Blue Flower



Click Here for INL News Amazon Best Seller Books



Click Here for INL News Amazon Best Seller Books


Amazon Electronics - Portable Projectors

USA Hidden and Unpopular History the CIA Nd MI6 Controlled Mainstream Media Do Not Like Brought To Public Light

Some Unpopular History of the United States The Richard Nixon Years Jan. 1969 – Aug. 9, 1974

Book eight by Richard McManus

To view and read more about USA Hidden History Please Go To

USAHiddenHistory (


The purpose of this book is to inform readers about historical facts that most US history books omit. Most US citizens do not know about the unnecessary and unjust wars, violations of international law, and covert operations by the CIA and other US government agencies.   I hope future historians and you will find my mistakes so together we get closer to the truth.

USA and CIA Vietnamising The War 1969-1973

CIA USA Operation Paperclip and MK Ultra Operations Part 2

​​​​​​​​​​Handy​ Easy Email and World News Links  WebMail
​GoogleSearch  YahooMail 

 HotMail   GMail   AOLMail  Twitter   

USAMAIL  WikiLeaks  

Facebook   INLNews MyWayEmail  


Cold War Spies Exposed

To provide a story, opinion, comment or video to be

uploaded to this. site please feel free to contact us at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

My blog – Just another WordPress site (

Dublin International Online Fringe Festival

Email Log In Link for

September 2021

​​​​​​​​​Email Log In Link for

Handy​ Easy Email and World News Links  WebMail

GoogleSearch GMail YahooMail    HotMail   AOLMail  


 Facebook   Twitter WikiLeaks   INLNews  AWNNews   YahooMail    HotMail   

GMail  AOLMail   RussiaBeyond  

USAMAIL   MyWayEmail   EuropeanNews   gossip.whyfame CDMedia ReutersNewsVideos   CNNWorld   

JapaneseNews   VestiNews 

IsraelVideoNews NewYorkTimes   BBCNews  TheTimesUK

WashingtonPostNews   WashingtonTimesNews  ChinaDailyNews   AdelaideNews  

The Guardian-News  ABCAustralianNews 

NewZealandNews   USADailyNews   Indian News   Queensland News    

Melbourne News    SydneyNews-SydneyMorningHerald     DarwinNews

SydneyDailyNews-Daily Telegraph



​ is underrated  TheVerge   The Truth Factory  huffpost

INLNews Sponsored Website Log in Link



More Great World News Links

R & R

World Liberal News Links





























Conservative News









































 CIA's Project Pandora-Mind Control-Pedophilia-Project Paperclip

Dr. Rima E. Laibow Criminalizing-Natural Health Part 1

Dr. Rima E. Laibow Criminalizing-Natural Health Part 2

Dr. Rima E. Laibow Napolionic Law - Crimalising Health Part 3

Dr. Rima E. Laibow  Crimalising Health Part 4

Leroy Fletcher Prouty - Black Op Radio No.979

Leroy Fletcher Prouty former discusses his exposing of covert operations of the CIA and his book The Secret Team 

Portrait of L. Fletcher Prouty.png

Leroy Fletcher Prouty Born January 24, 1917 Springfield, Massachusetts, US Died June 5, 2001 (aged 84) Service/branch: United States Air Force Years of service: 1941–1964 Rank Colonel Awards Legion of Merit
Joint Service Commendation Medal Spouse: Elizabeth B. Prouty Children: David F. Prouty,
Jane E. Prouty, Lauren M. Prouty

Leroy Fletcher Prouty (January 24, 1917 – June 5, 2001)[1] served as Chief of Speci United States Air Forceal Operations for the Joint Chiefs of Staff under President John F. Kennedy. A colonel in the United States Air Force, he retired from military service to become a bank executive. He subsequently became a critic of U.S. foreign policy, particularly the covert activities of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), which he believed was working on behalf of a secret world elite.

Prouty's commentary on the Kennedy assassination circulated widely from the 1970s-90s, as a key source for conspiracy theories about it. He was the inspiration for the character "Mr. X" in Oliver Stone's film JFK.

As a critic of the CIA, Prouty pointed out its influence in global matters, outside the realm of U.S. congressional and government oversight. His works detailed the formation and development of the CIA, the origins of the Cold War, the U-2 incident, the Vietnam War, and the John F. Kennedy assassination. Prouty wrote that he believed Kennedy's assassination was a coup d'état, and that there is a secret, global "power elite," which operates covertly to protect its interests—and in doing so has frequently subverted democracy around the world.

After the war, Prouty accepted an assignment from the U.S. Army in September 1945 to inaugurate the ROTC program at Yale University, where he also taught during each scholastic year from 1946 to 1948. This timeline intersects with the years that George Bush and William F. Buckley, Jr. also spent at Yale. Prouty fondly recalled Buckley at that time in his role as editor of the Yale Daily News, and Prouty later told an interviewer in 1989 that he had written for Buckley on several occasions.

In 1950 he transferred to Colorado Springs to build Air Defense Command. From 1952 to 1954 he was assigned to Korean War duties in Japan, where he served as Military Manager for Tokyo International Airport (Haneda) during the post-war U.S. occupation.

In 1955 he was assigned to the coordination of operations between the fledgling U.S. Air Force and the CIA. As a result of a CIA commendation for this work he was awarded the Legion of Merit by the U.S. Air Force, promoted to colonel, and assigned to the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

Following the creation of the Defense Intelligence Agency and termination of the OSO by Secretary Robert McNamara, Prouty was transferred to the Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and charged with the creation a similar organization on a global scale.

From 1962 to 1963 he served as Chief of Special Operations with the Joint Staff.

L. Fletcher Prouty - Wikipedia

Some Unpopular History of the United States The Richard Nixon Years Jan. 1969 – Aug. 9, 1974

Book eight by Richard McManus


The purpose of this book is to inform readers about historical facts that most US history books omit. Most US citizens do not know about the unnecessary and unjust wars, violations of international law, and covert operations by the CIA and other US government agencies.   I hope future historians and you will find my mistakes so together we get closer to the truth.


Vice President: Gerald Ford (Oct 10, 1973 –1974)

Spiro Agnew (Jan. 1969 – Oct 10, 1973)

White House chief of staff: Bob Haldeman (?? to middle 1970s)

Alexander “Al” Haig (middle 1970s to ??)

White house aides: John Dean

John Ehrlichman

Chief Counsel Charles Colson


Richard Nixon graduated from Duke University School of Law in 1937 and returned to California and practiced law. He and his wife Pat moved to Washington in 1942 to work for the federal he graduated from Duke University School of Law in 1937 and returned to California to practice law. In 1942 he and his wife Pat moved to Washington DC and he started working for the federal government. As a lieutenant from about May 1943 he served as a naval passenger control officer for the South Pacific Combat Air Transport Command. In about March 1944 he served as the Officer in Charge of the Combat Air Transport Command at Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands and at Nissan Island east of Papua New Guinea.

The New Zealand 3rd Division landed on Nissan Island in February 1944 as part of the Solomon Islands campaign against the Japanese. Shortly after the landings two airfields were constructed on the island. Nixon’s unit on this island prepared manifests and flight plans for C-47 operations and supervised the loading and unloading of the cargo aircraft.

Nixon was elected to the US House of Representatives in 1946 and to the US Senate in December 1950.

Chicago mafia boss Sam Giancana allegedly told his half brother Chuck Giancana, "Nixon's done me some favors, all right, got us some highway contracts, worked with the unions and overseas. And we've helped him and his CIA buddies out, too. Shit, he even helped my guy in Texas, (Jack) Ruby, get out of testifying in front of Congress back in forty-seven (1947)”

A FBI documents supports Giancana's contention. It was addressed to a congressional committee investigating organized crime. It stated, "It is my sworn testimony that one Jack Rubenstein (aka Ruby) of Chicago ... is performing information functions for the staff of Congressman Nixon, Republican of California. It is requested Rubenstein not be called for open testimony in the aforementioned hearings."

In exchange for Ruby's testimony, the FBI is said to have eased up on its probe of organized crime in Dallas.

Luis Kutner, a staff member on Estes Kefauver's special Senate committee investigating organized crime, described Ruby as "a syndicate lieutenant who had been sent to Dallas to serve as a liaison for Chicago mobsters."

President Nixon’s administration intervened on the side of mafia figures in at least 20 trials, mostly for the ostensible purpose of protecting CIA ''sources and methods.'' Nixon even went so far as to order the Justice Department to halt using the words ''mafia'' and ''Cosa Nostra'' to describe organized crime. Presidential assistant Charles Colson was Nixon's emissary to the Teamsters Union. He once voiced the theory that mafia bosses owned Rebozo and had gotten "their hooks into Nixon early."

Annie Jacobsen- Operation Paperclip.

In Deep the FBI the CIA - Truth About The American Deep State By David Rohde

Inside CIAs Darpa The Pentagons Brain - Annie Jacobson

Ted Gunderson Talks About Being Recruited by the CIA as Agents for the USA

to help the CIA Distribute and Smuggle Illegak Drugs

Jack Ruby Trial Panel Discussion

The following is a list of some of the members of the North American Jewish super mafia. I thought since most people understand the American mafia was being Iralian, it was important to show just how many men of Jewish ancestry were involved in the mafia. In Gus Russo’s book, Super-mob:  

How Sidney Korshak and His Criminal Associates Became America’s Hidden Power Brokers, he coined the term for the Jewish mob. Russo explains how the North American Jewish super-mafia had been able to protect itself from prosecution by aligning itself with key judges and politicians – both local and national.  An example was the Nevada’s Lieutenant Governor Clifford A. Jones (1945-1954). (Sources:  Mr. Mob: The Life and Crimes of Moe Dalitz by Michael Newton)

  • Edward "Monk" Eastman (New York's crime boss), died in December 1920.

  • Arnold Rothstein (New York's crime boss) was shot and killed in 1928.

  • Harry “Nig” Rosen was a prominent racketeer in southeast Philadelphia who became involved in prostitution, extortion, labor racketeering and later in narcotics with Arnold Rothstein during the mid-1920s.

  • Dutch Schultz (aka Arthur S. Flegenheimer); (Newark's crime boss) died 1935.

  • In 1931, Joseph “Doc” Stacher built up Las Vegas by pairing the Jewish and Italian Mafia into a national organized crime syndicate. He helped Meyer Lansky organize a conference of Jewish organized crime leaders which later would see the alleged merging of the Jewish and Italian Mafia into a national crime syndicate (American mafia). Stacher ran the West Coast and Caribbean gambling operations for Meyer Lansky during the 1930s, as well as becoming a silent partner of movie studio Columbia Pictures in the late 1930s. Stacher continued running mafia gambling operations until 1964, when Federal authorities arrested him for tax evasion. While the US government was in favor of deporting him to his native Poland, federal law prohibited deporting anyone to a communist-controlled country. Because of the Law of Return, Stacher was successfully immigrated to Israel in 1965 where he lived until he died 1977.

  • Harry ‘Pittsburg Phil’ Strauss was a Murder Incorporated hit man who killed over 100 men from the late 1920s up to 1940 died by electric chair in 1941.

  • Abraham Abe” Reles a hit man of Brooklyn-based Murder, Incorporated which was an almost totally Jewish organization, who turned informant on Dutch Strauss and was murdered in 1941.

  • Louis ‘Lepke’ Buchalter was the original head of Murder Inc, Incorporated. He was the only national crime boss ever to have been convicted executed by the electric chair in 1944.

  • Benjamin "Bugsy" Sigelbaum (aka Siegel) who came from New York. He became the Las Vegas' crime boss and was instrumental in creating the legalized gambling starting things off at the Flamingo Hotel and Sands Hotel. He died 1947.

  • Meyer Lansky was born in Belarus to a Polish-Jewish family. His family immigrated to the US and settled New York City. Lansky met Bugsy Siegel when they were children. They became lifelong friends, as well as partners in the bootlegging trade. During the 1930s, Harry “Nig” Rosen and Meyer Lansky worked on expanding drug trafficking operations in Mexico as an alternative to older routes such as Japan now closed with United States entry into World War Two. By 1939, a lucrative heroin network had been established from drug traffickers based in Mexico City to major cities across the United States including New York, Philadelphia, Miami and Los Angeles as well as Havana, Cuba. Lansky was never found guilty of anything more serious than illegal gambling. Lansky was also close friends with Charles "Lucky" Luciano, the two met as teenagers. He Lansky died in 1983.

  • In the 1950s, Harry “Nig” Rosen used such Swiss bank accounts to launder his heroin trafficking profits. Soon, Lansky and his associates established their own banks.

  • Mickey Cohen was raised by an Orthodox Jewish family living in the Jewish Brownsville section of Brooklyn of New York City. In 1939, Mickey Cohen arrived in Los Angeles to work under Jewish American mafia boss Bugsy Siegel. Cohen helped Siegel founding the Flamingo Hotel and casino in Las Vegas and ran its sports book gambling operation. Siegel used money from the syndicate to build a drug trade route from the US to Mexico and he was also was instrumental in setting up the race wire, gambling with the Chicago mafia crime family. In the mid-1940s, while Siegel was setting up the casino in Las Vegas, his lieutenant, Mickey Cohen worked to secure all illegal gambling in Los Angeles.

  • Abe Bernstein, leader of the Detroit Purple Gang which was responsible for the deaths of more than 500 men during the so-called ‘bootleg wars.’ Abe and his gangsters joined the National Crime Syndicate in 1931. He died in 1968.

  • Abe and Sam Bronfman were from a wealthy family that immigrated to Canada from Russia by their rabbi and two servants. In 1903, the family bought a hotel during Prohibition they r made tremendous profits by shipping liquor into the United States, reportedly shipping booze through Cleveland, Detroit and New York. The Bronfman crime family of Montreal, Canada set Kemper Marley up in liquor business and for 40 years, Marley was Meyer Lansky syndicate’s front man in Phoenix, Arizona. Marley headed the Valley National Bank, which lent Bugsy Siegel, the money to build the Flamingo casino in Las Vegas. Siegel was murdered on orders from the nation mafia syndicate in 1947. Siegel nationwide gambling wire was turned over to Kemper Marley in Phoenix, Arizona. The murder of Arizona Republic investigative reporter Don Bolles, in Phoenix set off an important investigation of the influence of Kemper Marley in Phoenix. Bolles was killed in a 1976 car bombing. Law enforcement believed that the Marley gang was behind his murder, but they could not prove it.

The Bronfman’s makes Seagram brand alcohol that was the largest distiller in the world. The Seagram assets have since been acquired by other companies, notably The Coca-Cola Company, Diageo, a British distiller and Pernod Ricard, a French distiller. The aggregate assets held by the various branches of the Bronfman family were estimated to be $7 billion in 1978, by Peter C. Newman in his book King of the Castle.

  • Jeremy M. Jacobs, Sr. is the son of Jewish immigrants from Poland. The Jacobs crime family was originally from Buffalo, NY and they got rich bootlegging during Prohibition as partners with the Canadian Bronfmans crime family. In May 1972, the Jacobs’ Sportservice was convicted of a federal conspiracy charge for attempting to hide its ownership of share in the Frontier hotel and casino in Las Vegas.

