana Reddy has humble origins, the son of a police officer in Karnataka’s mining town of Bellary. But by 2008 he had risen to become one of Karnataka’s most important political powerbrokers who has allegedly been deeply involved in illegal mining.

Bellary sits in a relatively poor corner of northern Karnataka, near the state’s border with Andhra Pradesh state. The border region cuts across a rich belt of iron deposits exploited by miners in both states. Reddy entered the mining business in 2004 with a lease in Andhra Pradesh and soon moved to translate his wealth into political power in both states. By 2008 he reportedly controlled the votes of some dozen Karnataka state legislators—enough to bring down the fragile coalition government headed by BJP Chief Minister B.S. Yeddyurappa.[156] Reddy was named minister of tourism in the state government, and one of his two brothers became minister of revenue.

Reddy allegedly went to extraordinary lengths to dominate the Bellary region’s booming iron mining industry. The potential profits were enormous—prices skyrocketed from roughly US$40 per ton in 2004 to $135 per ton in 2011.[157] “The chief minister [was] the mines and forest minister but he could not do anything to control the Reddys because they threatened to bring the government down,” said one mining industry official. “That is how the government became a mute spectator to the illegal acts of the Reddys.”[158]

Reddy and his brothers Karunakara and Somashekara started a mining firm—Obulapuram Mining Company (OMC)—that operated in neighboring Andhra Pradesh. The brothers always claimed that they did no mining in Karnataka. In a way, this was true— the Reddys allegedly made a fortune by extorting production from mine operators in Karnataka rather than taking over mines themselves.

Reddy’s interlocutors allegedly approached Bellary mine owners and told them that the government would shut their operations down unless they handed over part of their production. Their alleged choice of intermediary spoke volumes—two mine executives told Human Rights Watch that the Reddys’ extortionate offer was conveyed to them by S. Muthiah, then the area’s deputy conservator of forests. [159] The Reddys were running a protection racket using the very government regulators meant to oversee the industry.

The scheme worked. Of Bellary’s several dozen mining leaseholders, only three openly refused to comply with the Reddys’ demands. Human Rights Watch interviewed executives of two. One of the companies, MSPL Limited, was the largest private sector mine operator around Bellary in 2008; the company has large investments in wind power and other sectors of the economy as well. MSPL executive Rahul Baldota told Human Rights Watch: “They [Reddy and Muthiah] told us, you have to give me 30 or 40 percent of what you produce and I will sell it.”[160] The company refused; its operations around Bellary were shut down by regulators after being denied or stripped of necessary permits in 2009.[161]

Another much smaller firm, Tumti Mines, also said they resisted the Reddys’ demands. The firm’s owner, Tapal Ganesh, alleges that forest department official Muthiah approached him in 2008 and proposed that he give 60 percent of his production to the Reddys “for the smooth running of our mine.” He refused and says that just 10 days after that encounter forest department officials moved to shut down his only operational mine, alleging newly discovered illegalities.[162]

While acts of mining-related violence were not common, Ganesh also alleges that in March 2010 he was attacked and beaten in broad daylight on the streets of Bellary by thugs. At the time of the attack he was waiting to meet with a government commission sent to investigate illegal mining in the area.[163] Ganesh suffered a broken ankle and wrist in the attack.[164] “Some four or five people came with big sticks and rocks, immediately dragged me from my vehicle and attacked me,” he recalled. “They just took me down from the vehicle, beat me, and ran.” The incident was widely reported in the media and its aftermath apparently captured on film.[165] Janardhana Reddy denied any involvement in the incident and suggested that Ganesh might have orchestrated the incident himself.[166]

The Reddys also allegedly began moving border posts marking the Karnataka-Andhra Pradesh border to allow their Andhra Pradhesh-based mines to swallow up land that was actually in Karnataka. Tapal Ganesh’s mining lease sits adjacent to Karnataka’s border with Andhra Pradesh; he alleges that one of his foremen was beaten up by employees of the Reddy-owned Obulapuram Mining Company when he tried to prevent them from shifting the border posts to consume part of his own lease.[167] As Bellary-based journalist Shivakumar Malagi described it, Reddy “crossed the Karnataka border like a king expanding his kingdom.”[168]

A Broader Collapse of Governance

Sensing the governance vacuum that had emerged, illegal miners swooped in to join the plunder of iron resources around Bellary, Sandur, and nearby communities.[169] Many launched small, short-term operations that were entirely illegal but which were left untouched by local authorities. Some farmers made what seemed to them like small fortunes overnight for simply walking away while their fields were illegally torn up and stripped of iron. We interviewed a farmer who had accepted a large cash payment (Rs 3 lakh, or $6600) in return for vacating his iron-rich farmland while a team of laborers stripped it of ore. “It was illegal,” he cheerfully admitted. “Twenty or 30 laborers removed all of the ore within one year.” He identified the man who paid him only as “a businessman” from Bellary.[170]

This situation spun out of control. Government officials allegedly gave out stacks of blank transit permits to miners—enabling them to transport unlimited quantities of ore for foreign export without reporting or paying royalties on it.[171] Politicians and public servants began writing “letters of recommendation” asking regulatory officials to treat particular miners with leniency or favor.[172] In one of the Karnataka scandal’s most sensational twists, several thousand tons of iron ore that had been impounded at the port of Bellikiri for lack of proper documentation simply vanished in 2010.[173]

The scale and pace of illegal mining activities that consumed Karnataka through the end of 2011 may be unparalleled in India. This level of illegality would not have been possible without the acquiescence or participation of key government officials. As then-state anti-corruption chief Santosh Hegde told Human Rights Watch:

The state [government] blames the center and the center blames the state. Political leaders, forest department officials, revenue department officials, mines and geology department officials, road and transportation department officials—all are involved in it. It’s a big mafia.[174]

One former Karnataka state legislator said, “When the thieves are controlling the government how do you expect the police to take action?”[175]

Human Rights Impacts

The human and environmental toll of Karnataka’s illegal mining boom has not been objectively measured.[176] But activists and members of some affected communities allege that many have suffered real harm that went on unabated and unaddressed for several years during Karnataka’s illegal mining boom.[177] Their complaints mirror the human rights impacts of irresponsible mining operations in Goa and elsewhere in India.

Human Rights Watch interviewed residents in the town of Sandur who alleged that rampant illegal mining had destroyed groundwater supplies and contaminated surface water. [178] A 2007 report prepared by India’s Central Pollution Control Board noted that “the main cause of water pollution [in the Bellary-Hospet-Sandur area] during the short span of the rain season is due to wash off from the [mine] waste dumps. Due to unplanned dumping…[mine waste] gets deposited along the down slopes, stream courses, agricultural fields and ultimately reaches the tanks and reservoirs.” [179] The collapse of government oversight of mining in Karnataka helped ensure that such practices continued unabated.

Crops around Bellary, Sandur and other communities were allegedly damaged or destroyed by massively overloaded ore trucks. [180] Human Rights Watch witnessed lines of trucks several kilometers long bumping along roads that had been largely destroyed by heavy traffic, many partially uncovered and generating clouds of red iron-rich dust as they went. [181] Fields of cotton—a backbone of Bellary’s economy prior to the iron ore boom— were rendered worthless after being covered in thick coats of red iron ore dust. Other farmers complained that crops died for lack of water when sources were polluted or destroyed. [182] Many of the residents of Sandur taluk [district] interviewed by Human Rights Watch also believed that clouds of ore-laden dust had led to an increase in respiratory problems, but had no way of proving such assertions. [183] Some families reportedly sent their children to work as laborers at illegal mining sites, putting their health and safety at risk. [184]

Dangerous illegal activities by legitimate mine operators appeared to spike as well; a 2011 study ordered by the Indian Supreme Court’s Central Empowered Committee reportedly found that widespread disregard for environmental regulations and the terms laid down in mines’ environmental clearances had adversely affected the quality of surface and groundwater supplies in the Bellary-Sandur-Hospet area.[185]

Perhaps the greatest impact of Karnataka’s illegal mining binge lies in the valuable resources that have been plundered without doing anything to help realize the basic rights of the population. Under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, governments are obligated to use all available resources to achieve progressively the full realization of the rights to health and education along with other economic, social and cultural rights.[186] Allowing badly needed resources to be siphoned off through corruption can prevent public institutions from doing that. “A loss to the state of its deserved income has a big impact on the delivery of social services,” Justice Hegde told Human Rights Watch. “That’s also a human rights issue.”[187]

One Karnataka mining executive estimated that some Rs 13,500 to 22,500 crore ($3 to 5 billion) worth of iron ore was illegally mined and sold without any royalty or tax being paid to the government during the illegal mining boom around Bellary.[188] At current rates that would translate into roughly Rs 1350 to 2250 crore ($300 to 500 million) in lost royalty payments to the state government.

By comparison, Karnataka budgeted just Rs 10,500 crore on education and an even lower Rs 2600 crore on health services in IFY (Indian Financial Year) 2010. [189] Karnataka has worse rates of maternal mortality (213 per 100,000) and infant mortality (45 per 1000) than neighboring Kerala and Tamil Nadu states, and could certainly benefit from increased investment in public health. [190] Karnataka also faces considerable shortfalls in staffing for doctors and other health workers. [191] A study by Columbia University’s Earth Institute found that Karnataka required an additional Rs 320 crore ($70 million) in annual public investment to scale up primary education in rural areas—a small fraction of the amount of revenue believed lost to illegal mining. [192]

From Impunity to Accountability

Janardhana Reddy flaunted his wealth, building a veritable palace with an indoor pool and helipad that he proudly displayed to visiting journalists. He bought and donated a diamond-studded crown worth an estimated Rs45 crore (US$10 million) to a temple in Andhra Pradhesh.[193] These brazen displays of wealth seemed to court accountability but for several years, his impunity seemed ironclad.

Karnataka is one of 19 Indian states that has created a Lokayukta(an independent, state-level, anti-corruption ombudsman.)[194] Karnataka’s is unusually powerful and well-resourced. In July 2011 then-chairman Santosh Hegde released a 466-page report documenting extensive criminal activity linked to the state’s mining sector, a “total failure of all supervisory machinery” maintained by government institutions, and patterns of official collusion that sustained these problems.[195] Hegde’s report was stunning in the sheer amount of detail that it presented. With that report, the publicity around Karnataka’s mining scandal grew to such proportions that it was a severe national embarrassment and a political liability to the opposition BJP, which controlled Karnataka’s state government.

Crucially, Hegde named names—including that of the chief minister, Yeddyurappa, and other government officials—and did not soften his findings. The report documented a pattern of donations by mining firms to an “educational trust” linked to Yeddyurappa. After detailed examination, the report concluded that these donations were in fact “sham transactions” that benefitted Yeddyurappa’s family members. It also concluded that the payments were made to induce favorable state government intervention with authorities in Delhi on behalf of the donors. Hegde characterized this as “illegal gratification to show official favor.” He concluded, “I consider it necessary to recommend to the Competent Authority to take appropriate steps to initiate criminal proceedings against the chief minister and such other persons who are involved” in the transactions.[196]

The consequences were dramatic. In July 2011 Chief Minister Yeddyurappa resigned. Janardhana Reddy was arrested two months later by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and charged with numerous criminal counts along with his brother-in-law (the director of Reddy’s OMC mining company) and V.D. Rajagopal, who was Andhra Pradesh’s Director of Mines when OMC’s leases were granted in 2005.[197] When agents searched Reddy’s home they reportedly found some $1 million in cash as well as a suitcase full of gold bars worth at least $1.5 million.[198] The CBI also raided the offices of Reddy’s alleged accomplice in the forest department, S. Muthiah, and then arrested him in April 2012 on suspicion of crimes related to corruption and illegal mining.[199]

The prosecution of Janardhana Reddy is important—not least because it shows that accountability is possible even for the powerful. It is not enough in and of itself, however. A government commission assembled to consider the implications of Hegde’s work recommended the prosecution of scores of current and former government officials. It remains to be seen whether any of them will be brought to book—and whether the impunity that allowed illegal miners to loot Karnataka has been crushed or merely bruised. Rahul Baldota of MSPL mining company told Human Rights Watch that, “There is a need for deterrence. At least one of these officers [must be] punished—at least one, to show an example that you cannot do something which is wrong.…We need to be able to hold our heads high again and not be ashamed you are from the mining business in Bellary.”[200]

As of March 2012 mining operations around Bellary remained shuttered pursuant to a Supreme Court order barring ore exports from the state, and it was not clear when production might be allowed to resume.[201] Thousands of households who had depended on the mines for their livelihood were out of work and local steel refineries were starved of raw materials.[202] Karnataka’s predicament triggered panic among some industry officials in neighboring Goa, where a new scandal began brewing in 2011.

V. Mining and Human Rights: Government’s Duty to Regulate

The Need for Regulation

Even the world’s major mining firms generally acknowledge that mining can be a dangerous and destructive industry when not carried out responsibly—and that painstaking evaluation of possible negative impacts is imperative.[203] Historically, many of the worst abuses or accidents could have been prevented by robust regulation, monitoring and oversight. Irresponsible and poorly regulated mining operations have damaged affected communities’ rights to health, water and work. Mining has frequently been linked to catastrophic accidents or to violent human rights abuses as well. To cite several examples, in the past two decades alone:

  • Large scale spills of cyanide and other hazardous waste from mines in Romania, Hungary, Ghana, Guyana and Spain have caused severe environmental damage and health concerns;[204]
  • Admittedly irresponsible riverine waste disposal practices—allowed by government authorities— have threatened massive harm to communities in Papua New Guinea, China and elsewhere;[205]
  • Allegations of forced displacement have tarnished mining operations in Indonesia, India, and elsewhere;[206]
  • Public and private security forces have allegedly beaten, raped or killed people around mines in Tanzania, Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and elsewhere;[207]
  • Fires, explosions, toxic gases and tunnel collapses have claimed hundreds of workers’ lives at mines around the world including in China and the United States. [208]
  • For years, dangerous practices by artisanal gold miners have exposed children to mercury or lead poisoning in Papua New Guinea, Mali and Nigeria while government agencies did nothing to address the problem.[209]

The Duty to Regulate to Protect Human Rights

Mining companies often chafe at government oversight, but few would dispute that some level of government regulation is necessary. No country entirely fails to regulate its domestic mining industry. Problems generally arise because regulation is either inadequate, poorly enforced or both.

While governments have primary responsibility for promoting and ensuring respect for human rights, corporations also have a number of responsibilities, as increasingly recognized by international law and other norms. These norms reflect an expectation that corporations should have policies and procedures in place that ensure human rights abuses do not occur and that they undertake adequate due diligence to identify and effectively mitigate human rights problems. [210]

Outgoing Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General on Business and Human Rights John Ruggie attempted to elaborate on the international human rights obligations pertaining to businesses in his “Protect, Respect and Remedy” framework. [211] Ruggie’s framework describes the basic steps that companies should take to respect human rights, avoid complicity in abuses, and adequately remedy them if they occur. It also elaborates the governmental duty to protect individuals and communities from human rights abuses, including in connection with business activity.

In practical terms, a government’s obligation to protect human rights in the context of business activity “requires taking appropriate steps to prevent, investigate and redress such abuse through effective policies, legislation, regulations and adjudication.”[212]Governments are also obligated to effectively enforce that legal framework once it is in place, to prevent abuse and to ensure accountability and redress where abuses do occur.Governments should also continually assess whether existing rules—and the enforcement of those rules— are actually adequate to the task of ensuring respect for human rights, and improve upon them if they are not.[213]

In the context of potentially harmful industries like mining, both government and companies should assess the potential human rights impacts of proposed new operations before allowing them to go forward.[214] In some cases—as in India— legal frameworks seek to achieve this by folding an assessment of possible human rights impacts into broader processes that also examine the likely environmental impacts of a proposed new mining operation or other industrial development.[215]

Social and Economic Rights Obligations

International law obliges governments to achieve progressively the full realization of the rights to health, education and to water, commensurate with the extent of available resources.[216] In some contexts, tax and other revenues from mining operations are large enough to be potentially transformative in this regard.

In many contexts, weak or corrupt governments have failed to ensure that promised benefits are actually delivered. Where governments enter into lopsided contractual arrangements that unduly favor companies, or fail to monitor whether companies are satisfying their tax or contractual obligations, they may miss opportunities to advance basic human rights.[217] In other cases, even if the benefits do materialize they are siphoned away by corrupt public officials.[218] This has been especially true in the context of extractive industries such as mining and oil production—where the negative impacts financial returns are meant to offset are also often the most serious.

VI. A Nationwide Problem

It would be a terrible mistake for India’s government to treat the scandals in Goa and Karnataka’s mining industries as mere aberrations. The root causes of the chaos and abuse in both states’ industries lie partly in the failure of national-level regulatory systems. It reasonable to believe that the governance vacuum created by the failure of these systems generates similar human rights problems in other mineral-rich states, and there is evidence to support that point of view. In other mining states across India there have been consistent and widespread allegations of human rights abuses that mirror or compound the problems Human Rights Watch documented in Goa and Karnataka. To cite just a few examples:

  • In 2011 and 2012, widespread protests confronted a planned US$12 billion steel, mining and ports project to be built by the South Korean firm Pohang Steel Company (POSCO) in Orissa state. Activists and local critics alleged that the project would unfairly displace 700 families from their land and cause massive social and environmental harm. Many alleged that central government regulators had failed to adequately document the project’s potential negative impacts or ensure that communities’ rights could be protected if it went ahead.[219] In March 2012, India’s Green Tribunal suspended the project’s environmental clearance and ordered the Ministry of Environment and Forests to consider it anew.[220]
  • In 2010, Indian mining giant Vedanta ran into intense public criticism over plans to develop a new bauxite mine and expand an existing refinery in Orissa State. Amnesty International and Indian activists alleged that the project had violated the rights of protected tribal communities and that it threatened severe adverse impacts on health, livelihoods, and local water supplies. Many alleged that a key problem had been inadequate consideration of community impacts during its environmental clearance process.[221]
  • In some states, efforts by local activists to expose and confront mining-related abuses has been met with violence and brutality. In 2011 and 2012, activists and police personnel who confronted mining-related abuses or illegalities have been murdered in several Indian states.[222]
  • In northeast India, activists and journalists have documented unregulated small-scale “rathole” coal mining operations that employ children in dangerous conditions.[223]
  • In Jharkhand, communities living near coal mining operations have been threatened with serious damage to their health and even the physical destruction of their homes by underground coal fires that have raged unabated for years. The fires are linked both to large-scale coal mining operations and to small-scale mining and coal theft carried out by community members themselves.[224]

Human Rights Watch believes that the Indian government’s overall lack of credible information about the extent of mining-related human rights problems across India is also a centrally important problem. Because nationwide regulatory safeguards do not function as they should, India’s central government simply does not know where negative community impacts caused by irresponsible or poorly conceived mining operations exist or where they are most severe. Media and civil society attention tends to focus on large-scale “megaprojects,” not on India’s thousands of smaller and less sensational mining operations. Those often operate free of public scrutiny beyond the communities they impact directly.

In some states, the relationship between national-level regulatory failures and mining-related human rights problems may be even more important than it is in Goa and Karnataka. State governments in some other mining-rich states are weaker institutionally than those in Goa and Karnataka— where at least a few of the key state-level government actors have helped expose and combat mining sector abuses.[225] For example, Karnataka benefitted from a strong and independent Lokayukta (anti-corruption ombudsman) whose work helped bridge some of the gap left by ineffective central government oversight. In Goa, state government regulators generally failed to detect or repair any of the damage caused by lax central government oversight of the mining industry, but the state has an unusually strong and vocal contingent of civil society actors who have helped shed light on problems unseen or ignored by government regulators.

VII. Reining in the Abuse: Practical Steps Forward for India’s Government

The Indian government has taken some steps to combat illegal mining—encouraging states to set up more sophisticated mechanisms to track production and transport of ore, and coordinating discussions between concerned central and state government ministries to examine potential policy solutions.[226] India’s government has also supported a commission of inquiry into illegal mining of iron and manganese ore headed by retired Justice M.B. Shah, whose interim report produced several practical recommendations on how to curb illegal mining.[227] But the government’s goal should be to ensure responsible and rights-compliant mining activity, not merely to police the illegal production or transport of ore. To do this, more fundamental changes are needed. The following pages recommend and explain specific steps the government could take in that direction.

Beyond the New Mining Law

In early 2012, the Indian parliament was considering a new mining law that would make bold new efforts to manage the country’s mineral resources in a more equitable and transparent manner. But the draft legislation does not address many of the core problems described in this report, and does not purport to.

The draft 2012 Mines and Minerals Development and Regulation (MMDR) Act would replace and improve upon its predecessor, an outmoded law passed in 1957. The new bill was drafted with extensive civil society consultation and has attracted considerable publicity because of its unprecedented efforts to secure concrete financial benefits for mining-affected communities. In particular, the law would require miners to share profits with impacted communities through special government mechanisms set up to manage the flow of funds to eligible people.[228]

These provisions evoked strong opposition from the mining industry and have dominated public discussion around the proposed law.[229] If the scheme works, it could dramatically improve conditions in mining-affected communities. Either way, the precedent would be of global importance; no other nation has mandated anything comparable. As Chandra Bushan of the Centre for Science and Environment put it, “In many ways [the draft law] is revolutionary. It implicitly accepts that mining belongs to the people—it looks after the poverty angle.”[230]

In all likelihood, the proposed law’s benefits-sharing provisions would succeed or fail depending largely on how rigorously and transparently the government oversees their implementation. Analogous direct benefits schemes have been plagued by corruption in India, or derailed by government officials who move preexisting benefits away from beneficiary communities in direct proportion to any new funds flowing in, leaving them with no net benefit.[231] The new benefits could also spark community conflicts around questions of eligibility if distribution is not managed carefully and transparently.

The proposed new MMDR Act also introduces other important, though less sensational changes.[232] Most important with regard to the problems described in this report, it would provide new mechanisms to combat illegality in the mining sector including new state- and center-level tribunals to try alleged acts of illegal mining. If these tribunals function effectively, they could form an important part of a broader policy framework aimed at restoring law-and-order to the mining sector—but they may accomplish little on their own. As this report shows, the range of harmful illegal acts that pervade the mining sector in India is far broader than just “illegal mining” as the government narrowly defines it. Many of those problems have roots outside the scope of the draft mining law, in other legislation or in broader problems of ineffective governance and corruption.

Key Recommendations

India’s government should be able to ensure that proposed new mining projects are subject to scrutiny capable of detecting likely negative community impacts or inevitable violations of the law. The current framework fails this test and often amounts to little more than a rubber stamp. At present, India’s government lacks any effective mechanism to ensure that new mining projects are not approved on the basis of incorrect or deliberately falsified data.

The following pages provide some explanation and context for the recommendations listed at the beginning of this report. Most aim to address important gaps in India’s regulation and oversight of the mining sector. If successfully implemented, many would also improve oversight of other industries saddled with the same flawed regulatory frameworks.

Dramatically Improve the Environmental Impact Assessment Regime

From a human rights perspective, the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) framework is the most important and also the most dysfunctional facet of the approvals process for proposed new mining projects. Human Rights Watch calls on the Indian government to undertake a number of specific reforms:

  • Mandate a stronger focus on community impacts. While EIA reports do include an assessment of community impacts, this issue is often relegated to a mere footnote in reports whose overwhelming focus is on environmental concerns. The Ministry of Environment and Forests should amend the 2006 EIA Circular to mandate more lengthy and detailed consideration of community impacts within EIA reports, and require these to make specific reference to human rights protections under international law. Alternatively, the government could mandate an entirely separate community and human rights impact assessment process to be undertaken alongside the EIA process.
  • Institute Independent Funding of EIA reports. India’s government should end the practice of requiring project proponents to select and fund the consultants who carry out EIA reports. This process does not allow for sufficient independence since the authors of EIA reports are financially beholden to project proponents. The central government could require companies to pay into a fund the government will use to select and hire the consultants who carry out the required EIAs.
  • More Thorough Consideration of New Projects. The Expert Appraisal Committees that consider the EIA reports submitted for proposed mines and other projects should either slow down their consideration of new projects or dramatically expand their capacity to consider multiple projects at the same—including by expanding committee membership and providing them with permanent expert support staff. Committee members should be encouraged to undertake field visits to the sites of proposed projects, and be provided with the staff and funding they need to undertake that function regularly. Views reflected at mandatory public consultations around new mining projects should also be considered in more depth and responded to explicitly by the committees.
  • Better Quality Control. The Indian government has recognized the poor quality of EIA reports as a problem and, since October 2011, it has limited the consultants allowed to perform this work to those accredited by the Ministry of Environment and Forests.[233] Many critics have questioned whether this progress is rigorous enough and have criticized the choice of accrediting agency—the Quality Council of India—is independent from the consultants it is trying to accredit. One 2012 article noted that some of the consultants who have earned accreditation “have been involved in the worst EIA scenarios in recent times.”[234] The laboratory cited above in the Goa case study as an apparent example of cutting and pasting, Bhagavathi Ana Labs, was among those that were accredited to carry out EIAs as of 2011.[235] Certainly, the scale of existing problems means that considerable vigilance is needed for the government’s accreditation measures to be meaningful.

A Review of all Existing Environmental Clearances for Mining Projects

While repairing the approvals process for new mining operations, the central government should also review the data underpinning existing mine clearances. Goa’s state government has provided a useful model for this kind of an initiative—as discussed above, it has commissioned an NGO-led effort to examine the Environmental Impact Assessment reports underlying all mine clearances in the state to determine how many contain false or misleading data. The central government should undertake a similar initiative nationwide, or encourage and coordinate initiatives by the state governments to do so. The government should also ensure that all of the EIA reports reviewed through this initiative are published and made available online.

If the EIA report underpinning a mine clearance is found to contain materially important false information, the government should use its power to revoke that clearance and shut down the mine, forcing it to reapply for environmental clearance. Existing rules allow this where submission of false or misleading data is “deliberate” and “material.”[236] Human Rights Watch recommends that the scope of that power be broadened to eliminate the requirement that the falsification be “deliberate” but retain the materiality requirement—that is, to allow for cancellation of any environmental clearance if it is based on materially important data that is found to be false or misleading. It is worth noting that a recent high court ruling held that all environmental clearances granted prior to 2006 are void and in need of renewal—if that precedent holds it could allow or even require the government to force new consideration of many existing mine clearances.[237]

Stricter Oversight of Existing Mines

The central government should institute more rigorous monitoring of mining projects. In particular, resources available to the MOEF regional offices responsible for much of that work should be dramatically increased. Those offices should have the staff and resources needed to conduct regular in-field assessments, including unannounced inspections. State governments should increase the resources available to state-level pollution control boards and mines departments to enable them to carry out in-field visits and inspections themselves.

Human Rights Watch also believes that the central and state governments should consider ways in which the Supreme Court’s Central Empowered Committee (CEC) could be a useful model for expanded and more rigorous government oversight. In recent years the CEC, which has a mandate to monitor violations of the Forest Act, has launched numerous mining-related investigations and provided detailed, rigorous and independent critiques of illegal and irresponsible practices.[238] The government could explore whether the CEC’s model of independent, court-supervised monitoring could usefully be expanded into broader oversight of the mining industry.

New Steps to Ensure Accountability for Illegal and Abusive Actions

The patterns of corruption and impunity that underlie many mining-related abuses are impossible to separate from India’s broader epidemic of official corruption. The scandal-plagued years of 2010 and 2011 across India brought a range of public institutions into disrepute, not just in the mining sector.[239] India’s regulatory framework is in urgent need of repair, but even a perfect system will fail to curb mining-related abuses unless impunity and corruption are reined in. As Chandra Bushan of the Centre for Science and Environment told Human Rights Watch:

They [regulatory officials] are right when they say they don’t have the capacity to monitor. But with the kind of money that is there in mining, even capacity is useless without accountability. So you need to increase capacity but the bigger challenge is to redesign institutions for accountability—if you do that, even with the existing capacity you could see a big improvement.[240]

In Human Rights Watch’s view, hopes of truly effective oversight over India’s mining sector will depend partly on the government’s ability to make progress against broader patterns of public-sector corruption. The signs on that front are mixed. A wave of corruption scandals in 2011 helped generate a wave of public protest demanding the creation of a long-promised powerful national-level corruption ombudsman—the Lokpal.[241] As of early 2012 the prospects for creating that institution were uncertain and beset with controversy on all sides. Some argued government proposals did not go far enough, while others contend that stronger proposals put forward by government critics would undermine democratic governance and that the pro-Lokpal movement had become conflated with the political interests of the opposition BJP.[242]

Regardless of whether nationwide reforms are pushed through, state governments can look to the example of Karnataka state’s Lokayukta for inspiration. As discussed above, the Lokayukta is a state-level anti-corruption ombudsman and Karnataka’s played a leading role in exposing the extent of political corruption behind the state’s illegal mining scandals. Nineteen Indian states already have Lokayuktas, but their powers, resources and independence vary widely. Karnataka’s is unusually powerful and well-resourced relative to those in other states—and its actions in response to the state’s illegal mining problems show that this can yield important dividends, especially with strong leadership in place. [243]

Acknowledgments

This report was researched and authored by Chris Albin-Lackey, senior researcher in the Business and Human Rights Division of Human Rights Watch.

It was reviewed and edited by Arvind Ganesan, business and human rights director; Meenakshi Ganguly, South Asia director; Richard Pearshouse, senior researcher in the Health and Human Rights Division, James Ross, legal and policy director; and Babatunde Olugboji, deputy program director. Additional research, editorial and production assistance was provided by Darcy Milburn, business and human rights associate. The report was prepared for publication by Grace Choi, publications director; Kathy Mills, publications specialist; Ivy Shen, communications assistant; and Fitzroy Hepkins, mail manager.

Human Rights Watch expresses its gratitude to the individuals and organizations who offered their assistance in facilitating this research in India and who have generously supported its work on extractive industries.

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Why Did Mossad/CIA/MI5/MI6/CIA/Five Eyes Murder Thomas Allwood

WhyDidMossad/CIA/MI5/MI6/CIA/FiveEyesMurderThomasAllwood

 

 https://inltv.co.uk/index.php/why-did-mossad-cia-mi5-mi6-cia-five-eyes-murder-thomas-allwood

 

Who Murdered Thomas Graham Allwood and Why?

https://awn.bz/WhoMurderedThomasAllwood.html

 https://inltv.co.uk/index.php/why-did-mossad-cia-mi5-mi6-cia-five-eyes-murder-thomas-allwood

The only son of a British Airforce War Hero. Thomas Graham Allwood was murdered in Broxburn Scotland, on the 21st June, 2012 after telling friends the day before of threats on his life 

The world still morns and reflects on the murder of INL News and AWN News Investigative Journalist, poet, film and TV producer... and only son  of a British Air Force 2nd World War Hero... Thomas Graham Allwood  was only 56 years old..... who was murdered because he dared to expose the truth about many wrongful illegal activities being carried out by the rich, well-connected and powerful people, networks and organisations ...


Thomas Allwood with his favourite Irish Band...Halcyon Daze on Tour at the Edinburgh Castle.
also with film directors and producers David Granato and Cloudye Carew-Reid, who are producing with Thomas Allwood the TV Show Fringe Shows Have Talent as a showcase of talented entertainers that perform at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival each year...Thomas Allwood dedicated all his time, effort, resources and money to help create a television show to give talented struggling fringe entertainers, musicians, actors, comedians a worldwide showcase for their work..

One of Graham' Allwood's favourite singers Jim Morrison

 Jim Morrison's Last Days - Les Derniers Jours De Jim Morrison

In French and English

Jim Morrison's Last Days Before Death In English

It was in 1971 that Jim Morrison reached the summit! With 6 years of intensive career, 6 albums and 200 concerts, nothing seemed to stop the emblematic figure of the Doors. And yet, the man we called the Dionysus of rock met a tragic end. Illustrated by numerous testimonies and archive images, we return with this report on the last days of this rock icon, consumed by the torments of a star's life. Director: Michaëlle Gagnet

The Doors InnerViewe Radio Part 1

The Doors InnerViewe Radio Part 2

The Doors InnerViewe Radio Part 4

The Doors InnerViewe Radio Part 5

The Doors InnerViewe Radio Part 6

The Doors InnerViewe Radio Part 7

The Doors InnerViewe Radio Part 8

The Doors InnerViewe Radio Part 9

The Doors InnerViewe Radio Part 10

The Doors InnerViewe Radio Part 11

 

 

More of Graham Allwood's Favourite music from the Beatles

Dawn Of The Beatles - The Beatles Story 1957–1963 Documentary 1of10

Dawn Of The Beatles - The Beatles Story 1957–1963 Documentary 2of10

Dawn Of The Beatles - The Beatles Story 1957–1963 Documentary 3of10

Dawn Of The Beatles - The Beatles Story 1957–1963 Documentary 4of10

Dawn Of The Beatles - The Beatles Story 1957–1963 Documentary 5of10

Dawn Of The Beatles - The Beatles Story 1957–1963 Documentary 6of10

Dawn Of The Beatles - The Beatles Story 1957–1963 Documentary 7of10

Dawn Of The Beatles -

The Beatles Story 1957–1963 Documentary 8of10

Dawn Of The Beatles - The Beatles Story 1957–1963 Documentary 9of10

Dawn Of The Beatles - The Beatles Story 1957–1963 Documentary 10of10

 
 
Published 20th June 2012
John Massey
John Massey, (64) convicted murderer has escaped from HMP Pentonville in north London over prison wall  on Wednesday 20th June 2012
 
 Why would John Massey be so carless and stupid to be arrested only after 8 days on the run from  HMP Pentonville in north London, after being so clever, cunning and smart of outwit the prison guards by jumping over the  prison wall on Wednesday 20th June 2012 .... this makes no sense at all.. the most likely explanation is that John Massey's escape from HMP Pentonville in north London over the prison wall on Wednesday 20th June 2012, was arranged and approved at a very high level of the Mossad/CIA/MI5/MI6/CIA/Five Eyes Security Alliance,.....  ("Massey reportedly walked out after hearing his sister was gravely ill. He was rearrested 10 months later and taken to Pentonville before his latest escape"). .... so he could do an important job for them ("Category C prisoners are described as those "for whom the very highest conditions of security are not necessary but for whom escape must be made very difficult".)..... such a murder Thomas Graham Allwood in Broxburn at 3.15 am in the morning of the 22nd June 2012 .... then have a few days of fun on the outside ......  then by previous arrangement hand himself back in on the 29th June 2012 ... by allowing his whereabouts to be known to the police... then as a reward given special privileges when back in prison and more than likely also given an early special release from his prison sentence on some sort of parole arrangement ..... (John Massey admits in his film interview below that he was surprised he was given parole in 2018 and as they had every reason to keep him in prison until he died.., as they kept reminding him would happen unless he does a big favour for the power elite in the Mossad/CIA/MI5/MI6/CIA/Five Eyes Security Alliance... who owned thew life of John Massey, it was up to them if he spent the rest of his life in prison or even if he is granted parole that they do not send him back to prison at their whim and fancy  any excuse they like to use .. so there is no way that John Massey, who had no problem killing a person .....with not a bit of remorse, sorrow or compassion... would not have accepted a deal to be allowed to escape form prison for 8 days .... to be able to spend some quality time with his mum and be guaranteed parole of a few years... on the condition that he murdered Thomas Graham Allwood and other INL News Journalists if possible..... John Massey hated being caged up and would do anything to permanently be out of that cage...... John Massey new everytime his escapted he would eventually be caught, and sent back to his "Prison Cage" ... so John Massey had to buy his ticket for a permanent hassle free prion release by doing  a big favour for "the all powerful above the law Mossad/CIA/MI5/MI6/CIA/Five Eyes Security Alliance .....")
 
If John Massey could successfully stay on the run for 10 months previously after a previous prison escape. the is no way John Massey would gave allowed  himself to be caught after on 8 days on the run, unless his prison escape on Wednesday 20th June 2012, and recapture  8 days later on the 29th of June 2012, was previously all arranged at a very high level of the Mossad/CIA/MI5/MI6/CIA/Five Eyes Security Alliance... with corrupted Freemason Prison guards involved allowing John Massey a very dangerous convicted murderer, who had escaped form prison twice previously,  to escape so easily in broad daylight over a prison wall, from a maximum security prison ....... 
then through some amazingly high level intelligence operation ("from the Mossad/CIA/MI5/MI6/CIA/Five Eyes Security Alliance who hired John Massey to do a job for them") .. was found and rearrested
("He was found following an intelligence-led operation", said the spokesman.)
 
 
Prison escape murderer is arrested

Police have arrested convicted murderer John Massey, who had escaped from prison

Police have arrested convicted murderer John Massey, who had escaped from prison

A convicted murderer who was on the run has been arrested.

John Massey, 64, used a makeshift rope, thought to be made from bed sheets, to escape over a wall from Pentonville prison in north London on Wednesday evening.

Scotland Yard said he was arrested at about 5.15pm on Friday 29th June 2012 in Faversham, Kent.

Massey was sentenced to life imprisonment for shooting a man dead with a sawn-off shotgun at a pub in Hackney, east London, in 1975. The escape was the third time he has given guards the slip.

One of Britain's longest-serving prisoners, he made off from the category C jail at about 6.30pm on Wednesday. 20th June 2012. 

Category C prisoners are described as those "for whom the very highest conditions of security are not necessary but for whom escape must be made very difficult".

A Scotland Yard spokesman said: "John Massey has this afternoon, Friday June 29, been arrested by detectives from the Metropolitan Police Service specialist crime and operations command. He has been taken into custody at a north London police station."

He was found following an intelligence-led operation, said the spokesman. A second male was arrested on suspicion of aiding and abetting an absconder and was also taken into police custody. The Prison Service is investigating how Massey managed to elude staff.

Massey was initially released on parole in June 2007 after spending the last 18 months of his life sentence in an open prison in Derbyshire preparing for freedom, it is understood. Under his parole terms, he was ordered to live in a bail hostel in Streatham, south London, under a curfew.

After several months, he broke his curfew and spent a number of days living with his dying father. He was immediately recalled to prison but decategorised after two-and-a-half years before being sent to Ford open jail in West Sussex. Massey reportedly walked out after hearing his sister was gravely ill. He was rearrested 10 months later and taken to Pentonville before his latest escape.

A Prison Service spokesman said: "This continues to be the subject of a thorough ongoing investigation and Mr Massey will be returned to prison custody as soon as possible. We always press for the heaviest penalties for those who escape or attempt to escape."

Scotland Yard said he was arrested at about 5.15pm on Friday in Faversham, Kent.

Massey was sentenced to life imprisonment for shooting a bouncer with a sawn-off shotgun at a pub in Hackney, east London, in 1975, after his friend had been attacked.

It was the third time he has given guards the slip.

One of Britain's longest-serving prisoners, he escaped from Pentonville, a category B jail, at about 6.30pm on Wednesday.

A Scotland Yard spokesman said: "John Massey has this afternoon, Friday June 29, been arrested by detectives from the Metropolitan Police Service specialist crime and operations command.

Scotland Yard said he was arrested at about 5.15pm on Friday in Faversham, Kent.

Massey was sentenced to life imprisonment for shooting a bouncer with a sawn-off shotgun at a pub in Hackney, east London, in 1975, after his friend had been attacked.

It was the third time he has given guards the slip.

One of Britain's longest-serving prisoners, he escaped from Pentonville, a category B jail, at about 6.30pm on Wednesday.

A Scotland Yard spokesman said: "John Massey has this afternoon, Friday June 29, been arrested by detectives from the Metropolitan Police Service specialist crime and operations command.

Escaped Prisoner John Massey Arrested on the 29th June 2012 after pressure by the INL and AWN News Group

Scotland Yard said he was arrested at about 5.15pm on Friday in Faversham, Kent.

Massey was sentenced to life imprisonment for shooting a bouncer with a sawn-off shotgun at a pub in Hackney, east London, in 1975, after his friend had been attacked.

It was the third time he has given guards the slip.

One of Britain's longest-serving prisoners, he escaped from Pentonville, a category B jail, at about 6.30pm on Wednesday.

A Scotland Yard spokesman said: "John Massey has this afternoon, Friday June 29, been arrested by detectives from the Metropolitan Police Service specialist crime and operations command.

 
www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk › News › Local & National › UK
Murderer escapes over prison wall. Wednesday, 27 June 2012. Convicted murderer John Massey, 64, has escaped from HMP Pentonville in north London ..
HMP Pentonville in North London, where convicted murderer John Massey, 64, has escaped from. Credit: PA Wire

A "potentially dangerous" murderer has gone on the run for the third time after escaping over the walls of Pentonville Prison using a makeshift rope. John Massey, one of Britain's longest-serving prisoners, made off from the category B jail in Islington, north London, at around 6.30pm Wedneesday 20th June 2012
 
The 64-year-old used a makeshift rope to escape over a wall and was not spotted in time by prison officers, sources said.
 
Murderer escapes over prison wall
 

Murderer escapes over prison wall

Press Association  from Yahoo News 10am 30trh June Wednesday 2012
 
A "potentially dangerous" murderer has gone on the run for the third time after escaping over the walls of Pentonville Prison using a makeshift rope. John Massey, one of Britain's longest-serving prisoners, made off from the category B jail in Islington, north London, at around 6.30pm on Wednesday 20th June, 2012. 
The 64-year-old John Massey used a makeshift rope to escape over a wall and was not spotted in time by prison officers, sources said.
 
The day before Thomas Graham Allwood was murdered  by being drugged, knocked unconscious, carried to the street and while still unconscious, stabbed with a six inch wound tot he heart, then left to bleed to death in the street, ....... a "potentially dangerous" murderer went on the run on Wednesday 20th June 2024, for the third time after escaping over the walls of Pentonville Prison using a makeshift rope. John Massey, one of Britain's longest-serving prisoners, made off from the category B jail in Islington, north London, at around 6.30pm on Wednesday. 
 
The 64-year-old John Massey used a makeshift rope to escape over a wall and was not spotted in time by prison officers, sources said.
 
 John Massey I Murdered A Bouncer Spent 43 Years Behind Bars Speaks After Prison Release

 
 
John Massey I Murdered A Bouncer Spent 43 Years Behind Bars Speaks After Prison Release in 2018
John Massey I Murdered A Bouncer Spent 43 Years Behind Bars Speaks After Prison Release in 2018
 
JohnMassey_IMurderedABouncerSpent43YearsBehindBarsSpeaksAfterPrisonReleasePH4.jpg
John Massey I Murdered A Bouncer Spent 43 Years Behind Bars Speaks After Prison Release in 2018
 
"..I shot up the bar with by gun after shooting the bouncer dead and just terrified everyone...you know..."
 
INLTVNews Investigators Note
 
If you listen to this below video of John Massey filmed at the age of 75, fi e year after his prison release in 2018..
the reason for John Massey would bee keen to agree to do a job for the "all powerful above the law Mossad/CIA/MI5/MI6/CIA/Five Eyes Security Alliance," on the condition he is allowed to escape for 8 days .... t is because John Massey wanted to se his dying mum, which was the only person John Massey ever loved... John Massey even admitted the truth in that he goes on to say he would hand himself in willingly after he had to opportunity to spent a few days with his mum.
 
John Massey " I Murdered A Bouncer and Spent 43 Years Behind Bars"....
Interview At aged 75 After His 2018 Prison Release at the age of 70 years old
 
John Massey  (75) "I Murdered A Bouncer Spent 43 Years Behind Bars Speaks After Prison Release in the year 2018, six years after his prison escape from Pentonville Prison, having been grated parole at the age of 70, even after escaping 4 times form prison.
 
In this episode of Minutes With, we sat down with John Massey, at one point England's longest-serving prisoner, who spent an astonishing 43 years behind bars. John candidly shares his life story, including the murder that led him to prison, his four daring escapes, and his journey to eventual release.
 
How would anyone feel safe to come the Britain 
for the London 2012 Olympics if a convicted murderer 
published 20th June 2012

John Massey was running around in Britain free to commit any crime he likes .. knowing all thew worst that can happen to his is that he ends up back in prison where was is the first place .. and if he commits crimes that certain powerful people in the system want him to commit to so their dirty work, then he will be given the royal treatment when he goes back to prison . if the UK Prison System was doing it job properly there is no way that John Massey, a convicted murderer could escape three times from a maximum security prison.. questions have to be answered as to how John Massey has been  able to escape three times... it is plainly rediculous...
Convicted murderer John Massey, 64, has escaped from HMP Pentonville in north London
Wednesday 20th June 2012
A "potentially dangerous" murderer has gone on the run for the third time after escaping over the walls of Pentonville Prison using a makeshift rope.

A Special INL News investigation team have flown from the USA to investigate the murder of INL News Investigative Reporter Thomas Allwood, are concerned of reports that convicted murderer John Massey was possibly allowed to quietly leave prison to murder Thomas Allwood on Wednesday night the 20th June, 2012 in Broxburn, then as a reward, be allowed the escape by the UK Government to then be free to commit other murders that powerful Freemasons and people in and/or connected to the UK Government want committed ...it seems that the target is INL News Investigative reporters that are looking into corrupt links between the Prime Minister of Britain, David Cameron and the Chancellor of the Britain Osborne and Rupert and James Murdoch and  senior media executives working for their all powerful media empire run by News International Limited and News Corporation... INL News journalists and other staff now fear for their lives until John Massey is captured and put back in a more secure prison where he can not escape.. it is all too convenient that John Massey a convicted Murderer has been able to escape from Prison three times ...
the evidence seem to be that every time the UK Government or the Prime Minster or senior Freemasons connected to the UK Government want a murder committed, then just allow John Massey to escape for a while from prison....
 
INL News investigation files have clear evidence that is is common practice for Freemason prison officers to allow convicted prisoners to escape from prison, commit crime they want committed and then when they are re-arrested they get all the favours they wants when back in prison
 

John Massey was running around in Britain free to commit any crime he likes .. knowing all thew worst that can happen to his is that he ends up back in prison where was is the first place .. and if he commits crimes that certain powerful people in the system want him to commit to so their dirty work, then he will be given the royal treatment when he goes back to prison . if the UK Prison System was doing it job properly there is no way that John Massey, a convicted murderer could escape three times from a maximum security prison.. questions have to be answered as to how John Massey has been  able to escape three times... it is plainly rediculous...
Convicted murderer John Massey, 64, has escaped from HMP Pentonville in north London
Wednesday 20th June 2012
A "potentially dangerous" murderer has gone on the run for the third time after escaping over the walls of Pentonville Prison using a makeshift rope.

A Special INL News investigation team have flown from the USA to investigate the murder of INL News Investigative Reporter Thomas Allwood, are concerned of reports that convicted murderer John Massey was possibly allowed to quietly leave prison to murder Thomas Allwood on Wednesday night the 20th June, 2012 in Broxburn, then as a reward, be allowed the escape by the UK Government to then be free to commit other murders that powerful Freemasons and people in and/or connected to the UK Government want committed ...it seems that the target is INL News Investigative reporters that are looking into corrupt links between the Prime Minister of Britain, David Cameron and the Chancellor of the Britain Osborne and Rupert and James Murdoch and  senior media executives working for their all powerful media empire run by News International Limited and News Corporation... INL News journalists and other staff now fear for their lives until John Massey is captured and put back in a more secure prison where he can not escape.. it is all too convenient that John Massey a convicted Murderer has been able to escape from Prison three times ...
the evidence seem to be that every time the UK Government or the Prime Minster or senior Freemasons connected to the UK Government want a murder committed, then just allow John Massey to escape for a while from prison....
 
INL News investigation files have clear evidence that is is common practice for Freemason prison officers to allow convicted prisoners to escape from prison, commit crime they want committed and then when they are re-arrested they get all the favours they wants when back in prison

The below independent witness's sworn testimony of the next door neighbour to John Montgomery's House, where Thomas Graham Allwood was invited that night to visit after being at the pub,....  was completely ignored by the jury and the court. This undisputable evidence proves that Thomas Graham Allwood was king hit against the lounge room wall, at around 3.15 am...  everything went silent... then Thomas Graham Allwood  was obviously carried out quietly while unconscious .... with the door not slamming for the first time for years ....  then Thomas Graham Allwood  was stabbed in the street while unconscious ..... then left in the street to bleed to death... ..

Whereas Kyle Montgomery, who was a diagnosed chronic schizophrenic. completely made up the story to the court that the fight and stabbing broke out at around 1 am in the morning, and that Thomas Graham Allwood was armed with an Iron Bar .... and he accidently stabbed Thomas Graham Allwood with a single six inch wound to his heart, being the only spot a person cab be stabbed and die form such stab wound....

( a Russian Police Officer was stabbed 35 times and did not die from his stab wounds) .....

Thomas Graham Allwood was a well built man and a trained security guard, who could easily handle the small statured paralytic drunk Kyle Montgomery without any iron bar...

However if Thomas Graham Allwood had an iron bar, which is doubtful, .... as there would be nowhere to obtain an iron bar. at 1 to 3 am in the morning in a quiet small residential place such as Broxburn.... there is no possible way that Kyle Montgomery, who would have been paralytic drunk, after drinking vodka for the last 12 plus hours, could have been able to achieve a one single six inch stab wound into Thomas Graham Allwood's body ..., in the only place that could kill a person, with one stab wound.....

( two experts were interviewed by the INLTVNews Investigation Team ..

One a doctor,

and

Second, a trained professional hitman trained to silently kill a person for the UK Government ...

They both stated that to be able to kill a person with one single stab wound, one has to have an intimate knowledge of the human body, have the right type of long sharp pointed knife, not a serrated  bread knife that Kyle Montgomery says he used to stab Thomas Graham Allwood with ...know where exactly to stab the person, and know how to extract the knife to cause maximum damage ... and be well in control of their senses and movements ... not paralytic drunk)..

....if Thomas Graham Allwood was armed with an iron bar, then he would have easily knocked the knife out o Kyle Montgomery's hand, and then completely overpowered the small statured paralytic drunk Kyle Montgomery ... at best Kyle Montgomery may have landed a few superficial wounds on Thomas Graham Allwood, before the iron bar was used to knock the knife out of Kyle Montgomery's hand...

... thus in the circumstances, there is simply no way that Thomas Graham Allwood ended up with just one deep six inch stab wound to the heart, with no other superficial wounds on his body... as evidenced by the forensic witness at the trial.. .....

plus all this was meant to have taken place at around 1am in the morning, according to Kyle Montgomery and his father John Montgomery... ..... yet the next door neighbours said the drinking, shouting and arguing went on till 3.15 am in the morning.. which all ended with an eventual massive bang on their bedroom wall at 3.15 am in the morning, with the bang so hard they thought that their thin plaster bedroom wall was going to cave in... it seems that their is no reasonable doubt that Thomas Graham Allwood was given a massively hard king hit against John Montgomery's lounge room wall, which was also their bedroom wall at 3.15 in the morning, with it likely that his girl friend  Margaret Sheddon, who was a trained nurse, had given Thomas Graham Allwood some heavy sedative drugs when she gave him his heart pills,... so by the time he was king hit Thomas Graham Allwood  was well on the way to being heavily sedated..

.... this further proves the whole story as stated by Kyle Montgomery at his trial was a completely fabricated story.... which was implanted in his mind... so he could be the fall guy for the hired hit man acting under instructions of the Mossad/CIA/MI5/MI6/CIA/Five Eyes, ,,,, who was hired to kill Thomas Graham Allwood  form nay reasons, which included that Thomas Graham Allwood was involved in exposing serious corruption int her UK Government, the UK Police and Legal system, along with issued a £100 million pound damages claim and a criminal contempt application against the then UK Prime Minister David Cameron, and the UK Chancellor, George Osborne, who are not well-connected powerful Red Lodge high ranking Scottish Rite Freemasons, along with the UK Border Agency, the UK Home Office, and UK Treasury Solicitors named as respondents in these High Court of London Proceedings.. which included a criminal contempt application for the respondents to be put in prison for their involvement in a most serious criminal conspiracy to pervert the course of justice, by all conspiring to create a false fraudulent UK Border Agency document and having their Treasury Solicitors present it to Master Page at the High Court of Justice in London, attached to a letter demanding that, on the basis such false fraudulent UK Border Agency Document, that Master Page completely strike out strike Thomas Graham Allwood's and others High Court Claim for £100 million in damages against  the then UK Prime Minister David Cameron, and the UK Chancellor, George Osborne, who are not well-connected powerful Red Lodge high ranking Scottish Rite Freemasons, along with the UK Border Agency, the UK Home Office, and UK Treasury Solicitors  ...for illegally and wrongfully arresting very talented USA Character Comedian Ronnie Prouty at  London's Heathrow Airport, then illegally and wrongfully holding him in custody for 48 hours, and then sending him back to Los Angeles in handcuffs using his own return ticket back to Loas Angeles...48 hours later... to stop him continue hos journey to Edinburgh, where he was staying for five days to help free of charge with the filming of the Pilot of the Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Show, , then returning back to Los Angeles..... Rupert Murdoch  and his all powerful Rothschild silent partners in their News Corp LLC wanted the UK Border Agency to in any way possible to stop the the Pilot of the Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Show, which was being produced by the INLTVNews Group and Thomas Graham Allwood , because this would give their competitors, the INLTVNews Media, TV, Film and Publishing Group and Thomas Graham Allwood, creditability in the media, TV and filming world, and  help make them financially successful with their proposed float of the stock exchange.

Below if a copy of part of the unsigned and no UK Border Agency officers named....  Fraudulent False UK Border Agency Document  presented to Master Page at the High Court on London, by the UK Treasury Solicitors, on behalf of the then UK Prime Minister David Cameron, the then UK Chancellor George Osborne, the UK Home Office and the UK Border Agency with a false made up statement that falsely implies was made by Ronnie Prouty to two unnamed UK Border Agency  Officers ... which was never made by Ronne Prouty... well knowing that such document was fraudulent and false ....  as a basis to convince the Red Lodge High Ranking Scottish Rite Freemason Master Price, to completely strike out without any court hearing, Thomas Graham Allwood's and Others claim for £100, million pounds damages, which cost £3,00 pounds in court fees to file, without talking into consideration legal preparation costs, for the wrongful and illegal arrest of Character Comedian, Ronnie Prouty on the 14th May 2011 at London's Heathrow Airport, which was for the wrongful purpose, to commercially sabotage the filming of the Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Pilot in Edinburgh planned for filming in May 2011

Fraudluent_UKBorderAgencyDocument_FalseStatmentByUKBordergencyConcerningRonnieprouty_falsleydated-14-05-2011

Fraudluent_UKBorderAgencyDocument_FalseStatmentByUKBordergencyConcerningRonnieprouty_falsleydated-14-05-2011

....to make it look to the general public this murder case had been solved and the person responsible was sent to prison for 9 years.... ..

.... when in actual fact Kyle Montgomery being a diagnosed chronic schizophrenic, would not have to spent a day in prison, as he would be taken straight to mental hospital in comfortable room, good food, plenty of legal drugs to keep him happy, and pleasant surroundings... then after a time Kyle Montgomery will be let out of the mental hospital on medication... as he was prior to the 21st June 2012,  the day Thomas Graham Allwood was murdered, not by Kyle Montgomery, but by a Mossad/CIA/MI5/MI6/CIA/Five Eyes operative,,,

The INLTV News Investigation Team were informed that Kyle Montgomery was going to plead guilty with diminished responsibility for his crime ,,,  as a result of him being a diagnosed chronic schizophrenic .... so it is rather strange knowing that Kyle Montgomery was a diagnosed chronic schizophrenic, and this fact was never mentioned at the trial...this was a deliberate attempt to hide material facts at the trial, which is a criminal offence... 

Mossad/CIA/MI5/MI6/CIA/Five Eyes "Murder Thomas Graham Allwood" operation managers decided to take a different tact,, by arranging to create a packed the jury panel, with specially selected jury members who  were instructed to find Kyle Montgomery guilty of only culpable homicide. .....  so in law it was not deemed as a deliberate murder, but an accidental unfortunate death, from the hands of a diagnosed chronic schizophrenic, who could be soon let out back into society with the right medication.... after a short time in a comfortable mental hospital..... with both Kyle Montgomery and  his father John Montgomery  and Thomas Graham Allwood's female friend Margaret Sheddon,  whose job was to help lure Thomas Graham Allwood into the "the Devils Lair£ at John Montgomery's house... all being well paid by Mossad/CIA/MI5/MI6/CIA/Five Eyes for their part of the Mossad/CIA/MI5/MI6/CIA/Five Eyes "Murder Thomas Graham Allwood" operation...

The full sordid story can be read in a new book and film being published and produced by the INL News Medeia and Publishing Group by Steven Wijat called,,,

"Who Murdered Thomas Graham Allwood and Why?"

She told the court her neighbour was a known alcoholic and frequently caused a nuisance. In the early hours of the following morning she said she was startled by a loud bang on the wall of her bedroom just after 3am. 

She said: "It was as if somebody was going to come through the wall. It gave me a start - I'd never heard anything like the bang. I just took it that they were fighting and banging off the walls. It was something that happened all the time."

Under cross examination by defence advocate Derek Ogg, Ms Douglas agreed Mr Montgomery's house was "used like a drinking den".

She added: "It was like living next door to a pub."

Her friend Christopher McDonald, 31, who was staying with her at the time, said loud music, banging and the sound of raised voices had continued long after Ms Douglas had gone to bed. He was also startled by the loud noise at around 3.15am. 

He said: "The bang was the one thing that was out of the ordinary. I just assumed they were fighting again. The whole house shook."

He said he identified the sound of four voices in Mr Montgomery's one-bedroom maisonette that night. Things went quiet after the bang, then he said he heard someone leave by the back door.    

He told the jury: "Someone went out quietly. The door was never closed quietly. What drew my attention was that it wasn't slammed. Later - after 5 0'clock - I heard really loud voices from the garden. 


Thomas Allwood with his favourite Irish Band...Halcyon Daze on Tour at the Edinburgh Castle.
also with film directors and producers David Granato and Cloudye Carew-Reid who are producing with Thomas Allwood the TV Show Fringe Shows Have Talent as a showcase of talented entertainers that perform at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival each year...Thomas Allwood dedicated all his time, effort, resources and money to help create a television show to give talented struggling fringe entertainers, musicians, actors, comedians a worldwide showcase for their work...Thomas Allwood put  $200,000 deposit on freehold hotel in Australia to be used as base to film an Australian outback version of Fringe Shows Have Talent and another TV Show concept Thomas Allwood was working on with partners called "Big Sister" which would also be filmed at the Hotel in Australia, which is based around the idea that six girls from all over the world meet in a university in Edinburgh and end up winning the Euro Millions... and they decide to buy a freehold hotel in Queensland, Australia where the advertise for six guys to employ to do all the hard work running the hotel... and each week they have to choose a short list of two guys to be sacked...and the world wide audience would then have to chose which one of the two guys should be sacked...Thomas Allwood's motivation to make the Big Sister TV Show was to help give young talented actresses and actors a world wide stage to gain international recognition... finance and/or some form of funding is now needed to finalise the purchase of the freehold hotel to fulfill Thomas Allwood's Dream... the hotel is being renamed the Thomas Allwood Fringe Entertainer's Hotel (TAFEH) i memory of Thomas Allwood giving his life for freedom of information, the exposing of the truth an an investigative journalist and as a poet and his dedication to create international TV shows and films as a way of showcasing talented young fringe entertainers, musicians, comedians and actors..... to help give them international recognition for their talent talent...anyone interested in providng funds to help finalise the purchase of the Thomas Allwood Fringe Entertainers Hotel (TAFEH)..whether in small, medium or large amount amounts please contact the fund manager of the Thomas Allwood Fringe Entertainers Hotel (TAFEH) at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


The Thomas Allwood Fringe Entertainer's Hotel (TAFEH)

 'Booze culture killed my friend'

Sunday Post 16th December 2012 about the murder of Thomas Graham Allwood on 21st June 2012 Broxburn Scotland

Stephen said: " I think more people are culpable for his death and should have faced charges."

https://www.pressreader.com/uk/the-sunday-post-newcastle/20121216/282411281639302

'Booze culture killed my friend' Sunday Post 16th December 2012 about the murder of Thomas Graham Allwood on 21st June 2012 Broxburn Scotland 

 
A friend of Australian top INLTVNewsWorld News and AWN Investigative Journalist Thomas Graham Allwood, who was murdered in Broxburn Scotland on 21st June, 2012, has blamed  Scotland's booze culture for his death.
 
Stephen Carew-Reid said Scotland's unhealthy relationship with alcohol played a part in the death of Thomas Graham Allwood, 56, who bleed to death after he was stabbed  in Broxburn, Scotland on the 22st June 2012.
 
Last week, his killer Kyle Montgomery, from Winchburgh, was found guilty of culpable homicide.
 
Stephen said Graham, as he prefered to be called, didn't understand how violent the booze culture in Scotland can be.
 
Stephen is also disappointed that his killer received a lesser conviction for culpable homicide.
 
He said: "Graham liked to have a drink, but he'd stopped because he was on heart pills.
" I think the drinking culture in Scotland played a part in Graham's murder."
 
The court heard Graham and his girl friend Margaret Sheddon went back to John Montgomery's house in Broxburn after meeting at a local Broxburn pub.
 
A barmaid who was working at the local Broxburn pub, the evening of Graham's murder, who gave evidence at Kyle Montgomery's murder trial said Graham had only been drinking coke at the pub all night.
 
Kyle Montgomery, who is the son of John Montgomery, told the court at his murder trial, that he grabbed a knife to scare off Mr Allwood after claiming he was attacked by Mr Allwood.
 
Kyle Montgomery said the killing was an accident and didn't know the blade had severed an artery.
 
Stephen said he still can't get over the Montgomery's reaction.
 
Stephen said: " I think more people are culpable for his death and should have faced charges."
 

thomas allwood

INLTVWorld News Top Investigative Journalist Thomas Graham Allwood was found lying dead as a result of a violent stabbing in the Pyothall Road Broxburn 

INLTVWorld News Top Investigative Journalist Thomas Graham Allwood held both UK and Australian Passports, having been born in Scotland, but lived a lot of his life in Australia with his World War II Hero Father, Thomas Allwood, who worked for both the British and Australian Air Forces, was found lying dead as a result of a violent stabbing in the Pyothall Road Broxburn . 