His three sons have taken over running their crime family called Sportservice which is a New York based company (now called Delaware North). It is the largest nonpublic, family-owned corporations in the world, a conglomerate with control or partial control over 450 separate companies. Its stated annual profit is $350 million, from holdings in North American and British sports complexes, race tracks, and food consortia.

On June 3, 1976, Don Bolles an investigative reporter for the Republic was murdered due to a bomb planted under his car. He had been investigating the likely illegal relationships between Arizona racing regulators and the tracks owned by the Jacobs family.

In 1972 the Democratic Party members of the House Select Panel on Crime decided to terminate their hearings on Sportservice . US Senator Robert Dole, (R-KS) revealed that the decision had followed a private meeting between Jeremy Jacobs and Democratic National Committee Chairman Larry O'Brien. O'Brien subsequently left his Democratic Party post and assumed a lucrative job as president of the National Basketball Association—an organization with heavy representation by the Jacobs family. Senator Dole publicly protested the decision by the House Select Panel. (Source: May 24, 1972 issue of Sports Illustrated "Jacobs — Godfather of Sports)

  • Reuben Sturman was born in 1924, the son of immigrant Russian Jews and who grew up on Cleveland's East Side. By the late 1970s, he owned perhaps 800 retail pornography stores in the US, often through very complex patterns of concealed ownership. In England he worked in close collaboration with local organized criminals, like the Holloway family, a well-established pornography group. On the European continent, his chief foothold was through a firm called Intex Nederland, a key distributor of pornographic videos. A subsidiary of Intex is Video-Rama, which distributed pornographic videos throughout Europe and to the extremely lucrative Middle Eastern market of Cairo, Beirut, Kuwait City, and Riyadh. It was Sturman's refusal to pay taxes properly that finally brought him down. In 1989, Sturman was convicted of tax evasion and sentenced to ten years in jail and $2.5 million in fines. Another charge, this time for the interstate transportation of obscene material, resulted in a plea bargain for Sturman, but he was later caught trying to bribe a juror, via his ex-wife, and was sentenced to 19 additional years for extortion. He died in a federal prison in Lexington, Kentucky on 1997.

  • Joseph H. Reinfeld (1891–1958) (last name later changed to Renfield) during the Prohibition era he was a major bootlegger smuggling liquor from Canada in the United States using ships. After prohibition ended, he owned several large liquor import and distribution companies. Testimony during the Kefauver Committee hearings estimated that Reinfeld's mafia syndicate imported nearly 40 percent of all the alcohol consumed in the US during Prohibition. Reinfeld was charged in 1925 for the murder of a former government prohibition agent, but the government failed to get an indictment from the grand jury and the charges were dropped.[ After Prohibition ended in 1933, Reinfeld founded Browne-Vintners, a liquor import and distribution company.

  • Abner "Longie" Zwillman (1904 –1959) a Jewish American was a member of Reinfeld’s gang. After Dutch Schultz's murder in 1935, Zwillman took over those of Schultz's criminal operations that were in New Jersey. The press began calling Zwillman the "Al Capone of New Jersey." Abner "Longie" Zwillman New Jersey crime boss took over those of Dutch Schultz's criminal operations. In 1929, Zwillman helped organize the Cleveland Conference, one of the first meetings between Jewish and Italian organized crime leaders, later resulting in the establishment of the Mafia Ruling Commission and also associated with Murder Incorporated. Shortly after taking over Dutch Schultz's operations, Zwillman became involved in local politics, eventually controlling the majority of local politicians in Newark for over twenty years. During the 1940s Zwillman dominated gambling operations in New Jersey, in particular the Marine Room inside Zwillman's Riviera nightclub, The Palisades. He was suicided (murdered made to look like a suicide) by the mafia in 1959.

  • Joseph Stacher (1902 – 1977) in the 1920s, he was running much of Zwillman's gambling operations. In 1931, Stacher helped Meyer Lansky organize a conference of Jewish organized crime leaders at the Franconia Hotel, which later would see the alleged merging of the Jewish and Italian Mafia into a national crime syndicate. Running West Coast and Caribbean gambling operations for Lansky during the 1930s, as well as becoming a silent partner of movie studio Columbia Pictures in the late 1930s, Stacher would later supervise gambling in Las Vegas, Nevada, particularly the Sands and Fremont Casinos.

  • Charles "King" Solomon (1884 –1933) was a Jewish-Russian mob boss who controlled Boston's bootlegging, narcotics, and illegal gambling during the Prohibition era. Attending the Atlantic City Conference in 1929, Solomon was one of the several leaders in the "Big Seven" who helped negotiate territorial disputes and establish policies which would influence the later National Crime Syndicate in 1932.

  • Joseph Linsey (1899 –1994) was an organized crime figure in Boston's underworld during the Prohibition era and he associated with Joe Kennedy and Meyer Lansky. At the start of Prohibition, the 21-year-old Linsey began bootlegging illegal liquor with Charles "King" Solomon. Linsey also has dealings with Raymond Patriarcha, the titular godfather of New England narcotics trafficking and who became the boss of the New England mafia in 1955.

From the 1930s, Linsey sits on the board of International Airport Hotel Systems Inc., a Miami-based company with Lansky sitting was a member of the board of directors. FBI wiretaps show that Linsey also had dealings with Raymond Patriarcha, the titular godfather of New England narcotics trafficking. Patriarca of Rhode Island had important ties to the five families in New York, especially the Colombo’s, and became the boss of the New England mafia in 1955.

Linsey sits on the board of International Airport Hotel Systems Inc., a Miami-based company whose board also includes Lansky. Hotel Systems is also connected to Resorts International. Linsey also owned two liquor distributing firms and a dog racing track in Tauton, Massachusetts. Linsey was one of the top contributors to John F. Kennedy's 1976 senatorial campaign.

  • John Torrio was a Bronfman man and by 1928 he was able to cal1 a meeting in Cleveland to establish a nationwide crime syndicate. Under the auspices of Lansky and Torrio, Lucky Luciano succeeded in wiping out all recalcitrant godfathers. In the early 1930s Murder, Incorporated was formed as a regulatory commission of sorts to police any overzealous free enterprise style crime advocates who might try to buck the syndicate. A special assassination bureau was set up by Meyer Lansky and Benjamin "Bugs" Siegel. The Bugs and Meyer Gang had originally been used to protect Bronfman liquor shipments across the border against freelance hijackers.

The third item on the agenda at the meeting in Cleveland was what to do after Prohibition. The commodity, Torrio proposed the commodity to replace big profits from selling liquor was to focus on selling narcotics.


During Joseph P.”Joe” Kennedy Sr own bootlegging days in Prohibition he entered into a coalition with Newark's Reinfeld Syndicate. It was 50 percent owned by the Bronfman gang. During Canada's four dry years from 1915 to 1919, the Bronfmans established their contacts with US criminal figures for illegally importing liquor into Canada. In 1916, the Bronfmans established their first link with the opium trade. In Yiddish Bronfman means "liquorman." Yechiel “Ekiel” Bronfman, emigrated to Canada in 1889. Since 1920 the Bronfmans had been importing British scotch whiskey from the Distillery Company of London (DCL) with Bronfmans splitting 50-50 the profits.

Joe’s father Patrick Joseph "P. J." Kennedy began his rise to fortune as owner of three taverns and he who bought his way into the corrupt Democratic Party machine. At the age of 26, he sold his taverns and went into the more lucrative wholesale whisky business. P.J. Kennedy was one of the shanty-town mobsters of late 19th century Boston. South Boston teemed with them. “Shanty” meant rough, uncouth, usually a drinker.

As historian Lawrence McCaffrey notes, from the 1830s to the 1960s, Irish Catholics voted heavily Democratic. Their precincts showed average support levels of 80 percent. During the 1920s, mobsters Frank Wallace and his brothers lead a crime family in Boston during prohibition and due to their local political influence; they were rarely convicted, and spent relatively little time in prison. Frank is reported to have been arrested more than 25 times, but only served time twice, at Deer Island House of Correction in 1919 and 1928.

Joe Kennedy retained his business dealings with the syndicate thugs all the way until 1946 when he sold his liquor company, Somerset Importers Ltd., for $8 million to the "Renfield Importers," the legal version of the Reinfeld Syndicate after prohibition ended in 1933.

In 1933, Joe Kennedy was appointed by President Franklin Roosevelt to head the new Securities Exchange Commission, for helping to swing the Boston Democratic Party machine behind the FDR at their 1932 nominating convention. In 1936, FDR appointed Joe Kennedy US ambassador to Great Britain. Once in London, the Royal Family further obliged Kennedy by posing with his family in full regalia for the newspapers. He aligned himself with all the British backers of Hitler. Kennedy was a personal friend of Herman Goering. He was in total agreement with the Nazi's. There were reports that Jews would come to Kennedy asking for help for relatives being put to death by the Nazi's and he would tell them "I'll do nothing for you" and sent them packing.

He quickly attached himself to the most pro-Nazi British aristocrats including the opium-trading Sassoon family. The Jewish Sassoon family of Baghdadi Jewish was based in Baghdad, Iraq, before moving to Bombay, India and then spreading to China and England. Between 1830 - 1831 the Sassoon’s were busy trafficking in opium in Canton, China. They traffic 18,956 chests of opium earning millions of dollars. Part of the profits went to Queen Victoria and the British government. In the year 1836 the trade increased to over 30,000 chests and drug addiction in coastal cities became endemic. In 1839, the Manchu Emperor ordered that it be stopped and 2,000 chests of Sassoon opium were seized and threw it into the river. An outraged David Sassoon demanded that Great Britain retaliate. Thus, the First Opium Wars began with the British Army fighting as mercenaries of the Sassoons. They attacked cities and blockaded ports.

The Chinese Army, decimated by ten years of rampant opium addiction, proved no match for the British Army. The war ended in 1839 with the signing of "The Treaty of Nanking." This included provisions especially designed to guarantee the Sassoon’s the right to sell opium to the entire population.

Franklin D. Roosevelt's fortune was inherited from his maternal grandfather Warren Delano. In 1830 he was a senior partner of Russell & Company. It was their merchant fleet which carried Sassoon's opium to China and returned with tea.

Sassoon’s company was totally operated by Jews only! The corrupt British monarchy honored them with privilege and knighthood. To this day the Sassoons are in the history books as "great developers" of India but the source of their vast wealth is never mentioned!

One way the profits from crime moved between America and the Far East was for Asian gamblers to visit Las Vegas, Reno, and Lake Tahoe, where they spent a few nights at the casino tables and signed IOUs to cover their "losses." These IOUs were then sold to West Coast banks that redeemed them through banks in Hong Kong. Everyone involved made money through commissions at each stop, and in the process large sums were transferred across the Pacific.

Concerned that President Harry Truman was wobbly in his support for creating a new nation of Israel, Meyer Lansky pressured the Kansas City mafia and so they responded by using their connections in the White House to persuade Truman to change his mind, reminding the President that the union had helped elect him to office. (Source: Sandi Lansky Lombardo (Meyer Lansky’s daughter)

In 1946, FBI agents in New York were investigating Bugsy Siegel and Frank Costello. They were getting together to come up with the financing for the Flamingo casino.But the New York FBI agents soon received an order from Truman's Attorney General, Tom Clark, to cease the investigation on the grounds it "lacked federal jurisdiction." It was later learned that Nevada’s US Senator Pat McCarran had interceded on behalf of his newly emerging Las Vegas mafia. Senator McCaran charged that the FBI investigation had been designed to "damage the economy" of Nevada.  

The source of this information was Joseph Yablonsky, the FBI special agent in charge of the Las Vegas district office from 1980 through 1983. Yablonsky said he didn't see a lot of integrity among the Navada’s major politicians, with the exception of US Senator Dick Bryan, when he assumed the governorship in 1980.

Heroin from Frank Coppola in Italy went to John Priziola in Detroit, and from there to Canada, New York and elsewhere. Frank Coppola arrived in Detroit in 1926. During the early 1930s with the help of and Coppola’s Detroit mafia helped in union strikes. Jimmy Hoffa was able establish the Teamsters as a powerful labor union on a par with the AFL-CIO. In exchange for their help, Jimmy offered up Detroit's trucking industry to the mob. Coppola was instrumental in Hoffa's rise through the labor ranks offering support once again when the Teamsters made their big push forcing the AFL-CIO out of Detroit in 1941.

Coppola had been involved in the drug trade in Detroit and New Orleans. Carlos Marcello was the mafia boss of New Orleans. Following the death of Lucky Luciano in 1962, Coppola was often called the most powerful mafia figure in Italy.

Coppola was replaced by John Priziola in Detroit and as far west as San Diego, California. Later Joe Zerilli remained the top boss of the Detroit Mafia until his death of natural causes on October 30, 1977 at the age of 80. Coppola groomed the top mafia bosses in St. Louis. Coppola was arrested in June of 1975 and charged with attempted murder. After a lengthy trial the aging mob leader was acquitted and died soon thereafter.

In the early 1960s Joe Zerilli would be given a seat on the American Mafia's leader committee known as The Commission. As a commission member Zerilli acted as a senior north American mafia leader alongside the five New York City bosses and other top Mafia bosses from around the country at the time that included Stefano Magaddino of Buffalo, Sam Giancana of Chicago, Angelo Bruno of Philadelphia, Santo Trafficante Jr. of Tampa, and Raymond Patriarca Sr. of New England.


In Richard M. Nixon’s first political foray was a successful 1946 race for Congress as a strong anti-Communist from southern California. Nixon received a $5,000 (or some $63,000 in 2017 dollars) contribution from mafia boss Meyer H. "Mickey" Cohen, who let Nixon’s campaign headquarters to use rent free an office in one of Cohen's buildings. Cohen’s mother was a Jewish Ukrainian who immigrated to the US and moved her family to Los Angeles. Cohen went to Chicago, where he ran a gambling operation for the Al Capone's powerful crime family. In 1939, Cohen arrived in Los Angeles to work under "Bugsy" Siegel. During their association, Mickey helped set up the Flamingo Hotel in Las Vegas and ran its sports book operation.

In 1950, Cohen set up a fund-raising dinner for Richard Nixon in Los Angeles. The affair took in $75,000 (or some $768,000 in 2017 dollars). Cohen himself later said, “… It was all gamblers from Vegas, all gambling money. Everyone from around here was on the pad naturally had to go. Looking back on it (the dinner) it was all gamblers from Vegas, all gambling money. There wasn't a legitimate person in the room.'' Cohen later recalled Nixon addressed the dinner and afterwards, Cohen told the crowd the exits would be closed until the whole $75,000 quota was met.

Journalist Drew Pearson wrote that this fund raising dinner of Cohen’s was organized by Murray Chotiner. In his autobiography, Cohen claimed his support of Nixon was ordered by ''the proper persons from back east.” The words “Back east” meant the leaders of the national mafia syndicate, who were Frank Costello and Meyer Lansky. Mickey Cohen died in his sleep in 1976. (Source: a radio broadcast in 1956 by journalist Drew Pearson)

Murray Chotiner was Nixon's earliest campaign manager and political advisor and he was known as a lawyer who specialized in defending members of the mafia. Chotiner had contacts with mafia-connected Teamsters Union president Jimmy Hoffa and New Orleans mafia boss Carlos Marcello.