 World War II Hero, Thomas Allwood, was ordered by the UK Government at the end of World War II, to act in his capacity of a flight engineer, on hundreds of clandestine flights from Heathrow Airport in London, delivering to the Rothschilds in Switzerland, billions of pounds of gold bars stacked on wooden pallets and wrapped in Black Plastic, with no security guards present, so there no witnesses, other than a couple of RAAF Staff, who were sworn to secrecy.

This billions of pounds in gold bars as the repayment of Britain's War Finance Debt owed to the Rothschild Family, who financed the military purchases to  all sides of World War II.

INLTVWorldNews Top Investigative Journalist, Thomas Graham Allwood ,was found by members of the public lying across Pyothall Road in Broxburn, Scotland at about 04:45 on Thursday 21st June 2012, having been violently stabbed to death by a very professional hitman. Thomas Graham Allwood died from a one six inch knife wound to his heart, after been drugged and then violently king hit to make him unconscious, at a nearby house in Broxburn, where he was lured to visit by a Mossad/MI5/MI6/CIA/Five Eyes Security Agency Alliance Asset. Thomas Graham Allwood's  body was carried to the street, where he was stabbed while unconscious, then left to bleed to death in Pyothall Road in Broxburn, Scotland.  An in-depth INLTVWorldNews Investigation Report in the background of the murder and how the murder happened, and why the murder happened, showing beyond any reasonable doubt that the Mossad/MI5/MI6/CIA/Five Eyes Security Agency Alliance were involved in the planned murder of  INLTVWorldNews Top Investigative Journalist, Thomas Graham Allwood, was handed to the Head of Scotland's Procurat0r Fiscal, which is Scotland's equivalent the Director of Public Prosecutions  (DPP) in other Western Countries,.

This  in-depth INLTVWorldNews Investigation Report in the background of the murder and how the murder happened, and why the murder happened, demanded a personal meeting with the Head of Scotland's Procurat0r Fiscal, to discuss the reinvestigation of the murder of Thomas Graham Allwood, a further examination of the body, and am injunction freeze of the planned cremation of the body of Thomas Graham Allwood, until a full reexamination of his body was completed. However, the Head of Scotland's Procurat0r Fiscal ordered the immediate cremation of the body of Thomas Graham Allwood, refused any meeting to discuss the most serious facts and issues set out in the INLTVWorldNews 300 in-depth Investigation Report into the murder of  Thomas Graham Allwood, and wrote a short one sentence letter to the INLTVWorldNews stating... "Scotland's Police and Procurat0r Fiscal have done an excellent job investigating the murder of INLTVWorldNews Top Investigative Journalist, Thomas Graham Allwood, and file in now completely closed, thus no meeting to discuss this matter will be provided with the INLTVWorld News Group, and no further correspondence with be entered into the murder of Thomas  Graham Allwood

Community's shock over man's death

A COMMUNITY have spoken of their shock after a man was found dead in their street. 

 Thomas Graham Allwood
Thomas Allwood was murdered in Broxburn Scotland, on the 21st June, 2012 after telling friends the day before of threats on his life......Thomas Graham Allwood co-producer of the Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Show, is the first person who has been murdered just for trying to make a TV show that will provide an international showcase for hardworking talented fringe performers that perform at the Edinburgh and Dublin Fringe Festival each year.....Thomas Allwood's problems really started when he became public enemy No.1 of  David Cameron, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and George Osborne, the Chancellor of the United Kingdom, the UK Border Agency and the UK Government, after David Cameron, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and George Osborne, the Chancellor of the United Kingdom, did a favour for their then best mates Rupert and James Murdoch. and their all powerful media group News Corporation and News International, to have extremely talented USA Comedian Ronnie Prouty wrongfully and illegally arrested at London's Heathrow Airport on he 27th April, 2011 to help commercially sabotage Thomas Allwood and his partner the INL News Group's filming of the pilot of their Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Show...Ronnie Prouty had agreed to travel from Los Angeles to host the TV Show at no payment from the goodness of his heart to help support his musician and entertainer friends who had been chosen to perform in the first Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Show....

 Thomas Allwood told of threats on his life the day before Thomas Allwood was murdered on the 21st June, 2012

Thomas Graham Allwood told friends and media associates and other investigative journalists he worked with that he had threats on his life, the day before Thomas Graham Allwood was murdered in Broxburn, Scotland in the early hours of the 21st June, 2012 by a professional hitman working for Mossad/MI5/MI6/CIA/Five Eyes Security Agency Alliance, with single deep six inch knife wound in his front chest at exactly the right place only a professional hitman would know how do do with one singe six inch wound......

there seems no doubt on the evidence gathered by the special INL News Thomas Allwood Murder Investigation Team in Scotland that Thomas Graham Allwood was murdered by a professional  hit man working for the Mossad/MI5/MI6/CIA/Five Eyes Security Agency Alliance, who knew where to stab Thomas Allwood so that he would die form one single wound...
watch this space for the full story of who made the threats and why Thomas was murdered on the 21st June, 2012...

... a word of warning to anyone else that tried to harm or threaten anyone else connected to the INL News or the AWN News Group... if this happens an explosive report is ready to be published that will shock the world, as to who organised the murder of Thomas Allwood.. why Thomas Allwood was murdered...what the urgency was from these powerful people and organisations to have Thomas Allwood murdered on the 21st June, 2012 ..... and why the world media is not talking about the murder of Thomas Allwood ... with a media ban on any major newspaper or television station talking about the murder of Thomas Allwood... no mainstream, major newspapers or television networks in London or anywhere in the United Kingdom....New York- Los Angeles, Washington-San Francisco or any where else in the USA.. Brisbane-Sydney-Melbourne-Adelaide-Darwin-Perth Hobart or anywhere else in Australia is allowed to speak about the murder of Australian INL News undercover investigative journalist Thomas Allwood.. which should be in normal circumstances front page and headline news on every newspaper in the world.. even people who live locally to where the murder took place in Broxburn .. even local Taxi drivers have never heard of the murder of Thomas Allwood..... there is a serious why there is a world media blackout on this most explosive story in the world..
it is not often that an Australian investigative journalist in murdered in Scotland....a short time before the start of the London 2012 Olyimpics and a short time before the start of the Edinburg Fringe Festival...in fact it has never happened before......

Further report of the NYT's Investigation Team into the murder of Thomas Graham Allwood darted the 21st November 2012

 Yes, that is the real question....Did Robert Montgomery see the blood on the knife? and put the knife back in the cutlery drawer with the blood still on it or  did Robert Montgomery clean the knife before putting it back in the cutlery drawer  .   In either case Robert Montgomery should have been arrested for conspiracy to murder Thomas Allwood.....Yes the evidence of Robert Montgomery has obviously been well rehearsed.... but by who and with whom.. You see Robert Montgomery is a prosecution witness not a defence witness....

In fact one of the main prosecution witnesses...along with the boy Ryan and his girl friend Tina Borst....who said on the topix.com website that it was Ryan (she says is her partner) and his two male friends that found G's body at 4.45am on the 21st July 2012 and Ryan did the right thing and took the police to ID Kyle Montgomery as the murderer a short time after the police arrived to the scene where the body was found in the street...

This means that the prosecution and the Scottish Police would have taken a statement from John Montgomery and or helped him write and/or massage Robert Montgomery's statement  as they often do with prosecution witnesses...even if they did not help write or massage the statement of Robert Montgomery... which they will never admit they either helped write and/or massage Robert Montgomery's statement.... the police and the prosecution would undeniably have known exactly what Robert Montgomery was going to say on the witness stand and what any other of their prosecution witnesses were going to say on the witness stand because that is how criminal trial work...the police and the prosecution go around getting written statements from people that may know something about what happened that night and if what they have to say has some bearing on a possible guilty verdict and/or helps the court and the jury understand the background of what happened an an attempt to get tot he truth of what happened that night and maybe previously if there is some suspicion that the murder was planed in any way.. as it looks like it clearly was by Robert Montgomery and Margaret Sheddon (Galloway) ...then the the police and the prosecution would have known that Robert Montgomery  was going to give evidence that was enough on his own statement to have Robert Montgomery charged with conspiracy to murder G and/or an accessory after the fact and/or at the very minimum helping Thomas Allwood to die by not immediately ringing the police and an ambulance the minute that his son Klyle Montgomery came back in to the house with the bread knife with blood on it... Robert Montgomery admits she saw the blood.....and took the knife from the Kyle Montgomery and put is back in the draw...

It seems he has not said if he cleaned the knife before he put it back in the draw..it seems rather odd that the prosecution and/or defence counsel have not asked him that question

Did you clean the knife of the blood before putting the knife back in the draw? 
This indicates both the prosecution counsel and the defence counsel are conspiring to hide the whole truth and by not asking that question is absolutely wrong and an attempt to protect Robert Montgomery and maybe others who it could be seen that have been involved in a conspiracy to murder Thomas Allwood...
Then the Lord Doherty should have stepped in and ask that question 

That is what judges are meant to do when they feel all the right and important questions are not been asked of the witnesses by the prosecution and the defence...

this shows the Judge is not doing his job properly and seems to be in the club with the police, the prosecution and the defence counsel to help cover up the truth... If the time of around 2-2.15 am is right when the Kyle was meant to have stabbed Thomas Allwood

(It seems in the back garden... as Robert Montgomery says on first occasions Robert Montgomery told Thomas Allwood to get out and Thomas Allwood went out the back door and then came back in 10 minutes later.. and the second time Robert Allwood says it was Kyle Montgomery that pushed Thomas Allwood he said into the garden...."Kyle got up, pushed me out of the way and pushed him out into the back garden...So Thomas Allwood ends up in the back garden not on the street just wondering around where he could simply run away to your place as your place was not far away...that is what Thomas Allwood would have done if he was pushed out onto the street.....It is well known to Thomas Allwood's freinds that Thomas Allwood can not stand tension and if there is an argument or fight or hint of a fight...then he will simply run away to a friends house ...and your house was very close....there is no way he would have kept trying to get back into Robert Montgomery's house....after being told to leave in these sort of circumstances...However if a Robert Montgomery states that on both occasion Thomas Allwood ended up in the back garden as a result of going out the back door.. in all these houses as far as I am aware the back gardens are all enclosed and no back gate etc so Thomas Allwood would have been trapped in the back garden by, Robert Montgomery, Kyle Montgomery, Margaret Sheddon (Galloway)  and who ever else was in the house that night as part of the murder plan.. it sounds like from the evidence of the neighbour that a person quietly left the house without slamming the door (which is always slammed on all previous occasions) about 3.15 am and it is likely that was the person who actually was the murderer who killed Thomas Allwood with one single knife wound which on speaking to a Scottish Doctor... this is only possible in normal circumstances to be done with one single knife would by a trained doctor who knows the body very well or a trained assassin.... more likely a trained assassin from MI5 M!6 or Mossad working for the British Government and others who wanted INL News Investigative Journalist dead because he was in the process of exposing serious corruption and wrong activities by very powerful people including David Cameron the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom whom Thomas Allwood was suing for £500 million in damages and demanding that Prime Minister David Cameron and his treasury Solicitors be locked up for criminal contempt

Robert Montgomery  admits Thomas Allwood  was in the back yard and went out the back door not the front door.....and they they all knew this and knew when Kyle Montgomery  was meant to have grabbed the knife he would have gone out to the back yard 

'...where Thomas Allwood was waiting like a lamb for the slaughter....'

This is what a jopurnlisdy friend of Thomas Allwood stated this morning in an email to NYT.bz 
after reading the STV report of the trial

Thanks for report......
seeing Thomas Allwood's photo made me cry.,.....
It is so unfair that those drunken no mark shits and those bitches treated Thomas Allwood like that.......if he only had soft drinks...... surely Thomas Allwood would have called out or fought back if that Kyle Montgomery was drunk. 
I see the father Robert Montomery didn't even give a toss and just went to sleep. 

What an ignorant bastard.
I hope God rots them from the inside out an they die a horrible death. 
Yes, this Margaret Sheddon (Galloway)
loved him so much.....but couldn't so much as look for him or care what was.happening.
Margaret Sheddon (Galloway)
should own up to her part in it.
those who butchered Thomas Allwood will suffer all right with divine.justice.

Hi..
I had another look at the report,as a bit tired when I read it an upset.none of it adds up.....Thomas Allwood wasn't drunk and was going back to oz,so he was probably feeling at ease.he wouldn't have fought and strangled.someone over thisMargaret Sheddon (Galloway) person if he was leaving her,and anyhow he seemed a person who would accept that she wasn't decent an let go. 
If this Kyle Montgomery was 'sensitive and afraid' why didn't he call police about so called threats?
why go for a knife and.kill someone and risk life imprisonment.....
wouldn't a father, Robert Montgomery try to stop Kyle Montgomery from trying to attack Thomas Allwood with a knife and why didn't the father..Robert Montgomery and/or the son Kyle Montopmery and/or Margaret Sheddon (Galloway)  call police.....
Could this Margaret Sheddon (Galloway)have been in another relationship -with them-and was using Thomas Allwood. 
If he mentioned he had property and money. 
Also was the father is a drunk... what is his past......is he an unreliable witness.....seems to be hinting self defence.....only those creatures no the truth.... I wish Thomas Allwood had been more discriminating an streetwise..
 prosecution seems to be weak and/or suspect.... it all seems very odd.....

I phoned Scottish police,asked if Kyle's father, Robert Montgomery is being charged as accessory after fact,an said to the police officer that Thomas Allwood is very kind person who would help anyone. The copper wouldn't discuss,said he is giving evidence today in court and says call him after case over......

Sounds like the father has been well rehearsed by the prosecution and the police in what to say....  
Seems to contradict what the barmaid said that they were fighting at 3 to 3.30 am although maybe
Margaret Shedden ( Birth Name Galloway) was undoubtedly completely drunk but must have been involved some time.
The defense or the prosecution will have make her testify.
  Could be that Margaret Shedden ( Birth Name Galloway) urged Thomas Allwood on.
Rather out of character for Thomas Allwood...
The real question is did Mr. Robert Montgomery senior see the blood on the knife and put the knife back
in the cutlery drawer with the blood still on it or did he clean it. 

In either case Kyle Montgomery's father, John Montgomery should have been arrested for conspiracy to murder UK Born INL News Investigative Journalist Thomas Allwood

Man charged over Broxburn murder - BBC News

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-edinburgh-east-fife-18563789 

Published 23 June 2012

thomas allwood

Thomas Graham Allwood was found lying in the road

A man has been charged in connection with the murder of a 55-year-old man who was found dead in the street in West Lothian.

Thomas Graham Allwood was found by members of the public lying across Pyothall Road in Broxburn at about 04:45 on Thursday.

A major inquiry was launched into the circumstances of the death.

A 25-year-old man will appear at Livingston Sheriff Court in connection with his murder on Monday.

 

Man charged over Broxburn murder

By The Newsroom Published 26th Jun 2012
https://www.scotsman.com/news/man-charged-over-broxburn-murder-1620664 
A 24-YEAR-OLD man has appeared at Livingston Sheriff Court charged with the murder of a man who was found dead in a street.

Thomas Graham Allwood, 55, was discovered lying in Pyothall Road in BroxburnWest Lothian, at around 4.45am on Thursday. Kyle Montgomery, from Winchburgh in Edinburgh, made no plea or declaration when he appeared at the hearing yesterday and was remanded in custody.

Mr Montgomery is due to make his next appearance at the West Lothian court on Tuesday, July 3.

Man ‘caused stab death by accident’

Man ‘caused stab death by accident’

By The Newsroom Published 28th Nov 2012
A MAN accused of murdering an Australian journalist has claimed he must have stabbed the victim to death by accident.

Kyle Montgomery admitted that he armed himself with a kitchen knife and squared up to 56-year-old Thomas Graham Allwood.

He claimed in evidence at the High Court in Livingston that the blade was for his own “protection” and he had no intention of using it.

After being attacked twice by the victim, he said he just wanted to “scare him off” with the knife.

Born Before 1973? You May Be Eligible For The Latest Hearing Aids! (Here's How)
 
 

He struggled with Mr Allwood, who was armed with a metal pole or iron bar, but said he was unaware of inflicting the fatal blow which severed the main artery above his heart.

Montgomery, 24, from Winchburgh, West Lothian, denies murdering Mr Allwood in Broxburn on June 21.

In his closing speech yesterday, advocate depute Martin Macari asked the jury to convict Montgomery of murder. He said: “Whatever happened between those men, Kyle Montgomery had returned to the house to get a weapon.”

Derek Ogg QC, defending, said: “If he didn’t realise he’d caused that injury, he could not and did not have any criminal intent towards Mr Allwood.”

Judge Lord Doherty was due to deliver his charge to the jury this morning.

 

Thomas Graham Allwood was born in Scotland but spent most of his life in Australia

 

Man ‘caused stab death by accident’

By The Newsroom Published
A MAN accused of murdering an Australian journalist has claimed he must have stabbed the victim to death by accident.

Kyle Montgomery admitted that he armed himself with a kitchen knife and squared up to 56-year-old Thomas Graham Allwood.

He claimed in evidence at the High Court in Livingston that the blade was for his own “protection” and he had no intention of using it.

After being attacked twice by the victim, he said he just wanted to “scare him off” with the knife.

He struggled with Mr Allwood, who was armed with a metal pole or iron bar, but said he was unaware of inflicting the fatal blow which severed the main artery above his heart.

Montgomery, 24, from Winchburgh, West Lothian, denies murdering Mr Allwood in Broxburn on June 21.

In his closing speech yesterday, advocate depute Martin Macari asked the jury to convict Montgomery of murder. He said: “Whatever happened between those men, Kyle Montgomery had returned to the house to get a weapon.”

Derek Ogg QC, defending, said: “If he didn’t realise he’d caused that injury, he could not and did not have any criminal intent towards Mr Allwood.”

Judge Lord Doherty was due to deliver his charge to the jury this morning.

Kyle Montgomery jailed for killing journalist Thomas Allwood - BBC News

Kyle Montgomery was jailed for nine years

A man who stabbed a journalist to death in West Lothian has been jailed for nine years.

Kyle Montgomery, 25, from Winchburgh, denied murdering Thomas Allwood in Broxburn, but was convicted of culpable homicide last month after a trial.

The court heard how Australian journalist Mr Allwood, 56, died after a drunken row at a house in June.

Montgomery followed Mr Allwood armed with a knife and stabbed him in the chest, severing a major blood vessel.

A jury rejected Montgomery's claim that he had only meant to scare Mr Allwood and that the stabbing had been an accident.

Passing sentence at the High Court in Edinburgh, judge Lord Doherty told Montgomery: "The stabbing was deliberate. You were not acting in self defence or under provocation."

However, the judge said he could take account of the fact that Mr Allwood had started the argument and was the first to resort to violence.

Lord Doherty said being drunk was no excuse and that he did not take much account of the fact that the single fatal blow had required only moderate force.

"Sharp weapons of the sort you used are capable of inflicting grievous injuries with only moderate force," he said.

"Those who use them must expect the courts to deal with them

severely."

thomas allwood

Thomas Graham Allwood was born in Scotland but spent most of his life in Australia

The trial heard how Montgomery's father, Robert Montgomery, 65, had gone to his local pub on the night of the killing with £20 which his son had given him as a Father's Day present.

He returned with Mr Allwood and Mr Allwood's girlfriend, Maggie.

A row broke out after she began stroking Montgomery's hand and putting her head on his lap.

Mr Montgomery senior came into the room to find Mr Allwood throttling his son and threw the Australian out of the house.

Mr Allwood came back to the house, banging on the door and trying to get in. Robert Montgomery said he was like "a raging bull".

The trial heard how his son grabbed a bread knife and followed Mr Allwood.

He returned minutes later with the blood-stained knife and confessed he had done something bad.

Mr Allwood was born in Scotland but grew up in Australia, where he worked for INL News Group.

http://news.stv.tv/scotland/201510-australian-visitor-died-in-the-street-after-being-stabbed-once/

Australian visitor died in the street after being stabbed in chest

STV 19 November 2012 17:24 GMT

Thomas Allwood: The 55-year-old was found dead in the street.

 

An Australian visitor to Scotland died in the street of the small town Broxburn one hours drive from Edinburgh, after being stabbed once with a knife.

On Monday, a jury was told Thomas Allwood's body was found in Broxburn, West Lothian, in the early hours of June 21 this year.

At the High Court at Livingston, the prosecution and defence agreed the cause of death was a single stab wound to the 55-year-old investigative journalist's chest.

Kyle Montgomery, 24, is on trial after pleading not guilty to murdering Mr Allwood. 

Montgomery, from Winchburgh, West Lothian, denies assaulting  Mr Allwood on various occasions on the night he died, repeatedly punching him on the head and body, pursuing him with a knife and striking him on the body with a knife. 

The attacks are alleged to have happened in Galloway Crescent, Clarkson Road and elsewhere in Broxburn.    

Mr Allwood was found by members of the public lying in Pyothall Road, near Clarkson Road, at about 4:45am.  

June Douglas, 44, who lives next door to Montgomery's father Robert in Galloway Crescent, said she saw the accused in the street at around 1pm on June 20 carrying a bag which she assumed contained alcohol.   

A few minutes later she saw him at the door of his father's home trying to get in.

She told the court her neighbour was a known alcoholic and frequently caused a nuisance. In the early hours of the following morning she said she was startled by a loud bang on the wall of her bedroom just after 3am. 

She said: "It was as if somebody was going to come through the wall. It gave me a start - I'd never heard anything like the bang. I just took it that they were fighting and banging off the walls. It was something that happened all the time."

Under cross examination by defence advocate Derek Ogg, Ms Douglas agreed Mr Montgomery's house was "used like a drinking den".

She added: "It was like living next door to a pub."

Her friend Christopher McDonald, 31, who was staying with her at the time, said loud music, banging and the sound of raised voices had continued long after Ms Douglas had gone to bed. He was also startled by the loud noise at around 3.15am. 

He said: "The bang was the one thing that was out of the ordinary. I just assumed they were fighting again. The whole house shook."

He said he identified the sound of four voices in Mr Montgomery's one-bedroom maisonette that night. Things went quiet after the bang, then he said he heard someone leave by the back door.    

He told the jury: "Someone went out quietly. The door was never closed quietly. What drew my attention was that it wasn't slammed. Later - after 5 0'clock - I heard really loud voices from the garden. 

"I got really angry at that point. I pulled aside the curtain and I was ready to go mental, but the police were there."

Earlier barmaid Lisa Feenan, 30, said the accused's father Mr Montgomery had left the Badger's Brook pub in Broxburn just after 10pm on June 20 with a man she knew only as "the Australian". 

She said Mr Montgomery had been drinking Guinness in the bar for an hour and a half but the Australian visitor, who was with a woman she knew as Margaret, had only taken soft drinks. 

In a joint minute of agreement read to the jury, the Crown produced technical evidence, including records of mobile phone calls by the accused, his father Robert and Tina Borst.    

CCTV footage from cameras in Broxburn Main Street and the Badger's Brook pub was lodged as evidence along with a recording of a 999 call made by witness James McMillan on the morning of the incident.    

A till receipt for cigarettes and a lighter from the Costcutter store at Fairfield Service Station along with CCTV film captured just before 5am have also been lodged.

The trial, before Lord Doherty, continues.

Thomas Allwood was invited back from the pub by Robert Montgomery

By VIC RODRICK 
Published on Wednesday 21 November 2012 11:16

A DAD has told a murder trial that an Australian journalist he invited home from the pub tried to strangle his son on the living room floor in a row over a woman.

Robert Montgomery threw the man out of his home, but said his son, Kyle, followed the visitor armed with a bread knife. He returned a short time later with the blade stained with blood, the High Court at Livingston was told yesterday.

Kyle Montgomery, 24, denies murdering Australian journalist Thomas Allwood, 55, on June 21. Montgomery, from Winchburgh, West Lothian, denies assaulting the deceased, repeatedly punching him on the head and body, pursuing him with a knife and striking him on the body with a knife.

Dad Robert, 65, a self-confessed alcoholic, told how he befriended the murder victim and his girlfriend, Maggie, in a pub near his home in Broxburn and invited them to his house for a drink.

When they got there, Mr Montgomery said, Maggie sat beside the accused while Mr Montgomery and the Australian talked on another couch.

He said he felt uncomfortable because he thought the woman, who was in her 40s, was behaving “inappropriately” towards his son, rubbing his hand and putting her head in his lap.

He said he asked Mr Allwood: “Are you going to do something about that?” and he responded: “He can have her.”

Mr Montgomery went upstairs to the toilet at around 2am and returned a few minutes later to find his son pinned to the floor by Mr Allwood. He said the Australian had his foot on the younger man’s chest and both hands clamped around his neck, “strangling him”.

He told the jury: “I could see the fear in Kyle’s eyes. I told him [Allwood] to get off and he ran out the back door.

“He came back about ten minutes later. He was banging on the back door real loud. I opened it and he tried to come through the door like a raging bull, going for Kyle.

“Kyle got up, pushed me out of the way and pushed him out into the back garden.”

Mr Montgomery said that a few minutes later his son also left the house, but returned shortly afterwards, and grabbed a bread knife.

He said he didn’t hear or see anything happening outside because he remained inside on the sofa.

Advocate depute Martin Macari asked him: “What’s the next thing you remember happening?”

He replied: “Him [Kyle] coming back in again about five minutes later. There was blood on the knife.”

He said he took the knife from his son and put it back in the cutlery drawer.

Under cross-examination, Mr Montgomery confirmed that he had told police that the Australian man had said something like “I’ll kill him” as he was throttling the accused.

He added: “Kyle was scared and wasn’t fighting back.”

Mr Montgomery said his son had been treated for depression after being bullied at school for having an English accent.

The trial continues.

The INL News Special Investigations Team are sure
 from investigations into the murder of three investigative journalists

 Graham Allwood, 
http://www.inlnews.com/WhoMurderedThomasAllwood.html 

http://awn.bz/MurdochsOrderMediaBlock.html

Sean Hoare and 
http://www.inlnews.com/WhyWasSeanHoareMurdered.html

http://www.theguardian.com/media/2011/nov/23/sean-hoare-news-of-the-world

Sean Hoare, News of the World whistleblower, died of natural causes

Coroner says journalist used drink to help him cope with pressure generated by phone-hacking scandal
 Former News of the World reporter Sean Hoare was found dead at his home on 18 July at the height of the phone-hacking scandal. Photograph: News International/PA


Nik Clay 
http://www.inlnews.com/WhyWasNickClayMurderedP1.html 

 in the United Kingdom that were about to blow the lid of serious corrupt, wrongly, immoral, clandestine, evil an illegal activities and links involving senior politicians such as the Prime Minister of Britain David Cameron and the Chancellor of Britain George Osborne and their well know close friends of Rupert and James Murdoch and their multi-billion international media empire, corrupt police, corrupt judges, magistrates, adjudicators, corrupt lawyers, solicitors and attorneys, the criminal world and network that they were all murdered with the help of M15 and M16. which is funded and controlled form behind the scenes by the Rothschilds, Rockefeller Families and other powerful elite families, whom are the richest and most powerful families in the world with combined assets of hundreds of trillions of dollars, and in fact their group combined control through various private and secret partnership agreements with those who front for them in various media, mineral and energy, banking, drug companies and organisations (legal illegal), computer  hardware and software companies, transport company and many other industrial giants ..control over 60% of the world's wealth and are aiming to control all the world's wealth..
http://www.inlnews.com/RothschildsNewWorld1.html 


In and exclusive interview with Mr Wijat the head the the INL News Legal and Investigative Team,
Mr Wijat stated.." High Court of Justice- Chancery Division London, Master Price, well known Freemason...and friend of Freemason Peter Urquhart... acted in the most wrongful and corrupt was in the High Court of Justice on the 2nd July, 2012 making an an order against the rights and interests Thomas Allwood has in the property known as Haywicks Farm, Haywicks Lane, Harwdwicke, Gloucester, knowing that Thomas Allwood could not attend the hearing because he had been murdered on the 21st June, 2012 and dismissed a High Court Judge's order to help out his Freemason brothers being Peter Leslie Urquhart and Freemason legal friends who are silent partners  with Peter Uquhart knowing the order that Master Price made was made in a High Court action that was not even legally  issued in the first place..."..
Mr Wijat went on to say..." My teams investigations over the last two years into the running of the High Court of Justice in London  has concluded  with a large amount of damming evidence support such conclusion that London's High Court of Justice- Chancery Division is 
one of the most  corruptly court system in the English Speaking world...which on the surface is made to look all  fair and just with name like 'The High Courts of Justice',  however behind the scenes judges, masters, barristers, lawyers and solicitors who are in the right club and/or network, with the Freemasons being one of the networks, another being was has been made in world media  as the London Jewish Mafia- LJM, doing what they like and making upand changing the rules as they go.. to suit themselves... constantly present false and fabricated information to the court which the Judges and Masters  well know is false and fabricated.. as well as deliberately withhold material information from the court...  the ordinary person has no chance of justice in the what is named as the 'Royal Courts Of Justice@ also named the 'High Courts of Justice', 
which in actual fact should be correctly named.. 
'The Royal Courts of Injustice' and the Lowest Court No-Justice' ... the ordinary person has to accept that until there is  a complete clean out of corrupt Judges and Master in the Royal Court of Justice and a full parliamentary and judicial inquiry headed  by a team of judges from the International Courts of Justice...the ordinary person may as well avoid ever bothering to expect any justice  in London's Royal Court of Justice...
Murray Gleeson QC who was a well respected Chief Justice of the real High Court in Australia which is considered as high or higher  in law as the Supreme Court in England stated in a judicial journal a few years ago as a direction to all magistrates and judges  in the English Law System anywhere in the world... 'that if Magistrates and Judges think that the law of contempt is there to protect  themselves from criticism, then they are ignorant of the law... if seems clear that a great many masters and judges operating in London's Royal Courts of Justice are clearly ignorant of the law..."
Mr Wijat further wanted to say before he was heading off for an important meeting...." one case we have been helping with that  is a perfect example of corruption and wrongful acts done against innocent and ordinary people is the Fineland Investments Limited v Janice Pritchard case  in London's High Court of Justice--Chancery Division- HC06C002639..which the INL News Legal and Investigative Team with funding from Thomas Allwood... have
managing with thousands of hours in work, to have Janice Pritchard's case prepared and listed for leave to appeal in the Appeals  section of the High Court of Justice...which so far has shown some sign of fairness and professional behaviour...  we will see if leave to appeal is granted in this case which has so many obvious points and grounds of appeal...
 if leave to appeal is not granted in Janice Pritchard's case the we know that the court of appeal is just as
corrupt as the rest of London's High Court of Justice....so far the Court of Appeal have used the oldest trick in the legal book to  defeat a litigant in person, is to simply adjourn their case and never find a judge to rule on the appeal..
who has shown a very good case for leave to appeal to be granted and the grounds of the appeal are so embarrassing to acting Deputy Judge Alison Foster QC and the barrister, Marie Clair Bleasdale, of Radcliffe Chambers,  who represented Nathan Tielebaum and his company Fineland investments Limited 
and their lawyers Bude Natham Iwanier, and Ingram Winter Green at the trial in October, 2010...  that if justice is done, barrister Marie  Bleasdale may be struck of as being able  to practice as a barrister and Acting Deputy Judge Alison Foster QC, should lose her QC status, if not also be struck off from being able to practice as
a barrister... for more information of these case please look up www.awn.bz and in particular these web pages...
http://awn.bz/ingramWinterGreen_Legal.html
http://awn.bz/CorruptLondonMetPolice.html
http://awn.bz/CorruptLondonAttorneys.html
http://awn.bz/HMLandRegistryCorruption.html
http://awn.bz/LondonJewishMafia.html
http://awn.bz/UKRoyalCourtsOfInJustice.html
http://awn.bz/CorruptHighCourtJudges.html    
naturally Thomas Allwood an a INL News Investigative Reporter 
who was about to blow the lid off corruption and wrongful behaviour in the London's Royal Courts of Justice and providing finance from his own personal wealth to support the INL News Legal and Investigative Team help people like Janice Pritchard and her son  Robert Carter, regain their rightful possession and ownership  of her family home at 1 Garratt Close, Beddington, Surrey, London help and 
help Valerie Ann Butler regain he rightful possession and ownership of her family farm from Peter Leslie and Ann Jaqueline Urquhart,  known as Haywicks Farm, Haywicks Lane, Harwicke, Gloucetser...was so hated by a great many London judges and master, solicitors,  lawyers and barristers...
there certainly was celebrations amounst them when Thomas Allwood was murdered... not even one sympathy letter was even sent to Thomas Allwood's partner Valerie Ann Butler after Thomas Allwood's murder on the 21st June, 2012..  and in fact court hearings against Thomas Allwood's
rights still went ahead ..before a personal representative could be appointed to represent his interests...knowing he was now dead..  and Thomas Allwoods's death is no being used to permanently stall criminal contempt applications he has issued against barristers such as Marie Claire Bleasdale from being heard and applications to join staff of HM Land Registry such as Katharine brothers and others so acting in a wrongful and corrupt way
in handing the title deed of Haywicks Farm..."

 

Click here to read more about why Investigative Journalist working for the INL News Group Nik Clay was murdered?

http://inlnews.com/WhyWasNickClayMurderedP1.html

Who Murdered Investigative Journalist Nik Clay?

Why was Investigative Journalist Nik Clay murdered? 

Read more about this on the INL News page:

 WhyWasNickClayMurdered.



"......Many observers believe that if Nik Clay was murdered, then somewhere in his  work, he must have hit a central nerve......"

Reece Woodstock
Chief Editor, Vision Report Watch


".......Why was Nik Clay murdered?
Why Murdered Nik Clay?
These questions need to be answered by someone....."
stated by Michael McMannus .... Head of The AWN News Investigation Team appointed into finding out why and how and whom murdered Nick Clay just after Rik Clay went public with his work about  into conspiracy, symbolism and  synchromysticism (his blog was named The Cosmic Mind)  on the popular Red Ice  Creations Radio show in 2008

 Its because of a specific set of circumstances that occurred in  2008 involving someone called Nik Clay.

Many of you may not be aware of the case surrounding Nik Clay. Nik  Clay was  a young researcher into conspiracy, symbolism and  synchromysticism (his blog was named The Cosmic Mind) who apparently took his own life after an adrenal breakdown.
After Rik Clay went public with his work on the popular Red Ice  Creations Radio show in 2008, he went missing a few days later. 
Everything connected to Nick’s work was removed and a few weeks  later Nik Clay was found dead. 
Rik’s friends who had published back up’s of his blog took them down  and refused to discuss it any further stating they were scared. 
Many observers believe that if Nik was murdered, then somewhere in his  work, he must have hit a central nerve.

 

Thomas Graham Allwood...

 Irish Band Halcyon Daze Tour Manager, 
INL News Investigative Reporter,  writer and poet   found murdered in Boxburn, Scotland...
Anyone with important information into what Scottish Police Dennis Langton and the Scottish Police generally have from the very beginning called the murder of Thomas Graham Allwood please contact
Dennis Langton DC5325X. Major Investigation Team, Lothian and Borders Police
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..uk 
01506 445331 also they can contact:

Mhairi A Morrison, Principle Procurator Fiscal Depute,
Homicide Team, Procurator Fiscla’s Office, Edinburgh, 
Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service ,Precurator Fiscal’s Office 29 Chambers Street,
Edinburgh, EH1 1LB 
Tel No: ( from landline) : +44(0)844 561 3000. Tel No ( from mobile):  +44(0) 01389 739557
RNID Typetalk prefix: 18001 Fax:  +44 (0) 131 243 8111 DX: DX552061
Your Ref: Z1203586/AXT/AS Our Ref: LI12003186

The INL News Group's Special Thomas Allwood murder Investigation Team will be working closely with Dennis Langton and Mhairi A Morrison in the investigation into the murder of INL News Investigative Journalist Thomas Graham Allwood. The INL News Group are also calling in Scotland Yard into the investigation..

The Trial of Kyle Montgomery accused of the murder of Thomas Allwood...much loved and much respected INL News Investigative Journalist, poet fighter for justice and truth for the ordinary people and dedicated supporter of the arts..
Journalists around the world that knew Thomas Allwood are shock by the wrongful claims reported in the media about what was said by Robert Montgomery about what Thomas Allwood was meant to have done and said in his house on the 21st June, 2012 ... it is not enough that Robert Montgomery encouraged and invited Thomas Allwood to his house on the night of the 20th June, 2012 after Thomas Allwood was just drinking soft drinks in the hotel with Robert Montgomery .... with Thomas Allwood thinking he was going to be well treated when he arrived at Robert Montgomery's house... and then allowed and/or encouraged either his son Kyle Montgomery and/or other people and/or himself to murder Thomas Allwood.. but he tells defamatory and fabricated stories about the excellent good character of the Late Thomas Allwood .. so as to create a defense of self defense for his son Kyle Montgomery after giving evidence that is obviously for the purpose of trying to implicate his son, Kyle Montgomery in the Murder of Thomas Allwood ... leaving all observers wondering if this has bee all done to take the heat from himself from being charged with the murder of Thomas Allwood .... after all Robert Montgomery has said under oath to the court that he with his own hand took the blood stained bread knife from his son Kyle Montgomery and placed it in back in the draw, where it came from in the first place.... thus leaving his own finger prints on the blood stained bread knife that the Scottish Police and prosecution are saying caused the death of Thomas Allwood... 
The prosecution witnesses have been on the witness stand all week from the 19th to the 23rd November, 2012 and the trial continies on Tuesday the 27th November, 2012 at the High Court  before Lord Doherty in Livingston, Scotland, which is about an hour out of Edinburgh..


'....much loved and respected INL News Investigative Journalist, 

poet, fighter for the truth and justice and supporter of the arts...

Thomas Allwood was waiting like a lamb for the slaughter...'

'....In either case Kyle Montgomery's father,....

John Montgomery should 
have been arrested for conspiracy to Murder Thomas... 

just on his own evidence.. 

Allwood.... just on his own admissions that 
...that John Montgomery allowed his 24 year old son, Kyle Montgomery  to grab a bread knife from John Montgomery's kitchen draw... and walk out the try and stab INL News Investigative Journalist with a Scottish Birth Certificate...and then when his son was meant to have come back into John Montgomery's house a few minutes later with blood on the bread knife.. and John Montgomery goes on to state to the court that he asked his son, Kyle Montgomery did you do something bad? and John Montgomery states to the court that his son, Kyle Montgomery replied.. 'Yep'... then John Montgomery stated tot he court that he took the bread knife off his Son, Kyle Montgomery and put the bread knife back in the draw and then did not ask his son. Kyle Montgomery anymore questions about why there was blood on the bread knife and what he was meant to have done bad.. and then stated to the court that he just allowed his son, Kyle Montgomery to leave his house...and then went off the sleep without calling an ambulance or the police to make sure that Thomas Allwood was alright because he would have seemed obvious to John Montgomery and any other person with half a brain that is presented this information... that it was likely the blood on the knife was Thomas Allwood's because the fact that John Montgomery stated to the court that his son Kyle Montgomery had a physical fight with Thomas Allwood and stated that Thomas Allwood wanted to Kill his son, Kyle Montgomery and that John Montgomery was meant to have found Thomas Allwood standing over his son, Kyle Montgomery, with his foot on his chest and at the same time was meant to have had his hands around Kyle Montgomery's neck and was trying to strangle his son, Kyle Montgomery....#
besides that the fact that non of John Montgomery's story makes any sense and is completely an unbelievable story... that it seems most likely that John Montgomery has made up to try and push the blame on the murder and/or conspiracy to murder Thomas Allwood with others from himself... to his son, Kyle Montgomery...the evidence John Montgomery has given under oath at the trial of his son, Klye Montgomery who has been charged by the Scottish Police for the Murder of INL News Investigative UK Journalist Thomas Allwood is clearly enough sign of admitting to being involved with the murder and/or assisting the murder of 
  

INL News Investigative UK Journalist Thomas Allwood... and should have been charged by the Scottish Police at the time Kyle Montgomery was charged with conspiracy to murder 

INL News Investigative UK Journalist Thomas Allwood and/or with accessory before and after the fact.. John Montgomery is a prosecution witness leading evidence in chief for the police and prosecution, and thus would have made a similar statement based around the evidence he has so far given at the trial... and so the Scottish police and the prosecution would have well known what Robert Montgomery was going to say....and thus should have arrested and charged Robert Montgomery on the 21st June, 2012 when they arrested and charged Kyle Montgomery for the Murder of Thomas Allwood...
It is noted that three  of the other prosecution witnesses have so far given evidence that completely contradicts the reality and logic of Robert Montgomery's story these include 

Margaret Shedden (Birth name Galloway) who states she was not all amorous with Kyle Montgomery other than giving him a friendly hug because Kyle Montgomery had just broke up with his girl friend to try and make him feel a bit better... and the two next door neighbours stated a loud ban
"She told the court her neighbour was a known alcoholic and frequently caused a nuisance. In the early hours of the following morning she said she was startled by a loud bang on the wall of her bedroom just after 3am.
She said: "It was as if somebody was going to come through the wall. It gave me a start - I'd never heard anything like the bang. I just took it that they were fighting and banging off the walls. It was something that happened all the time."
Under cross examination by defence advocate Derek Ogg, Ms Douglas agreed Mr Montgomery's house was "used like a drinking den".
She added: "It was like living next door to a pub."
Her friend Christopher McDonald, 31, who was staying with her at the time, said loud music, banging and the sound of raised voices had continued long after Ms Douglas had gone to bed. He was also startled by the loud noise at around 3.15am.
He said: "The bang was the one thing that was out of the ordinary. I just assumed they were fighting again. The whole house shook."
He said he identified the sound of four voices in Mr Montgomery's one-bedroom maisonette that night. Things went quiet after the bang, then he said he heard someone leave by the back door.
He told the jury: "Someone went out quietly. The door was never closed quietly. What drew my attention was that it wasn't slammed. Later - after 5 0'clock - I heard really loud voices from the garden.
"I got really angry at that point. I pulled aside the curtain and I was ready to go mental, but the police were there."

Evening News 22-11-2012 Page 15. Headline,
Girlfriend denies 'amorous' action with murder accused
THE partner of an Australian man who was found murdered has told a jury that the last time she saw him alive was when he fled from a house after a scuffle.
Margaret Sheddon, 57, told the High Court at Livingston that she and Thomas Allwood had been drinking at the home of Robert Montgomery, after he invited them home from a pub.
When they arrived at the house in Broxburn West Lothian she said she hugged his son, Kyle Montgomery, who had just broken up with his girlfriend.
Montgomery, 24, of Winchburgh, West Lothian, denies murdering Mr Allwood, 55, on June 21 this year by stabbing him on the body with a knife.
Mrs Shedden said there was an altercation between Montgomery and Mr Allwood before her partner ran out the house back door. Under cross-examination, she denied behaving 'amorously' towards the accused. The Trial continues...

INL News Investigative Journalist Thomas Alwood had a Scottish Birth Certificate and had moved back to Broxburn, Scotland to live after many years living in Australia to be a full time Investigative Journalist for the ILN News Group... investigating serious corruption in the legal, political and courts systems in the United |Kingdom, especially in London's High Court Of Justice where Thomas Allwood found that corruption and wrongful behaviour by judges, masters, court clerical staff, solicitors and barristers was rife and and part of the ingrained culture of London's High Court of Justice... INL News Investigative Journalist Thomas Allwood dedicated his life to helping ordinary people who had been a victim of wrongful court judgements and any other wrongful acts against them by powerful people, networks and and organisations such as Janice Pritchard who have been defrauded of her London family home, Janice Pritchard and her son had lived in for over 20 years and illegally and/or wrongly removed and put on the street one Friday afternoon with no warning whatsoever with only the cloths they were wearing at the time with all the life's possessions, medications, toiletries, clothes and valuable family things... with the help of an illegal and/or wrongful court order obtained in an illegal and/or wrongful way by powerful London solicitors and barristers presenting false and misleading information and submissions to the court and withholding material information from the court which Sir John Thomas, president of the Queens Bench Division of the High Court of Justice, has now issued a warning that solicitors and barristers must reveal everything... in other words "all material facts" when presenting any application and/or defending any application in the court, including facts that might lead to applications failing.... and that solicitors and barristers must comply at all times with their duty to make full disclosure to the courts...

http://www.scotsman.com/news/lawyers-told-to-give-full-disclosure-in-asylum-cases-1-2645669
 

Lawyers told to give full disclosure in Court cases and applications...

Sir John Thomas-grave failures by solicitors and barristers in the England's High Court of Justice to comply with the long-standing and accepted principle of full disclosure.

Published on Tuesday 20 November 2012 00:59
 
HUMAN rights lawyers will in future face disciplinary action if they fail to reveal “all material facts” when applying for High Court injunctions to halt the removal of failed asylum seekers from the UK.
 
One of the country’s most senior judges has given a warning they must reveal everything, including facts that might lead to applications failing, it was 
revealed yesterday. The judge has also named solicitors responsible in three cases for “very grave failures” to comply with their duty to make full disclosure to the courts.
Sir John Thomas, president of the Queen’s Bench Division of the High Court of Justice, said he believed that if the lawyers in all three cases had set down “the true points against the grant of an injunction”, it would have been so obvious the applications could not succeed that they would never have been made.
The problem highlighted by Sir John stems from legal representatives making “ex parte” applications, with only one side represented, to High Court judges in bids to keep failed asylum claimants in the country pending fresh legal challenges.
Judicial alarm is growing because this kind of application is increasing. Sir John said in a ruling it was “deeply regrettable” that, in each of the three cases, there had been grave failures to comply with the long-standing principle of full disclosure.

 Irish Band Halcyon Daze Tour Manager, 
INL News Investigative Reporter,  writer and poet   found murdered in Broxburn, Scotland...
Anyone with important information into what Scottish Police Dennis Langton and the Scottish Police generally have from the very beginning called the murder of Thomas Graham Allwood please contact
Dennis Langton DC5325X, Major Investigation Team, Lothian and Borders Police email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..uk
01506 445331 The INL News Group's Special Thomas Allwood murder Investigation Team will be working closely with Dennis Langton in the investigation into the murder of INL News Investigative Journalist Thomas Graham Allwood. 
The INL News Group are also calling in Scotland Yard into the investigation of the what the Scottish Police have said from the time they arrived on the scene where to body was found at about 5am Thursday the 21st June 2012 is the Murder of Thomas Graham Allwood.
'....Thomas Allwood was waiting like a lamb for the slaughter...'

'....In either case Kyle Montgomery's father,....
John Montgomery should 
have been arrested for conspiracy.....'



Trial of Kyle Montgomery accused by Scottish Police of the Murder of Australian/Scottish Journalist Thomas Allwood being held in the Livingston Court, Scotland started 19th November, 2012 before Lord Doherty

Urgent Attention:

George Thompson Tel: 0776584775503, Email:  "George Thomson" <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>

Public defender's Solicitor: Gillian Taylor : 07920 085 400  Email: "Gillian Taylor" <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>

Public Defenders Office, Edinburgh, PDSO Edinburgh, 50 St Mary's Street

Edinburgh EH1 1SX, Call free on 0800 328 1222
Tel: 0131 557 1222, Fax: 0131 557 2212, Email: "Scottish Public Defenders Office" <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>

Fraud Murder - Haywicks Farm

https://inlnews.ws/FraudMurder-HaywicksFarm.html 

Man in court over Thomas Allwood murder

http://inlnews.com/MarkZuckerberg_Zuckerman.php

http://inlnews.com/Freemason-TheBrotherhood.html


thomas allwood
Thomas Allwood was found lying in the road

A man has appeared in court charged with murder following the death of a 55-year-old man in West Lothian last week.

Thomas Allwood was found by members of the public lying across Pyothall Road in Broxburn at about 04:45 on Thursday.

Kyle Montgomery, 24, of Winchburgh, appeared on petition at Livingston Sheriff Court.

He made no plea or declaration and was remanded in custody for further inquiries.


Senior respected Freemason CID Police Officer Paul Day Heads
 in English Police Inquiry into a double murder and fraud
associated with the theft of the title deed and property
 Haywicks Farm, Haywicks Lane, Harwicke, Gloucester, England,


Senior respected Freemason CID Police Officer Paul Day Heads in English Police Inquiry into a double murder and fraud associated with the theft of the title deed and property Haywicks Farm, Haywicks Lane, Harwicke, Gloucester, England, buy well known solicitors, barristers and repsected business people in Gloucester … the person who was defrauded as a result of the double murder and fraud was English born Valerie Butler the only child of the late Herbert henry Butler, who as Senior respected Freemason CID Police Officer Paul Day has discovered from his investigations, had is will forged with the help of now senior solicitor Simon James Fraser and other solicitors and a person called Vivienne Hobbs that never existed as a real name or a real person, who were claim to have witnessed the last will and testament of the Late Herbert Henry Butler, when from the face of such alleged fraudulent will, it was quite obviously a forgery and was even properly and formerly witnessed. It seems that it started off with the murder of the late Herbert Henry Butler in 1990, so the forged will could be activated and used to fraudulently obtain the  title deed and property Haywicks Farm, Haywicks Lane, Harwicke, Gloucester, England, then let the dust settle for 20 year or so, then in 2011/2012 attempting to fraudulently transferring the title deed and property Haywicks Farm, Haywicks Lane, Harwicke, Gloucester, England to a third party and friendly businessman, who was originally the client of one of the solicitors in the 1990’s that were involved in the forged will and having the forged will used to obtain a grant of probate. The plan was then to let a few more years pass, so no suspicions would arise, and then organise one of the friendly local council officers to approve a re-zoning from a single residential farm to a luxury residential development, where all the conspirators will all share in the over £20 million pounds profit and all end up with their own luxury home free of charge as well as a substantial cash profit, after development and building costs are paid.

All was going well for the murderous scheming fraudsters until an honest Freemason CID Officer based at Talbot House, Cheltenham Police Station, Lansdown Road, Cheltenham, Gloustershire, GL51 6QT, decided that enough is enough and without fear or favour is working hard seven days a week to get to the bottom of the most serious fraud that now involves a second person murdered to try and stop the truth coming out. Scottish born Thomas Graham Allwood was getting too close to the truth, when using a de-poll name as a cover issued a High Court of Justice Claim in the High Court of Justice of England against around 20 defendants, which included many the high profile and respected solicitors and legal firms in Gloustershire and Cheltenham, both existing and closed up  such as Mage Lloyd Gibson and others alleging a serious conspiracy to defraud  Valerie Butler of her legal right to own her late father’s 25 acre multi-million pound farm known as Haywicks Farm, Haywicks Lane, Harwicke, Gloucester, England, demanding on behalf of Valerie Butler,  the return of the title deed and for damages. The conspirators were very concerned that he was getting to the truth and also very concerned about that the fact they found out that Thomas Graham Allwood was an undercover investigative journalist for the INL News Group. So they decided that Thomas Graham Allwood had to be first threatened to back off or he would be murdered, and then finally murdered, which would also scare off Valerie Butler to run back to Australia where she has been living since the 1980. Having gone there to live with her late husband and her late father Herbert Henry Butler. Thomas Graham Allwood was murder in the early hours of the morning in Broxburn Scotland on the 21st of June, 2012 and/or late in the evening on the 20th June, 2012. The make sure they were not investigated the conspirators help make sure that a young man Kyle Montgomery was made a scape Goat for the murder of the late Thomas Graham Allwood, and their powerful connections in the Scottish Police made sure that the real facts were not investigated and covered up, and remained covered up. A three hundred page report that was prepared by the INL News Investigation section into the murder of Thomas Graham Allwood was also buried and cover up after being handed to the government of Scotland..

 

Paul Day, CID Team 1

Talbot House, Cheltenham Police station

Lansdown Road, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire GL51 6QT

Tel 01242 276292

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..police.uk

Australian visitor died in the street after being stabbed in chest

STV  19 November 2012
Thomas Allwood, found dead in Broxburn, West Lothian, on June 20 2012.
Thomas Allwood: The 55-year-old was found dead in the street.

An Australian visitor to Scotland died in the street of a small town after being stabbed once with a knife.

On Monday, a jury was told Thomas Allwood's body was found in Broxburn, West Lothian, in the early hours of June 21 this year.

At the High Court at Livingston, the prosecution and defence agreed the cause of death was a single stab wound to the 55-year-old investigative journalist's chest.

Kyle Montgomery, 24, is on trial after pleading not guilty to murdering Mr Allwood.

Montgomery, from Winchburgh, West Lothian, denies assaulting the Mr Allwood on various occasions on the night he died, repeatedly punching him on the head and body, pursuing him with a knife and striking him on the body with a knife.

The attacks are alleged to have happened in Galloway Crescent, Clarkson Road and elsewhere in Broxburn.

Mr Allwood was found by members of the public lying in Pyothall Road, near Clarkson Road, at about 4:45am.

June Douglas, 44, who lives next door to Montgomery's father Robert in Galloway Crescent, said she saw the accused in the street at around 1pm on June 20 carrying a bag which she assumed contained alcohol.

A few minutes later she saw him at the door of his father's home trying to get in.

She told the court her neighbour was a known alcoholic and frequently caused a nuisance. In the early hours of the following morning she said she was startled by a loud bang on the wall of her bedroom just after 3am.

She said: "It was as if somebody was going to come through the wall. It gave me a start - I'd never heard anything like the bang. I just took it that they were fighting and banging off the walls. It was something that happened all the time."

Under cross examination by defence advocate Derek Ogg, Ms Douglas agreed Mr Montgomery's house was "used like a drinking den".

She added: "It was like living next door to a pub."

Her friend Christopher McDonald, 31, who was staying with her at the time, said loud music, banging and the sound of raised voices had continued long after Ms Douglas had gone to bed. He was also startled by the loud noise at around 3.15am. He said: "The bang was the one thing that was out of the ordinary. I just assumed they were fighting again. The whole house shook." He said he identified the sound of four voices in Mr Montgomery's one-bedroom maisonette that night. Things went quiet after the bang, then he said he heard someone leave by the back door. He told the jury: "Someone went out quietly. The door was never closed quietly. What drew my attention was that it wasn't slammed. Later - after 5 0'clock - I heard really loud voices from the garden.

"I got really angry at that point. I pulled aside the curtain and I was ready to go mental, but the police were there."

Earlier barmaid Lisa Feenan, 30, said the accused's father Mr Montgomery had left the Badger's Brook pub in Broxburn just after 10pm on June 20 with a man she knew only as "the Australian".

She said Mr Montgomery had been drinking Guinness in the bar for an hour and a half but the Australian visitor, who was with a woman she knew as Margaret, had only taken soft drinks. In a joint minute of agreement read to the jury, the Crown produced technical evidence, including records of mobile phone calls by the accused, his father Robert and Tina Borst. CCTV footage from cameras in Broxburn Main Street and the Badger's Brook pub was lodged as evidence along with a recording of a 999 call made by witness James McMillan on the morning of the incident. A till receipt for cigarettes and a lighter from the Costcutter store at Fairfield Service Station along with CCTV film captured just before 5am have also been lodged.

The trial, before Lord Doherty, continues.

http://www.scotland-judiciary.org.uk/8/964/HMA-v-KYLE-MONTGOMERY

HMA v KYLE MONTGOMERY

At the High Court in Edinburgh Lord Doherty sentenced Kyle Montgomery to nine years imprisonment after he was found guilty of the culpable homicide of Thomas Graham Allwood in Broxburn on 21 June 2012.

On sentencing Lord Doherty made the following statement in court:

“You have been convicted of culpable homicide. The jury determined that you assaulted Mr Allwood, pursued him whilst in possession of a knife, struck him on the body with a knife, and killed him.

You were involved in an altercation with the deceased on the evening of the killing. The deceased initiated that altercation. I take full account of that fact, the fact that the first person to use physical violence that night was the deceased, and that he had to be ejected twice from your father’s home. I also take account of the fact that the cause of death was a single blow with the knife. These were doubtless factors which weighed with the jury in deciding to return a verdict of culpable homicide rather than murder. I have regard to your previous good record.

I do not regard the fact that you were intoxicated at the time as being a mitigatory factor. I do not attach much weight to the fact that only mild force would have been required to inflict the injury which was inflicted. Sharp weapons of the sort you used are capable of inflicting grievous injury using only mild force. That is part of the reason they are so deadly. The message must go out loud and clear that those who arm themselves with such weapons, and even more so, those who go on to use them, must expect the courts to deal with them severely.

The inescapable facts are that after the deceased was ejected from your father’s home you decided to go out too. You returned a short time later. You armed yourself with a lethal weapon.You resisted your father’s attempts to disarm you. You went back outside. You stabbed the deceased in the left side of his chest with the knife, cutting through his lung and making two slits in the left side of his ascending thoracic aorta. The jury rejected your account of accidental stabbing. The stabbing was deliberate. You were not acting in self defence. The stabbing was not done under provocation. After you had stabbed him you made no attempt to obtain assistance for your victim. He bled to death from his injuries within a very short time.

I would be failing in my duty if I did not treat this as a grave case of culpable homicide. I regard your culpability for the killing as being high. The sentence which I impose is one of 9 years imprisonment. That sentence will run from 25 June 2012.”

Murder trial told DNA of victim and alleged killer found on kitchen knife


http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/scottish-news/murder-trial-told-dna-of-victim-1453803
 
Thomas Allwood

THE DNA of a murder victim and his alleged killer were found on a kitchen knife, a court heard yesterday.

The High Court in Livingston was told the odds of the DNA matching anyone other than the deceased, Thomas Allwood, were 28,600,000-1.

Blood samples lifted from the blade were a billion-to-one match for 24-year-old Kyle Montgomery, who denies murdering Thomas in Broxburn on June 21.

The knife was found in Montgomery’s dad’s kitchen.

Forensic scientist Kirsty McTurk told the jury: “The findings are consistent with Kyle Montgomery having assaulted Thomas Allwood.”

The trial was adjourned until Monday.

Further report of the NYT's Investigation Team into the murder of Thomas Graham Allwood darted the 21st November 2012

 Yes, that is the real question....Did Robert Montgomery see the blood on the knife? and put the knife back in the cutlery drawer with the blood still on it or  did Robert Montgomery clean the knife before putting it back in the cutlery drawer  .   In either case Robert Montgomery should have been arrested for conspiracy to murder Thomas Allwood.....Yes the evidence of Robert Montgomery has obviously been well rehearsed.... but by who and with whom.. You see Robert Montgomery is a prosecution witness not a defence witness....

In fact one of the main prosecution witnesses...along with the boy Ryan and his girl friend Tina Borst....who said on the topix.com website that it was Ryan (she says is her partner) and his two male friends that found G's body at 4.45am on the 21st July 2012 and Ryan did the right thing and took the police to ID Kyle Montgomery as the murderer a short time after the police arrived to the scene where the body was found in the street...

This means that the prosecution and the Scottish Police would have taken a statement from John Montgomery and or helped him write and/or massage Robert Montgomery's statement  as they often do with prosecution witnesses...even if they did not help write or massage the statement of Robert Montgomery... which they will never admit they either helped write and/or massage Robert Montgomery's statement.... the police and the prosecution would undeniably have known exactly what Robert Montgomery was going to say on the witness stand and what any other of their prosecution witnesses were going to say on the witness stand because that is how criminal trial work...the police and the prosecution go around getting written statements from people that may know something about what happened that night and if what they have to say has some bearing on a possible guilty verdict and/or helps the court and the jury understand the background of what happened an an attempt to get tot he truth of what happened that night and maybe previously if there is some suspicion that the murder was planed in any way.. as it looks like it clearly was by Robert Montgomery and Margaret Sheddon (Galloway) ...then the the police and the prosecution would have known that Robert Montgomery  was going to give evidence that was enough on his own statement to have Robert Montgomery charged with conspiracy to murder G and/or an accessory after the fact and/or at the very minimum helping Thomas Allwood to die by not immediately ringing the police and an ambulance the minute that his son Klyle Montgomery came back in to the house with the bread knife with blood on it... Robert Montgomery admits she saw the blood.....and took the knife from the Kyle Montgomery and put is back in the draw...

It seems he has not said if he cleaned the knife before he put it back in the draw..it seems rather odd that the prosecution and/or defence counsel have not asked him that question

Did you clean the knife of the blood before putting the knife back in the draw? 
This indicates both the prosecution counsel and the defence counsel are conspiring to hide the whole truth and by not asking that question is absolutely wrong and an attempt to protect Robert Montgomery and maybe others who it could be seen that have been involved in a conspiracy to murder Thomas Allwood...
Then the Lord Doherty should have stepped in and ask that question 

That is what judges are meant to do when they feel all the right and important questions are not been asked of the witnesses by the prosecution and the defence...

this shows the Judge is not doing his job properly and seems to be in the club with the police, the prosecution and the defence counsel to help cover up the truth... If the time of around 2-2.15 am is right when the Kyle was meant to have stabbed Thomas Allwood

(It seems in the back garden... as Robert Montgomery says on first occasions Robert Montgomery told Thomas Allwood to get out and Thomas Allwood went out the back door and then came back in 10 minutes later.. and the second time Robert Allwood says it was Kyle Montgomery that pushed Thomas Allwood he said into the garden...."Kyle got up, pushed me out of the way and pushed him out into the back garden...So Thomas Allwood ends up in the back garden not on the street just wondering around where he could simply run away to your place as your place was not far away...that is what Thomas Allwood would have done if he was pushed out onto the street.....It is well known to Thomas Allwood's friends that Thomas Allwood can not stand tension and if there is an argument or fight or hint of a fight...then he will simply run away to a friends house ...and your house was very close....there is no way he would have kept trying to get back into Robert Montgomery's house....after being told to leave in these sort of circumstances...However if a Robert Montgomery states that on both occasion Thomas Allwood ended up in the back garden as a result of going out the back door.. in all these houses as far as I am aware the back gardens are all enclosed and no back gate etc so Thomas Allwood would have been trapped in the back garden by, Robert Montgomery, Kyle Montgomery, Margaret Sheddon (Galloway)  and who ever else was in the house that night as part of the murder plan.. it sounds like from the evidence of the neighbour that a person quietly left the house without slamming the door (which is always slammed on all previous occasions) about 3.15 am and it is likely that was the person who actually was the murderer who killed Thomas Allwood with one single knife wound which on speaking to a Scottish Doctor... this is only possible in normal circumstances to be done with one single knife would by a trained doctor who knows the body very well or a trained assassin.... more likely a trained assassin from MI5 M!6 or Mossad working for the British Government and others who wanted INL News Investigative Journalist dead because he was in the process of exposing serious corruption and wrong activities by very powerful people including David Cameron the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom whom Thomas Allwood was suing for £500 million in damages and demanding that Prime Minister David Cameron and his treasury Solicitors be locked up for criminal contempt

Robert Montgomery  admits Thomas Allwood  was in the back yard and went out the back door not the front door.....and they they all knew this and knew when Kyle Montgomery  was meant to have grabbed the knife he would have gone out to the back yard 

'...where Thomas Allwood was waiting like a lamb for the slaughter....'