In 1962 journalists Drew Pearson and Jack Anderson wrote that Murray Chotiner was the lawyer who was representing the top gangster of Philadelphia, Marco Reginelli, as well as a long list of mafia guys and income tax violators.

Nixon's appointment of Walter Annenberg as Ambassador to England also echoes the themes of underworld involvement. Annenberg and his father were indicted in 1939 for "aiding and abetting" in connection with their gambling wire service operation in Chicago, an operation run with the protection of Al Capone. The Annenberg family was also a major contributor to Nixon's 1968 election campaign.

Here is a short section of Kefauver Committee Interim Report #1 and #2 of the Special Committee to Investigate Organized Crime in Interstate Commerce, chaired by Senator Estes Kefauver Aug. 1950: B. MIAMI;

8. These general patterns of organized criminal activity were specifically evidenced in the situation uncovered by the committee in Florida in Broward and Dade Counties, and the cities of Miami and Miami Beach, which are located in Dade County. Moreover, although hearings bearing on this point have not yet been held, the committee has convincing evidence in its possession that analogous situations exist in other portions of the State of Florida.

9. Groups of known gangsters, from diverse sections of the country, many of whom have long criminal records, assemble primarily at Miami Beach. There they make their headquarters at certain hotels and establishments. Frank Erickson and the New York gang make their headquarters at the Wofford and the Boulevard Hotels; the Detroit gang, at the Wofford and the Grand Hotels, and the Philadelphia gang at the Sands Hotel.

10. These racketeers operate various gambling and bookmaking establishments openly and notoriously in clear violation of Florida law and apparently with the full knowledge of the entire community including the law-enforcement officers, who in some cases incredibly insisted to the committee that they had no knowledge of the operations. Bookmakers focus on accepting bets and paying off winners.

12. In Miami Beach a group of five local residents, through a syndicate known as S & G Syndicate, have controlled the racing-wire services and the bookmaking establishments for a number of years prior to 1949. This control was so tight that the bookmakers in effect worked for the syndicate.

13. The S & G Syndicate operated with the protection of the Miami Beach Police Department and of the Dade County sheriff, and apparently under cover of a complacent city council, at least one of whose members was proven to have had profitable financial dealings with syndicate members.

In all, the committee figures conservatively that $204,700,000,000 (in 2018 dollars) changes bands every year in the United States as a result of organized illegal gambling, a not inconsiderable portion of which stays with the promoters and operators of this illicit activity The S. & G. Syndicate, which dominated book-making operations in Miami grosses upward of $266,100,000 a year (in 2018 dollars)

Being This Close To Nuclear War Should Change How We See Things`_Going Rogue With Caitlin Johnstone

Dr. Frank Olsens Mysterious CIA Death - A Jimmy Atkins Analysis


The Chicago mafia was headed by Tony Accardo until 1944 when he voluntarily stepped down. He still had powerful leadership role within the crime family. In 1957 his lieutenant Salvatore “Sam or Mooney" Giancana took over as boss of the Chicago crime family and some evidence points to Giancana as being the head of entire American mafia.

During the reign of Italian American Frank Costello’s Genovese crime family controlled much of the bookmaking, loan sharking, illegal gambling and labor racketeering activities in New York City.

In 1954 Johnny Rosselli helped engineer CIA’s overthrow of the Guatemalan government. Throughout 1956 and 1957 Rosselli travelled back and forth from Mexico City, the planning center for all CIA operations in Latin America. An experienced CIA operative noted that "John (Rosselli) had access to everyone and everything that was going on there. He had an open door at the embassy in Guatemala City and in Costa Rica. He was in there plenty of times. I know because I saw him. He supplied information to the government, and had a hand in a lot of the intrigues that were going on."

In the 1950s lobbyist Fred Black became a business associate and political adviser to Lyndon B. Johnson. He was also a close friend of mafia boss, Johnny Roselli. In the early 1950s, Roselli gradually shifted his focus away from Hollywood and to Las Vegas, Nevada. By 1954, Roselli had become the Chicago and Los Angeles mafia’s chief representative in Las Vegas. His job was to ensure that the Chicago and Los Angeles bosses each received their fair share of the burgeoning casino revenues through "skimming." The skim was profits made from the gambling casinos that were not reported to the IRS and thereby no income tax was paid. In 1947 the FBI identified Roselli as a close associate of Santos Trafficante Senior and Junior, mafia bosses in Tampa, FL. In 1959, Roselli, Sam Giancana, and Santo Trafficante, Jr. were hired by the CIA in try and assassinate Fidel Castro.

In 1954, Robert A. Maheu Associates handling sensitive CIA assignments, dirty work, involving prostitution, pornography, illegal wiretaps, (and) assassination. According to Joe Shimon, one of Maheu’s oldest friends, Maheu was a pimp for the CIA. CIA would call him up when Sukarno or King of Jordan Hussein, a long time CIA asset, was coming to town, and ask him to get some prostitutes. Shimon was the chief of detectives for Washington’s upscale Northwest quadrant where almost all of our nation’s capitol’s foreign embassies are located. Shimon was a close friend of Mob figures Sam Giancana and Johnny Roselli, both involved with Maheu.

Ross A. Schoyer, who once worked with Joseph W. “Joe” Shimon, said Shimon ran the International Police Academy in Washington, DC. Shimon was a lieutenant or inspector with the Washington, DC Metro Police Department. This academy was a CIA front that specialized in training Iranian Secret police.  Joe Shimon told his daughter Toni that he was a principal liaison to the mafia for the CIA.  She said he confessed to meeting with mafia bosses Roselli, Giancana, Trafficante, and CIA officer William “Bill” Harvey and these meetings included sporadic attendance by CIA boss James Angleton.  She said Harvey and her father were very close and he was also close to Angleton.

He told his daughter his job was to kill people.  Harvey was in charge of assassination of foreign nationals or Soviet spies after World War Two.  Shimon told his daughter that Allied Investigators Inc. was a CIA front and had been used for his undercover work.  Shimon was partner of John W. Leon’s Allied Investigators Inc. Their specialty was wiretapping. One of the investigators with whom Shimon and Leon were allied on a part-time basis was Louis J. Russell.  (Sources:  Secret Agenda: Watergate, Deep Throat and the CIA, by Jim Hougan, (1984) and Mary's Mosaic: The CIA Conspiracy to Murder John F. Kennedy, Mary Pinchot Meyer Peter Janney)

Meyer Lansky founded gambling resorts/casinos on Florida's Gold Coast, in the Bahamas, and in pre-Castro Cuba. Before he fled Cuba, he was said to be worth an estimated $20,000,000 (equivalent to $180,375,940 in 2016). Lansky's brother, Jacob Lansky, managed Lansky’s Nacional Hotel in Havana, Cuba. (Fidel Castro a mixed legacy that includes fighting the mafia, by Mo Barnes, RollingOutNovember 26, 2016)

Lansky laundered the profits from his growing casino empire to avoid paying US income tax, as well as profits of other mafia bosses, to a Swiss bank account, where anonymity was assured. He laundered money through a network of shell and holding companies. A holding company is a company whose only job is to watch over the shares of stock it owns in other businesses. Lansky was identified as the mafia's banker, the head of the Combination -- the Chairman of the Board. (Little Man: Meyer Lansky and the Gangster Life by Robert Lacey, pp. 10-11, (1991)

After Bugsy Siegel was killed the Flamingo casino's next manager was Gus “Mooney” Greenbaum. By 1950, Greenbaum was behind the building of the $50 million Tropicana casino-hotel in Las Vages. By 1958 the Riviera hotel-casino was built and Greenbaum owned 27 percent of it stock. In December 1958, the mafia Commission ordered and Greenbaum and his wife killed because he disobeyed their order to sell his share in the Riviera to one of the mafia's front men and leave Las Vegas.

Vincent "Jimmy Blue Eyes" Alo was a New York mobster and a high-ranking capo in the Genovese crime family who set up casino operations with Meyer Lansky in Florida and Cuba. Alo first met Lansky in about 1947 when Alo was setting up a casino in the town of Hallandale, Florida. Alo and Lansky closed their two Hallandale casinos and started planning for establishing casinos in Cuba.

In 1952, Jimmy Alo started flying out to Las Vegas on a regular basis to oversee construction of his latest investment, the Sands casino. However, Lansky had chosen Joseph "Doc" Stacher to run this casino with Charles “Babe” Baron. Baron was chosen to looked after Sam Giancana's shares of stock in the hotel and insure he got his share of the skim. The others owners in the Sands included Joe Fusco, Longy Zwillman, Tony Accardo, a mafia lawyer Abe Teitelbaum, Gerardo Catena in New Jersey and Frank Sinatra. Edward “Ed” Levinson was a prominent member of the illegal gambling fraternity of Detroit, south Florida and Kentucky. He was also one of the investors in the Sands Hotel and Casino, which opened in 1952. Oil businessman Jake Freedman was ostensibly the main shareholder, but it was really controlled by Frank Costello.

In 1956, Howard Hughes made a controversial $205,000 loan to Nixon’s brother Donald. Details of this loan were leaked during the Nixon vs. Kennedy presidential campaign in 1960.  

In 1956 Meyer Lansky established the Havana Riviera Hotel and casino in pre-revolutionary Cuba. Three Syndicate gamblers from Cleveland, including Morris ''Moe'' Dalitz, were part owners of Lansky's Hotel Nacional in Havana. According to mafia hit man Angelo ''Gyp'' DeCarlo, during the dictator Batista’s regime, ''the Mob had a piece of every joint down there. There wasn't one joint they didn't have a piece of.''

After Castro kicked the mafia out of Cuba, Lansky became partnered in Las Vegas casinos with Moe Dalitz, Morris Kleinman, Sam Tucker, Wilbur Clark of the Desert Inn; Ed Levinson and Sam Giancana of the Fremont Hotel and Hyman Abrams and Morris Rosen of the Flamingo. As with all of Lansky’s dealings, he and his mafia associates hid ownership of the hotel/casino behind layers of managers and front men, whose names were used to fool the Nevada state gambling regulators as to known mafia guys really owning the casino/hotels.

Giancana consolidated his power thru ordering the deaths of over 200 people, some of whom were tortured to death. These killings brought him to the head of an international crime empire, which included interests in the Riviera, Sands and Desert Inn hotels in Las Vegas. In 1960 Giancana made arrangements to buy the Cal-Neva Lodge, located at the north end of Lake Tahoe on the California-Nevada border. The owners of record were Frank Sinatra, Hank Sanicola (an old friend and business partner of Sinatra's) and Dean Martin. Giancana was the real owner. This was confirmed by a FBI wiretapped conversation with him and Johnny Roselli. The FBI estimated these casinos to generate over $2 billion (or some $17 billion in 2018 dollars) in income annually. Some $40-$50 million (or some $375 million in 2018 dollars) of that went directly to Giancana.

In 1967 Lansky and Alo realized a profit of just over $1 million (or $7.3 million in 2018 dollars) each when their man Jack Entratter, working under the guidance of Moe Dalitz, sold the Sands Casino to Howard Hughes for $14.6 million (or some $108 million in 2018 dollars).

It was alleged that Meyer Lansky and his group had skimmed over ten years from the Flamingo, the Sands, the Thunderbird, the Riviera Las Vegas casinos some $300 million (or $2.5 billion in 2018 dollars). And that's not counting the millions taken from joints in New York, Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, Arkansas, Cuba, the Bahamas and England.

According to historian Anthony Summers, when Nixon was gambling very heavily, and Rebozo covered Nixon's losses and to the tone of possibly $50,000. Most of Nixon's gambling took place at Meyer Lansky's Hotel Nacional in Cuba. Lansky rolled out the royal treatment for Nixon, who stayed in the Presidential Suite on the owner's tab. Lansky developed Cuba for the American mafia during the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista, when Havana was ''The Latin Las Vegas.'' Under its tall, swaying palms, gambling, prostitution and drug trafficking netted the US Syndicate more than $100-million-a-year, even after handsome payoffs to Batista. Mafia gamblers from Cleveland, including Morris ''Moe'' Dalitz, were part owners of Lansky's Hotel Nacional in Havana. Dalitz was a friend of Rebozo.

Nixon first met Charles “Bebe” Rebozo in late 1950. Nixon had served as a US Representative from California from January 1947 to November 1950. Fearing that Nixon was facing a nervous breakdown, Florida US Representative George Smathers suggested Nixon take a holiday in Florida where he met Rebozo. They became very close friends.

Representative Smathers became partners of an automatic vending machine company called Serve-U-Corporation with Bobby Baker, political lobbyist Fred Black and Jewish mobster Ed Levenson. This company which was established in 1962, provided vending machines for companies working on federally granted programs. And the vending machines were secretly owned by Sam Giancana and other mobsters based in Chicago. (Source: Nonmenclature of an Assassination Cabal, by William Torbitt)

Next Nixon was elected to the US Senate and in November 1952, he was elected as Dwight Eisenhower's running mate despite a scandal over a secret slush fund put together by wealthy California backers.

According to crime investigator Jack Clarke, in 1951 Rebozo had been involved with Meyer Lansky in illegal gambling rackets in parts of Miami, Hallandale, and Ft. Lauderdale, FL. Clarke said,”When I checked the name (Rebozo) with the Miami police, they said he was an entrepreneur and a gambler and that he was very close to Meyer (Lansky).”

Mafia experts connect Richard Nixon to Carlos Marcello and to Jimmy Hoffa through Murray Chotiner and Santos Trafficante Jr. through Bebe Rebozo. Carlos Marcello, the son of Sicilian immigrants, ruled New Orleans crime family from 1947. He took control of Louisiana's illegal gambling network. He had also joined forces with Lansky in order to skim money from some of the most important casinos in the New Orleans area. According to former members of the Chicago Outfit, Marcello was assigned a cut of the skimmed money from Las Vegas casinos, in exchange for providing muscle (assaults) in Florida real estate deals. Marcello had been selected as the godfather of the New Orleans mafia, by the family's capos and he held this position for until the 1980s.

The FBI said Bebe Rebozo was cozy with the mafia, especially Santos Trafficante and Alfred “Big Al” Polizzi of Cleveland.  Polizzi was a drug trafficker associated with Lansky.  The Federal Bureau of Narcotics (FBN) branded Polizzi “one of the most influential members of the mafia in the United States.” Rebozo and Polizzi were partners in developing a shopping center in Miami. Rebozo’s parents come from Cuba and he was born in American and he was a big deal in the Cuban exile community in Miami. Investigative journalist Anthony Summers notes that, by the 1960s, there was no doubt among FBI special agents that Bebe Rebozo was pals with a who’s who of the country’s major gangsters.

Rebozo also purchased land in Florida Richard Fincher. It was believed that Fincher worked as a front man for Meyer Lansky. An examination of Fincher's telephone calls revealed that he was in regular contact with mafia bosses Carlos Marcello and Santo Trafficante. Vincent "Fat Vinnie" Teresa also admitted that he had used Rebozo's bank to launder stolen money. Teresa was an American mobster in the Boston branch of the Patriarca crime family who was a lieutenant of boss Raymond Patriarca (aka the Boston crime family, the Providence Mafia, or the New England Mafia)  Rebozo's Key Biscayne Bank was a suspected pipeline for mafia money skimmed from Crosby's Paradise Island casino nearby Nassau in the Bahamas.