This is what a jopurnlist friend of Thomas Allwood stated this morning in an email to NYT.bz 
after reading the STV report of the trial

Thanks for report......
seeing Thomas Allwood's photo made me cry.,.....
It is so unfair that those drunken no mark shits and those bitches treated Thomas Allwood like that.......if he only had soft drinks...... surely Thomas Allwood would have called out or fought back if that Kyle Montgomery was drunk. 
I see the father Robert Montgomery didn't even give a toss and just went to sleep. 

What an ignorant bastard.
I hope God rots them from the inside out an they die a horrible death. 
Yes, this Margaret Sheddon (Galloway)
loved him so much.....but couldn't so much as look for him or care what was happening.
Margaret Sheddon (Galloway)
should own up to her part in it.
those who butchered Thomas Allwood will suffer all right with divine justice.

Hi..
I had another look at the report, as a bit tired when I read it an upset. none of it adds up.....Thomas Allwood wasn't drunk and was going back to oz,so he was probably feeling at ease.he wouldn't have fought and strangled. someone over this Margaret Sheddon (Galloway) person if he was leaving her,and anyhow he seemed a person who would accept that she wasn't decent an let go. 
If this Kyle Montgomery was 'sensitive and afraid' why didn't he call police about so called threats?
why go for a knife and .kill someone and risk life imprisonment.....
wouldn't a father, Robert Montgomery try to stop Kyle Montgomery from trying to attack Thomas Allwood with a knife and why didn't the father.. Robert Montgomery and/or the son Kyle Montogmery and/or Margaret Sheddon (Galloway)  call police.....
Could this Margaret Sheddon (Galloway)have been in another relationship -with them-and was using Thomas Allwood. 
If he mentioned he had property and money. 
Also was the father is a drunk... what is his past......is he an unreliable witness.....seems to be hinting self defence.....only those creatures no the truth.... I wish Thomas Allwood had been more discriminating an streetwise..
 prosecution seems to be weak and/or suspect.... it all seems very odd.....

I phoned Scottish police, asked if Kyle's father, Robert Montgomery is being charged as accessory after fact, sand and to the police officer that Thomas Allwood is very kind person who would help anyone. The copper wouldn't discuss, said he is giving evidence today in court and says call him after case over......

Sounds like the father has been well rehearsed by the prosecution and the police in what to say....  
Seems to contradict what the barmaid said that they were fighting at 3 to 3.30 am although maybe
Margaret Shedden ( Birth Name Galloway) was undoubtedly completely drunk but must have been involved some time.
The defense or the prosecution will have make her testify.
  Could be that Margaret Shedden ( Birth Name Galloway) urged Thomas Allwood on.
Rather out of character for Thomas Allwood...
The real question is did Mr. Robert Montgomery senior see the blood on the knife and put the knife back
in the cutlery drawer with the blood still on it or did he clean it. 

In either case Kyle Montgomery's father, John Montgomery should have been arrested for conspiracy to murder UK Born INL News Investigative Journalist Thomas Allwood

http://news.stv.tv/scotland/201510-australian-visitor-died-in-the-street-after-being-stabbed-once/

Australian visitor died in the street after being stabbed in chest

STV 19 November 2012 17:24 GMT

Thomas Allwood: The 55-year-old was found dead in the street.

An Australian visitor to Scotland died in the street of the small town Broxburn one hours drive from Edinburgh, after being stabbed once with a knife.

On Monday, a jury was told Thomas Allwood's body was found in Broxburn, West Lothian, in the early hours of June 21 this year.

At the High Court at Livingston, the prosecution and defence agreed the cause of death was a single stab wound to the 55-year-old investigative journalist's chest.

Kyle Montgomery, 24, is on trial after pleading not guilty to murdering Mr Allwood. 

Montgomery, from Winchburgh, West Lothian, denies assaulting  Mr Allwood on various occasions on the night he died, repeatedly punching him on the head and body, pursuing him with a knife and striking him on the body with a knife. 

The attacks are alleged to have happened in Galloway Crescent, Clarkson Road and elsewhere in Broxburn.    

Mr Allwood was found by members of the public lying in Pyothall Road, near Clarkson Road, at about 4:45am.  

June Douglas, 44, who lives next door to Montgomery's father Robert in Galloway Crescent, said she saw the accused in the street at around 1pm on June 20 carrying a bag which she assumed contained alcohol.   

A few minutes later she saw him at the door of his father's home trying to get in.

She told the court her neighbour was a known alcoholic and frequently caused a nuisance. In the early hours of the following morning she said she was startled by a loud bang on the wall of her bedroom just after 3am. 

She said: "It was as if somebody was going to come through the wall. It gave me a start - I'd never heard anything like the bang. I just took it that they were fighting and banging off the walls. It was something that happened all the time."

Under cross examination by defence advocate Derek Ogg, Ms Douglas agreed Mr Montgomery's house was "used like a drinking den".

She added: "It was like living next door to a pub."

Her friend Christopher McDonald, 31, who was staying with her at the time, said loud music, banging and the sound of raised voices had continued long after Ms Douglas had gone to bed. He was also startled by the loud noise at around 3.15am. 

He said: "The bang was the one thing that was out of the ordinary. I just assumed they were fighting again. The whole house shook."

He said he identified the sound of four voices in Mr Montgomery's one-bedroom maisonette that night. Things went quiet after the bang, then he said he heard someone leave by the back door.    

He told the jury: "Someone went out quietly. The door was never closed quietly. What drew my attention was that it wasn't slammed. Later - after 5 0'clock - I heard really loud voices from the garden. 

"I got really angry at that point. I pulled aside the curtain and I was ready to go mental, but the police were there."

Earlier barmaid Lisa Feenan, 30, said the accused's father Mr Montgomery had left the Badger's Brook pub in Broxburn just after 10pm on June 20 with a man she knew only as "the Australian". 

She said Mr Montgomery had been drinking Guinness in the bar for an hour and a half but the Australian visitor, who was with a woman she knew as Margaret, had only taken soft drinks. 

In a joint minute of agreement read to the jury, the Crown produced technical evidence, including records of mobile phone calls by the accused, his father Robert and Tina Borst.    

CCTV footage from cameras in Broxburn Main Street and the Badger's Brook pub was lodged as evidence along with a recording of a 999 call made by witness James McMillan on the morning of the incident.    

A till receipt for cigarettes and a lighter from the Costcutter store at Fairfield Service Station along with CCTV film captured just before 5am have also been lodged.

The trial, before Lord Doherty, continues.

Thomas Allwood was invited back from the pub by Robert Montgomery

By VIC RODRICK 
Published on Wednesday 21 November 2012 11:16

A DAD has told a murder trial that an Australian journalist he invited home from the pub tried to strangle his son on the living room floor in a row over a woman.

Robert Montgomery threw the man out of his home, but said his son, Kyle, followed the visitor armed with a bread knife. He returned a short time later with the blade stained with blood, the High Court at Livingston was told yesterday.

Kyle Montgomery, 24, denies murdering Australian journalist Thomas Allwood, 55, on June 21. Montgomery, from Winchburgh, West Lothian, denies assaulting the deceased, repeatedly punching him on the head and body, pursuing him with a knife and striking him on the body with a knife.

Dad Robert, 65, a self-confessed alcoholic, told how he befriended the murder victim and his girlfriend, Maggie, in a pub near his home in Broxburn and invited them to his house for a drink.

When they got there, Mr Montgomery said, Maggie sat beside the accused while Mr Montgomery and the Australian talked on another couch.

He said he felt uncomfortable because he thought the woman, who was in her 40s, was behaving “inappropriately” towards his son, rubbing his hand and putting her head in his lap.

He said he asked Mr Allwood: “Are you going to do something about that?” and he responded: “He can have her.”

Mr Montgomery went upstairs to the toilet at around 2am and returned a few minutes later to find his son pinned to the floor by Mr Allwood. He said the Australian had his foot on the younger man’s chest and both hands clamped around his neck, “strangling him”.

He told the jury: “I could see the fear in Kyle’s eyes. I told him [Allwood] to get off and he ran out the back door.

“He came back about ten minutes later. He was banging on the back door real loud. I opened it and he tried to come through the door like a raging bull, going for Kyle.

“Kyle got up, pushed me out of the way and pushed him out into the back garden.”

Mr Montgomery said that a few minutes later his son also left the house, but returned shortly afterwards, and grabbed a bread knife.

He said he didn’t hear or see anything happening outside because he remained inside on the sofa.

Advocate depute Martin Macari asked him: “What’s the next thing you remember happening?”

He replied: “Him [Kyle] coming back in again about five minutes later. There was blood on the knife.”

He said he took the knife from his son and put it back in the cutlery drawer.

Under cross-examination, Mr Montgomery confirmed that he had told police that the Australian man had said something like “I’ll kill him” as he was throttling the accused.

He added: “Kyle was scared and wasn’t fighting back.”

Mr Montgomery said his son had been treated for depression after being bullied at school for having an English accent.

The trial continues.

AWN News was trying to do a google search of the story ---Murder of Thomas Allwood in the Brisbane Courier Mail the major state paper in Queensland, Australia owned by the Murdochs News Corporation-to see if the Brisbane Courier Mail picked up and run with the story and found nothing...  particularilty that it is well known that Thomas Allwood is Queenslander...INL News researchers found it very odd that none of the main papers in the UK, USA or Australia or anywhere else in the world are running with the story of the  Murder of well know and well loved Australian INL News Investigative Journalist Thomas Allwood............................this is big news... 
and no other media outlet in Australia other than INL News and AWN News are running with the story... AWN news are sure that of one of the journalists working for

world... yet with the murder of INL News Investigative Journalist Thomas Graham Allwood that was investigating and suing over wrongful actions by Rupert and James Murdoch's multi billion and all powerful News Corporation and their well connected people in politics and the UK Government and the UK Border Agency who illegally arrested USA Character Comedian Ronnie Prouty at Heathrow Airport for no valid or legal reason and held him detention for 24 hours and then put him in handcuffs on using his own return air ticket back to Los Angels the next day .. all because Rupert and James Murdoch's multi billion and all powerful News Corporation and their well connected people in politics and

 the UK Government and the UK Border Agency wanted to Thomas Graham Allwood and the INL News Group and partners completing the pilot of their Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Show being filmed in the famous Cowgate in Edinburgh in April, 2011.. 

Rupert and James Murdoch's multi billion and all powerful News Corporation  are now publicly well known to be involved in international industrial espionage and sabotage of any people or group that are in opposition to them in the media world... they want to own all the media in the world and do not want any competition and will do anything they have t9o do illegal, immoral wrongful etc to stop any competitor from continuing against them....


An Australian is murdered in Scotland and left on the street to die
..and no one in the street seemed to have heard a fight or noise at all
One woman whose home overlooks the area where Thomas’ body was
discovered said she was upset to hear what had happened.
",....She said: “I didn’t hear a thing during the night but it’s
shocking to think this has happened here.
“This is far too close to home for my liking.
“Pyothall Road is a normally quiet area.
“On a Saturday night around here you can just about hear a pin drop....." If this lady says you could hear a pin drop in the street, there in noway Thomas Allwood was murdered in that street...
the murder had to have been carried out elsewhere and the body dropped there in that street.....so one person could not carry and lift a dead weight of Thomas Allwood, who is a very big man.....
it had to be at least three people that carry his body there.....
by car and then they lifted his body onto the pavement and and drove away...
For some strange reason the police seem to be happy with just arresting one young 25 year old man for the murder when it is obvious he could not do this alone,.... if he did it all all.....
Something does not add up here 

http://www.westlothiancourier.co.uk/2012/06/28/community-s-shock-over-man-s-death-62405-31274579/

Community's shock over man's death

Jun 28 2012 by Marjorie Kerr, West Lothian Courier

A COMMUNITY have spoken of their shock after a man was found dead in their street.

Thomas Graham Allwood (55) from Broxburn was found dead in the town’s Pyothall Road at around 4.45am on Thursday (June 21).

And residents in the quiet street said they were shocked and saddened to hear about the incident.

One woman whose home overlooks the area where Thomas’ body was discovered said she was upset to hear what had happened.

She said: “I didn’t hear a thing during the night but it’s shocking to think this has happened here.

“This is far too close to home for my liking.

“Pyothall Road is a normally quiet area.

“On a Saturday night around here you can just about hear a pin drop.

“The only people you really see are dog walkers.

“Nothing like this has happened round here before so it’s quite upsetting.

“I had to go and pick my kids up from school because they were too scared to walk home.”

Another man who lives in the area said he was shaken when he heard about the incident in the street.

He said: “We had the window open during the night and I would have thought we would have heard something.

“The first we knew about it was when the police arrived.

“It’s a terrible shock to think this has happened on our own doorstep.”

A man has appeared in court charged with murder following the death of Thomas Allwood.

Kyle Montgomery (24) of Winchburgh, appeared at Livingston Sheriff Court on Monday.

He made no plea or declaration and was remanded in custody.


The Friendly Team at International News Limited (USA)
Yahoo Real Estate is a sponsor of www.edinburghfringefest.com
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If you are interested in having the USA Weekly News review your show 

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Thomas Allwood...
                           ..another dead victim of
               the Haywicks Farm Fraud and Murder Gang.
            Topix Forum.."..Kevin Brisbane Australia....
             22nd June 201`2"..can any one tell me the dead mans name
                  we think he is our friend from Australia....

                                 any help please ...if his name is Graham? 
                                  he lives down under oz we know him ...
                           "kevin wrote: if his name is Graham he lives down under oz we know him

                     sorry no one knows who it is yet.
                         but ive heard hes a brox man so not an aussie. x 
                                "Yes it was the Australian as far as we know. Sorry for ur loss .."
                            "..... his name is thomas allwood. ..."
                                     Kevin from Brisbane Australia..
                     
                           "Yes this was our friend 

                   from Hervey Bay Australia;;                           

                                                   Big loss .......
                                               
              The low life bastard who stabbed him
                                         
                 hope he gets what he deserves life throw a way 
                                               
                          the key . get the scum of the streets 
                                           
                   he went for a holiday ,
                                           
                                           now coming home in a box ....

the question is....Who will be next to be murdered to protect the Haywicks Farm Fraud and Murder Gang to make sure there is no one left to speak out and try and exposes their compounding crimes... which have been committed on a 30 year plan by means of fraud and murder to end up with the title deed of Haywicks Farm, which is 26 acres of prime residential development land on the edge of the rich town of Gloucester which the Haywicks Farm Fraud and Murder Gang plan to eventually develop into and an expensive luxury housing estate with a potential profit of over 20 million pounds...
one has to question..has it all been worth it for the members of the Haywicks Farm Fraud and Murder Gang....now their names andtheir crimes have been publicly exposed and they all have to live with the shame of what they have done in permanent written record... with their names and details of the crimes they have in the Canberra National Library in the next edition of the series of books called....."The Triumph of Truth...(Who Is Watching The Watchers?)... written by Stephen Carew-Reid and published by the Australian Weekend News and the INL News Group...

read down the page to find out who is a member of the Haywicks Farm Fraud and Murder Gang...who are desperate to protect one of their members.. Katharine Brothers.... a lawyer working at the Gloucheseter HM Land Registry, who helped create and cover up the fraud on Valerie Ann Butler and her partner Thomas Allwood, of their lawful rights of ownership of Haywicks Farm, Haywicks Lane, Harwicke, Gloucester, which has with the help of Katharine Brothers and other members of the Gloucester HM Land Registry Office have helped well known Freemason Peter Leslie Urquhart and his wife Jaqueline Ann fraudulently end up with the title deed of Haywicks Farm by means of fraud and murder and they all know the have their Freemason brothers in the police, the prisons, the parliament, the legal world and the courts to help them cover up being exposed or prosecuted for their serious crimes....

Topix Forum:

"...The way the police handled the 3 men who found the Body !.."
"..It was my partner + 2 friends. They tell ppl to do the right thing n those 3 guys did and where held all day in a cell n treated like criminals for the first part of the day.

"....Well done too them !! There r stil decent ppl out there ..."
"...Not everyone out at that time of the morning are wasters.
I used to start work sometimes at 4am so would have been out and about at that time!!
And i class myself as a hard working respectable person..." 


 Irish Band Halcyon Daze Tour Manager, 
INL News Investigative Reporter,  writer and poet   found murdered in Boxburn, Scotland...

AWN News was trying to do a google search of the story ---Murder of Thomas Allwood in
the Brisbane Courier Mail the major state paper in Queensland, Australia owned by the Murdochs News Corporation-to see if the Brisbane Courier Mail picked up and run with the story
and found nothing...  particularilty that it is well known that Thomas Allwood is Queenslander...
N News researchers found it very odd that none of the main papers in the UK, USA
or Australia or anywhere else in the world are running with the story of the 
Murder of well know and well loved Australian INL News Investigative Journalist Thomas Allwood......
......................this is big news... 
and no other media outlet in Australia other than INL News and AWN News are running with the story...

An Australian is murdered in Scotland and left on the street to die
..and no one in the street seemed to have heard a fight or noise at all

One woman whose home overlooks the area where Thomas’ body was
discovered said she was upset to hear what had happened.
",....She said: “I didn’t hear a thing during the night but it’s
shocking to think this has happened here.
“This is far too close to home for my liking.
“Pyothall Road is a normally quiet area.
“On a Saturday night around here you can just about hear a pin drop....."

If this lady says you could hear a pin drop in the street, there in no
way Thomas Allwood was murdered in that street...
the murder had to have been carried out elsewhere and the body dropped there in that street.....so one person could not carry and lift a dead weight of Thomas Allwood, who is a very big man.....
it had to be at least tree people that carry his body there.....
by car and then they lifted his body onto the pavement and and drove away...
For some strange reason the police seem to be happy with just arresting one young 25 year old man for the murder when it is obvious he could not do this alone,.... if he did it all all.....
Something does not add up here 

 

Community's shock over man's death

Jun 28 2012 by Marjorie Kerr, West Lothian Courier

murdervictim

 

A COMMUNITY have spoken of their shock after a man was found dead in their street.

Thomas Graham Allwood (55) from Broxburn was found dead in the town’s Pyothall Road at around 4.45am on Thursday (June 21).

And residents in the quiet street said they were shocked and saddened to hear about the incident.

One woman whose home overlooks the area where Thomas’ body was discovered said she was upset to hear what had happened.

She said: “I didn’t hear a thing during the night but it’s shocking to think this has happened here.

“This is far too close to home for my liking.

“Pyothall Road is a normally quiet area.

“On a Saturday night around here you can just about hear a pin drop.

“The only people you really see are dog walkers.

“Nothing like this has happened round here before so it’s quite upsetting.

“I had to go and pick my kids up from school because they were too scared to walk home.”

Another man who lives in the area said he was shaken when he heard about the incident in the street.

He said: “We had the window open during the night and I would have thought we would have heard something.

“The first we knew about it was when the police arrived.

“It’s a terrible shock to think this has happened on our own doorstep.”

A man has appeared in court charged with murder following the death of Thomas Allwood.

Kyle Montgomery (24) of Winchburgh, appeared at Livingston Sheriff Court on Monday.

He made no plea or declaration and was remanded in custody.

http://www.westlothiancourier.co.uk/2012/06/28/community-s-shock-over-man-s-death-62405-31274579/



email: 
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
John Massey convicted murderer was quickly found and arrested a few hours after the AWN News article was published stating that after the murder of INL News Investigative Journalist Thomas Allwood... it was not safe for any other staff member of the INL News Group who have arrived in the UK to investigate the murder of Thomas Graham Allwood.......until Thomas Massey was placed back in a maximum security prison... a source inside the UK Prison Department, who was upset what was going on...tipped off the INL News Group Investigators that John Massey was quietly allowed out of prison for the evening on Wednesday the 20th June and back in prison in time for breakfast..with everyone not even knowing he The Friendly Team at International News Limited (USA)
Yahoo Real Estate is a sponsor of www.edinburghfringefest.com
Who Will win a USA Weekly News 100 Star Award at the 2012 Edinburgh Fringe Festival
If you are interested in having the USA Weekly News review your show 

at the 2012 Edinburgh Fringe orthe 2012 Dublin Fringe or the New York Fringe 
or any other fringe around the world please
had been out for the night... during that time Thomas Allwood is murdered and then John Massey is allowed to escape officially this time.... had the INL and AWN News Report not been published demanding that John Massey be immediately returned to prison ... and an inquiry into how he could have escaped that easily be announced.....then more than likely John Massey would still be at large... in the end it was just too publicly embarrassing to the Prime Minister David Cameron and the UK Government not to immediately re-arrest John Massey... the question remains is: How was it that  the Police found out where John Massey was that easily... the INL and AWN News Investigators are informed from a reliable source that someone in the UK Prison Department knew all the time where John Massey was and that they were organising for John Massey to escape to Spain again... however the plan was called off when a call from David Cameron's office came through... "you dam well find Massey today and put him back in prison... if not heads are going to role because this will become a massive international incident and with the London 2012 Olympics coming up it may become the end of my career as Prime Minister of Britain..."

 

 

Escaped murderer John Massey captured in Kent after INL News Demands that they immediately arrest John Massey and call an inquiry into John Massey's escape....no convicted murderer should be able to escape a maximum security prison that easily.

29 June 2012

.

Escaped murderer John Massey captured in Kent after INL News Demands that they immediately arrest


The Ministry of Justice has launched an investigation into the escape. Massey - one of the UK's longest-serving prisoners - was convicted of shooting dead a man with a sawn-off shotgun at The Cricketers in Clapton, east London ...this information was not stated to the public when it was reported by the media that John Massey had escaped... the articles while John Massey was on the run implied he has just had a fight with a guy in bar... and things got out of hand .. but the real story is that John Massey walked into the bar with a sawn-off shot gun...sounds like a contract killing ...

 

http://news.stv.tv/scotland/201510-australian-visitor-died-in-the-street-after-being-stabbed-once/

Australian visitor died in the street after being stabbed in chest

STV 19 November 2012 17:24 GMT

Thomas Allwood: The 55-year-old was found dead in the street.

An Australian visitor to Scotland died in the street of the small town Broxburn one hours drive from Edinburgh, after being stabbed once with a knife.

On Monday, a jury was told Thomas Allwood's body was found in Broxburn, West Lothian, in the early hours of June 21 this year.

At the High Court at Livingston, the prosecution and defence agreed the cause of death was a single stab wound to the 55-year-old investigative journalist's chest.

Kyle Montgomery, 24, is on trial after pleading not guilty to murdering Mr Allwood. 

Montgomery, from Winchburgh, West Lothian, denies assaulting  Mr Allwood on various occasions on the night he died, repeatedly punching him on the head and body, pursuing him with a knife and striking him on the body with a knife. 

The attacks are alleged to have happened in Galloway Crescent, Clarkson Road and elsewhere in Broxburn.    

Mr Allwood was found by members of the public lying in Pyothall Road, near Clarkson Road, at about 4:45am.  

June Douglas, 44, who lives next door to Montgomery's father Robert in Galloway Crescent, said she saw the accused in the street at around 1pm on June 20 carrying a bag which she assumed contained alcohol.   

A few minutes later she saw him at the door of his father's home trying to get in.

She told the court her neighbour was a known alcoholic and frequently caused a nuisance. In the early hours of the following morning she said she was startled by a loud bang on the wall of her bedroom just after 3am. 

She said: "It was as if somebody was going to come through the wall. It gave me a start - I'd never heard anything like the bang. I just took it that they were fighting and banging off the walls. It was something that happened all the time."

Under cross examination by defence advocate Derek Ogg, Ms Douglas agreed Mr Montgomery's house was "used like a drinking den".

She added: "It was like living next door to a pub."

Her friend Christopher McDonald, 31, who was staying with her at the time, said loud music, banging and the sound of raised voices had continued long after Ms Douglas had gone to bed. He was also startled by the loud noise at around 3.15am. 

He said: "The bang was the one thing that was out of the ordinary. I just assumed they were fighting again. The whole house shook."

He said he identified the sound of four voices in Mr Montgomery's one-bedroom maisonette that night. Things went quiet after the bang, then he said he heard someone leave by the back door.    

He told the jury: "Someone went out quietly. The door was never closed quietly. What drew my attention was that it wasn't slammed. Later - after 5 0'clock - I heard really loud voices from the garden. 

"I got really angry at that point. I pulled aside the curtain and I was ready to go mental, but the police were there."

Earlier barmaid Lisa Feenan, 30, said the accused's father Mr Montgomery had left the Badger's Brook pub in Broxburn just after 10pm on June 20 with a man she knew only as "the Australian". 

She said Mr Montgomery had been drinking Guinness in the bar for an hour and a half but the Australian visitor, who was with a woman she knew as Margaret, had only taken soft drinks. 

In a joint minute of agreement read to the jury, the Crown produced technical evidence, including records of mobile phone calls by the accused, his father Robert and Tina Borst.    

CCTV footage from cameras in Broxburn Main Street and the Badger's Brook pub was lodged as evidence along with a recording of a 999 call made by witness James McMillan on the morning of the incident.    

A till receipt for cigarettes and a lighter from the Costcutter store at Fairfield Service Station along with CCTV film captured just before 5am have also been lodged.

The trial, before Lord Doherty, continues.

Thomas Allwood was invited back from the pub by Robert Montgomery

By VIC RODRICK 
Published on Wednesday 21 November 2012 11:16

A DAD has told a murder trial that an Australian journalist he invited home from the pub tried to strangle his son on the living room floor in a row over a woman.

Robert Montgomery threw the man out of his home, but said his son, Kyle, followed the visitor armed with a bread knife. He returned a short time later with the blade stained with blood, the High Court at Livingston was told yesterday.

Kyle Montgomery, 24, denies murdering Australian journalist Thomas Allwood, 55, on June 21. Montgomery, from Winchburgh, West Lothian, denies assaulting the deceased, repeatedly punching him on the head and body, pursuing him with a knife and striking him on the body with a knife.

Dad Robert, 65, a self-confessed alcoholic, told how he befriended the murder victim and his girlfriend, Maggie, in a pub near his home in Broxburn and invited them to his house for a drink.

When they got there, Mr Montgomery said, Maggie sat beside the accused while Mr Montgomery and the Australian talked on another couch.

He said he felt uncomfortable because he thought the woman, who was in her 40s, was behaving “inappropriately” towards his son, rubbing his hand and putting her head in his lap.

He said he asked Mr Allwood: “Are you going to do something about that?” and he responded: “He can have her.”

Mr Montgomery went upstairs to the toilet at around 2am and returned a few minutes later to find his son pinned to the floor by Mr Allwood. He said the Australian had his foot on the younger man’s chest and both hands clamped around his neck, “strangling him”.

He told the jury: “I could see the fear in Kyle’s eyes. I told him [Allwood] to get off and he ran out the back door.

“He came back about ten minutes later. He was banging on the back door real loud. I opened it and he tried to come through the door like a raging bull, going for Kyle.

“Kyle got up, pushed me out of the way and pushed him out into the back garden.”

Mr Montgomery said that a few minutes later his son also left the house, but returned shortly afterwards, and grabbed a bread knife.

He said he didn’t hear or see anything happening outside because he remained inside on the sofa.

Advocate depute Martin Macari asked him: “What’s the next thing you remember happening?”

He replied: “Him [Kyle] coming back in again about five minutes later. There was blood on the knife.”

He said he took the knife from his son and put it back in the cutlery drawer.

Under cross-examination, Mr Montgomery confirmed that he had told police that the Australian man had said something like “I’ll kill him” as he was throttling the accused.

He added: “Kyle was scared and wasn’t fighting back.”

Mr Montgomery said his son had been treated for depression after being bullied at school for having an English accent.

The trial continues.

AWN News was trying to do a google search of the story ---Murder of Thomas Allwood in the Brisbane Courier Mail the major state paper in Queensland, Australia owned by the Murdochs News Corporation-to see if the Brisbane Courier Mail picked up and run with the story and found nothing...  particularilty that it is well known that Thomas Allwood is Queenslander...INL News researchers found it very odd that none of the main papers in the UK, USA or Australia or anywhere else in the world are running with the story of the  Murder of well know and well loved Australian INL News Investigative Journalist Thomas Allwood............................this is big news... 
and no other media outlet in Australia other than INL News and AWN News are running with the story... AWN news are sure that of one of the journalists working for

world... yet with the murder of INL News Investigative Journalist Thomas Graham Allwood that was investigating and suing over wrongful actions by Rupert and James Murdoch's multi billion and all powerful News Corporation and their well connected people in politics and the UK Government and the UK Border Agency who illegally arrested USA Character Comedian Ronnie Prouty at Heathrow Airport for no valid or legal reason and held him detention for 24 hours and then put him in handcuffs on using his own return air ticket back to Los Angels the next day .. all because Rupert and James Murdoch's multi billion and all powerful News Corporation and their well connected people in politics and

 the UK Government and the UK Border Agency wanted to Thomas Graham Allwood and the INL News Group and partners completing the pilot of their Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Show being filmed in the famous Cowgate in Edinburgh in April, 2011.. 

Rupert and James Murdoch's multi billion and all powerful News Corporation  are now publicly well known to be involved in international industrial espionage and sabotage of any people or group that are in opposition to them in the media world... they want to own all the media in the world and do not want any competition and will do anything they have t9o do illegal, immoral wrongful etc to stop any competitor from continuing against them....


An Australian is murdered in Scotland and left on the street to die
..and no one in the street seemed to have heard a fight or noise at all
One woman whose home overlooks the area where Thomas’ body was
discovered said she was upset to hear what had happened.
",....She said: “I didn’t hear a thing during the night but it’s
shocking to think this has happened here.
“This is far too close to home for my liking.
“Pyothall Road is a normally quiet area.
“On a Saturday night around here you can just about hear a pin drop....." If this lady says you could hear a pin drop in the street, there in noway Thomas Allwood was murdered in that street...
the murder had to have been carried out elsewhere and the body dropped there in that street.....so one person could not carry and lift a dead weight of Thomas Allwood, who is a very big man.....
it had to be at least three people that carry his body there.....
by car and then they lifted his body onto the pavement and and drove away...
For some strange reason the police seem to be happy with just arresting one young 25 year old man for the murder when it is obvious he could not do this alone,.... if he did it all all.....
Something does not add up here 

http://www.westlothiancourier.co.uk/2012/06/28/community-s-shock-over-man-s-death-62405-31274579/

Community's shock over man's death

Jun 28 2012 by Marjorie Kerr, West Lothian Courier

A COMMUNITY have spoken of their shock after a man was found dead in their street.