Rebozo arranged for E. Howard Hunt to investigate Hoke Maroon, a former partner of Rebozo, Maroon claimed Nixon was once the part owner of Rebozo’s Coral Gables Motel.

Before Nixon became president, he and Rebozo went to their favourite restaurant, the Jamaica Inn on Key Biscayne, owned by their old friend Donald Berg. The Secret Service eventually asked the President Nixon to find a more suitable restaurant after uncovering Berg’s ties to the mafia.  Donald Berg had been indicted in stolen stock deals but never prosecuted. Donald Berg gave Nixon a cut-rate deal on the land for his Key Biscayne vacation home as a favour. The Secret Service never issued a similar warning about socializing with Rebozo.

In 1970, Nixon appointed James Lawrence King as a federal judge. One of King's first cases involved Bebe Rebozo's Key Biscayne Bank accepting 900 shares of stolen IBM stock as collateral for a loan he granted. King decided the case against the insurance company, a great favor to Rebozo, who should have checked to insure the stock was not stolen.

Rebozo sold 600 of the 900 shares, producing $196,984, which -was enough to pay off the loan. Rebozo sold 300 share of this stock for $91,984 cash, even after an insurance company circular was mailed out to every bank listing them as stolen and after an insurance investigator allegedly told him it was stolen. The FDIC discovered that less than a year after the Securities and Exchange Commission barred Franklin S. Deboer him for selling unregistered securities, Rebozo had hired to head Key Biscayne Bank's trust department.

In 1964, Judge King had been a director of the Miami National Bank.

In 1964 Rebozo started his the Key Biscayne Bank in 1964. It is mysterious as to how he could afford to purchase or start a bank, given that Rebozo’s only education was graduating from high school (aka no banking training) and his working life involved being a steward with Pan American Airways. It was assumed he was really a front man for this bank real owner, like the mafia. Rebozo was a principal secret mafia or CIA go-between in CIA’s plots against to assassination Cuban leader Fidel Castro.  From 1959 thru 1960, Vice President Nixon and CIA officer E. Howard Hunt were key figures attempting to overthrow Fidel Castro. Nixon reportedly is the chief mover behind an associated CIA/mafia plan to murder Castro. Hunt later admitted his role in Castro assassination plots. Nixon held Savings Account number one and led dedication ceremonies for the grand opening of Robozo’s bank.

Leonard Bursten, a Milwaukee lawyer became a director of the Miami National Bank and was involved in an attempt to improve the Fisher Island real estate off the coast and nearby Miami. Nixon had a financial interest in Fisher Island’s beach-front houses and golf course.

Then Bursten appears in Los Angeles involved with the Beverly Ridge Estate development in Beverly Hills. This project suspiciously went into bankruptcy after receiving over $12,000,000 in Teamster pension funds. Bursten and two other men were convicted for illegal activities in connection with the failure of the development. Bursten was sentenced to fifteen years in prison for mail fraud, perjury and bankruptcy fraud. However, in early 1973 Nixon’s aide Murray Chotiner called the US Attorney in Los Angeles and this political pressure resulted in Bursten's jail sentence was reduced to straight probation. Bursten was a close friend of Jimmy Hoffa. Nixon first met Bursten when they both were working as lawyers for the McCarthy Committee.

Nixon had appointed Chotiner as a special counsel to the President on January 13, 1970. Chotiner received reports from private investigators who were secretly investigating of Edward Kennedy (aka Operation Sandwedge). Chotiner acknowledged in court papers his role in a milk producer’s scandal by admitting he intervened with John Ehrlichman and White House Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman, and others to get the price increase for the milk producers. And as a result, these milk producers contributed money to the Nixon campaign. (Source: Kirkpatrick Sale, Yankees and Cowboys: The World Behind Watergate (1973)

By the 1930s, mafia money was moving into real estate and into ventures like Tropical Park Race Track in Coral Gables, FL, and especially Lansky's Colonial Inn. Al Capone began wintering in Miami in 1927 and two years later bought a house in Miami Beach even though residents voted to pass a resolution to ban him as a notorious criminal. Meyer Lansky also had strong ties to Miami Beach, with casino interests in Florida dating back to the 1930s.

In the 1940s, the Wofford Hotel in Miami was the Florida base for both Lansky and Frank Costello. Tatum Wofford was friendly with Nixon and Bebe Rebozo. In 1948 this company transferred a Key Biscayne property to a shadowy Cuban investment group (ANSAN) in which mafia money was allegedly involved. This linked the anti-Castro Cubans such as Jose Aleman with Batista and Luciano allies.

By the 1950s, organized crime had a well developed role in Miami hotels like the Sands and the Grand. By the 1980s, some estimates claimed that roughly half of Miami Beach hotels were connected to mob money through Lansky or associates like Lansburgh and Yiddy Bloom (Moldea, 1978: 105-107).

Later, control of Keyes Realty Company passed to two new groups: the Teamster's Union Pension Fund and Lansky's Miami National Bank. Author John Andrews wrote in his book, Power to Destroy that Nixon invested heavily in Florida land via a secretive investment syndicate headed by Rebozo. Nixon and Rebozo forged close ties to Keyes Realty which was mainly set up as an investment funnel for the mafia and for ex-Cuban politicians who served under Batista. The lender for one of Nixon's Key Biscayne properties in 1967 was Arthur Desser. He was a real estate developer who consorted with both Teamsters President Jimmy Hoffa and Meyer Lansky.

In 1967 this land passed to Nixon and Bebe Rebozo at bargain rates.

Florida banking structure was used by organized criminals from all parts of the US. Keyes Realty Company was named in the Kefauver hearings for its role as intermediary in bribes between organized crime and Miami’s Dade County political officials. One of the Watergate burglars, Eugenio Martinez was Vice President of Keyes Realty. Later Martinez and Bernard Barker formed another real estate firm called Ameritas.

Rebozo came in and out of the White House as he pleased, without being logged in by the Secret Service. Though, as noted, he had no official government position, Rebozo had his own private office with a telephone and a designated bedroom always at his disposal at White House. Known as “Uncle Bebe” to Nixon’s two children, Trisha and Julie, Rebozo frequently bought the girls—and Nixon’s wife Pat—expensive gifts. “Beeb” as Nixon referred to Rebozo (who always called Nixon “Mr. President”) purchased a $100,000 house in the suburbs for Julie after she married David Eisenhower.  Rebozo paid for bowling alleys to be put in the White House and Camp David.

In Florida, his home was right next door to Nixon’s. It was equipped with free worldwide telephone service through the White House Office of Communications. The same was true at Rebozo’s private villa on the grounds at the San Clemente, CA White House. Rebozo was there in Key Biscayne in 1952 when Nixon celebrated his election to the vice presidency; he was in Los Angeles in 1960 when Nixon learned that Senator John Kennedy had edged him out for the presidency; he comforted Nixon after his crushing 1962 loss to incumbent Edmund “Pat” Brown for California governor.

Rebozo and Nixon drank and sunbathed together in Key Biscayne after Nixon narrowly defeated Vice President Hubert Humphrey in the 1968 presidential election.  During Nixon’s White House years, rough estimates show Rebozo was at Nixon’s side one out of every ten days.  The president made 50 trips to Key Biscayne with Rabozo, most of them without any of Nixon’s family members. Rebozo was at Nixon’s bedside when the former president died in 1994. When Rebozo died in 1998, he left $19 million to the Nixon Library in Yorba Linda, Calif.

Nixon biographer Fawn Brodie wrote, “Nixon seems to have been willing to risk the kind of gossip that frequently accompanies close friendship with a perennial bachelor, this despite his known public aversion to homosexuals, and his acute sensitivity to the damage that the label of homosexual on a friend could bring to a public man.” 


J. Edgar Hoover

According to Anthony Summers, the author of The Secret Life of J. Edgar Hoover (1993): oilmen had started cultivating him in the late forties-inviting him to Texas as a houseguest, taking him on hunting expeditions.

Hoover and his boyfriend, Clyde Tolson were regular visitors to Murchison's Del Charro Hotel in La Jolla, California. Allan Witwer, the manager of the hotel at the time, later recalled: Witwer estimates that over the next 18 summers Murchison's hospitality in $100-a-day suites and including meals was worth nearly $300,000 ($2,520,000 in 2018 dollars).

He was friends with Walter Winchell, who was extremely close to many gangsters, including Frank Costello, and he regularly spent time at clubs frequented by gangsters. Hoover’s daily lunch tab at an expensive Washington restaurant was picked up by a friend who owned a large laundry service. Furthermore, he claimed that his annual trips to California were official FBI “inspection trips,” so they were paid for by taxpayers. Hoover had also invested in oil companies and railroads owned by Murchison and Richardson. The FBI was responsible for renovations and new furniture for his house.

In 1955 a Senate committee discovered that 20 per cent of the Murchison Oil and Gas, Inc. was owned by Vito Genovese and his family. The committee also discovered Murchison had close financial ties with Carlos Marcello.

In 1958 Murchison purchased the publishers, Henry Holt and Company. One of the first book's he published was by his old friend, J. Edgar Hoover. The book, Masters of Deceit: The Story of Communism in America (1958) was an account of the Communist menace and sold over 250,000 copies in hardcover and over 2,000,000 in paperback. It was on the best-seller lists for thirty-one weeks.

The head of Federal Narcotics Bureau (FNB), Harry Anslinger stated that the CIA and Hoover subverted a grand jury that had been convened in Miami to probe the financial affairs of dozens of top mobsters. (The Strength of the Wolf, pgs. 260- 261)

As might be expected, that kind of money wielded enormous political power, and not just in Texas; then congressman Lyndon Johnson was bought and sold by Texas Big Oil, a feat that was apparently not so hard to accomplish. Likewise, in the days before campaign finance reform, Dwight Eisenhower owed a great deal to Big Oil, in particular from investing in wells drilled by his new best friend Sid Richardson. As author Burrough relates it, through an old family friend: “There's an old game in oil, you know, where your friends, they only invest in your good wells, not the bad wells? You understand? It was that way with Eisenhower. You never could prove it. But he did it. I know he did. Sid told me.”

(Source: The Rise and Fall of the Greatest Texas Oil Fortunes by Bryan Burrough

According to attorney Kenneth D. Ackerman, author of Young J. Edgar: Hoover and the Red Scare, by 1960, the FBI had open 'subversive' files on some 432,000 Americans.

In November 2011, by way of a Freedom of Information Act request, The Los Angeles Times received old FBI files on journalist Jack Nelson. J. Edgar Hoover, 85-year-old, was mistakenly convinced that Nelson planned to write an article stating that the FBI director was homosexual. Hoover began compiling a dossier on the reporter and tried to have Nelson fired and he met with the paper's head man in Washington, Dave Kraslow. Kraslow refused to fire Nelson, but did ask him to send Hoover a response which read, in part, "I emphatically deny that I have at any time under any circumstances ever said or remotely suggested that Mr. Hoover was a homosexual."

In 1970 Nelson wrote a story about how the FBI and police in Meridian, Mississippi shot two Ku Klux Klan members in a sting operation bankrolled by the local Jewish community. One of the Klan members, a woman, died in the ambush. Hoover attempted unsuccessfully to kill the story, which would appear on page one, by trying to smear Nelson, falsely, as an alcoholic.

Hoover limited the Los Angeles Times’ access to information and complained about Nelson, calling him “a mental case.”


By 1966 Lansky's men were in full control of Miami National Bank. CIA tax lawyer Paul Helliwell was legal counsel for the Miami National Bank and he was an active leader in the Florida Republican Party. This bank was also used by Meyer Lansky to launder to move the Las Vegas casinos’ profits (skim) thru the banks in Bahamas or Caymon Islands to the International Credit Bank in Switzerland, founded by the Israeli gunrunner Tibor Rosenbaum. (Cook and Carmichael; Scott et al., 1976: 356-358, 1981).

The McClellan Committee (1957 to 1960) observed that perhaps 150 men with organized crime contacts played an important role in the Teamsters Union with Hoffa's approval. After hearing testimony from 100 of these men on their crime careers and relations with Hoffa, the Committee summed it up in 1958 by saying: "James Hoffa, from his early years in the labor movement, has formed an alliance with the kingpins of the nation's underworld, a partnership which has moved him swiftly up through the ranks of the Teamster hierarchy to his present powerful post ... Hoffa's first association was with the Detroit mob.

It is alleged that the McClellan Committee did not conduct its investigation with clean hands. Conservative Republican Senators Irving Ives, Barry Goldwater, Carl Curtis and Karl Mundt displayed more of an interest in developing legislation to limit the power of trade unions rather than simply helping the unions get rid of parasitic labor racketeers. (Source: The Breaking of a President 1974 - The Nixon Connection by Marvin Miller)

President Kennedy wanted to expel Air America, the CIA’s front company airline drug smuggling from Laos. In 1962, Bobby Kennedy indicted Sea Supply Company’s manager for having bribed a US official in Laos. This prosecution was blocked by JFK’s ultra right-wing, political enemies and Air America kept its contract in Laos. But during the Kennedy administration's war on organized crime was highly effective with the number of defendants convicted jumped from zero to 619. (Ibid. 262),0205-6.htm

By the 1970s, a group of banks in southern Florida was linked by "interlocking directorates and major investors." Besides the Miami National Bank, there were the Bank of Miami Beach, International Bank of Miami, the Key Biscayne Bank, and Southeast First National. Federal prosecutors linked Southeast First National to the intelligence community. These banks have also been associated with the Lansky and Luciano and the Cleveland, Boston, and Las Vegas crime organizations. (Freed, 1980: 141).

Robert Morgenthau, former US Attorney for New York, discovered that Lansky was using the Exchange and Investment Bank of Switzerland in tandem with the Miami National Bank to launder money illegally skimmed from gambling casinos or other illegal activity, hiding these profits from the IRS so they did not have to pay income tax on it. A 1969 federal indictment charges Lansky, Cohen, Lansburgh and six others with using the Miami National Bank to skim funds. According to Morgenthau, Cohen cleaned more than $2,000,000 in gambling skim from the Flamingo by sending it through the Miami National Bank and then to the Exchange and Investment Bank of Switzerland.

In 1958 Teamsters Union boss Jimmy Hoffa was far from being a mere user of Miami National Bank. He actually controlled it for a substantial period of time authorizing all large loans. In 1959, three years after the bank was founded, the Teamsters Central States Pension Fund made a loan of $2,000,000 to Lou Poller, the original founder of this bank. Poller was one of the owners of record of the Exchange and Investment Bank of Switzerland along with Bugsy Siegel and Ed Levinson, the overseas bank also used to launder money.

In 1964, Sam Cohen, a close associate of Meyer Lansky, made a sizeable loan to Miami National Bank. By 1966 the Teamster loan was paid and Meyer Lansky's mafia guys were in full control of the bank. Cohen was a partner of Miami businessman Morris Lansburgh. Cohen and Lansburgh between them own eight Miami Beach hotels. The two partners also lease King's Inn on Grand Bahama, and bought the Flamingo in Las Vegas from Albert Parvin. A decade later, Lansburgh and Cohen were convicted and given one-year prison sentences on charges related to skimming casino proceeds, estimated at $10 million, from the Flamingo.

According to United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York, Robert M. Morgenthau, Cohen cleaned more than $2,000,000 in gambling skim from the Flamingo hotel and casino in Las Vegas by sending it through the Miami National Bank and the Exchange and Investment Bank of Switzerland. In October 1971, Lansky, Cohen, and Lansburgh were charged with conspiring to conceal and distribute unreported and illegal proceeds from the gambling activity in violation of Federal law. Also Lansburgh, Cohen, and four others were charged in a second count with conspiring to evade income taxes on unreported Flamingo Casino income of about $4.5million a year from 1960 through 1967.

In January 1969, the Nixon Administration tried to force Morgenthau to resign. Morgenthau and his supporters claimed the reason Nixon might be seeking to replace Morgenthau, was to prevent him from pursuing investigations that would prove embarrassing to Nixon or his friends. Morgenthau was eventually forced out of office at the end in January 15, 1970.

Rebozo purchased land in Florida with a man called Richard Fincher. It was believed that Fincher worked as a front for Meyer Lansky. An examination of Fincher's telephone calls revealed that he was in regular contact with Carlos Marcello and Santo Trafficante. Vincent Teresa, a high-ranking mafioso, later admitted that he had used Rebozo's bank to launder stolen money. email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it./msg11475.html

During the 1930s Wallace Groves had become a very successful financier in New York City. He moved to the British Bahaman Island and in August 1955 he made an agreement with the government of the Bahaman to develop land and create jobs for the people on Grand Bahaman Island. The Island was the ugliest, least promising of all the habitable islands in the Bahamas. A big chunk of this unsightly island was converted by Wallace Groves into the swinging community or a city named “Freeport.” Freeport had big, garish hotels, a casino that looks like an Arabian harem, an old English pub with deep-chested wenches for waitresses, International Shopping Bazaar, girlie shows "direct from Las Vegas," gangsters, discothèques, and a scuba club.

Wallace Groves had a millionaire business associate Daniel Kieth Ludwig. Ludwig developed a port on Grand Bahama Island and built a couple of hotels in Freeport. He leased these hotels to Morris Lansburgh who controlled substantial hotel interests in Miami Beach and was a front man for Meyer Lansky. In other words, because Lansky had a reputation of being associated with organized crime, casino gambling at these hotels would not be authorized if he was on the deed as the real owner.

Another businessman who tried to get rich in the Bahamas in 1959 was Huntington Hartford who inherited and ran A&P supermarkets and was one of the world’s rich people. He bought a small island near Nassau Island and re-named it Paradise Island. And he spent $30 million building luxury hotels there. But then he discovered that the place could not break even without a casino. So 1966 Hartford gave up and sold Paradise Island to Resorts International Incorporated. In 1967 the Paradise Island casino opened with a glittering assembly of guests including Richard Nixon.

By 1960 Groves’ Bahama Port Authority business almost went bankrupt. In December 1963 Lou Chesler, a Canadian invested $12 million, ($97.2 million in 2018 dollars) to set up the Grand Bahama Development Company (Devco) and gave Groves' Port Authority 50 per cent of Devco's stock. Among Chesler’s specialties was fencing stolen securities thru Switzerland and the Bahamas. He was involved with the mafia stretching back to at least 1942. Meyer Lansky provided him much of the 1958 investment capital for another of Chesler’s property, Miami’s International Airport Hotel.

Meyer Lansky picked the Grand Bahamas Island as the site for a plush casino-resort by using front man, his longtime business associate Louis A. “Lou” Chesler,

Chesler also owned a paint making company and had hired James M. “Jim” Crosby to manage it, the Mary Carter Paint Company. Crosby's brother, Peter Crosby, was a convicted stock swindler and a close business associate of Dino Cellini.

The Grand Bahama Development Company (Devco) spent the next three years building the Lucayan Beach Hotel on Grand Bahama, and roads, sewers and stores for the city of Freeport. Devco also was interested in selling nearby residential lots to Americans who might like to live near a gambling casino.

Lansky negotiated a purchase of a large tract of land on the island and oversaw the construction of the grand Lucayan Beach Hotel and Casino Corporation. This hotel/casino opened for business before the end of 1963. It was managed by two of Lansky's longest-established gambling technicians, Dino and Eddie Cellini. Red Ritter was general manager; Max Courtney was credit manager; Charley Brudner was his assistant; and Dino Cellini was supervisor. Dino came originally from Sicily by way of the syndicate casino on the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea. Cellini was the first lieutenant to Meyer Lansky and was known as Florida's "connection" to Canadian heroin trafficker Guiseppi Cotroni. (Mahon, 1980)

Chesler eventual purchased a small island, Paradise Island. It was about 2,000 feet off the shoreline from Nassau Island in the Bahamas. Resorts International hotel/casino was later built on Paradise Island. Chaster sold his paint manufacturing company and incorporated Resorts International Inc. with that money from getting out of the paint making.

Chesler also controlled Universal Controls, which manufactured the pari-mutuel betting machines used at racetracks. Buying Warner brothers lead to a deal by which they set up the Grand Bahama Development Company. This was a dummy corporation which was attempting to build a casino in the Bahamas for Meyer Lansky and Chesler's business partner.

Chesler also founded General Development Corporation (GDC), which was eventually to become the largest real estate developer in Florida which built three entire small cities.

Lou Chesler contributed $14,000 to Nixon's campaign in 1960, and he was a traveling companion of Nixon's during part of the campaign. Chesler was also a contributor to Nixon's 1968 campaign. Chesler was a close friend of Donald Berg, the Cape Florida Development executive who sold Nixon his lots on Key Biscayne. Chesler also had engaged in a number of Canadian mining deals with Meyer Lansky and had operated night-clubs in Miami Beach with John Pullman and Pullman's brother-in-law, A. C. Cown. email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it./msg11728.html

Meyer Lansky’s front-man Ed Levinson was a business associate of Maxwell M. “Max” Rabb, a close friend of Nixon's and a Jewish lawyer who served as a secretary of Eisenhower's cabinet. He was a top Republican Party fundraiser. Rabb's first public association with organized crime occurred in 1962 when he joined the board of Ancorp, a newspaper distribution company in New York City with strong mob ties.

Max Rabb was also the chief executive officer of a shady company known as International Airport Hotels, a business front for Meyer Lansky. Rabb also serviced on the board of Sterling National Bank, financed a $27 million fraud operation for mafioso Michele Sindona in 1974. According to the London Sunday Times of July 20, 1980, Sindona was the paymaster for an abortive fascist coup plot in Italy. Sterling National Bank’s principal business was with the mafia controlled New York City garment business.

The shadowy Italian-Jewish Recanati family was the reputed power behind Sterling National Bank, is part of an 800-year old financial elite controlling position in the Israeli diamond trade through Israel Discount Bank, as well as major New York-based ship-owning interests.

(Source: Dope, Inc., by Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr., and Jeffrey Steinberg, 1978)

In September 1966, Canadian authorities bugged and wire tapped John Pullman’s hotel room, confirming his relationship with Meyer Lansky. John Pullman was a bag man for Lansky carrying cash to Lansky money laundering banks. Pullman also founded the Bank of World Commerce of Nassau Island in the Bahamas. According to Life magazine, $10 million in illegal money was laundered thru this bank.  ($241 million in 2017 dollars).

Rabbi Tibor Rosenbaum was a Hungarian Jew who owned and operated the Banque De Credit Internationale (BCI) (aka “International Credit Bank” in English). Mafia money flowed into Rosenbaum's Bahamas branch of Banque De Credit International and from there into this branch in Geneva, Switzerland. John Pullman was partners in this bank with Rosenbaum.

In 1961, the Bank of World Commerce in Nassau in the Bahamas was established and headed by John Pullman and with investors including Ed Levinson. In turn, Levinson and Siegel were active in another Swiss bank, the Exchange Bank of Geneva. Another investor in Exchange Bank of Geneva was Alvin Malnik. Lansky and his closest mafia associate, Joe Stacher had accounts in this bank. Lansky invested $10 million in Italian real estate through this bank. This bank was basically the most important transfer points for money from countless gambling, smuggling, extortion, and drug deals of the North American mafia. Mafia bagmen arrived with suitcases full of cash to Geneva or Rome, flying as tourists from Miami or the Bahamas.

CIA boss James Angelton used this bank to launder CIA money for the Latin American covert operations. Rosenbaum also maintained an insurance agency in London to make contributions to then-British Prime Minister Harold Wilson.

Tibor Rosenbaum had immigrated to Palestine with the help of a Britain's Jewish Agency.  After the founding of the state of Israel, he was the first Department Chief for Logistics and Finance of Mossad. He came to Switzerland in 1951 with full diplomatic status as an agent for Israeli immigration. Rosenbaum was also the treasurer of the World Jewish Congress and held numerous posts in other leading Zionist organizations. According to authors Stephen Dorril and Robin Ramsay, CBI bank "appears to have been a semi detached Israeli Government money laundry into and out of Israel." The bank collapsed in 1974.

In 1965, Jim Crosby with Wallace Groves purchased a resort/casino on Paradise Island, a small island some 2,000 feet next to Nassau Island in the Bahamas. An expensive bridge had to be built to connect to this smaller island. Crosby hired Ed Cellini, the brother of Dino Cellini to manage the casino. Crosby was the longtime chairman of Resorts International Incorporated which was a corporate front for Meyer Lansky’s mob family.

Lou Chesler’s Florida real estate company the General Development Company, was reportedly worth $50 million in 1959 (some $417 million in 2018 dollars).

Resorts International was financed largely with a transfer of funds from the Banque de Credit Internationale of Tibor Rosenbaum and Louis Mortimer Bloomfield, and the Investors Overseas Service of Bernie Cornfeld and the Rothschild family.

An estimated $14 million in transferred monies traveling through Meyer Lansky's World Trade Bank and the Fiduciary Trust Company of Nassau, found their way into Resorts International during its half-dozen formative years.

New Jersey state law enforcement officers claimed that Resorts International had suspicious ties to the mafia. They opposed Resorts' application for a license to run a casino in Atlantic City.

In 1920, due to prohibition in the US the economy of the Bahamas prospered with the help of whisky imported from Britain and blockade-runners smuggling it into the US. American gangsters built big homes in Bahaman islands, and many of leaders of the Island. With the repeal of prohibition in 1932 the Bahamas sank, with the rest of the world, into the Great Depression. The Bahaman islands are almost entirely self-governing, except the British government is responsible only for defense, external affairs, and internal security. The office of royal governor is mostly ceremonial.


Wallace Groves also founded Intercontinental Diversified (ICD) Corporation with CIA officer Paul Helliwell acting as his attorney. It was Helliwell’s job to establish CIA front companies in Miami and the Bahamas to laundered covert CIA funds. In 1965, Groves was busy laundering millions of dollars for the CIA through banks and casinos in the Bahamas. The CIA hired Wallace Groves to suborn the top elected government officials in the Bahamas to get permission to run gambling casinos. (The Strength of the Wolf, by Douglas Valentine, p. 261)

An attachment to a declassified CIA document stated that Wallace GROVES was connected with Meyer LANSKY and Resorts International Inc. and GROVES is the subject of CIA OS file #473 865. This document reflects that from April 1966 to April 1972, GROVES was of interest to the [CIA] Office of General Counsel for the utilization of GROVES as an advisor or possible officer of one of the Project (DELETED) entities. CIA documents also show that Wallace Groves was secretly working for the CIA from 1965 to 1972. The Bahamas quickly became a major transit point for Latin American drug smugglers. (The Strength of the Wolf, by Douglas Valentine, p. 261)

Groves held 46 percent of the shares in the mutual fund company, Intercontinental Diversified (ICD), until he sold his shares in 1978 for some $125 million in 2018 dollars. A former CIA official said in an interview that between 1970 and 1976, almost $5 million of CIA money that had been invested in Intercontinental Diversified’s funds was sold. (Source: The Grim Reapers by Ed Reid, 1969) and The CIA’s Global Drug Connection and Deep Events by Peter Dale Scott, 2008)

Intercontinental Diversified (ICD) was a Panamanian holding company founded by Paul Helliwell and a spinoff from a Filipino company, Benguet Mining or Benguet International. It was represented by Helliwell’s law firm and partly owned by the Philippine dictator Ferdinand Marcos.

Helliwell and his CIA front companies

In 1943, American lawyer Paul L.E. Helliwell became the head of the Secret Intelligence Branch of the OSS in Europe with the rank of Colonel, and he served as the chief of the Far East Division at the War Department's Strategic Service unit. Helliwell founded CIA front companies to assist in the CIA covertly shipping arms to Burma in cooperation with Chiang Kai-shek’s guerrilla army (KMT) fighting against the People Republic of China and later in the CIA’s secret war in Laos. Sea Supply Corporation of Bangkok, Civil Air Transport (aka Air America), and Civil Air Transport Company, Ltd. (a separate firm not owned by but affiliated with the CIA. These companies were subsidiaries to the CIA’s front, Pacific Corporation, a holding company located in Florida and also run by Helliwell. These companies employed nearly 20,000 people and operated around 200 aircraft. In 1971, the CIA was forced to sell them due to their cover being publically exposed. (Source: 1976 testifmony before the Senate's Church Committee of CIA General Counsel Lawrence Houston)

Author Joseph Trento wrote in his book, Prelude to Terror, that through Sea Supply Inc. weapons were ferried into Burma on Civil Air Transport (CAT) airplanes, then the empty planes flew opium from Burma to Taiwan, Bangkok, and Saigon. There the opium was processed into heroin in Taiwan for the benefit of Chiang Kai-shek’s army.

US Naval Intelligence officer William Corson who served in South Vietnam from 1966 until he retired from the Navy in 1968 claims that: "Portable heroin processing facilities were brought in. It was a creation of the CIA's technical services division." Some of the profits from the sale of opium went to help CIA run some unofficial covert operations. (The Betrayal by William Corson)

Retired Admiral Felix B. Stump was the chairman of board of Air America from 1959 to 1970. In 1958, he 64 years old, and a 78 years old he died in 1972. Stump was noted for promoting using nuclear in Vietnam War. During his US Navy career he had been a pilot and commanded a Navy’s aircraft carrier.

Paul Helliwell also had set up CIA front banks and other CIA fronts in Miami, FL to support the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba and for operation mongoose. Mongoose was CIA secret economic warfare operation to aid in the overthrow or killing of Fidel Castro.
In 1962 Alvin T. Malnik, a son of Russian Jewish immigrants, was a director of the Bank of World Commerce, a Bahamas-based institution that involved some of the top gangsters and this bank had a relationship to CIA lawyer Paul Helliwell. Helliwell was a money laundering expert for the CIA as well as setting up CIA front companies. Malnik was also business partner of Bobby Baker, the Senate aide to Lyndon Johnson.

Malnik left his mark on much of the Miami Beach landscape since he moved there in 1956. He had already established himself in the banking and real estate businesses in Miami but soon become Lansky's public front-man. Melnik was alleged to have been picked by some observers of organized crime as Lansky's probable successor. Malnik was a New York gangster/lawyer who moved to Florida.

Malnik with others and bought a controlling interest in Resorts International Incorporated. To get his gambling license for the Resorts international’s casinos, Lansky brought with him old gambling partners like Max Courtney, "Trigger Mike" Coppola, Frank Ritter, and the Cellini brothers. (Mahan, 1980).