Thomas Graham Allwood (55) from Broxburn was found dead in the town’s Pyothall Road at around 4.45am on Thursday (June 21).

And residents in the quiet street said they were shocked and saddened to hear about the incident.

One woman whose home overlooks the area where Thomas’ body was discovered said she was upset to hear what had happened.

She said: “I didn’t hear a thing during the night but it’s shocking to think this has happened here.

“This is far too close to home for my liking.

“Pyothall Road is a normally quiet area.

“On a Saturday night around here you can just about hear a pin drop.

“The only people you really see are dog walkers.

“Nothing like this has happened round here before so it’s quite upsetting.

“I had to go and pick my kids up from school because they were too scared to walk home.”

Another man who lives in the area said he was shaken when he heard about the incident in the street.

He said: “We had the window open during the night and I would have thought we would have heard something.

“The first we knew about it was when the police arrived.

“It’s a terrible shock to think this has happened on our own doorstep.”

A man has appeared in court charged with murder following the death of Thomas Allwood.

Kyle Montgomery (24) of Winchburgh, appeared at Livingston Sheriff Court on Monday.

He made no plea or declaration and was remanded in custody.


The Friendly Team at International News Limited (USA)
Yahoo Real Estate is a sponsor of www.edinburghfringefest.com
Who Will win a USA Weekly News 100 Star Award at the 2012 Edinburgh Fringe Festival
If you are interested in having the USA Weekly News review your show 

at the 2012 Edinburgh Fringe orthe 2012 Dublin Fringe or the New York Fringe 
or any other fringe around the world please
email: 
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
 

Thomas Allwood...
                           ..another dead victim of
               the Haywicks Farm Fraud and Murder Gang.
            Topix Forum.."..Kevin Brisbane Australia....
             22nd June 201`2"..can any one tell me the dead mans name
                  we think he is our friend from Australia....

                                 any help please ...if his name is Graham? 
                                  he lives down under oz we know him ...
                           "kevin wrote: if his name is Graham he lives down under oz we know him

                     sorry no one knows who it is yet.
                         but ive heard hes a brox man so not an aussie. x 
                                "Yes it was the Australian as far as we know. Sorry for ur loss .."
                            "..... his name is thomas allwood. ..."
                                     Kevin from Brisbane Australia..
                     
                           "Yes this was our friend 

                   from Hervey Bay Australia;;                           

                                                   Big loss .......
                                               
              The low life bastard who stabbed him
                                         
                 hope he gets what he deserves life throw a way 
                                               
                          the key . get the scum of the streets 
                                           
                   he went for a holiday ,
                                           
                                           now coming home in a box ....

the question is....Who will be next to be murdered to protect the Haywicks Farm Fraud and Murder Gang to make sure there is no one left to speak out and try and exposes their compounding crimes... which have been committed on a 30 year plan by means of fraud and murder to end up with the title deed of Haywicks Farm, which is 26 acres of prime residential development land on the edge of the rich town of Gloucester which the Haywicks Farm Fraud and Murder Gang plan to eventually develop into and an expensive luxury housing estate with a potential profit of over 20 million pounds...
one has to question..has it all been worth it for the members of the Haywicks Farm Fraud and Murder Gang....now their names andtheir crimes have been publicly exposed and they all have to live with the shame of what they have done in permanent written record... with their names and details of the crimes they have in the Canberra National Library in the next edition of the series of books called....."The Triumph of Truth...(Who Is Watching The Watchers?)... written by Stephen Carew-Reid and published by the Australian Weekend News and the INL News Group...

read down the page to find out who is a member of the Haywicks Farm Fraud and Murder Gang...who are desperate to protect one of their members.. Katharine Brothers.... a lawyer working at the Gloucheseter HM Land Registry, who helped create and cover up the fraud on Valerie Ann Butler and her partner Thomas Allwood, of their lawful rights of ownership of Haywicks Farm, Haywicks Lane, Harwicke, Gloucester, which has with the help of Katharine Brothers and other members of the Gloucester HM Land Registry Office have helped well known Freemason Peter Leslie Urquhart and his wife Jaqueline Ann fraudulently end up with the title deed of Haywicks Farm by means of fraud and murder and they all know the have their Freemason brothers in the police, the prisons, the parliament, the legal world and the courts to help them cover up being exposed or prosecuted for their serious crimes....

Topix Forum:

"...The way the police handled the 3 men who found the Body !.."
"..It was my partner + 2 friends. They tell ppl to do the right thing n those 3 guys did and where held all day in a cell n treated like criminals for the first part of the day.

"....Well done too them !! There r stil decent ppl out there ..."
"...Not everyone out at that time of the morning are wasters.
I used to start work sometimes at 4am so would have been out and about at that time!!
And i class myself as a hard working respectable person..." 


 Irish Band Halcyon Daze Tour Manager, 
INL News Investigative Reporter,  writer and poet   found murdered in Boxburn, Scotland...

AWN News was trying to do a google search of the story ---Murder of Thomas Allwood in
the Brisbane Courier Mail the major state paper in Queensland, Australia owned by the Murdochs News Corporation-to see if the Brisbane Courier Mail picked up and run with the story
and found nothing...  particularilty that it is well known that Thomas Allwood is Queenslander...
N News researchers found it very odd that none of the main papers in the UK, USA
or Australia or anywhere else in the world are running with the story of the 
Murder of well know and well loved Australian INL News Investigative Journalist Thomas Allwood......
......................this is big news... 
and no other media outlet in Australia other than INL News and AWN News are running with the story...

An Australian is murdered in Scotland and left on the street to die
..and no one in the street seemed to have heard a fight or noise at all

One woman whose home overlooks the area where Thomas’ body was
discovered said she was upset to hear what had happened.
",....She said: “I didn’t hear a thing during the night but it’s
shocking to think this has happened here.
“This is far too close to home for my liking.
“Pyothall Road is a normally quiet area.
“On a Saturday night around here you can just about hear a pin drop....."

If this lady says you could hear a pin drop in the street, there in no
way Thomas Allwood was murdered in that street...
the murder had to have been carried out elsewhere and the body dropped there in that street.....so one person could not carry and lift a dead weight of Thomas Allwood, who is a very big man.....
it had to be at least tree people that carry his body there.....
by car and then they lifted his body onto the pavement and and drove away...
For some strange reason the police seem to be happy with just arresting one young 25 year old man for the murder when it is obvious he could not do this alone,.... if he did it all all.....
Something does not add up here 

 

Community's shock over man's death

Jun 28 2012 by Marjorie Kerr, West Lothian Courier

murdervictim

 

A COMMUNITY have spoken of their shock after a man was found dead in their street.

Thomas Graham Allwood (55) from Broxburn was found dead in the town’s Pyothall Road at around 4.45am on Thursday (June 21).

And residents in the quiet street said they were shocked and saddened to hear about the incident.

One woman whose home overlooks the area where Thomas’ body was discovered said she was upset to hear what had happened.

She said: “I didn’t hear a thing during the night but it’s shocking to think this has happened here.

“This is far too close to home for my liking.

“Pyothall Road is a normally quiet area.

“On a Saturday night around here you can just about hear a pin drop.

“The only people you really see are dog walkers.

“Nothing like this has happened round here before so it’s quite upsetting.

“I had to go and pick my kids up from school because they were too scared to walk home.”

Another man who lives in the area said he was shaken when he heard about the incident in the street.

He said: “We had the window open during the night and I would have thought we would have heard something.

“The first we knew about it was when the police arrived.

“It’s a terrible shock to think this has happened on our own doorstep.”

A man has appeared in court charged with murder following the death of Thomas Allwood.

Kyle Montgomery (24) of Winchburgh, appeared at Livingston Sheriff Court on Monday.

He made no plea or declaration and was remanded in custody.

http://www.westlothiancourier.co.uk/2012/06/28/community-s-shock-over-man-s-death-62405-31274579/



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John Massey convicted murderer was quickly found and arrested a few hours after the AWN News article was published stating that after the murder of INL News Investigative Journalist Thomas Allwood... it was not safe for any other staff member of the INL News Group who have arrived in the UK to investigate the murder of Thomas Graham Allwood.......until Thomas Massey was placed back in a maximum security prison... a source inside the UK Prison Department, who was upset what was going on...tipped off the INL News Group Investigators that John Massey was quietly allowed out of prison for the evening on Wednesday the 20th June and back in prison in time for breakfast..with everyone not even knowing he The Friendly Team at International News Limited (USA)
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had been out for the night... during that time Thomas Allwood is murdered and then John Massey is allowed to escape officially this time.... had the INL and AWN News Report not been published demanding that John Massey be immediately returned to prison ... and an inquiry into how he could have escaped that easily be announced.....then more than likely John Massey would still be at large... in the end it was just too publicly embarrassing to the Prime Minister David Cameron and the UK Government not to immediately re-arrest John Massey... the question remains is: How was it that  the Police found out where John Massey was that easily... the INL and AWN News Investigators are informed from a reliable source that someone in the UK Prison Department knew all the time where John Massey was and that they were organising for John Massey to escape to Spain again... however the plan was called off when a call from David Cameron's office came through... "you dam well find Massey today and put him back in prison... if not heads are going to role because this will become a massive international incident and with the London 2012 Olympics coming up it may become the end of my career as Prime Minister of Britain..."

 

 

Escaped murderer John Massey captured in Kent after INL News Demands that they immediately arrest John Massey and call an inquiry into John Massey's escape....no convicted murderer should be able to escape a maximum security prison that easily.

29 June 2012

.

Escaped murderer John Massey captured in Kent after INL News Demands that they immediately arrest


The Ministry of Justice has launched an investigation into the escape. Massey - one of the UK's longest-serving prisoners - was convicted of shooting dead a man with a sawn-off shotgun at The Cricketers in Clapton, east London ...this information was not stated to the public when it was reported by the media that John Massey had escaped... the articles while John Massey was on the run implied he has just had a fight with a guy in bar... and things got out of hand .. but the real story is that John Massey walked into the bar with a sawn-off shot gun...sounds like a contract killing ...

 

Convicted murderer John Massey, who escaped from Pentonville prison in north London on Wednesday has been arrested in Kent, police have said.

Massey, 64, was arrested at an address in Faversham at 17:15 BST following "an intelligence-led operation," a Metropolitan Police statement said.

He has been taken into custody at a north London police station.

It is thought Massey hid in the prison gym and went onto the roof before scaling the wall using netting.

A second man at the Faversham address was arrested on suspicion of aiding and abetting an absconder and was also taken into police custody, Scotland Yard added.

Massey - serving life for a 1975 pub murder - was reported missing at 18:30 BST on Wednesday. It is thought he used discarded netting, which may have been used for a sports activity, to fashion the makeshift rope.

The Ministry of Justice has launched an investigation into the escape. Massey - one of the UK's longest-serving prisoners - was convicted of shooting dead a man with a sawn-off shotgun at The Cricketers in Clapton, east London.

The BBC News website understands that Massey had previously escaped from Coldingley prison in Surrey in April 1994, and was subsequently reported to be living in Spain before being returned to prison. Massey was released on parole in June 2007 - after spending the previous 18 months in an open prison in Derbyshire - and ordered to live in a bail hostel in Streatham, south London. But he broke his curfew after a few months to go and live with his dying father and, after a number of days, was recalled to prison. After two-and-half years, he was sent to Ford open prison, in West Sussex, from where he absconded. He was arrested 10 months later and taken to Pentonville before Wednesday's escape.

 

 https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-18654823

 

Escaped murderer John Massey climbed Pentonville prison wall

  • Published 
  • John Massey

Escaped murderer John Massey captured in Kent

  • Published 
  • John Massey is thought to have escaped from within the prison

    Convicted murderer John Massey, who has escaped from Pentonville prison in north London, climbed the wall using a makeshift rope, the BBC understands.

    It is thought Massey, 64, hid in the prison gym and went onto the roof before scaling the wall using netting.

    Massey - serving life for a 1975 pub murder - was reported missing at 18:30 BST on Wednesday. Police say he should not be approached.

    The Ministry of Justice has launched an investigation into the escape.

    It is thought he used discarded netting, which may have been used for a sports activity, to fashion the makeshift rope.

    Massey - one of the UK's longest-serving prisoners - was convicted of shooting dead a man with a sawn-off shotgun at The Cricketers in Clapton, Hackney.

    BBC home affairs correspondent Danny Shaw said the escape was a major security breach causing deep embarrassment for the prison authorities.

    It is highly unusual for inmates to escape from within the confines of a closed prison such as Pentonville, our correspondent added.

    Police want anyone who spots Massey to call 999.

    Pentonville prison
    Image caption,

    Pentonville prison houses up to 1,250 category B and C male prisoners

    The BBC News website understands that Massey had previously escaped from Coldingley prison, in Surrey, in April 1994, and was subsequently reported to be living in Spain before being returned to prison.

    Massey was released on parole in June 2007 - after spending the previous 18 months in an open prison on Derbyshire - and ordered to live in a bail hostel in Streatham, south London.

    But he broke his curfew after a few months to go and live with his dying father and, after a number of days, was recalled to prison.

    After two-and-half years, he was sent to Ford open jail, in west Sussex, from where he absconded.

    He was arrested 10 months later and taken to Pentonville before Wednesday's escape.

    Up to 1,250 category B and C male prisoners - not the most serious category A offenders - are housed at Pentonville.

    Category B prisoners are defined as those "for whom the very highest conditions of security are not necessary but for whom escape must be made very difficult".

    Category C prisoners are defined as those "who cannot be trusted in open conditions, but who do not have the resources and will to make a determined escape attempt.".

    Conditions at Pentonville prison, which was built in 1842, have been heavily criticised by inspectors.

    In March 2009, convicted arsonist Julien Chautard spent minutes inside Pentonville before he <link> <firstCreated>2009-03-31T12:18:31+00:00</firstCreated> <lastUpdated>2009-03-31T12:18:31+00:00</lastUpdated> <caption>escaped by clinging to the underside of the security van he had arrived in</caption> <url href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/london/7974296.stm" platform="highweb"/> <url href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/mobile/england/london/7974296.stm" platform="enhancedmobile"/> </link> .

    He later handed himself in to police.

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-18654823

John Massey

John Massey is one of the UK's longest-serving prisoners

Convicted murderer John Massey, who escaped from Pentonville prison in north London on Wednesday has been arrested in Kent, police have said.

Massey, 64, was arrested at an address in Faversham at 17:15 BST following "an intelligence-led operation," a Metropolitan Police statement said.

He has been taken into custody at a north London police station.

It is thought Massey hid in the prison gym and went onto the roof before scaling the wall using netting.

A second man at the Faversham address was arrested on suspicion of aiding and abetting an absconder and was also taken into police custody, Scotland Yard added.

Massey - serving life for a 1975 pub murder - was reported missing at 18:30 BST on Wednesday.

It is thought he used discarded netting, which may have been used for a sports activity, to fashion the makeshift rope.

The Ministry of Justice has launched an investigation into the escape.

Massey - one of the UK's longest-serving prisoners - was convicted of shooting dead a man with a sawn-off shotgun at The Cricketers in Clapton, east London.

The BBC News website understands that Massey had previously escaped from Coldingley prison in Surrey in April 1994, and was subsequently reported to be living in Spain before being returned to prison.

Massey was released on parole in June 2007 - after spending the previous 18 months in an open prison in Derbyshire - and ordered to live in a bail hostel in Streatham, south London.

But he broke his curfew after a few months to go and live with his dying father and, after a number of days, was recalled to prison.

After two-and-half years, he was sent to Ford open prison, in West Sussex, from where he absconded.

He was arrested 10 months later and taken to Pentonville before Wednesday's escape.

http://news.stv.tv/scotland/201510-australian-visitor-died-in-the-street-after-being-stabbed-once/

Australian visitor died in the street after being stabbed in chest

STV 19 November 2012 17:24 GMT

Thomas Allwood: The 55-year-old was found dead in the street.

An Australian visitor to Scotland died in the street of the small town Broxburn one hours drive from Edinburgh, after being stabbed once with a knife.

On Monday, a jury was told Thomas Allwood's body was found in Broxburn, West Lothian, in the early hours of June 21 this year.

At the High Court at Livingston, the prosecution and defence agreed the cause of death was a single stab wound to the 55-year-old investigative journalist's chest.

Kyle Montgomery, 24, is on trial after pleading not guilty to murdering Mr Allwood. 

Montgomery, from Winchburgh, West Lothian, denies assaulting  Mr Allwood on various occasions on the night he died, repeatedly punching him on the head and body, pursuing him with a knife and striking him on the body with a knife. 

The attacks are alleged to have happened in Galloway Crescent, Clarkson Road and elsewhere in Broxburn.    

Mr Allwood was found by members of the public lying in Pyothall Road, near Clarkson Road, at about 4:45am.  

June Douglas, 44, who lives next door to Montgomery's father Robert in Galloway Crescent, said she saw the accused in the street at around 1pm on June 20 carrying a bag which she assumed contained alcohol.   

A few minutes later she saw him at the door of his father's home trying to get in.

She told the court her neighbour was a known alcoholic and frequently caused a nuisance. In the early hours of the following morning she said she was startled by a loud bang on the wall of her bedroom just after 3am. 

She said: "It was as if somebody was going to come through the wall. It gave me a start - I'd never heard anything like the bang. I just took it that they were fighting and banging off the walls. It was something that happened all the time."

Under cross examination by defence advocate Derek Ogg, Ms Douglas agreed Mr Montgomery's house was "used like a drinking den".

She added: "It was like living next door to a pub."

Her friend Christopher McDonald, 31, who was staying with her at the time, said loud music, banging and the sound of raised voices had continued long after Ms Douglas had gone to bed. He was also startled by the loud noise at around 3.15am. 

He said: "The bang was the one thing that was out of the ordinary. I just assumed they were fighting again. The whole house shook."

He said he identified the sound of four voices in Mr Montgomery's one-bedroom maisonette that night. Things went quiet after the bang, then he said he heard someone leave by the back door.    

He told the jury: "Someone went out quietly. The door was never closed quietly. What drew my attention was that it wasn't slammed. Later - after 5 0'clock - I heard really loud voices from the garden. 

"I got really angry at that point. I pulled aside the curtain and I was ready to go mental, but the police were there."

Earlier barmaid Lisa Feenan, 30, said the accused's father Mr Montgomery had left the Badger's Brook pub in Broxburn just after 10pm on June 20 with a man she knew only as "the Australian". 

She said Mr Montgomery had been drinking Guinness in the bar for an hour and a half but the Australian visitor, who was with a woman she knew as Margaret, had only taken soft drinks. 

In a joint minute of agreement read to the jury, the Crown produced technical evidence, including records of mobile phone calls by the accused, his father Robert and Tina Borst.    

CCTV footage from cameras in Broxburn Main Street and the Badger's Brook pub was lodged as evidence along with a recording of a 999 call made by witness James McMillan on the morning of the incident.    

A till receipt for cigarettes and a lighter from the Costcutter store at Fairfield Service Station along with CCTV film captured just before 5am have also been lodged.

The trial, before Lord Doherty, continues.

Thomas Allwood was invited back from the pub by Robert Montgomery

By VIC RODRICK 
Published on Wednesday 21 November 2012 11:16

A DAD has told a murder trial that an Australian journalist he invited home from the pub tried to strangle his son on the living room floor in a row over a woman.

Robert Montgomery threw the man out of his home, but said his son, Kyle, followed the visitor armed with a bread knife. He returned a short time later with the blade stained with blood, the High Court at Livingston was told yesterday.

Kyle Montgomery, 24, denies murdering Australian journalist Thomas Allwood, 55, on June 21. Montgomery, from Winchburgh, West Lothian, denies assaulting the deceased, repeatedly punching him on the head and body, pursuing him with a knife and striking him on the body with a knife.

Dad Robert, 65, a self-confessed alcoholic, told how he befriended the murder victim and his girlfriend, Maggie, in a pub near his home in Broxburn and invited them to his house for a drink.

When they got there, Mr Montgomery said, Maggie sat beside the accused while Mr Montgomery and the Australian talked on another couch.

He said he felt uncomfortable because he thought the woman, who was in her 40s, was behaving “inappropriately” towards his son, rubbing his hand and putting her head in his lap.

He said he asked Mr Allwood: “Are you going to do something about that?” and he responded: “He can have her.”

Mr Montgomery went upstairs to the toilet at around 2am and returned a few minutes later to find his son pinned to the floor by Mr Allwood. He said the Australian had his foot on the younger man’s chest and both hands clamped around his neck, “strangling him”.

He told the jury: “I could see the fear in Kyle’s eyes. I told him [Allwood] to get off and he ran out the back door.

“He came back about ten minutes later. He was banging on the back door real loud. I opened it and he tried to come through the door like a raging bull, going for Kyle.

“Kyle got up, pushed me out of the way and pushed him out into the back garden.”

Mr Montgomery said that a few minutes later his son also left the house, but returned shortly afterwards, and grabbed a bread knife.

He said he didn’t hear or see anything happening outside because he remained inside on the sofa.

Advocate depute Martin Macari asked him: “What’s the next thing you remember happening?”

He replied: “Him [Kyle] coming back in again about five minutes later. There was blood on the knife.”

He said he took the knife from his son and put it back in the cutlery drawer.

Under cross-examination, Mr Montgomery confirmed that he had told police that the Australian man had said something like “I’ll kill him” as he was throttling the accused.

He added: “Kyle was scared and wasn’t fighting back.”

Mr Montgomery said his son had been treated for depression after being bullied at school for having an English accent.

The trial continues.

AWN News was trying to do a google search of the story ---Murder of Thomas Allwood in the Brisbane Courier Mail the major state paper in Queensland, Australia owned by the Murdochs News Corporation-to see if the Brisbane Courier Mail picked up and run with the story and found nothing...  particularilty that it is well known that Thomas Allwood is Queenslander...INL News researchers found it very odd that none of the main papers in the UK, USA or Australia or anywhere else in the world are running with the story of the  Murder of well know and well loved Australian INL News Investigative Journalist Thomas Allwood............................this is big news... 
and no other media outlet in Australia other than INL News and AWN News are running with the story... AWN news are sure that of one of the journalists working for

world... yet with the murder of INL News Investigative Journalist Thomas Graham Allwood that was investigating and suing over wrongful actions by Rupert and James Murdoch's multi billion and all powerful News Corporation and their well connected people in politics and the UK Government and the UK Border Agency who illegally arrested USA Character Comedian Ronnie Prouty at Heathrow Airport for no valid or legal reason and held him detention for 24 hours and then put him in handcuffs on using his own return air ticket back to Los Angels the next day .. all because Rupert and James Murdoch's multi billion and all powerful News Corporation and their well connected people in politics and

 the UK Government and the UK Border Agency wanted to Thomas Graham Allwood and the INL News Group and partners completing the pilot of their Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Show being filmed in the famous Cowgate in Edinburgh in April, 2011.. 

Rupert and James Murdoch's multi billion and all powerful News Corporation  are now publicly well known to be involved in international industrial espionage and sabotage of any people or group that are in opposition to them in the media world... they want to own all the media in the world and do not want any competition and will do anything they have t9o do illegal, immoral wrongful etc to stop any competitor from continuing against them....


An Australian is murdered in Scotland and left on the street to die
..and no one in the street seemed to have heard a fight or noise at all
One woman whose home overlooks the area where Thomas’ body was
discovered said she was upset to hear what had happened.
",....She said: “I didn’t hear a thing during the night but it’s
shocking to think this has happened here.
“This is far too close to home for my liking.
“Pyothall Road is a normally quiet area.
“On a Saturday night around here you can just about hear a pin drop....." If this lady says you could hear a pin drop in the street, there in noway Thomas Allwood was murdered in that street...
the murder had to have been carried out elsewhere and the body dropped there in that street.....so one person could not carry and lift a dead weight of Thomas Allwood, who is a very big man.....
it had to be at least three people that carry his body there.....
by car and then they lifted his body onto the pavement and and drove away...
For some strange reason the police seem to be happy with just arresting one young 25 year old man for the murder when it is obvious he could not do this alone,.... if he did it all all.....
Something does not add up here 

http://www.westlothiancourier.co.uk/2012/06/28/community-s-shock-over-man-s-death-62405-31274579/

Community's shock over man's death

Jun 28 2012 by Marjorie Kerr, West Lothian Courier

A COMMUNITY have spoken of their shock after a man was found dead in their street.

Thomas Graham Allwood (55) from Broxburn was found dead in the town’s Pyothall Road at around 4.45am on Thursday (June 21).

And residents in the quiet street said they were shocked and saddened to hear about the incident.

One woman whose home overlooks the area where Thomas’ body was discovered said she was upset to hear what had happened.

She said: “I didn’t hear a thing during the night but it’s shocking to think this has happened here.

“This is far too close to home for my liking.

“Pyothall Road is a normally quiet area.

“On a Saturday night around here you can just about hear a pin drop.

“The only people you really see are dog walkers.

“Nothing like this has happened round here before so it’s quite upsetting.

“I had to go and pick my kids up from school because they were too scared to walk home.”

Another man who lives in the area said he was shaken when he heard about the incident in the street.

He said: “We had the window open during the night and I would have thought we would have heard something.

“The first we knew about it was when the police arrived.

“It’s a terrible shock to think this has happened on our own doorstep.”

A man has appeared in court charged with murder following the death of Thomas Allwood.

Kyle Montgomery (24) of Winchburgh, appeared at Livingston Sheriff Court on Monday.

He made no plea or declaration and was remanded in custody.


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Thomas Allwood...
                           ..another dead victim of
               the Haywicks Farm Fraud and Murder Gang.
            Topix Forum.."..Kevin Brisbane Australia....
             22nd June 201`2"..can any one tell me the dead mans name
                  we think he is our friend from Australia....

                                 any help please ...if his name is Graham? 
                                  he lives down under oz we know him ...
                           "kevin wrote: if his name is Graham he lives down under oz we know him

                     sorry no one knows who it is yet.
                         but ive heard hes a brox man so not an aussie. x 
                                "Yes it was the Australian as far as we know. Sorry for ur loss .."
                            "..... his name is thomas allwood. ..."
                                     Kevin from Brisbane Australia..
                     
                           "Yes this was our friend 

                   from Hervey Bay Australia;;                           

                                                   Big loss .......
                                               
              The low life bastard who stabbed him
                                         
                 hope he gets what he deserves life throw a way 
                                               
                          the key . get the scum of the streets 
                                           
                   he went for a holiday ,
                                           
                                           now coming home in a box ....

the question is....Who will be next to be murdered to protect the Haywicks Farm Fraud and Murder Gang to make sure there is no one left to speak out and try and exposes their compounding crimes... which have been committed on a 30 year plan by means of fraud and murder to end up with the title deed of Haywicks Farm, which is 26 acres of prime residential development land on the edge of the rich town of Gloucester which the Haywicks Farm Fraud and Murder Gang plan to eventually develop into and an expensive luxury housing estate with a potential profit of over 20 million pounds...
one has to question..has it all been worth it for the members of the Haywicks Farm Fraud and Murder Gang....now their names andtheir crimes have been publicly exposed and they all have to live with the shame of what they have done in permanent written record... with their names and details of the crimes they have in the Canberra National Library in the next edition of the series of books called....."The Triumph of Truth...(Who Is Watching The Watchers?)... written by Stephen Carew-Reid and published by the Australian Weekend News and the INL News Group...

read down the page to find out who is a member of the Haywicks Farm Fraud and Murder Gang...who are desperate to protect one of their members.. Katharine Brothers.... a lawyer working at the Gloucheseter HM Land Registry, who helped create and cover up the fraud on Valerie Ann Butler and her partner Thomas Allwood, of their lawful rights of ownership of Haywicks Farm, Haywicks Lane, Harwicke, Gloucester, which has with the help of Katharine Brothers and other members of the Gloucester HM Land Registry Office have helped well known Freemason Peter Leslie Urquhart and his wife Jaqueline Ann fraudulently end up with the title deed of Haywicks Farm by means of fraud and murder and they all know the have their Freemason brothers in the police, the prisons, the parliament, the legal world and the courts to help them cover up being exposed or prosecuted for their serious crimes....

Topix Forum:

"...The way the police handled the 3 men who found the Body !.."
"..It was my partner + 2 friends. They tell ppl to do the right thing n those 3 guys did and where held all day in a cell n treated like criminals for the first part of the day.

"....Well done too them !! There r stil decent ppl out there ..."
"...Not everyone out at that time of the morning are wasters.
I used to start work sometimes at 4am so would have been out and about at that time!!
And i class myself as a hard working respectable person..." 


 Irish Band Halcyon Daze Tour Manager, 
INL News Investigative Reporter,  writer and poet   found murdered in Boxburn, Scotland...

AWN News was trying to do a google search of the story ---Murder of Thomas Allwood in
the Brisbane Courier Mail the major state paper in Queensland, Australia owned by the Murdochs News Corporation-to see if the Brisbane Courier Mail picked up and run with the story
and found nothing...  particularilty that it is well known that Thomas Allwood is Queenslander...
N News researchers found it very odd that none of the main papers in the UK, USA
or Australia or anywhere else in the world are running with the story of the 
Murder of well know and well loved Australian INL News Investigative Journalist Thomas Allwood......
......................this is big news... 
and no other media outlet in Australia other than INL News and AWN News are running with the story...

An Australian is murdered in Scotland and left on the street to die
..and no one in the street seemed to have heard a fight or noise at all

One woman whose home overlooks the area where Thomas’ body was
discovered said she was upset to hear what had happened.
",....She said: “I didn’t hear a thing during the night but it’s
shocking to think this has happened here.
“This is far too close to home for my liking.
“Pyothall Road is a normally quiet area.
“On a Saturday night around here you can just about hear a pin drop....."

If this lady says you could hear a pin drop in the street, there in no
way Thomas Allwood was murdered in that street...
the murder had to have been carried out elsewhere and the body dropped there in that street.....so one person could not carry and lift a dead weight of Thomas Allwood, who is a very big man.....
it had to be at least tree people that carry his body there.....
by car and then they lifted his body onto the pavement and and drove away...
For some strange reason the police seem to be happy with just arresting one young 25 year old man for the murder when it is obvious he could not do this alone,.... if he did it all all.....
Something does not add up here 

 

Community's shock over man's death

Jun 28 2012 by Marjorie Kerr, West Lothian Courier

murdervictim

 

A COMMUNITY have spoken of their shock after a man was found dead in their street.

Thomas Graham Allwood (55) from Broxburn was found dead in the town’s Pyothall Road at around 4.45am on Thursday (June 21).

And residents in the quiet street said they were shocked and saddened to hear about the incident.

One woman whose home overlooks the area where Thomas’ body was discovered said she was upset to hear what had happened.

She said: “I didn’t hear a thing during the night but it’s shocking to think this has happened here.

“This is far too close to home for my liking.

“Pyothall Road is a normally quiet area.

“On a Saturday night around here you can just about hear a pin drop.

“The only people you really see are dog walkers.

“Nothing like this has happened round here before so it’s quite upsetting.

“I had to go and pick my kids up from school because they were too scared to walk home.”

Another man who lives in the area said he was shaken when he heard about the incident in the street.

He said: “We had the window open during the night and I would have thought we would have heard something.

“The first we knew about it was when the police arrived.