According to one investigation, millions of dollars passed through the Bank of World Commerce and the money were reinvested into mafia-controlled legal businesses in the United States.

Malnik had business dealings with Caesars casino in Las Vegas and he owned two hotels in the Pocono Mountains in Pennsylvania. Malnik essentially invented the black art of money-laundering, taking mob money and routing it to legitimate ventures (like real estate). In the 1960s, Malnik set up the Bank of Commerce in the Bahamas. Mob money flowed into its secret numbered accounts by the hundreds of millions, then out again into Tibor Rosenbaum's International Credit Bank of Switzerland before returning to the United States for investment."

Albert Fried wrote that Malnik would convert illegal cash by laundering it in various real estate ventures." One of his companies, Title Loans of America, had a history of charging such exorbitant interest rates, at more than 250 percent. The former Florida Attorney General Bob Butterworth likened it to "legalized loan sharking." (Source: The Rise and Fall of the Jewish Gangster in America, by Albert Fried, 1993) and Forbes magazine "The Invisible Enterprise"),

In the early 1970s, Malnik was also involved with Sam Cohen's sons in land deals in Florida and the Poconos Mountain area of Pennsylvania (about 50 miles west of New York City. Their companies -- COMAL and "Cove Associates" -- dealt with Caesar's World and the Teamsters Pension Fund, both institutions which have attracted a substantial amount of law enforcement attention. Sam Cohen fits the pattern we have seen so often, of continuity from the Prohibition gangs to the financial world of the 1970s and 1980s. He moved from New York to Florida in the 1920s and joined the exodus to Nevada in the 1950s (Messick, 1969: 326-331, 363; Mollenhoff, 1973: 186).

Malnik associated with Donald “Don” J. Aronow, another the son of Russian Jewish immigrants. In 1959, Aronow moved to Miami with his family, where he began building and racing speed boats called cigarette boats. These boats became useful to drug traffickers trying to evade US Customs. Aronow's role in marijuana smuggling was reportedly confirmed by Bill Norris, head of the Major Narcotics Unit at the Miami US Attorney's office. He was the top federal drug prosecution official in south Florida. Aronow was murdered. A subpoena was to be served on him the day after the shooting. It was rumored around Miami that Aronow had been questioned by the authorities about cocaine trafficking prior to his murder. Robert "Bobby" Young was paid $60,000 to murder Aronow on the orders of casino owner and drug trafficker Benjamin Barry Kramer. Young boasted of involvement with gun-running, prostitution rings and violence during the 1970sThe death of Aronow on February 3, 1987 occurred within the time frame when Vice President Bush and Oliver North’s illegally funding of the Contras in Latin America.

Another close friend of Alvin Malnik was Joel Steinger. In 1974 Steinger became a member of Lansky's crime family by marrying the daughter of Philip Simon. Simon was reputed to have been an associate of Lansky and worked at the Miami National Bank. Simon laundered money through the bank for known mafia members, including Lansky.

Meyer Lansky’s wife Teddy and his longtime lawyer David Rosen attended Steinger’s wedding. Steinger was the mastermind of the billion-dollar ponzi scheme known thru Mutual Benefits. This crooked fund was connections to Colombian drug cartels in the mid- to late 1970s. His selling of bogus options on commodities led to his first felony conviction.

Jack Kramer had married a niece of Meyer Lansky. Jack Kramer’s son Ben Kramer was also a notorious Los Angeles casino owner and organized crime figure. On March 28, 1990 Jack Kramer and Ben Kramer were both found guilty of 23 and 28 counts (respectively) of federal money laundering charges. In the previous year, Ben Kramer had also been sentenced to life imprisonment without parole for having imported half a million pounds of marijuana.

It was a known fact among the criminal underworld that dealing with Al Malnik was the same as dealing with Meyer Lansky, said Vincent Teresa. Teresa was a convicted criminal and frequent government witness currently in the federal Witness Protection Program. (Source: My Life in the Mafia, Vincent Teresa, 1973)
Finally, Allen R. Glick (born 1942) of Pittsburgh attracted a great deal of attention when his firm A.R. Glick Enterprises (ARGENT) seemingly came from nowhere to secure a vast Teamsters loan of about $146 million.

In Burton Hersh‘s book, Bobby and J. Edgar, he wrote that in Cuba, Michael J. “Mickey” McLaney was an associate of mafia boss Santos Trafficante, Jr. After he was released from Castro’s Cuban prisons, McLaney continued to operate a casino on Cat Cay Island in the Bahamas. This is an island about 30 miles due east of Miami and about the size of a small golf course with an airport. McLaney formed a professional partnership with Carroll Rosenbloom. Rosenbloom was a known gambler who was allegedly Jewish and owned the Baltimore Colts football team. He bet a million of dollars on his team in 1958, and allegedly ordered his team to cheat and thereby making millions.

John S. Alessio was the assistant general manager of the Caliente Race Track in Tijuana from 1943 to 1950. He turned race track into the largest legal gambling operation on the North American continent. In the mid-1960s he was conviction for skimming millions of dollars from San Diego's racetrack revenues (hiding the profits from the IRS and failed to pay income taxes on the profits). During the 1960's he bought a number of resort properties, including the Hotel del Coronado, the Kona Kai Club and the Kona Inn in California, a greyhound track in Arizona. His company, the Alessio Corporation, owned a finance company, an insurance company and a leasing corporation. He and C. Arnholt Smith merged their combined interests, and Alessio became a director and major stockholder in the Westgate-California Corporation, a conglomerate Smith controlled. Smith owned the Banco del Pacifico, a bank in Tijuana, Mexico and he was a major contributor to the political campaigns of Nixon.

Alessio was one of the few guests at Nixon's New York hotel suite on election night in November 1968 when he won elections.

Italian American Joseph C.”Joe Dip” Dippolito was convicted for three counts of lying to a grand jury and he was identified by the US Justice Department as one of the leaders of the mafia in Los Angeles. In 1969, the mayor and police chief of San Bernardino, CA and a Superior Court County judge wrote some positive letters vouching for his good character and asking the court to go easy on his sentencing him. They wrote that Dippolito had good community involvement, “enjoyed a reputation of honesty and reliability,” and he “was an outstanding citizen.”

Another source states, in December 1971, Dippolito was paroled after only serving eight months. Joe Dip was released after letters were written to a probation officer.

The letters were all dated just ten days after Dippolito was convicted of lying about ownership of Charlie’s Market. Because of his background, he had been barred from having a liquor license for the store. Dippolito also falsified the ownership of this store by registering it in the name of a relative. Despite the letters, Dippolito was given five years in prison for lying to the Grand Jury. There was really no secret about Dippolito’s Mafia activities which had been fairly well-publicized by state and federal crime-fighting agencies. Dippolito’s role in Los Angeles’ mafia came to light in the pages of the 1981 bestseller, The Last Mafioso, by Ovid Domaris. It was based on interviews with Los Angeles Mafia leader and government informant Jimmy Fratianno as well as access to police files.

The letters were supposed to have been sealed but a San Bernardino Sun article by writer Ted Harp on July 24, 1970, not only revealed their existence but published copies of the letters.

Mayor’s reaction to criticisms over the letters was to demand an investigation into how they were obtained by the newspaper. ( Joe Blackstock writes on Inland Empire history.

MI6 and FBI Division Five

Louis M. Bloomfield, a Canadian citizen, managed to assume a highly secretive top post within the J. Edgar Hoover’s FBI and retained in that post for over 30 years. He was years later a suspect in conjunction with assassinations against officials of three governments.

Sir William Stephenson using the special relationship that British Prime Minister Winston Churchill had cultivated with Franklin Roosevelt, arranged for Bloomfield to be assigned to the Office of Strategic Services with rank of Major in the US Army. Major Bloomfield was not the only Canadian brought into the US military under Stephenson's auspices. Stephenson was created clandestine operations under an American cover. This became a particularly important feature of SOE post World War Two political warfare in locations like Italy.

Louis Bloomfield's business interests extend into the field of transoceanic shipping. He was a former head of the Israeli Maritime League of Canada. Bloomfield was the Consul-General in charge of the Western Hemisphere of the Liberian government since World War Two. Liberia is notorious as both a tax shelter and smugglers' port-of-call. With no shipping regulations to speak of, Liberia is the flag of convenience under which the majority of ships bearing bulk shipments of Far East narcotics are registered. Liberia was one of the secondary ($7 billion in average daily transfers) offshore banking centers through which British drug revenues are laundered.

The only other foreign-stationed Consul-General for Liberia is Bloomfield associate and Israeli Mossad official Tibor Rosenbaum.

Beneath his various hats as banker, philanthropist, prominent attorney, Bloomfield was/is? first and foremost an officer of the most secretive branch of British MI6, the Special Operations Executive (SOE). SOE was an allied special forces team that went behind Nazi line in World War Two. In 1938 Bloomfield was recruited to the SOE by its director, Canadian-born Sir William Stephenson,

Stephenson appointed Bloomfield as the recruitment officer and agent handler (case officer) for the newly created counterespionage and espionage branch of the FBI, known as Division Five.

British historian Nicholas John Cull says in his book, Selling War, the British effort to sway the American people was “one of the most diverse, extensive, and yet subtle propaganda campaigns ever directed by one sovereign state at another.” Work was done to counter the American stereotype of the stuffy Brit. The propaganda theme in the winter of 1939-1940 was to reinforce the message of American and Britain’s common values and interests. The trick was to bring to the larges possible US audience without leaving any visible British fingerprint of their sales job. Polls shows Americans saw the British government as guided by selfish interests and imperialism, British society as anti-democratic and class bound. The BBC was persuaded to drop the Oxford accent in programs aimed at Americans. Almost daily SEO officers leaked to the American press rumors discrediting American isolationist leaders and placing unreliable stories of Nazi atrocities in Europe.

An isolationist US Senator, Gerald P. Nye, from North Dakota, threatened to launch an investigation of non-American Hollywood producers who had been injecting war propaganda into films. And the true was they were. British propagandizing hardly ended with the US’s entry in war. Radio programs targeted at the traditionally isolationist plains states contained interviews of Midwestern American soldiers in England and stories about British farm life.

During the war, Ian Fleming served as assistant to the chief of British Naval Intelligence. Fleming came to America and met Ernest Cuneo while visiting Sir William Stephenson at his New York apartment. Ernest Cuneo a New York attorney had served as a wartime assistant to President Franklin D. Roosevelt and also served as official wartime liaison between British Intelligence, the OSS and the FBI.

In the mid-1950s, the company North American Newspaper Alliance (NANA) was purchased by former British Intelligence officer Ivor Bryce and his American associate Ernest Cuneo. They hired reporters who have repeatedly become entangled in clandestine affairs. NANA was a fully functioning intelligence network closely associated with CIA’s Operation Mockingbird (propaganda directed at Americans).

When journalist Priscilla Mary Post Johnson went to Moscow and interviewed Lee Harvey Oswald at the time of his defection. Ivor Bryce and Ernest Cuneo signed her checks. Ian Fleming was NANA’s European Editor and Priscilla Johnson's editor was Sidney Goldberg. Goldberg worked for Fleming at NANA. Johnsoh was given a CIA clearance in 1956 and continued meeting with CIA officials throughout her career. From the records released under the JFK Act, it is apparent she maintained contact with a CIA liaison officer for years, and was passed off from one CIA case officer to another.

Luci and Syd Goldberg were close personal friends and NANA colleagues with Victor Lasky. Lasky was a simple right-wing columnist. From 1956-1960 he was a public relations executive for CIA’s Radio Liberty. Starting just two years later and continuing until 1980, the North American Newspaper Alliance distributed his syndicated column. Sidney Goldberg was part of Nixon’s “dirty tricks” operation that stalked McGovern during 1972.

Journalist Virginia Prewett was an anti-Castro activist who was recruited by NANA founder Ernest Cuneo. Prewett wrote news articles in support of CIA operations. Prewett was also one of the founders of the Friends of Democratic Cuba. Prewett and Life Magazine’s Clare Booth Luce were among the founders of the Citizens Committee to Free Cuba (CCFC) one of the anti-Castro groups backed by the CIA.

Operation Mockingbird

Alex Constantine (Mockingbird: The Subversion Of The Free Press By The CIA), in the 1950s, “some 3,000 salaried and contract CIA employees were eventually engaged in propaganda efforts”. Wisner was also able to restrict newspapers from reporting about certain events. For example, the CIA plots to overthrow the governments of Iran and Guatemala.

Main stream media alleged that Garrison was as a reckless ego maniacal politician who played fast and loose with the facts, bribed and coerced witnesses, and ruined the life of an innocent upstanding citizen. They wrote that Garrison was accused of being both a dupe of the KGB and on the take from the Mafia. Syndicated columnist Jack Anderson printed an unsubstantiated rumor that Garrison had fondled a little boy in the New Orleans Athletic Club. It has been suggested that Garrison's investigation was triggered by his opposition to the Vietnam War, but in 1966, when he began the investigation, he was supporting the Vietnam War.

Writers Jim Phelan, Hugh Aynesworth, and David Chandler all published devastating and unsubstantiated attacks on Garrison's investigation and at the same time they were reporting back to both the CIA and the FBI.

In 1959 Journalist Don Bohning joined the Miami Herald staff in 1959 as a reporter. Five years later he became a foreign correspondent for the newspaper. Over the next 36 years he reported from every independent country in the Western Hemisphere. Don Bohning, who retired from the Miami Herald . Don Bohning was CIA contract agent codenamed AM/CARBON 1. (Source: A Farewell to Justice, Joan Mellen)

According to a CIA memo, which dealt with New Orleans prosecutor Jim Garrison’s investigation of the Kennedy assassination, Bohning passed along information about the Garrison probe to the CIA. A declassified CIA memo dated April 9, 1964 explained that the CIA’s covert media campaign in Miami aimed “to work out a relationship with (south Florida) news media which would insure that they did not turn the publicity spotlight on those (CIA) activities in South Florida which might come to their attention...and give (the CIA’s Miami station JM/WAVE) an outlet into the press which could be used for surfacing certain select propaganda items.”

Journalist David Talbot says that Bohning told him, “There were several people in the Herald newsroom during the 1960s who had contact with the CIA station chief in Miami.”  Talbot added that over the years, Bohning’s journalism has consistently reflected his intelligence sources’ points of view, with little or no critical perspective.

(Sources:  Brothers: The Hidden History of the Kennedy Years, by David Talbot)

William Gurvich, who with his brothers ran a private investigative firm specializing in the Port of New Orleans, and who infiltrated Garrison’s investigation, fits this profile exactly. Gurvich’s chain of communication with CIA went through Hugh Aynesworth, a CIA media asset writing for both The Dallas Morning News and Newsweek. Aynesworth used his Newsweek column to ratchet up the cover of Walter Sheridan who went down to New Orleans. He admitted this openly to discredit Jim Garrison’s investigation undercover as an NBC correspondent. Aynesworth wrote about how fine a journalist operative Sheridan was.

After the JFK assassination about 15 corporate media outfits fell into line and editorially backed the Warren Commission's report after it was issued in October of 1964. In May of 1967, after Garrison's investigation hit the news, Aynesworth wrote a violent attack on Garrison's investigation, and it was published in Newsweek. Aynesworth accused Lynn Loisel, a Garrison staff member, of bribing Al Beaubolf to testify about a meeting to plot the assassination. Beaubolf later denied this accusation in a sworn affidavit and proved Aynesworth and Newsweek to be fabricators of information.

The Newsweek story on the JFK assassination, published in the issue of April 28, 1975 left the impression with the readers of Newsweek that editorial position regarded the (JFK) researchers as kooks who misled or talked Senator Schweiker and Representatives Gonzalez and Downing into the wrong attitudes. "Oswald did fire the shots" is the Newsweek message.

John McCone also attempted to stop Edward Yates from making a documentary on the CIA for the National Broadcasting Company (NBC). This attempt at censorship failed and NBC went ahead and broadcast this critical documentary.

In June, 1965, Desmond FitzGerald was appointed as head of the Directorate for Plans. He now took charge of Mockingbird. At the end of 1966 FitzGerald discovered that Ramparts, a left-wing publication, was planning to publish that the CIA had been secretly funding the National Student Association. FitzGerald ordered CIA officer Edgar Applewhite to organize a campaign against the magazine. Applewhite later told Evan Thomas for his book, The Very Best Men: “I had all sorts of dirty tricks to hurt their circulation and financing. The people running Ramparts were vulnerable to blackmail. We had awful things in mind, some of which we carried off.”

In March, 1967, Sol Stern, wrote an article in Ramparts entitled “NSA and the CIA. “ about CIA funding of the National Student Association it exposed the whole system of anti-Communist front organizations in Europe, Asia, and South America. In May 1967 Thomas Braden responded to this by publishing an article entitled,” I’m Glad the CIA is Immoral,” in the Saturday Evening Post, where he defended the activities of this action by the CIA.. Braden also confessed that the activities of the CIA had to be kept secret from Congress. As he pointed out in the article: “In the early 1950s, when the cold war was really hot.

Meyer’s role in Operation Mockingbird was further exposed in 1972 when he was accused of interfering with the publication of a book, The Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia by Alfred W. McCoy. The book was highly critical of the CIA’s dealings with the drug traffic in Southeast Asia.

According to the Congress report published in 1976: “The CIA currently maintains a network of several hundred foreign individuals around the world who provide intelligence for the CIA and at times attempt to influence opinion through the use of covert propaganda. These individuals provide the CIA with direct access to a large number of newspapers and periodicals, scores of press services and news agencies, radio and television stations, commercial book publishers, and other foreign media outlets.” Church argued that the cost of misinforming the world cost American taxpayers an estimated $265 million a year.

Frank Church showed that it was CIA policy to use clandestine handling of journalists and authors to get information published initially in the foreign media in order to get it disseminated in the United States. Church quotes from one document written by the Chief of the Covert Action Staff on how this process worked (page 193).

For example, he writes: “Get books published or distributed abroad without revealing any US influence, by covertly subsidizing foreign publicans or booksellers.” Later in the document he writes: “Get books published for operational reasons, regardless of commercial viability”. Church goes onto report that “over a thousand books were produced, subsidized or sponsored by the CIA before the end of 1967”. All these books eventually found their way into the American market-place. Either in their original form (Church gives the example of the Penkovskiy Papers) or repackaged as articles for American newspapers and magazines.

By analyzing CIA documents Church was able to identify over 50 US journalists who were employed directly by the CIA. He was aware that there were a lot more who enjoyed a very close relationship with the CIA who were “being paid regularly for their services, to those who receive only occasional gifts and reimbursements from the CIA” (page 195).

Church also identified E. Howard Hunt as an important figure in Operation Mockingbird. He points out how Hunt arranged for books to be reviewed by certain writers in the national press. He gives the example of how Hunt arranged for a “CIA writer under contract” to write a hostile review of an Edgar Snow book in the New York Times (page 198).

Journalist Carl Bernstein provided further information about Operation Mockingbird in an article in The Rolling Stone in October, 1977. He claimed that over a 25 year period over 400 American journalists secretly carried out assignments for the CIA: “Some of the journalists were Pulitzer Prize winners, distinguished reporters who considered themselves ambassadors-without-portfolio for their country.

According to researchers such as Steve Kangas, Angus Mackenzie and Alex Constantine, Operation Mockingbird was not closed down by the CIA in 1976. For example, in 1998 Kangas argued that CIA asset Richard Mellon Scaife ran Forum World Features, a foreign news service used as a front to disseminate CIA propaganda around the world.

The record of the The New York Times from 1969 to 1971 follows the same pattern as CBS and Life magazine.  In 1964 the Times formed a research team headed by Harrison Salisbury to investigate the assassination.  The team was made up of six reporters and it included Peter Khiss and Gene Roberts. Their conclusions were never made public by the Times but indications point to their finding evidence of a criminal conspiracy.  In June, 1968 Peter Khiss was ordered by the Times management not to do any more research on assassinations or to discuss the subject at the Times.

When the Garrison investigation made the news, the Times began a regular campaign to undermine Garrison's case, to support the Warren Commission, and finally (during the Clay Shaw trial) to completely distort the news and the testimony presented.

 Of all the fifteen major US news organizations, from 1967 to 1968 UPI has come closest to really pursuing the truth about the JFK assassination. Yet they did not have the courage of their convictions in analyzing conspiratorial evidence. In 1975 AP and UPI sent out the longest stories ever broadcast over their news service wires. They were so long that they were divided into installments. The stories backed up the Warren Commission and attacked the researchers, especially Jim Garrison. And UPI suppressed the original 8mm color films by Marie Muchmore and Orville Nix.

Dorothy Kilgallen was writing several articles about the JFK assassination for the newspapers who published her column. She said the owner of the New York newspaper where her column appeared refused to let her print stories in opposition to the Warren Commission 

The 1991 movie, JFK made by Oliver Stone, was attacked by those journalists who had since 1963 had steadfastly defended the lone-gunman theory. Thomas G. "Tom" Wicker a political reporter and columnist for The New York Times, attacked Stone’s portrayal of Jim Garrison as a hero-figure and complained that he had ignored the claims that he was corrupt. He added that the film treats “matters that are highly speculative as fact and truth, in effect rewriting history” was an American journalist.

Bernard Weinraub argued in the New York Times that the studio should withdraw the movie: "At what point does a studio exercise its leverage and blunt the highly charged message of a filmmaker like Oliver Stone?"  When veteran film critic, Pat Dowell, provided a good review for The Washingtonian, the editor, John Limpert, rejected it on the grounds that he did not want the magazine to be associated with this preposterous viewpoint. As a result Dowell resigned as the magazine’s film critic.

Jack Valenti, who at that time was president and chief executive of the Motion Picture Association of America, but in the months following the assassination, was President Lyndon Johnson’s special advisor, denounced Stone's film in a seven-page statement.

Journalist Dan Rather, another long-time lone-gunman advocate, hosted a CBS program on the JFK movie, and put down the film as not the truth.

Back to Special Operations Executive /MI6 and FBI Division Five

Stephenson set up Special Operations Executive (SOE) headquarters in New York City's Rockefeller Center under the name of an importing-exporting company and established its communications and another clandestine center at a resort complex at Montego Bay, Jamaica. Under Major Bloomfield, Division Five's spies operated as a Christian missionary group, sending its devotees to every corner of the United States and Latin America.

It should be noted that all the SOE's activities were conducted under the protective umbrella of Britain’s Official Secrets Act. Any British Commonwealth citizen releasing information about the SOE was liable to prosecution on charges of high treason, punishable by execution.

A relevant feature of the wartime Stephenson-Bloomfield SOE teams was its use of the North American mafia as intelligence contract agents for the OSS and FBI Division Five. Charles "Lucky" Luciano is the best-known case of a convicted drug-runner, pimp, and suspected murderer who was "rehabilitated" under OSS-SOE sponsorship.

In early 1943, as the US was planning to invade Sicily, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill discussed using North American mafia guys to aid the invasion. Churchill then had to admit that the Americans possessed an undeniable advantage when it came to dealing with Italians. In a telegram to Churchill, Roosevelt wrote, “In view of the friendly feeling towards America entertained by a great number of citizens of Italy, and in consideration of the large number of citizens of the United States who are of Italian descent, it is my opinion that our military problem will be made less difficult…”

Director of US Naval Intelligence, Rear Admiral Carl Espe and Captain Wallace S. Wharton, head of the Counter-Intelligence Section, Office of Naval Intelligence in Washington DC, tasked Captain Roscoe MacFall, chief intelligence officer of the Third Naval District, a region that encompassed New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut to exploit further their connections with North American mafia. MacFall then tasked US Navy Commander Charles R. Haffenden to set up a special security unit. It was called the B-3 investigative unit.

Fears about possible sabotage or disruption of the waterfront had already been the job of Commander Haffenden. The Mafia represented the most antifascist organization in the world. Under Mussolini’s savage purges, Sicilian mafiosi were bombed, machine-gunned, and arrested in droves. Many of the American mafia had fled their homeland because of Mussolini.

Haffenden sought the help of Joseph “Joe Socks” Lanza who was born in Palermo, Sicily. His criminal history stretched back to 1917 with arrests for homicide, burglary, conspiracy, and extortion. Lanza as a member of Lucky Luciano’s mafia family was in charge of labor racketeering over the United Seafood Workers Union stretching from Maine to Florida.

Haffenden assembled a team of colorful Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) officers, many of them Italian-Americans versed in the Sicilian dialects spoken by the mafia guys. Among these men were Lieutenant Anthony Marsloe, a man fluent in Italian, Spanish, and French; Lieutenant Joseph Treglia, a former bootlegger now in charge of breaking and entering operations; and Lieutenant Paul Alfieri, a safecracker. Lieutenant Treglia, leader of B-3’s breaking-and-entry teams. Their black-bag jobs helped uncover several German espionage rings across the nation.

Wiretaps revealed a startling conversation between Haffenden and Lanza. Haffenden asked how about Harry Bridges, the West Coast union leader saying, “I don’t want any trouble on the waterfront during the crucial times.”

Lanza replied, “You won’t have any. I’ll see to that.”

A goon squad later caught up with Bridges in a popular dance hall and savagely beat up him.

To organize the West Side docks, the Navy required the cooperation of Irish mafia guy, Joseph Ryan, president of the International Longshoremen’s Association.

According to Lanza, said only the imprisoned Lucky Luciano could order Ryan to go along with the US Navy. To get Luciano’s cooperation Haffenden had to go thru Meyer Lansky.

Lansky’s hoodlums battled American Nazis in Manhattan’s streets long before the declaration of war. Lansky later recalled, “We got there that evening and found several hundred people dressed in their brown shirts. The stage was decorated with a swastika and pictures of Hitler … We attacked them in the hall and threw some of them out the windows. There were fistfights all over the place.” Extremely patriotic, the Jewish mob busted up Nazi meetings and offices all over the city.

Lansky talked to Luciano in prison and outlined Project Underworld which required gathering intelligence about airfields, naval bases, and power plants in Sicily.

Longshoremen’s Association tough Jerry Sullivan later testified, “Lansky was solving the problem for the Navy on the waterfront by the visible deployment of some of the most ruthless gangsters in the city. It was expected that the mere appearance of these men on the piers would serve as a deterrent, a warning to cooperate with the United States war effort or face the consequences.”

When Haffenden sent Cockeye Dunn to investigate two suspected German agents, the Irish hoodlum took the men for a gangland one-way ride. Wiretaps recorded Dunn’s chilling report, “They’ll never bother us again.” The Navy frowned upon unauthorized killings, but it was impossible to keep a mad dog like Dunn in check.

Haffenden formed the F-Target Section, a group dedicated to gathering data on the planned invasion zone.

Luciano ordered his lieutenant, Joe Adonis to hauled hundreds of Italians into Naval Intelligence headquarters. Throughout 1943, mob heavies came and went from the New York City ONI office in a hotel, relaying orders and carrying out missions. Target Section crafted a map of Sicily with a clear plastic overlay that detailed strategic points for the invasion.

Charlie Luciano applied for executive clemency on the grounds of his cooperation with the Navy. His request was granted, and on January 9, 1945, after sending some six years of his 30 to 50 year prison sentence, he was deported to Italy.

Lucky Luciano: The Real and the Fake Gangster by Tim Newark and Project Underworld: The U.S. Navy’s Secret Pact with the Mafia by Rodney Campbell, (1977)

Lucky Luciano was dispatched to Sicily to reconstitute old networks that had been dispersed or expatriated during the Mussolini period. Major Bloomfield came into active collusion with Meyer Lansky's narcotics syndicate by no later than the close of World War Two. In the 1940s James J. Angleton was the OSS station chief for Italy, and he was in charge of (case officer for) Luciano. (Source: Ogonyok (Soviet youth magazine) by Julian Semyonov, October 1978)

In pre-war Italy, Angleton crew up in Milan, Italy, where his family moved after his father bought a NCR's Italian subsidiary. During the First World War, NCR (originally National Cash Register) manufactured fuses and aircraft instrumentation, and during World War Two built aero-engines, bomb sights and code-breaking machines. Angleton joined the US Army in March 1943. By February 1944, he became the chief of OSS’s Italy desk for X-2 in London. In November Angleton was transferred to Italy as commander of SCI [Secret Counterintelligence] Unit Z, which handled Ultra intelligence based on the British intercepts of German radio communications. By the end of the war, he was head of X-2 for all of Italy. ULTRA dealt with decoding intercepted enemy electronic communications and making sure only the Commanding General with a need to know saw selected important intelligence about the Nazis or Soviets.

As head of counterintelligence for the CIA for nearly 30 years, Angleton was the official in charge of all activities relating to terrorism, assassinations, and international narcotics traffic. As the head of the Israeli Desk, he was also the liaison chief to the Mossad. Among his other responsibilities at the CIA, Angleton ran the Vatican desk, a position that placed him equally in touch with the Italian Royal Family.

In October, 1962, Enrico Mattei took off in his plane from a business trip in Sicily. The plane exploded in mid-air. Rumors began to circulate that it was a mafia/CIA/Texas Oil Industry combined operation. During the Second World War, Mattei was one of Italy’s leading anti-fascist political figures. He was the head of two Italian partisan groups fighting the Nazis in Europe. Unlike most Italian politicians he decided to fight fascism rather than embrace it.

After the war Mattei was elected to the Italian Chamber of Deputies. Most of the partisan leaders in Europe were elected into official positions after the war. This caused great concern for the OSS and later the CIA. As a result funds meant for rebuilding the European economy (the Marshall Plan) was redirected into a covert operation against left-wing politicians in Europe. This included bribing political leaders in Europe to move to the right. Many succumbed to this policy. However, Mattei was not corruptible. (Source: The Frank Church Select Committee investigation into the CIA)

Enrico Mattei was placed in charge of an agency administrating the Italian oil resources. He was a great success and Italian nationalized oil industry, (ENI) which was very profitable. ENI had been organized by Mussolini, to some private group of oil producers. Mattei was so successful that the Italian government allowed it to remain nationalized. He signed a pact with Iran which gave Iran 75 percent of the profits for oil wells drilled and followed this with similar concessions in India, Egypt, Tunisia, Morrocco, Somalia and the Sudan. The oil companies of the world were immediately up in arms against him.