“It’s a terrible shock to think this has happened on our own doorstep.”

A man has appeared in court charged with murder following the death of Thomas Allwood.

Kyle Montgomery (24) of Winchburgh, appeared at Livingston Sheriff Court on Monday.

He made no plea or declaration and was remanded in custody.

http://www.westlothiancourier.co.uk/2012/06/28/community-s-shock-over-man-s-death-62405-31274579/



email: 
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
John Massey convicted murderer was quickly found and arrested a few hours after the AWN News article was published stating that after the murder of INL News Investigative Journalist Thomas Allwood... it was not safe for any other staff member of the INL News Group who have arrived in the UK to investigate the murder of Thomas Graham Allwood.......until Thomas Massey was placed back in a maximum security prison... a source inside the UK Prison Department, who was upset what was going on...tipped off the INL News Group Investigators that John Massey was quietly allowed out of prison for the evening on Wednesday the 20th June and back in prison in time for breakfast..with everyone not even knowing he The Friendly Team at International News Limited (USA)
Yahoo Real Estate is a sponsor of www.edinburghfringefest.com
Who Will win a USA Weekly News 100 Star Award at the 2012 Edinburgh Fringe Festival
If you are interested in having the USA Weekly News review your show 

at the 2012 Edinburgh Fringe orthe 2012 Dublin Fringe or the New York Fringe 
or any other fringe around the world please
had been out for the night... during that time Thomas Allwood is murdered and then John Massey is allowed to escape officially this time.... had the INL and AWN News Report not been published demanding that John Massey be immediately returned to prison ... and an inquiry into how he could have escaped that easily be announced.....then more than likely John Massey would still be at large... in the end it was just too publicly embarrassing to the Prime Minister David Cameron and the UK Government not to immediately re-arrest John Massey... the question remains is: How was it that  the Police found out where John Massey was that easily... the INL and AWN News Investigators are informed from a reliable source that someone in the UK Prison Department knew all the time where John Massey was and that they were organising for John Massey to escape to Spain again... however the plan was called off when a call from David Cameron's office came through... "you dam well find Massey today and put him back in prison... if not heads are going to role because this will become a massive international incident and with the London 2012 Olympics coming up it may become the end of my career as Prime Minister of Britain..."

 

 

Escaped murderer John Massey captured in Kent after INL News Demands that they immediately arrest John Massey and call an inquiry into John Massey's escape....no convicted murderer should be able to escape a maximum security prison that easily.

29 June 2012

.

Escaped murderer John Massey captured in Kent after INL News Demands that they immediately arrest


The Ministry of Justice has launched an investigation into the escape. Massey - one of the UK's longest-serving prisoners - was convicted of shooting dead a man with a sawn-off shotgun at The Cricketers in Clapton, east London ...this information was not stated to the public when it was reported by the media that John Massey had escaped... the articles while John Massey was on the run implied he has just had a fight with a guy in bar... and things got out of hand .. but the real story is that John Massey walked into the bar with a sawn-off shot gun...sounds like a contract killing ...

 

Convicted murderer John Massey, who escaped from Pentonville prison in north London on Wednesday has been arrested in Kent, police have said.

Massey, 64, was arrested at an address in Faversham at 17:15 BST following "an intelligence-led operation," a Metropolitan Police statement said.

He has been taken into custody at a north London police station.

It is thought Massey hid in the prison gym and went onto the roof before scaling the wall using netting.

A second man at the Faversham address was arrested on suspicion of aiding and abetting an absconder and was also taken into police custody, Scotland Yard added.

Massey - serving life for a 1975 pub murder - was reported missing at 18:30 BST on Wednesday. It is thought he used discarded netting, which may have been used for a sports activity, to fashion the makeshift rope.

The Ministry of Justice has launched an investigation into the escape. Massey - one of the UK's longest-serving prisoners - was convicted of shooting dead a man with a sawn-off shotgun at The Cricketers in Clapton, east London.

The BBC News website understands that Massey had previously escaped from Coldingley prison in Surrey in April 1994, and was subsequently reported to be living in Spain before being returned to prison. Massey was released on parole in June 2007 - after spending the previous 18 months in an open prison in Derbyshire - and ordered to live in a bail hostel in Streatham, south London. But he broke his curfew after a few months to go and live with his dying father and, after a number of days, was recalled to prison. After two-and-half years, he was sent to Ford open prison, in West Sussex, from where he absconded. He was arrested 10 months later and taken to Pentonville before Wednesday's escape.

 

 https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-18654823

 

Escaped murderer John Massey climbed Pentonville prison wall

  • Published 
  • John Massey

Escaped murderer John Massey captured in Kent

  • Published 
  • John Massey is thought to have escaped from within the prison

    Convicted murderer John Massey, who has escaped from Pentonville prison in north London, climbed the wall using a makeshift rope, the BBC understands.

    It is thought Massey, 64, hid in the prison gym and went onto the roof before scaling the wall using netting.

    Massey - serving life for a 1975 pub murder - was reported missing at 18:30 BST on Wednesday. Police say he should not be approached.

    The Ministry of Justice has launched an investigation into the escape.

    It is thought he used discarded netting, which may have been used for a sports activity, to fashion the makeshift rope.

    Massey - one of the UK's longest-serving prisoners - was convicted of shooting dead a man with a sawn-off shotgun at The Cricketers in Clapton, Hackney.

    BBC home affairs correspondent Danny Shaw said the escape was a major security breach causing deep embarrassment for the prison authorities.

    It is highly unusual for inmates to escape from within the confines of a closed prison such as Pentonville, our correspondent added.

    Police want anyone who spots Massey to call 999.

    Pentonville prison
    Image caption,

    Pentonville prison houses up to 1,250 category B and C male prisoners

    The BBC News website understands that Massey had previously escaped from Coldingley prison, in Surrey, in April 1994, and was subsequently reported to be living in Spain before being returned to prison.

    Massey was released on parole in June 2007 - after spending the previous 18 months in an open prison on Derbyshire - and ordered to live in a bail hostel in Streatham, south London.

    But he broke his curfew after a few months to go and live with his dying father and, after a number of days, was recalled to prison.

    After two-and-half years, he was sent to Ford open jail, in west Sussex, from where he absconded.

    He was arrested 10 months later and taken to Pentonville before Wednesday's escape.

    Up to 1,250 category B and C male prisoners - not the most serious category A offenders - are housed at Pentonville.

    Category B prisoners are defined as those "for whom the very highest conditions of security are not necessary but for whom escape must be made very difficult".

    Category C prisoners are defined as those "who cannot be trusted in open conditions, but who do not have the resources and will to make a determined escape attempt.".

    Conditions at Pentonville prison, which was built in 1842, have been heavily criticised by inspectors.

    In March 2009, convicted arsonist Julien Chautard spent minutes inside Pentonville before he <link> <firstCreated>2009-03-31T12:18:31+00:00</firstCreated> <lastUpdated>2009-03-31T12:18:31+00:00</lastUpdated> <caption>escaped by clinging to the underside of the security van he had arrived in</caption> <url href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/london/7974296.stm" platform="highweb"/> <url href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/mobile/england/london/7974296.stm" platform="enhancedmobile"/> </link> .

    He later handed himself in to police.

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-18654823

John Massey

John Massey is one of the UK's longest-serving prisoners

Convicted murderer John Massey, who escaped from Pentonville prison in north London on Wednesday has been arrested in Kent, police have said.

Massey, 64, was arrested at an address in Faversham at 17:15 BST following "an intelligence-led operation," a Metropolitan Police statement said.

He has been taken into custody at a north London police station.

It is thought Massey hid in the prison gym and went onto the roof before scaling the wall using netting.

A second man at the Faversham address was arrested on suspicion of aiding and abetting an absconder and was also taken into police custody, Scotland Yard added.

Massey - serving life for a 1975 pub murder - was reported missing at 18:30 BST on Wednesday.

It is thought he used discarded netting, which may have been used for a sports activity, to fashion the makeshift rope.

The Ministry of Justice has launched an investigation into the escape.

Massey - one of the UK's longest-serving prisoners - was convicted of shooting dead a man with a sawn-off shotgun at The Cricketers in Clapton, east London.

The BBC News website understands that Massey had previously escaped from Coldingley prison in Surrey in April 1994, and was subsequently reported to be living in Spain before being returned to prison.

Massey was released on parole in June 2007 - after spending the previous 18 months in an open prison in Derbyshire - and ordered to live in a bail hostel in Streatham, south London.

But he broke his curfew after a few months to go and live with his dying father and, after a number of days, was recalled to prison.

After two-and-half years, he was sent to Ford open prison, in West Sussex, from where he absconded.

He was arrested 10 months later and taken to Pentonville before Wednesday's escape.

Massey - serving life for a 1975 pub murder - was reported missing at 18:30 BST on Wednesday.

It is thought he used discarded netting, which may have been used for a sports activity, to fashion the makeshift rope.

The Ministry of Justice has launched an investigation into the escape.

Massey - one of the UK's longest-serving prisoners - was convicted of shooting dead a man with a sawn-off shotgun at The Cricketers in Clapton, east London.

The BBC News website understands that Massey had previously escaped from Coldingley prison in Surrey in April 1994, and was subsequently reported to be living in Spain before being returned to prison.

Massey was released on parole in June 2007 - after spending the previous 18 months in an open prison in Derbyshire - and ordered to live in a bail hostel in Streatham, south London.

But he broke his curfew after a few months to go and live with his dying father and, after a number of days, was recalled to prison.

After two-and-half years, he was sent to Ford open prison, in West Sussex, from where he absconded.

He was arrested 10 months later and taken to Pentonville before Wednesday's escape.

High-profile UK prison escapes

  • Published 

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-18643024

 

Police are searching for two men who are believed to have used diamond-tipped cutting equipment to break through cell bars before scaling the walls of Pentonville prison and escaping.

Matthew Baker, 28, was awaiting sentence following his conviction for attempted murder and James Whitlock, 31, was on remand after being charged with burglary.

Escapes from British prisons are rare and when they happen they often hit the headlines.

Grey line

Train robber Ronnie Biggs escapes from Wandsworth prison, 1965

Ronnie Biggs after being sentenced in 1964

Perhaps the best known escape of all time from a British prison took place in 1965 when Ronnie Biggs, one of the so-called Great Train Robbers, broke out of HMP Wandsworth in south London.

He scaled the prison wall using a rope ladder and escaped in a removals van.

Biggs had served just 19 months of a 30-year sentence for his part in the theft of £2.6m from the Glasgow to London mail train in 1963.

He spent 36 years on the run in Australia and then Brazil before being rearrested when he voluntarily returned to Britain in May 2001.

He was released from prison in August 2009 on compassionate grounds after contracting pneumonia and died in December 2013 - nine months after attending the funeral of fellow Great Train Robber, Bruce Reynolds.

Grey line

Soviet spy George Blake escapes from Wormwood Scrubs, 1966

George Blake

Former British spy George Blake was sentenced to 42 years in 1961 after being exposed as a Soviet double agent.

He escaped from Wormwood Scrubs prison in west London five years later with two other inmates, using a rope ladder with rungs made out of knitting needles.

Blake fled to the Soviet Union where he began a new life, and is still believed to be living in Moscow today.

Grey line

IRA prisoners escape from the Maze, 1983

The Maze prison in Northern Ireland

The biggest prison escape in British history took place on 25 September 1983 when 38 IRA prisoners broke out of the maximum security Maze prison in County Antrim.

The men - who had been convicted of offences ranging from murder to causing explosions - escaped after taking a number of prison guards hostage.

One prison officer was killed and another was seriously injured in the break-out, in which prisoners used smuggled guns and knives to overpower staff before hijacking a food lorry which they used to drive to the main gate.

Fifteen prisoners were recaptured within hours of the escape, with most of the rest eventually tracked down by the security services.

The incident was deeply embarrassing for the UK government, with then Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher describing it as "the gravest [break out] in our present history."

Extradition requests for three of the fugitives were dropped by the government in 2000 as part of the Good Friday Agreement. Two other men were granted an amnesty by ministers in 2002.

Grey line

Pub killer John Massey breaks out of Pentonville prison, on Wednesday 2th June 2012

John Massey
IMAGE SOURCE,MET POLICE

One of the UK's longest-serving prisoners, John Massey, escaped from Pentonville prison in north London in June 2012, apparently hiding in the prison gym before climbing onto the roof and scaling the wall using a makeshift rope fashioned from netting.

Then 64, Massey was serving a life sentence for shooting dead doorman Charlie Higgins with a sawn-off shotgun at The Cricketers pub in Clapton, east London, in 1975.

He spent 48 hours on the run before being arrested in Kent.

It was not his first escape - it is understood he broke out of Surrey's Coldingley prison in April 1994, reportedly fleeing to Spain before he was returned to custody.

In 2007 he was released on parole, but broke his curfew to go and live with his dying father. He was recalled to prison and later sent to Ford open prison in West Sussex, but again absconded and went on the run for 10 months.

Grey line

IRA prisoners break out of Brixton Prison, 1991

Nessan Quinlivan (left) and Pearse McAuley

Nessan Quinlivan (left) and Pearse McAuley

Pearse McAuley and Nessan Quinlivan, both members of the Provisional IRA, escaped from Brixton Prison in south London in July 1991 after subduing one of the guards and scaling the walls.

The pair had been awaiting trial on charges relating to a suspected plot to assassinate a former brewery company chairman, Sir Charles Tidbury.

After the break-out they stole a car belonging to a prison officer and drove to Baker Street Underground station - eventually fleeing to the Republic of Ireland.

In August 2009, the Crown Prosecution Service said it was no longer seeking to prosecute the two men over the plot because there was "no realistic prospect of conviction".

 
Grey line

Killer John Straffen escapes from Broadmoor psychiatric hospital, 1952

John Straffen
IMAGE SOURCE,PA

Convicted double killer John Straffen escaped from Broadmoor psychiatric hospital in Berkshire in April 1952 by climbing onto the roof of a shed and jumping over a wall.

Within an hour of escaping he had murdered a five-year-old local girl, Linda Bowyer.

He was recaptured the same day, convicted of the girl's murder and sentenced to death, though this was later reduced to life imprisonment.

The previous year he had appeared in court over the murders of Cicely Batstone, nine, and six-year-old Brenda Goddard, but was found unfit to stand trial and sent to Broadmoor.

Straffen, Britain's longest-serving prisoner, died in 2007 at the age of 77.

His escape in 1952 led to the installation of the Broadmoor siren to alert local residents of an inmate on the loose, an alarm which is still tested every Monday.

Grey line

'Skull Cracker' Michael Wheatley absconds while on day release, 2014

Michael Wheatley
IMAGE SOURCE,KENT POLICE

Michael Wheatley was serving a life sentence at Standford Hill prison on the Isle of Sheppey in Kent when he disappeared while on day release on 3 May 2014.

Four days later Wheatley, who had 23 previous convictions for robbery, two for attempted robbery and 18 for related firearms offences, raided a Surrey building society, making off with £18,350.

He was on the run for five days before being arrested in Tower Hamlets, east London. He was jailed and told he must serve 10 years before being eligible for parole, though this was reduced to eight years.

Wheatley had gone on the run twice before and each time staged a series of violent robberies before being caught and re-jailed.

He earned his nickname for using an imitation handgun as a blunt weapon to hit people - including a 73-year-old woman - during his robberies.

An earlier version of this story incorrectly stated that 83 prisoners had escaped from the Maze in 1983. The correct number is 38.


Read story below on INLNews Home Page
How did this man's 500 million business empire vanish into thin air? 

Go to this web page on www.awn.bz to find out who is the the Haywicks Farm Fraud Gang and why the Late Herbert Henry Butler murder was planned back in 1983 with the help of a forged will to obtain his family farm known as Haywicks Farm, Haywicks Lane, Hardwicke, Gloucester, GL2 3QE ...The INL News Group is making a new film called "..Fraud and Murder in Haywicks Lane..."based on the next edition of Stephen Carew-Reid's series of well known books called "The Triumph of Truth 
(Who Is Watching the Watchers?) published by the INL News Group, which are dedicated to exposing corrupt, wrongful, immoral and/or illegal actions in the legal system,the  courts, amongst judges, masters, magistrates, adjudicators, court and other government and semi government clerks, solicitors, lawyers, barristers and attorneys and big business and the media. The concept of Stephen Carew-Reid'sbooks are based on keeping the real names in them to expose the guilty so they become a permanent shame file of people in powerful positions in society that use their power in wrongful, corrupt, illegal and/or immoral ways against ordinary people that have been treated unjustly by people in powerful positions in government, the courts, semi government bodies, business, the police and the media...So the these of INL News Group's new film "..Fraud and Murder in Haywicks Lane.." is to keep the real names of the people involved in the fraud and murder of the late Herbert Henry Butler and the fraud on his only child Valerie Ann Butler of he lawful rights to Haywicks Farm... Haywicks Lane, Hardwicke, Gloucester, GL2 3QE  

Unique opportunity for an investor or investors to be involved with helping to purchase two freehold hotels in The United Kingdom and Australia  as a base for making an new international film ready for production ... and many other Feature films and TV shows planned with massive income and return on investment with the investment fully secured by a first mortgage over the freehold of the two hotels 

Hotel in Australia to be used to produce feature films and TV shows

including Australian Outback version of Big Sister and Fringe Shows Have Talent TV shows....... 

and a new feature film being filmed in Australia, the USA and the United Kingdom

...investor will also receive share in the entertainment and film production company which will own 50% of all future income streams from the current film being produced and 100% of most of the other films and TV shows planned for production by the entertainment and film production company with a budgeted profit from the first film project of in excess of $USA30 million.... funds are already in place for the production of the film project..... the only funds required are for the purchase of the freeholds of the two hotels which have 22 bedrooms in one and 36 bedrooms in the other as well as large entertainment, lounge, dinning and kitchen areas ......  a total of only $USA3 million required with an budgeted return from the first film project of over 200% return ..building up to a conservative budgeted annual income from the original investment of over 500% a year ..

for further confidential details on this exciting project  please contact Simon Robinson at                   
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

another exciting project from Edinburgh Fringe Festival Limited...

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Thomas Allwood with his favourite Irish Band...Halcyon Daze on Tour at the Edinburgh Castle.
also with film directors and producers David Granato and Cloudye Carew-Reid who are producing with Thomas Allwood the TV Show Fringe Shows Have Talent as a showcase of talented entertainers that perform at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival each year...Thomas Allwood dedicated all his time, effort, resources and money to help create a television show to give talented struggling fringe entertainers, musicians, actors, comedians a worldwide showcase for their work...Thomas Allwood put  $200,000 deposit on freehold hotel in Australia to be used as base to film an Australian outback version of Fringe Shows Have Talent and another TV Show concept Thomas Allwood was working on with partners called "Big Sister" which would also be filmed at the Hotel in Australia, which is based around the idea that six girls from all over the world meet in a university in Edinburgh and end up winning the Euro Millions... and they decide to buy a freehold hotel in Queensland, Australia where the advertise for six guys to employ to do all the hard work running the hotel... and each week they have to choose a short list of two guys to be sacked...and the world wide audience would then have to chose which one of the two guys should be sacked...Thomas Allwood's motivation to make the Big Sister TV Show was to help give young talented actresses and actors a world wide stage to gain international recognition... finance and/or some form of funding is now needed to finalise the purchase of the freehold hotel to fulfill Thomas Allwood's Dream... the hotel is being renamed the Thomas Allwood Fringe Entertainer's Hotel (TAFEH) i memory of Thomas Allwood giving his life for freedom of information, the exposing of the truth an an investigative journalist and as a poet and his dedication to create international TV shows and films as a way of showcasing talented young fringe entertainers, musicians, comedians and actors..... to help give them international recognition for their talent talent...anyone interested in providng funds to help finalise the purchase of the Thomas Allwood Fringe Entertainers Hotel (TAFEH)..whether in small, medium or large amount amounts please contact the fund manager of the Thomas Allwood Fringe Entertainers Hotel (TAFEH) at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


The Thomas Allwood Fringe Entertainer's Hotel (TAFEH)

 (TAFEH)

 Irish Band Halcyon Daze Tour Manager, INL News Investigative Reporter, writer and poet  found murdered in Boxburn, Scotland... 
has the right person been charged for the Murder of Thomas Allwood... is Kyle Montgomery a patsy for the real murderer of Thomas Allwood?
"..INL News journalists and other staff now fear for their lives until John Massey is captured and put back in a more secure prison where he can not escape.. "..."..How can anyone feel safe to come the Britain for the London 2012 Olympics with convicted murderer John Massey running around in Britain free to commit any crime he likes.." 
George Williams.. Head of the INL Thomas Allwood Murder Investigation Team


Click on this link to Read the Story 
UK PRIME MINISTER David Cameron; MURDER; MURDOCH
http://awn.bz/Leveson_Media_Inquiry.html 


Susan Benn from the Julian Assange Defence Fund: ''Julian will remain in the embassy under the protection of the Ecuadorian government

 

Mr Assange is facing extradition to Sweden from Britain for questioning over alleged sex crimes

Julian Assange 'declines' police order

29 June 2012

Wikileaks founder Julian Assange is ignoring a Metropolitan Police order to surrender himself at a police station, his representative has said.

Susan Benn said he was advised to "decline to comply" and will remain inside the Ecuadorian embassy while his application for asylum is processed.

Officers from the Met's extradition unit delivered a note to Mr Assange at the London embassy on Thursday.

He wants to avoid being sent to Sweden to face rape and assault accusations.

The police letter required that the 40-year-old surrender himself to Belgravia police station at 11:30 BST on Friday.

Under international diplomatic arrangements, the police cannot go into the embassy to arrest Mr Assange.

Life and liberty

In a statement, Ms Benn, a committee member of Mr Assange's defence fund, said: "This should not be considered any sign of disrespect. Under both international and domestic UK law asylum assessments take priority over extradition claims.

"The issues faced by Mr Assange are serious. His life and liberty and the life and liberty of his organisation and those associated with it are at stake."

The Wikileaks website published a mass of leaked diplomatic cables that embarrassed several governments and international businesses.

Mr Assange fears that if he is sent to Sweden he could be sent on to the United States to face charges over Wikileaks and that there, he could face the death penalty.

Ms Benn said it was "only a matter of time" before US authorities begin extradition proceedings against him.

She said: "Mr Assange did not feel safe from US extradition in the UK. We are all too aware of the abuses of the US-UK extradition treaty. Although Mr Assange has been trapped in the UK under dangerous circumstances, he has at least had the freedom to apply for political asylum.

"It is in this context that Julian has made the difficult decision to seek refuge inside the Ecuadorian embassy to ask for asylum. Julian will remain in the embassy under the protection of the Ecuadorian government while evidence for his application is being assembled and processed."

Mr Assange, whose bail conditions include staying at a named address between 22:00 and 08:00 BST, arrived at the embassy in Knightsbridge on 19 June.

How would anyone feel safe to come the Britain 
for the London 2012 Olympics if a convicted murderer 

John Massey was running around in Britain free to commit any crime he likes ...   knowing the worst that can happen to his is that he ends up back in prison where was is the first place .... and if he commits crimes that certain powerful people in the system want him to commit to so their dirty work, then he will be given the royal treatment when he goes back to prison.. if the UK Prison System was doing it job properly there is no way that John Massey, a convicted murderer could escape three times from a maximum security prison.. questions have to be answered as to how John Massey has been  able to escape three times... it is plainly rediculous ...
Convicted murderer John Massey, 64, has escaped from HMP Pentonville in north London
Thursday 28th June 2012
A "potentially dangerous" murderer has gone on the run for the third time after escaping over the walls of Pentonville Prison using a makeshift rope.
Wednesday 20th June 2012
A "potentially dangerous" murderer has gone on the run for the third time after escaping over the walls of Pentonville Prison using a makeshift rope.

A Special INL News investigation team have flown from the USA to investigate the murder of INL News Investigative Reporter Thomas Allwood, are concerned of reports that convicted murderer John Massey was possibly allowed to quietly leave prison to murder Thomas Allwood on Wednesday night the 20th June, 2012 in Broxburn, then as a reward, be allowed the escape by the UK Government to then be free to commit other murders that powerful Freemasons and people in and/or connected to the UK Government want committed ...it seems that the target is INL News Investigative reporters that are looking into corrupt links between the Prime Minister of Britain, David Cameron and the Chancellor of the Britain Osborne and Rupert and James Murdoch and  senior media executives working for their all powerful media empire run by News International Limited and News Corporation... INL News journalists and other staff now fear for their lives until John Massey is captured and put back in a more secure prison where he can not escape.. it is all too convenient that John Massey a convicted Murderer has been able to escape from Prison three times ...
the evidence seem to be that every time the UK Government or the Prime Minster or senior Freemasons connected to the UK Government want a murder committed, then just allow John Massey to escape for a while from prison....
 
INL News investigation files have clear evidence that is is common practice for Freemason prison officers to allow convicted prisoners to escape from prison, commit crime they want committed and then when they are re-arrested they get all the favours they wants when back in prison

http://www.yorkpress.co.uk/news/national/ 
 

Murderer escapes over prison wall

Convicted murderer John Massey, 64, has escaped from HMP Pentonville in north London
9:33am Thursday 28th June 2012
A "potentially dangerous" murderer has gone on the run for the third time after escaping over the walls of Pentonville Prison using a makeshift rope.
 

Murderer escapes over prison wall - UK, Local & National ...

Escaped murderer John Massey climbed Pentonville prison wall

  • Published 
John Massey
 
 
www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk › News › Local & National › UK
Murderer escapes over prison wall. Wednesday, 27 June 2012. Convicted murderer John Massey, 64, has escaped from HMP Pentonville in north London ...

How would anyone feel safe to come the Britain 
for the London 2012 Olympics if a convicted murderer 

John Massey was running around in Britain free to commit any crime he likes ...   knowing the worst that can happen to his is that he ends up back in prison where was is the first place .... and if he commits crimes that certain powerful people in the system want him to commit to so their dirty work, then he will be given the royal treatment when he goes back to prison.. if the UK Prison System was doing it job properly there is no way that John Massey, a convicted murderer could escape three times from a maximum security prison.. questions have to be answered as to how John Massey has been  able to escape three times... it is plainly rediculous ...
Convicted murderer John Massey, 64, has escaped from HMP Pentonville in north London
Thursday 28th June 2012
A "potentially dangerous" murderer has gone on the run for the third time after escaping over the walls of Pentonville Prison using a makeshift rope.
Wednesday 20th June 2012
A "potentially dangerous" murderer has gone on the run for the third time after escaping over the walls of Pentonville Prison using a makeshift rope.

A Special INL News investigation team have flown from the USA to investigate the murder of INL News Investigative Reporter Thomas Allwood, are concerned of reports that convicted murderer John Massey was possibly allowed to quietly leave prison to murder Thomas Allwood on Wednesday night the 20th June, 2012 in Broxburn, then as a reward, be allowed the escape by the UK Government to then be free to commit other murders that powerful Freemasons and people in and/or connected to the UK Government want committed ...it seems that the target is INL News Investigative reporters that are looking into corrupt links between the Prime Minister of Britain, David Cameron and the Chancellor of the Britain Osborne and Rupert and James Murdoch and  senior media executives working for their all powerful media empire run by News International Limited and News Corporation... INL News journalists and other staff now fear for their lives until John Massey is captured and put back in a more secure prison where he can not escape.. it is all too convenient that John Massey a convicted Murderer has been able to escape from Prison three times ...
the evidence seem to be that every time the UK Government or the Prime Minster or senior Freemasons connected to the UK Government want a murder committed, then just allow John Massey to escape for a while from prison....
 
INL News investigation files have clear evidence that is is common practice for Freemason prison officers to allow convicted prisoners to escape from prison, commit crime they want committed and then when they are re-arrested they get all the favours they wants when back in prison

http://www.yorkpress.co.uk/news/national/ 
 

Murderer escapes over prison wall

Convicted murderer John Massey, 64, has escaped from HMP Pentonville in north London
9:33am Thursday 28th June 2012
A "potentially dangerous" murderer has gone on the run for the third time after escaping over the walls of Pentonville Prison using a makeshift rope.
 

Murderer escapes over prison wall - UK, Local & National ...

Escaped murderer John Massey climbed Pentonville prison wall

  • Published 
John Massey
 
 
www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk › News › Local & National › UK
Murderer escapes over prison wall. Wednesday, 27 June 2012. Convicted murderer John Massey, 64, has escaped from HMP Pentonville in north London ...

Murderer escapes over prison wall

Wednesday, 27 June 2012 
A "potentially dangerous" murderer has gone on the run for the third time  after escaping over the walls of Pentonville Prison using a makeshift rope.  The64-year-old used a makeshift rope to escape over a wall and was not spotted in time by prison officers, sources said
Massey, one of Britain's longest-serving prisoners, made off  from the category B jail in Islington, north London, at around 6.30pm on Wednesday 20th June 2024.
The 64-year-old used a makeshift rope to escape over a wall and was not spotted in time  by prison officers, sources said
 
Convicted murderer John Massey, 64, has escaped from HMP Pentonville in north LondonConvicted murderer John Massey, 64, has escaped from HMP Pentonville in north London
Convicted murderer John Massey, 64, has escaped from HMP Pentonville in north London

Convicted murderer John Massey, 64, has escaped from HMP Pentonville in north London
 
 
Convicted murderer John Massey, 64, has escaped from HMP Pentonville in north London
Convicted murderer John Massey, 64, has escaped from HMP Pentonville in north London
 

HMP Pentonville in North London, where convicted murderer John Massey, 64, has escaped from.Credit: PA Wire

A "potentially dangerous" murderer has gone on the run for the third time after escaping over the walls of Pentonville Prison using a makeshift rope. John Massey, one of Britain's longest-serving prisoners, made off from the category B jail in Islington, north London, at around 6.30pm yesterday.
The 64-year-old used a makeshift rope to escape over a wall and was not spotted in time by prison officers, sources said.
 
Murderer escapes over prison wall
 

Murderer escapes over prison wall

Press Association  from Yahoo News 10am Wednesday 2012
 
A "potentially dangerous" murderer has gone on the run for the third time after escaping over the walls of Pentonville Prison using a makeshift rope.John Massey, one of Britain's longest-serving prisoners, made off from the category B jail in Islington, north London, at around 6.30pm on Wednesday. The 64-year-old used a makeshift rope to escape over a wall and was not spotted in time by prison officers, sources said.
 
The day before Thomas Graham Allwood was murdered  by bein seg drugged, knocked unconscious, carried to the street and while still unconscious, stabbed with a six inch wound tot he heart, then left to bleed to death in thre street, a "potentially dangerous" murderer went on the run on Wednesday 20th June 2024, for the third time after escaping over the walls of Pentonville Prison using a makeshift rope. John Massey, one of Britain's longest-serving prisoners, made off from the category B jail in Islington, north London, at around 6.30pm on Wednesday. The 64-year-old used a makeshift rope to escape over a wall and was not spotted in time by prison officers, sources said.

http://awn.bz/Leveson_Media_Inquiry.html 

Police make arrest following discovery of man's body in West Lothian

Jun 22 2012

A 25-YEAR-OLD man has been arrested after the suspicious death of another man in West Lothian.

The body of the 55-year-old, who has not yet been named, was discovered by members of the public in Pyothall Road in the Broxburn area of West Lothian at about 4.45am yesterday. 