Foreign oil companies were outraged because the profits of oil exploration in the Middle East were divided on a 50-50 with the governments. Mattei brought the price of petrol down and accordingly, rival oil producers who were forced to meet his prices.

The following appeared in Harper’s Magazine (March, 1961): “Mattei has become the symbol of a vigorous new state socialism of the type which has longed appealed to the logical Latin mind. He carries the banner for a large, perhaps a majority, group of Italians who think that by a judicious use of public monies some of the grave short-comings of capitalism can be corrected.”

Mattei’s success posed a serious threat to the CIA’s policy of halting the growth of socialism in Europe. He also posed a serious threat to the American oil industry. This became an even more serious problem when Mattei began negotiating deals with the Soviet Union, Iran, India, Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco, Somalia and the Sudan.

The oil companies of the world were immediately up in arms against him. They were especially concerned by the deal with the Soviet Union. This would allow the Italian oil company ENI to undercut the oil prices being charged by the Texas oil industry.

The Bloomfield-Luciano collaboration was still operational in 1962 when Luciano was the CIA case officer on the scene in Sicily for the Mattei assassination. The decision to go with a plane crash was made by Luciano. In 1970, the prestigious Italian newsweekly Panorama published an account of the mysterious death of Italian Oil Minister Enrico Mattei in an October 1962 plane crash on his to a historic economic summit in Africa. Mattel's plane was sabotaged during a contrived unscheduled stopover at an obscure airport in Sicily. Forty-eight hours before the crash, New Orleans crime family boss Carlos Marcello had been identified by local police in Sicily as the mysterious American who showed up at the airport while a four-man team was tampering with Mattel's plane.

Sicilian-American mafioso Carlos Marcello owned a private fleet of chartered jets called the United Air Taxi Service, which shared its staff of pilots and mechanics with company called Permindex. One such "shared employee," David Ferrie, was also a pilot for Marcello and Clay Shaw.

During a 1991 investigation the killing of Enrico Mattei it was learned that his bodyguard had planted the explosives on the plane and this bodyguard was a Gladio Officer. Gladio was the code-name for US/NATO’s stay behind operation in the event the USSR invaded Western Europe and which was led by the CIA. This secret stay behind guerrilla force was armed and trained to act like the French Resistance of World War Two. Therefore it was not linked to the mafia directly.

Louis Bloomfield was the founder and president of the Permindex Corporation and he was a 50 percent shareholder since its incorporation in Montreal in 1958-1959. In 1968 his name was removed from Permindex’s letterhead after the de Gaulle assassination attempts were linked to Permindex. Bloomfield is a man of many hats. He was a founding partner of the prestigious law firm that represents and controls the Bronfman family holdings of Montreal, Canada (aka on legal Seagram brand alcohol).

Bloomfield was a big Zionist philanthropist. A Canadian group collected charitable contributions and passes them on to the Israeli labor movement. Curiously, these funds have been discovered on several occasions to have found their way back to Permindex after recycling through the Bank Hapoalim.

Bloomfield's charitable activities extend into his chairmanship of the Canadian Red Cross ambulance service. He controlled the Israeli Continental Corporation, the Canadian subsidiary of the Dutch Heinekens Breweries, and Credit Suisse of Canada, a correspondent bank to the Credit Suisse of Geneva. All these corporations are listed among the investors in Permindex.

George Mantello, a Romanian Jew, was a board member of a Permindex subsidiary, Centro Mondiale Commerciale (CMC). An immigrant to Italy, George Mantello’s Swiss holding company, Capocetto, was the conduit for the Israeli labor movement’s funds into Permindex.

Max Hagerman was the administrative officer of Permindex and the editor of the West German right-wing newspaper National-Zeitung allegedly a neo-Nazi publication.

Giuseppe Zigiotto, on the board of CMC was the head of the Italian Royal Family’s neo-fascist movement called the Fascist National Association for the Militia Arms.

Carlo D'Amelio, another Permindex-CMC board member. During the Mussolini period, d'Amelio was the attorney representing the grouping of oligarchic families that imposed the fascist dictator in collaboration with Sir Winston Churchill. This grouping was known as Circo Rex ("Royal Circle") and is believed to exist today as the control point for the Red Brigades, the neo-fascist cells.

One of the principal channels of laundered money for Permindex-CMC was the Seligman Bank of Zurich. Hans Seligman was the director of this bank (or the Hans Seligman-Schurch & Co investment banking house located in Basel) Seligman and Ferenc Nagy, a notorious anti-Communist, were among the initiators of the first attempt to found Permindex on Switzerland soil in 1956. It is worth keeping in mind that CIA boss Frank Wisner was Ferenc Nagy’s CIA case officer.

Documents of the Bloomfield Archives is that Dr. Nagy was the initiator of contacts with David Rockefeller at the beginning of year 1960, and that Rockefeller did collaborate with Permindex and CMC in order to speed up the development of his New York City World Trade Center.

Although not an officially cited as a board member of any of the Permindex fronts, John De Menil bears special note as an indispensable business partner of Bloomfield. DeMenil was the president of the Schlumberger Corporation of Houston and southern Florida. The firm was implicated by Jim Garrison along with Permindex in smuggling guns and explosives to anti-Castro Cuban exiles. DeMenil worked with a CIA Miami-based front called "Double-Chek," which in turn was a contact point for Bloomfield's FBI Division Five.

DeMenil was a White Russian émigré who fled to France, married into the wealthy Schlumberger family, and eventually settled in Houston to open a US branch of the family's heavy machinery firm. Nagy relocated to the United States during the 1950s and he became the titular head of a number of White Russians who performed covert operations for Division Five of the FBI.

One of DeMenil's closest associates was Clay Shaw. Shaw was one of Bloomfield's directors on the board. Shaw ran a subsidiary of Permindex in New Orleans called the International Trade Mart. A former Shaw associate alleged Permindex was a front for mafia drug-running and organized crime activity centered in the Caribbean. Shaw was the financial backer and primary case officer of Lee Harvey Oswald when Oswald’s lived in New Orleans. David Ferrie was a former employee at the International Trade Mart and an airplane pilot for Shaw. Another associate of Shaw’s was Guy Bannister, the southeast regional chief of Bloomfield's Division Five of the FBI. Shaw was the business partner of Carlos Marcello.

After an estimated 30 to 40 aborted assassination attempts against French President General Charles de Gaulle during the 1960s, the French intelligence bureau, (External Documentation and Counter-Espionage Service/ SDECE) gathered reams of evidence showing that Permindex had been the recipient of funds laundered into Geneva and Basel through Zionist charitable organizations and Israeli intelligence front such as the Bank Hapoalim. These funds had been channeled into the neo-Nazi terrorist groups in West Germany and Italy.

De Gaulle issued vociferous personal protests to the Swiss and Italian governments. As a result, Permindex was forced to shut down its offices in those countries and move to a more friendly location, Johannesburg, South Africa. The Paris-based Western European branch headquarters of Israel's foreign intelligence service, the Mossad, was kicked out of France and reestablished its operations in Belgium and the Netherlands.

Far from being a small international trading company, Permindex is revealed to be a subsidiary branch of the most powerful, well-financed, and well-protected intelligence agency in the world responsible for carrying out the most important political assassinations of the century. Permindex puzzle was a complex web of holding companies, dummy corporations, and offshore sealed bank accounts through which the Permindex acted as Britain’s Assassination outfit. Sixteen years passed since Permindex conducted its first known assassinations and despite all the accumulated evidence, none of the principals has been brought to justice.

The Bloomfield, Lansky, and Rosenbaum

Sufficient evidence has surfaced in the public record to show that Permindex was a courier channel through which profits of drug trafficking were shuttled into designated secret bank accounts in Geneva, Basel, Liechtenstein, and the Caribbean. Permindex cites among its investors the regional crime czars of North America and the Caribbean, the lieutenants of Meyer Lansky.

Back in 1928 Lansky inherited the bootleg booze and narcotics trafficking from the deceased Arnold Rothstein. Lansky's biographer, Hank Messick describes the weekly ritual in which the regional syndicate couriers (bag men) went to the Singapore Hotel in Miami to deliver 60 percent of their take to Lansky’s mafia money laundering banks.

Messick wrote: “The scope of Lansky's interests is illustrated by a trip his international courier, John Pullman, made in 1965. His first stop was Bogota, Colombia. The Eden Roc in Miami was his next destination. In February he went to the Sands Hotel in Las Vegas, where Lansky's old bootlegging chum from Boston, Hy Abrams, was boss. In March he was conferring in Los Angeles with Mike Singer, an ex-Teamster official who had helped put together the Bank of World Commerce (one of Permindex offshore banks) with Alvin Malnik. In April he was at the Peninsular Hotel in Hong Kong, where the syndicate had casinos and obtained much of its narcotics. Lebanon and its casinos were visited next. By June, Pullman was back in Switzerland where he conferred with Lansky in person. Together they visited the French Riviera to study plans for the ultimate takeover of the casinos there.”

“The money is placed in initial deposits in any one of a number of Geneva, Basel, Liechtenstein, or Caribbean banks affiliated with Major Bloomfield's (Centro Mondiale Commerciale). Several of these banks, like the Astaldo Vaduz of Miami, De Famaco Vaduz of Liechtenstein, and De Famaco Astaldo Vaduz of Geneva, are post office box fronts. These three, for example, are all listed as wholly owned subsidiaries of Permindex. As noted above, Credit Suisse, one of the more formidable laundering holes, maintains a Canadian subsidiary, also run by Major Bloomfield. The Bank of World Commerce Ltd. of Nassau, Grand Bahamas, was a personal creation of Lansky's. The largest and most important banking entity in the Permindex-Lansky family was the Banque de Credit Internationale (BCI) of Basel,

The October 8, 1967, issue of Life magazine detailed the following interesting triangular business relationship. US law enforcement officials in turn identified a BCI officer Sylvain Ferdman as a Swiss citizen as also the chief bagman for the Lansky money laundering outfit. Ferdman and John Pullman, carried money from the Caribbean to Lansky, and then on to the BCI and Bloomfield's Credit Suisse. Pullman, in addition to his global travels, was the president and director of the Bank of World Commerce Ltd. of Nassau.

Rabbi Tibor Rosenbaum’s Banque de Credit Internationale (BCI) was the Swiss side of a triangle composed of a professional hit bureau and Meyer Lansky's retail drug business in North America and the Caribbean. Bloomfield's trading company in Montreal, through its subsidiary Centro Mondiale Commerciale ran the protection side of the courier operation and was on the receiving end of those funds earmarked for terrorism and political assassinations. Centro Mondiale Commerciale had branch offices in Geneva and Rome. Bloomfield founded Permindex as an intelligence and financial front for the Israeli Mossad.

Rosenbaum was a close associate of Bloomfield from at least the end of World War two when both smuggled weapons, money, and mercenaries into the Haganah. Haganah was the name of the Zoinist paramilitary organization in the British Mandate of Palestine (1921–1948). Rosenbaum was subsequently served as the first Director-General for Finance and Supply for the Mossad. In addition he was a cofounder of the World Zionist Congress and a director of the Jewish Agency.

The Banque de Credit Internationale (BCI) in Switzerland was falsely alleged it move there to be a vehicle for financing illegal Israeli trade with Africa and the Third World. It real purpose was its relationship to the Mossad. With the exception of Bloomfield, Rosenbaum was the only foreign representative of the African smugglers' in Liberia.

Another member of BCI’s board of directors was Ernst Israel Japhet. He was on the board of the bank that Meyer Lansky' used to launder the mafia profits. Japhet was also the chairman of the Bank Leumi, the largest bank in Israel. Bank Leumi was the link in the diamonds-for-dope trade into Hong Kong. The Japhet family’s roots go back to Hong Kong's opium trade for 150 years ago and they never left.

Joining Japhet on the board of Leumi Bank was Baron Stormont Bancroft, a former Lord-in-Waiting to the Queen and a director and deputy chairman of Cunard Lines, a shipping company heavily involved in the drug traffic over Middle East, India, and Far East routes. The Samuel family also retains interests in Bank Leumi and Cunard Shipping Lines. The Jewish Agency created the Bank Hapoalim as the official agent for the Israeli labor movement, Histadrut. Samuel also presided as head of the Israeli Red Cross. The founder and a board member of Bank Hapoalim was the British High Commissioner Viscount Erwin H. Samuel.

Bank Leumi keeps its hand in the drug trade through its 100 percent owned subsidiary, Union Bank, of which Japhet is also chairman. Union Bank deals over one-third of the world's diamonds.

Bank Leumi was not the only Israeli bank to heavily invest in the Banque de Credit Internationale (BCI). Even more heavily involved was the Bank Hapoalim. As chairman of Permindex, Bloomfield maintained direct cash flow relations to Bank Hapoalim. It is the third largest bank in Israel founded by the Jewish Agency, which runs the bank today.

Bank Hapoalim has been widely exposed in the Western European press as a dirty-money channel into Swiss and Liechtenstein banks. The charge is corroborated by the presence of Zwi Recheter a member of the board of directors of Bank Hapoalim, one of Israel's largest banks.

Another channel of Bank Hapoalim's complicity is the Permindex family of dope traders and assassins is the Israeli Continental Bank Ltd., a 50-50 joint venture between Bank Hapoalim and its West German Socialist International counterpart, Bank fur Gemeinwirtschaft. The German bank is chaired by Walter Hesselbach, a member of the West German branch of the Jerusalem Foundation, the Zionist group.

During the 1960s, Edward J. DeBartolo, Sr. engaged in a joint development in Florida with Lou Chesler and his General Development Corporation. According to their contract, Chesler and General Development were responsible for building houses in Port Malabar, Port Charlotte, Port St. Lucie, and other locations on both Florida coasts, while DeBartolo handled all commercial construction such as shopping centers.

By 1965, DeBartolo had begun building shopping malls, beginning with the Summit Mall in Fairlawn, Ohio, near Akron. A 1978 classified report for the Florida Department of Law Enforcement described him as "a very wealthy, powerful, influential person with organized-crime connections in Ohio. Subject deals in land purchases, construction and development of large shopping centers through the United States."

The US Customs Service had received information from one of its special agents, William F. Burda, in January 1981 that the DeBartolo organization 'through its control of particular state banks in the state of Florida is operating money-laundering schemes, realizing huge profits from narcotics, guns, skimming operations, and other organized-crime-related activities. This organization is reported to have ties to mafia bosses Carlos Marcello, Santos Trafficante, and Meyer Lansky and because of its enormous wealth it had high-ranking political influence and affiliations.

Years later, Meyer Lansky’s daughter Sandi stated that President Nixon’s had threaten to withhold the sale of Phantom fighter jets to Israel because Lansky refused to cut Nixon in on a casino deal in the Bahamas. Nixon was already angry that Lansky had supported JFK for president years earlier. (Source: Sandi Lansky Lombardo (Meyer Lansky’s daughter)


During the Watergate investigation it was suggested that Resorts International had been linked to Bebe Rebozo, that Resorts and Robert Vesco had been laundering Nixon campaign money, Vesco was investigated because of a secret $200,000 contribution made to the 1972 campaign to re-elect Nixon.....

To view and read more about USA Hidden History Please Go To

USAHiddenHistory (