A spokesman for Lothian and Borders Police said the death is being treated as suspicious and a 25-year-old man who was detained yesterday has been arrested.

The spokesman said enquiries are ongoing and asked anyone with information on the incident to contact police.

The way the police handled the 3 men who found the Body !

Posted in the Broxburn, Scotland Forum

The way the police handled the 3 men who found the Body !
It was my partner + 2 friends. They tell ppl to do the right thing n those 3 guys did and where held all day in a cell n treated like criminals for the first part of the day.

Well done too them !! There r stil decent ppl out there# 

Prob ar crims hen, what they doin out at that time ? 

The 3 of them r criminals, pretty much a list of offences the length if ma arm! Probably we're out stealing copper from the hannay again lol 

Oddjob bunch of folk like that found him? I'd love to hear their reason for being there at that time! Lol

what were three guys doing out at that time when decent people are in bed sleeping no wonder police held them sounds suspicious to me 

Decent people! aye ok then tina. u n ure mob always have somefing to do wi what goes on in this town.

Awfie quiet noo Tina !! Bunch eh wasters found that guy, oot aw hours and up to no good, normal folk in bed at five in the morning - cos respectable folk work for a living- no stealing and dole scrounging !!

http://www.scotsman.com/news/police-arrest-man-as-body-found-lying-on-broxburn-street-in-early-hours-1-2370477 

Police arrest man as body found lying on Broxburn street in early hours

Forensic officers in Broxburn. Picture: NEIL HANNA

Forensic officers in Broxburn. Picture: NEIL HANNA

By ALAN MCEWEN 
Published on Friday 22 June 2012 

POLICE have arrested a man over a suspicious death after a body was found lying in a street.

The 55-year-old victim was discovered by a passer-by in Pyothall Road in Broxburn, West Lothian, at around 4.45am yesterday.

Neighbours described seeing the man’s body lying across a pavement and grass verge beside a woodland area popular with dog walkers. 

Residents said that officers who arrived on the scene led a man out of a house in Galloway Crescent and took him away in a police car.

The street was sealed off by officers while forensic specialists spent the day examining the scene, as well at the house and its garden.

Detectives also visited the Badger’s Brook pub in the town’s East Main Street yesterday afternoon and spoke to staff as part of the inquiry. 

Police ordered council waste collectors not to empty any wheelie bins from streets in the vicinity as they scoured for evidence.

A neighbour, who asked not to be named, said: “I was woken by a police siren at about 4.50am. I looked out the window and I could see two police officers and another man standing over the body.

“It was a man wearing a white shirt and black trousers. He was lying half on the pavement and half on the grass.”

He said officers had gone to a house along the road and a man was led away from the property, 

The forensic team placed a series of blue plastic covers on the pavement as the rain fell yesterday morning before replacing them with yellow markers used to denote points of interest to the investigation.

Another neighbour said: “I was woken up about 5.30am by the sound of someone moving a bin. I looked out the window and could see the man lying in the street with a blanket over the top of him. There was lots of police cars and vans.

“I had my window open when I was sleeping so I would have heard any shouting or arguing, but I didn’t hear anything. It’s a very, very quiet place round here. The houses were only built about 2005. I had a friend who actually moved away from here because she said it was too quiet.

“It’s all just trees and fields at the back of where he was found.”

police officer had been kneeling down over the body. He didn’t know who the man was.”

A tent was erected over the spot where the body was found to continue forensic work.  

A team of officers arrived in police vans yesterday evening to carry out further door-to-door inquiries in the streets surrounding the crime scene. 

A police spokesman said officers investigating the death of a 55-year-old man in Broxburn had arrested a 25-year-old man in connection with the incident. 

It is expected the man will appear at Livingston Sheriff Court on Monday. 

The police spokesman added: “Anyone who can assist detectives with their enquiries is asked to come forward immediately.

Irish Band Halcyon Daze Tour manager, investigative reporter, writer and poet 

 INL News Investigative Reporter Thomas Allwood found murdered in Boxburn, Scotland...


Man in court over Thomas Allwood murder

A 24 year old Scottish male

'

Kyle Montgomery has appeared in the Livingston Magistrates court on Monday 25th June, 2012 charged with murder following the death of a 56-year-old Thomas Allwood in West Lothian last week. The court was closed to the public so the Scottish Police and Crown Prosecutors Office, called the Procurator Fiscal in Scotland's  Court System, could cover up details of the arrest and investigation into the murder of

 56 year old Thomas Allwood and the arrest of 

24 year old Kyle Montgomery on a charge of murdering 


Thomas Allwood 

from being made public.
The Australian Department of Foreign Affairs has written a condolence letter and offering Australian Government Assistance to Thomas Allwood's fiance Wynter Young who lives in Australia   and is not well enough to travel to Scotland for the funeral of Thomas Allwood.

" ...25 June 2012

Ms Winter Young

Dear Ms Young

 

I write to express my condolences for the death of your fiance, Mr Thomas Graham Allwood.

For family and friends, the death of a loved one in any circumstance causes immense feelings of loss and sorrow.  Where the death occurs overseas, there can often be additional complications in organising the funeral, repatriation and other arrangements.

This letter will explain the assistance which this department and our High Commission in London is able to provide to you during this difficult time. It is important to understand that you should appoint a funeral director in both Scotland and in Australia to carry out your wishes with respect to Allwood’s funeral arrangements and returning Mr Allwood to Australia. The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) and our consular staff overseas can help with overseas arrangements by liaising with the funeral directors on your behalf and in accordance with your wishes. 

Please contact us if there are any aspects of the arrangements about which you are uncertain or if you require any further assistance.

Yours sincerely

Lorena López de Herd
Consular Operations Branch
Telephone:  1300 555 135 (use option “6”) ....."




Livingstone Magistrates Court, Scotland, UK, where Kyle Montgomery was formerly charged with the murder of INL News Reporter Thomas Allwood

 The INL News Group's head investigator has made a comment that he expects that the murder will be white washed in the end so that no one will be found guilty of the murder of Thomas Allwood which in the end will be covered up by falsely making out that the murder was just an unfortunate tragedy  that happened  as a result of Thomas Allwood trying to stop a domestic dispute, which is reality very far from the truth. INL News Media Investigators are putting the pieces of the puzzle together and it is becoming more and more clear that Thomas Allwood's murder was a very deliberate and pre-planned murder all setup to make it look like a domestic dispute that got out of hand... Thomas Allwood was about to provide evidence to the Leveson Media Inquiry into illegal phone hacked, police bribery into corrupt and unhealthy links between senior powerful media executives and senior politicians as high up as David Cameron, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and George Osborne, the Chancellor of the United Kingdom who are ready willing and able to do favours for powerful media owners  and executives as as Rupert Murdoch and James Murdoch and their senior media executive Rebeccah Brooks in return for positive publicity in their media outlets.....Thomas Allwood had issued a High Court Legal Action against David Cameron the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, George Osborne, the Chancellor of the United Kingdom, the UK Government and the UK Border Agency for 500 million pounds  in damages for illegally and wrongfully arresting USA comedian Ronnie Prouty at Heathrow Airport in April, 2011 who had was flying from Los Angeles to Edinburgh as a favour for Thomas Allwood and the talented entertainers that perform at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival each year, for no payment to help host the pilot of the Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Shows Thomas Allwood and the INL News Group and  other partners where filming at the Caves in Edinburgh in April 2011. The reason why USA comedian Ronnie Prouty was illegally arrested and detained for 24 hours at Heathrow Airport and then flown in handcuffs the next day on his own return airticket back to Los Angeles, was to do a  favour for Rupert and James Murdoch and their all powerful multi billion media group News Corporation and News International  to commercial sabotage Thomas Allwood, and the INL News Group and partners' filming of their pilot Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Show being filmed in the world famous Caves , Cowgate Edinburgh. Then when legal action was issued by Thomas Allwood, the INL News Group and partners for 500 million pounds in damages against  David Cameron, the Prime Mininister of the United Kingdom, George Osborne, the Chancellor of the United Kingdom, the UK Border Agency and the UK Government for commercially sabotaging their pilot of the Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Show, the Defendants instructed attorneys Toby Spanton and Sarah Love on behalf of the UK Government to lodge a false and fraudulent statement in the High Court of Justice in London stating that Ronnie Prouty had stated to U #K Border Agency Staff that he had been paid $2,000 to host the pilot of the Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Show, as a way of trying to have the claim struck out by the High Court. Ronnie Prouty has made a statement that he never stated to any UK Border Agency Staff or anyone else that he had been paid $2,000 and that is fact he had not been paid nay more  whatsoever to come to Edinburgh to host the pilot of the Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Show..Thomas Allwood then issued a further application in the High Court of Justice to listed to be heard on the 24th July, 2012 in court 10 at 10.30 am in the Rolls Building in Fetta Lane London to request the court to charge David Cameron, the Prime Minister of the UK, George Osborne, the Chancellor of the UK,  Government and Treasury Solicitors represented by Toby Spanton and Sarah Love for criminal contempt of court for deliberately and knowingly producing and presenting a false and fraudulent statement to the High Court of Justice as a way of trying to strike at claim for damages of 500 million pounds against them all... its is obvious that they had to move quickly to murder Thomas Allwood to make sure he could not appear in the High Court of the 24th July, 2012 and could not appear at the Leveson inquiry into phone hacking and police bribery involved Rupert and James Murdoch and their executives an other employees of News Corporation and News International....

Thomas Allwood was found by members of the public lying across Pyothall Road in Broxburn at about 04:45 on Thursday.

Kyle Montgomery, 24, of Winchburgh, appeared on petition on a charge of  murdering Thomas Allwood at Livingston Sheriff Court at 2pm on the 25th June, 2012.

Kyle Montgomery made no plea or declaration and was remanded in custody for further inquiries.

Man charged over Broxburn murder of Thomas Allwood, a senior investigative journalist for  INL News Group's, also poet, writer, film and TV producer Band producer, Tour Manager and talent scout for the Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Show....

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-edinburgh-east-fife-18563789

A man has been charged in connection with the murder of a 55-year-old man who was found dead in the street in West Lothian.

INL News  Investigative Reporter, film  and TV producer, Poet and writer and partner with the INL News Group in the Fringe Shows have Talent TV Show which is  in the process of being launched in Edinburgh....  was found lying in the road.. having been murdered because he was about to expose serious corruption in the UK Border Agency who did a favour for Rupert and James Murdoch's all powerful News Corporation and News International...by r wrongfully arresting 

USA character comedian Ronnie Prouty 


USA character comedian Ronnie Prouty at Heathrow Airport while Ronnie Prouty was on his way to Edinburgh to help free of charge with the filming of the pilot of the Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Show...Thomas Allwood was about to produce a new feature film with USA Character Comedian Ronnie Prouty to be made in Scotland.......the Murdochs and their News Corporation and News International companies wanted to commercially sabotage Thomas Allwood and INL News Group's pilot of the Fringe Shows Have Talent Show...by making sure the proposed host of the show Ronnie Prouty was wrongfully arrested and detained for 24 hours at Heathrow Airport and put in hand cuffs and flown back to Los Angeles the next day on Mr Prouty's own return air ticket...Ronnnie Prouty was only going to be in Edinburgh for five days without being paid any money, as favour to his musician friends


 Sher Watson and his  


Das Contras Sottissh jazz rock-funk fusson band, 
  

Daragh Podge and Jay and their Irish Happy Funk Bank Halcyon Daze,



 English comedian group Dog Eared Collective, 


actor Sophie Gatacre and her one woman shows Samantha's Hotline  that perform each year to sell out audiences at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival..and other who were being filming in the pilot shows.....then went the INL News Group and Thomas Allwood sued the David Cameron the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, George Osborne the Chancellor of the United Kingdom, and UK Border Agency for damages...the Treasury Solicitors acting for the David Cameron the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, George Osborne the Chancellor of the United Kingdom, and UK Border Agency, put in a false statement to the High Court of Justice wrongly stating that Ronnie Prouty had  been paid $2,000 to come to Edinburgh to help host the pilot of the Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Show... which Thomas Allwood was passionate about making and producing a a showcase to help promote all the hard working and talented artists that perform at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival each year.... 
that even though there talent is outstanding leave the Edinburgh Fringe Festival without being recognised for their talent...Thomas Allwood had a vision to change all that....with the Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Shows... show casing the talented performers of the Edinburgh Fringe Festival...

Irish Band Halcyon Daze Tour manager, investigative reporter, writer and poet 

 Thomas Allwood found murdered in Boxburn, Scotland
 
 Story from April 2011 wijatrecords.com/  on Thomas Allwood...

Mr Wijat and his film and TV producer mate Thomas Allwood are so excited 
about their favourite Happy Funk band    
Halcyon Daze  
  
coming to Edinburgh for the 2011 Edinburgh Fringe Festival in August 2011.    
Halcyon Daze will be playing at Hunters Square   
 
just off the Royal Mile..  
   
You will be able to purchase a copy of Halcyon Daze's New Album...  
   
This may be the last time you can see Halcyon Daze perform in the United Kingdom before the band heads of new on
 "..Halcyon Daze Hits the Highway...." Tour  
which is planned to start in Australia...  
You may also catch Halcyon Daze doing a few numbers outside the High Court of Justice Strand London ...
 
at the end of August 2011   
in support of Wiki Leaks founder Julian Assange  
 
who is fighting extradition on false charges to Sweden after being set up by two women working for the CIA.. 
 
For more information on why and how 
the CIA set up WikiLeaks Founder Julian Assange 
please See:
 
Halcyon Dazen Rocks at the Edinburgh Castle ....Wijat Records has signed Halcyon Daze.. the New Dublin  band set to take the
Music World by Storm  ith their new brand of  unique happy funk music
 
Ancestors of Thomas Allwood

Thomas Allwood (1785 - 1831) - Genealogy

 
www.geni.com/people/Thomas-Allwood/6000000009367781871
23 Apr 2011 – Genealogy for Thomas Allwood (1785 - 1831) on Geni with over 100 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Page updated April 23, ...

Ancestors of Thomas Allwood 

www.pickfamily.com/1409.htm
8 Jan 2012 – Thomas Allwood. Born: 1750, Alvechurch, Worcester, England; Marriage: Mary; Died: Abt 1806 aged about 56. picture. bullet Research Notes: ...



 
 
John Allwood 
(1720-)
Hannah Blun 
(Abt 1720-)
Thomas Allwood 
(1750-Abt 1806)

Thomas Allwood

  • Born: 1750, Alvechurch, Worcester, England
  • Marriage: Mary
  • Died: Abt 1806 aged about 56

Thomas married Mary. (Mary was born about 1749 in Alvechurch, Worcester, England and died about 1806 in Alvechurch, Worcester, England.)

Sarah Watts

  • Born: Abt 1781, Birmingham, Warwick, England
  • Marriage: William Allwood
Sarah Watts 
(Abt 1781-)
Spouses/Children: 
William Allwood 
 

 Research Notes:

Added 2/21/2010 from:
http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=felix4806&id=I0611 (Felix).
3/17/2010 14 Mar 2010 said Elizabeth and Sarah were sisters

Sarah married William Allwood, 

son of Thomas Allwood and Mary

. (William Allwood was born about 1781 in Alvechurch, Worcester, England and died on 18 Feb 1845 in Duddeston, Birmingham, Warwickshire.)

 
Mary 
(Abt 1749-Abt 1806)
 

Mary

  • Born: Abt 1749, Alvechurch, Worcester, England
  • Marriage: Thomas Allwood
  • Died: Abt 1806, Alvechurch, Worcester, England aged about 57
 
Mary married Thomas Allwood, son of John Allwood and Hannah Blun. (Thomas Allwood was born in 1750 in Alvechurch, Worcester, England and died about 1806.)
 

Joseph John Allwood

  • Born: 1775, Alvechurch, Worcester, England
  • Marriage: Joanne Cottrell on 28 Dec 1797 in Deritend, Aston, Warwickshire, England
  • Died: Abt 1826, Aston Juxta Birmingham, Warwick, England aged about 51
  • Buried: 22 Jun 1826
 
 
 
 
Joseph John Allwood 
(1775-Abt 1826)
 
 
 
 
 

Robert Allwood

  • Born: Abt 1799, Alvechurch, Worcester, England
  • Marriage: Betsy Edwards on 19 May 1823 in Aston Juxta Birmingham, Warwick, England 1994
  • Died: 21 Jul 1830 aged about 31
  • Buried: Ashted, Birmingham, Warwickshire
 
Robert married Betsy Edwards on 19 May 1823 in Aston Juxta Birmingham, Warwick, England.1994 (Betsy Edwards was born about 1799 and died on 29 May 1838 in Aston Juxta Birmingham, Warwick, England.)

  Marriage Notes:

------ From Source Attached To: Marriage ------
IGI Individual Record, M011681 BETSY EDWARDS Family Marriage: 19 MAY 1823 Aston Juxta Birmingham, Warwick, England. Cit. Date: 17 Mar 2010.

 

http://www.pickfamily.com/1641.htm

 

William Henry Allwood

  • Born: 4 Apr 1826, Birmingham, Warwick, England
  • Christened: 14 Jan 1828, Birmingham, Warwick, England
  • Marriage: Ann Bell on 29 Mar 1874 in Bordesley, Warwick, England
Spouses/Children: 
Ann Bell 
 
 
 
William married Ann Bell on 29 Mar 1874 in Bordesley, Warwick, England. (Ann Bell was born about 1830 in Birmingham, Warwick, England.)
 

  Marriage Notes:

From Lorraine. Church was St. Andrews

 

Spouses/Children: 
Ann Bell 

 

 

Ann Bell

  • Born: Abt 1830, Birmingham, Warwick, England
  • Marriage: William Henry Allwood on 29 Mar 1874 in Bordesley, Warwick, England

 
Ann Bell 
(Abt 1830-)
Spouses/Children: 
William Henry Allwood 
 
Ann married William Henry Allwood, son of Robert Allwood and Betsy Edwards, on 29 Mar 1874 in Bordesley, Warwick, England. (William Henry Allwood was born on 4 Apr 1826 in Birmingham, Warwick, England and was christened on 14 Jan 1828 in Birmingham, Warwick, England.)

Marriage Notes:

From Lorraine. Church was St. Andrews

 

 

http://www.pickfamily.com/1415.htm

 

John Allwood 
(1720-)
 
Hannah Blun 
(Abt 1720-)
 
 
 
 
 
Thomas Allwood 
(1750-Abt 1806)
Mary 
(Abt 1749-Abt 1806)
William Allwood 
(Abt 1781-1845)

 

William Allwood

  • Born: Abt 1781, Alvechurch, Worcester, England
  • Marriage (1): Sarah Watts
  • Marriage (2): Elizabeth Watts
  • Died: 18 Feb 1845, Duddeston, Birmingham, Warwickshire aged about 64
 

Spouses/Children: 
1. Sarah Watts 
2. Elizabeth Watts 

 

  Research Notes:

Added 12/12/09 from Felix Elliott's tree. Also on his IGI submssion: 4225956-0703108014334
2/17/10 Lorraine says birth year is 1777 and have added the following. Wheelwright by trade, married Elizabeth c1777 FreeBMD shows death under Aston Mar qtr 1845 vol 16 page 158.
Felix's tree has wife and children

 

William married Sarah Watts. (Sarah Watts was born about 1781 in Birmingham, Warwick, England.)

William next married Elizabeth Watts. (Elizabeth Watts was born about 1790 in Birmingham, Warwick, England.

 

Sarah Watts

  • Born: Abt 1781, Birmingham, Warwick, England
  • Marriage: William Allwood
Sarah Watts 
(Abt 1781-)
Spouses/Children: 
William Allwood 
 

 Research Notes:

Added 2/21/2010 from:
http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=felix4806&id=I0611 (Felix).
3/17/2010 14 Mar 2010 said Elizabeth and Sarah were sisters

 

Sarah married William Allwood, son of Thomas Allwood and Mary. (William Allwood was born about 1781 in Alvechurch, Worcester, England and died on 18 Feb 1845 in Duddeston, Birmingham, Warwickshire.)

 
 
 

Mary Ann Allwood

  • Born: Abt May 1826, Birmingham, Warwick, England
  • Died: Abt Sep 1826, Birmingham, Warwick, England
 
arrow            
Thomas Allwood 
(1750-Abt 1806)
 
Mary 
(Abt 1749-Abt 1806)
 
 
 
 
 
William Allwood 
(Abt 1781-1845)
Elizabeth Watts 
(Abt 1790-)
Mary Ann Allwood 
(Abt 1826-Abt 1826)
 

Research Notes:

Added 2/21/2010 from:
http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=felix4806&id=I0611 (Felix)
and email from Lorrain Scrimshaw
Lorraine has Mary May, Felix has Mary Ann.
3/17/2010 email Lorraine 14 march 2010. Should be Mary Ann, birth month and death added

z

 
 
John Allwood 
(1720-)
Hannah Blun 
(Abt 1720-)
Thomas Allwood 
(1750-Abt 1806)

Thomas Allwood

  • Born: 1750, Alvechurch, Worcester, England
  • Marriage: Mary
  • Died: Abt 1806 aged about 56
 

Thomas married Mary. (Mary was born about 1749 in Alvechurch, Worcester, England and died about 1806 in Alvechurch, Worcester, England.)

 

 

Sarah Watts

  • Born: Abt 1781, Birmingham, Warwick, England
  • Marriage: William Allwood
Sarah Watts 
(Abt 1781-)
Spouses/Children: 
William Allwood 
 

 Research Notes:

Added 2/21/2010 from:
http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=felix4806&id=I0611 (Felix).
3/17/2010 14 Mar 2010 said Elizabeth and Sarah were sisters

 

Sarah married William Allwood, 

son of Thomas Allwood and Mary

. (William Allwood was born about 1781 in Alvechurch, Worcester, England and died on 18 Feb 1845 in Duddeston, Birmingham, Warwickshire.)

 
 
Mary 
(Abt 1749-Abt 1806)
 

Mary

  • Born: Abt 1749, Alvechurch, Worcester, England
  • Marriage: Thomas Allwood
  • Died: Abt 1806, Alvechurch, Worcester, England aged about 57
 
Mary married Thomas Allwood, son of John Allwood and Hannah Blun. (Thomas Allwood was born in 1750 in Alvechurch, Worcester, England and died about 1806.)
 

Joseph John Allwood

  • Born: 1775, Alvechurch, Worcester, England
  • Marriage: Joanne Cottrell on 28 Dec 1797 in Deritend, Aston, Warwickshire, England
  • Died: Abt 1826, Aston Juxta Birmingham, Warwick, England aged about 51
  • Buried: 22 Jun 1826
 
 
 
 
Joseph John Allwood 
(1775-Abt 1826)
 
 
 
 
 

Robert Allwood

  • Born: Abt 1799, Alvechurch, Worcester, England
  • Marriage: Betsy Edwards on 19 May 1823 in Aston Juxta Birmingham, Warwick, England 1994
  • Died: 21 Jul 1830 aged about 31
  • Buried: Ashted, Birmingham, Warwickshire
 
Robert married Betsy Edwards on 19 May 1823 in Aston Juxta Birmingham, Warwick, England.1994 (Betsy Edwards was born about 1799 and died on 29 May 1838 in Aston Juxta Birmingham, Warwick, England.)

  Marriage Notes:

------ From Source Attached To: Marriage ------
IGI Individual Record, M011681 BETSY EDWARDS Family Marriage: 19 MAY 1823 Aston Juxta Birmingham, Warwick, England. Cit. Date: 17 Mar 2010.

 

http://www.pickfamily.com/1641.htm

 

William Henry Allwood

  • Born: 4 Apr 1826, Birmingham, Warwick, England
  • Christened: 14 Jan 1828, Birmingham, Warwick, England
  • Marriage: Ann Bell on 29 Mar 1874 in Bordesley, Warwick, England
Spouses/Children: 
Ann Bell 
 
 
 
William married Ann Bell on 29 Mar 1874 in Bordesley, Warwick, England. (Ann Bell was born about 1830 in Birmingham, Warwick, England.)
 

  Marriage Notes:

From Lorraine. Church was St. Andrews

 

Spouses/Children: 
Ann Bell 

 

 

Ann Bell

  • Born: Abt 1830, Birmingham, Warwick, England
  • Marriage: William Henry Allwood on 29 Mar 1874 in Bordesley, Warwick, England

 
Ann Bell 
(Abt 1830-)
Spouses/Children: 
William Henry Allwood 
 
Ann married William Henry Allwood, son of Robert Allwood and Betsy Edwards, on 29 Mar 1874 in Bordesley, Warwick, England. (William Henry Allwood was born on 4 Apr 1826 in Birmingham, Warwick, England and was christened on 14 Jan 1828 in Birmingham, Warwick, England.)

Marriage Notes:

From Lorraine. Church was St. Andrews

 

 

http://www.pickfamily.com/1415.htm

 

John Allwood 
(1720-)
 
Hannah Blun 
(Abt 1720-)
 
 
 
 
 
Thomas Allwood 
(1750-Abt 1806)
Mary 
(Abt 1749-Abt 1806)
William Allwood 
(Abt 1781-1845)

 

William Allwood

  • Born: Abt 1781, Alvechurch, Worcester, England
  • Marriage (1): Sarah Watts
  • Marriage (2): Elizabeth Watts
  • Died: 18 Feb 1845, Duddeston, Birmingham, Warwickshire aged about 64
 

Spouses/Children: 
1. Sarah Watts 
2. Elizabeth Watts 

 

  Research Notes:

Added 12/12/09 from Felix Elliott's tree. Also on his IGI submssion: 4225956-0703108014334
2/17/10 Lorraine says birth year is 1777 and have added the following. Wheelwright by trade, married Elizabeth c1777 FreeBMD shows death under Aston Mar qtr 1845 vol 16 page 158.
Felix's tree has wife and children

 

William married Sarah Watts. (Sarah Watts was born about 1781 in Birmingham, Warwick, England.)

William next married Elizabeth Watts. (Elizabeth Watts was born about 1790 in Birmingham, Warwick, England.

 

Sarah Watts

  • Born: Abt 1781, Birmingham, Warwick, England
  • Marriage: William Allwood
Sarah Watts 
(Abt 1781-)
Spouses/Children: 
William Allwood 
 

 Research Notes:

Added 2/21/2010 from:
http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=felix4806&id=I0611 (Felix).
3/17/2010 14 Mar 2010 said Elizabeth and Sarah were sisters

 

Sarah married William Allwood, son of Thomas Allwood and Mary. (William Allwood was born about 1781 in Alvechurch, Worcester, England and died on 18 Feb 1845 in Duddeston, Birmingham, Warwickshire.)

 
 
 

Mary Ann Allwood

  • Born: Abt May 1826, Birmingham, Warwick, England
  • Died: Abt Sep 1826, Birmingham, Warwick, England
 
arrow            
Thomas Allwood 
(1750-Abt 1806)
 
Mary 
(Abt 1749-Abt 1806)
 
 
 
 
 
William Allwood 
(Abt 1781-1845)
Elizabeth Watts 
(Abt 1790-)
Mary Ann Allwood 
(Abt 1826-Abt 1826)
 

Research Notes:

Added 2/21/2010 from:
http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=felix4806&id=I0611 (Felix)
and email from Lorrain Scrimshaw
Lorraine has Mary May, Felix has Mary Ann.
3/17/2010 email Lorraine 14 march 2010. Should be Mary Ann, birth month and death added

 

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ICJ rules Israel must ‘immediately halt’ offensive in Rafah | Israel-Palestine conflict | Al Jazeera
The International Court of Justice has ruled that Israel must immediately halt its offensive in Rafah and allow unimpeded access to investigate allegations of genocide.

The UN’s top court is ordering Israel to immediately halt its offensive on Rafah, open the border crossing to let aid to flow freely into Gaza and to allow unimpeded access for investigators over allegations of genocide in Palestine. Israel said it is acting on its right to defend itself and called charges of genocide outrageous.

 

The International Court of Justice called on Israel to end its operation in Rafah, the southernmost town in Gaza.

Over the last two weeks, Israel has reduced entire neighbourhoods in Rafah to rubble and forcefully displaced hundreds of thousands of people.

What was the ICJ ruling on South Africa’s case against Israel?

According to the court, Israel must stop its offensive on Rafah.

The court was not convinced that Israel had taken sufficient measures to protect civilian life and voted – 13 judges to two – that Israel must take effective measures to enable any UN-backed commission of inquiry to enter Gaza and probe genocide allegations.

The court also reaffirmed its previous January 26 ruling that Israel must scale up aid to Palestinians in Gaza.

“The ICJ is essentially saying: OK, enough,” said Alonso Gurmendi, an international law scholar at King’s College, London.  “It is a pretty substantial order … it [reflects] a loss of patience [with Israel] in my opinion.”

 

What was South Africa’s complaint against Israel?

South Africa initially filed an emergency request for Israel to end its offensive on Rafah, but then broadened its request for a full ceasefire in Gaza.

Will this stop Israel’s attack on Rafah?

Minutes after the ruling came in, reports emerged of Israeli air raids in Rafah.

For now, Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has not made a formal statement. But analysts believe that Israel will continue to violate the ICJ’s order.

Legal scholars and analysts said Israel refused compliance with earlier ICJ provisional measures on January 26. The ICJ had called on Israel to scale up aid to protect the rights of Palestinians under the genocide convention.

Gurmendi added that the new provisional measure compounds the pressure on Western states that arm Israel.

“How can you justify selling weapons for Israel to use in Rafah? I don’t think you can. I think it is legally impossible,” he said. “So while this [ICJ order] won’t stop the operation in Rafah itself, it builds pressure on the idea that it is OK to just keep selling weapons to Israel.”

What else did the ICJ say?

It ordered Israel to open the Rafah crossing for unhindered provision of aid.

“The order is [legally] binding on Israel. Previous [ICJ] orders [to scale up aid] have already put states on notice that there is an imminent risk of genocide and therefore their duty – under the genocide convention –  to prevent that has already been triggered,” said Heidi Matthews, a legal scholar at York University in Toronto.

“Obviously, some folks will be disappointed that there wasn’t a full ceasefire order. This is still a big move, but it’s not a full ceasefire move,” she added.

Any reaction from Palestine or Palestinian groups?

Hamas welcomed the ICJ rulings. It said in a statement that Israel continues to commit massacres in the Gaza Strip. The group added that it expects the court to eventually issue an order for Israel to stop its war on the entire besieged strip.

“What is happening in Jabalia and other governorates of the Strip is no less criminal and dangerous than what is happening in Rafah.”

“We call on the international community and the United Nations to pressure the occupation to immediately comply with this decision and to seriously and genuinely proceed in translating all UN resolutions that force the Zionist occupation army to stop the genocide it has been committing against our people for more than seven months.”

How did Israel respond?

The response from Israeli officials has been largely defiant.

Many officials repeated prior accusations that the court was aiding “terrorists.”

Finance Minister Bezalel Smotrich wrote on X, formerly Twitter, that Israel was in a “war for its existence,” adding that stopping the invasion of Rafah was akin to demanding Israel “cease to exist”.

He warned that stopping the assault meant the “enemy will reach the beds of our children and women throughout the country.” He then tweeted that “history will judge who stood by the Nazis of Hamas and I